The year 1894 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- March 29–May 12 - Augustus Pitt Rivers excavates Wor Barrow mound on Cranborne Chase in England.
- Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology - Harvard University project at Copán in Honduras concludes.
- On Dartmoor in England, Grimspound late Bronze Age settlement is excavated and partially reconstructed and Langstone Moor stone circle is largely re-erected.
- Sir Henry Meux excavates Avebury in Wiltshire, England.
- 2-year investigation of the Pyramid of Senusret I at Lisht in Egypt by Swiss archaeologists Jules-Émile Gautier and Gustave Jéquier begins.
- February 19 - Emil Forrer, Swiss Assyriologist and Hittitologist (d. 1986)
- June 5 - Giuseppe Tucci, Italian Orientalist (d. 1984)
- November 3 - Winifred Lamb, English archaeologist (d. 1963)
- December 15 - Raissa Calza, née Gourevitch, Ukrainian-born ballet dancer, later archaeologist of Ancient Rome (d. 1979)
- December 28 - Oscar Broneer, Swedish American archaeologist of Ancient Greece (d. 1992)
- Thompson, M. W. (1977). General Pitt-Rivers: evolution and archaeology in the nineteenth century. Bradford-on-Avon: Moonraker Press. pp. 105–7. ISBN 0-239-00162-1.
- Haverfield, F. (1895). "On a milestone of Carausius and other recent Roman finds". Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society. 13: 437.
- "Sir Austen Henry Layard - British archaeologist". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 May 2017.