1897 in and science technology involved some significant events, listed below.
Chemistry Edit Earth sciences Edit History of science and technology Edit Mathematics Edit Physiology, medicine and pharmacology Edit Psychology Edit Technology Edit
January 22 – The word
is first used to refer to a mechanical calculation device, in this date's issue of the journal computer Engineering.  May 11 – A patent is awarded for the invention of the first automotive
muffler, with the granting by the U.S. Patent Office of application number 582,485 to Milton Reeves and his brother Marshall T. Reeves, of the Reeves Pulley Company of Columbus, Indiana.  May 13 –
Guglielmo Marconi sends the first ever wireless communication over open sea when the message "Are you ready" is transmitted across the Bristol Channel from Lavernock Point in South Wales to Flat Holm Island, a distance of 6 kilometres (3.7 mi).  May 17 – Launch of the
Holland VI (later USS ), designed by Holland (SS-1) John Philip Holland, at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard in Elizabeth, New Jersey; this is the first submarine having power to run submerged for any considerable distance, and the first to combine electric motors for submerged travel and gasoline ( Otto) engines for use on the surface. June 26 – At the
British Fleet Review, Charles Parsons gives a spectacular display of the unprecedented speed attainable by his steam turbine-powered . Turbinia  August 10 –
Rudolf Diesel demonstrates his first commercially successful Diesel engine in Augsburg. August 31 –
Thomas Edison is granted a patent for the Kinetoscope, a precursor of the movie projector.
Hiram P. Maxim develops the muffler in conjunction with the firearm silencer ( suppressor). The
Dahlander pole changing motor is patented. The Daimler Victoria, the world's first meter-equipped (and gasoline-powered) taxicab, is built by Gottlieb Daimler.
January 1 –
Ana Aslan (died 1988), Romanian biologist. March 24 –
Wilhelm Reich (died 1957), Austrian psychoanalyst. July 20 –
Tadeusz Reichstein (died 1996), Polish-born Nobel Prize-winning chemist.  August 5 –
Joan Beauchamp Procter (died 1931), English herpetologist. August 12 –
Otto Struve (died 1963), Ukrainian-born astronomer. September 1 –
Mary Cover Jones (died 1987), American behavioral therapist. September 12 –
Irène Joliot-Curie (died 1956), French chemist. November 4 –
C. B. van Niel (died 1985), Dutch-born microbiologist. November 13 –
Tilly Edinger (died 1967), German-born paleoneurologist. December 22 – Vojtěch Jarník (died 1970), Czech mathematician.
January 25 –
David Kirkaldy (born 1820), Scottish-born engineer, pioneer of materials testing. February 7 –
Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist and engineer (born 1847)  February 19 –
Karl Weierstrass (born 1815), German mathematician. March 3 –
John Peirce (born 1836), American inventor. March 15 –
James Joseph Sylvester (born 1814), English mathematician. April 12 –
Edward Drinker Cope (born 1840), American paleontologist. May 6
May 7 –
Abraham Dee Bartlett (born 1812), English zoologist. August 27 –
Eduard von Hofmann (born 1837), Austrian forensic pathologist. October 19 –
George Pullman (born 1831), American inventor. October 31 –
Samuel Haughton (born 1821), Irish scientific polymath. November 1 –
Peter Bellinger Brodie (born 1815), English geologist and clergyman. November 14 – Thomas W. Evans (born 1823), American-born dentist.  References Edit
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"Copley Medal | British scientific award". Encyclopedia Britannica . Retrieved . 23 July 2020
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