The year 1979 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- Aubrey Burl - Prehistoric Avebury.
- J. M. Coles and A. F. Harding - The Bronze Age in Europe: an introduction to the prehistory of Europe, c.2000–700 BC.
- Kenneth Hudson - World Industrial Archaeology.
- A. L. F. Rivet and Colin Smith - The Place-names of Roman Britain.
- June 2 - Protesters opposed to the building of civic offices on the site of Viking excavations in Wood Quay, Dublin, occupy the area.
- January 15 - Yang Zhongjian, father of Chinese vertebrate paleontology, buried at Peking Man site in Zhoukoudian, China (b. 1897)
- January 20 - Robert Wauchope, American archaeologist and anthropologist (b. 1909)
- January 24 - Raissa Calza, Ukrainian-born archaeologist of Ancient Rome, previously ballet dancer (b. 1894)
- August 1 - Li Ji, Chinese archaeologist (b. 1896)
- August 25 - Alberto Ruz Lhuillier, Mexican archaeologist, discoverer of the tomb of K'inich Janaab' Pakal at Palenque (b. 1906)
- December 14 - Charles McBurney, American-born archaeologist working in Britain (b. 1914)