1980 in literature
This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1980.
- March 6 – Marguerite Yourcenar becomes the first woman elected to the Académie française.
- June 5
- The Royal Shakespeare Company opens a production at the Aldwych Theatre, London, of The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby, adapted from Charles Dickens's novel by David Edgar.
- Willy Russell's comedy Educating Rita opens in a Royal Shakespeare Company production with Julie Walters in the title rôle, at The Warehouse in London.
- August 25 – Pramoedya Ananta Toer's This Earth of Mankind (Bumi Manusia), the first of a tetralogy of historical novels, the Buru Quartet, is published in Indonesia after Toer's release from ten years' political imprisonment. It is banned in the country the following year.
- September – A production of Shakespeare's Macbeth with Peter O'Toole in the lead opens at the Old Vic Theatre, London. It is often seen one of the disasters in theatre history.
- September 23 – The Field Day Theatre Company presents its first production, the première of Brian Friel's Translations, at the Guildhall, Derry, Northern Ireland.
- November 27 – The English playwright Harold Pinter marries the biographer and novelist Lady Antonia Fraser after divorcing the actress Vivien Merchant.
- December 8 – Mark David Chapman shoots John Lennon to death in New York City while carrying a copy of J. D. Salinger's 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye, which he claims "is my statement."
- unknown dates
- Kane and Abel by Jeffrey Archer (published 1979), tops The New York Times Best Seller list.
- Vasily Grossman's novel Life and Fate («Жизнь и судьба», completed 1959) is published for the first time, in Switzerland.
- The first Tibetan-language literature journal, Tibetan Literature and Art (Bod kyi rtsom rig sgyu rtsal), is published by the Tibet Autonomous Region Writers Association (TARWA); it features short stories.
- The National Library of Indonesia is created by a merger.
- The novella "An Old Song", published anonymously in 1877 in the magazine London, is identified as Robert Louis Stevenson's first published work of fiction.
- Mary Higgins Clark – The Cradle Will Fall
- Mircea Diaconu – La noi, când vine iarna
- Marguerite Duras – L'Homme assis dans le couloir
- Allan W. Eckert – Song of the Wild
- Mary Jayne Gold – Crossroads Marseilles 1940
- Pepetela – Mayombe
- Belva Plain – Random Winds
- Paulette Poujol-Oriol – Le Creuset (The Crucible)
Children and young peopleEdit
- Richard Adams
- Vivien Alcock – The Haunting of Cassie Palmer
- Lynne Reid Banks – The Indian in the Cupboard
- Jill Barklem – Brambly Hedge series:
- Ruskin Bond – The Cherry Tree
- Matt Christopher – Wild Pitch
- Roald Dahl – The Twits
- Thomas M. Disch – The Brave Little Toaster
- Buchi Emecheta – Titch the Cat
- Ruth Manning-Sanders – A Book of Spooks and Spectres
- Thomas Meehan – Annie: An old-fashioned story
- Robert Munsch – The Paper Bag Princess
- Susan Musgrave
- Hag Head
- Ruth Park – Playing Beatie Bow
- Avril Rowlands – God's Wonderful Railway
- Marjorie W. Sharmat – Gila Monsters Meet you at the Airport
- Mary Stewart – A Walk in Wolf Wood
- Howard Brenton – The Romans in Britain
- Andrea Dunbar – The Arbor
- David Edgar (adaptation) – The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby
- Ronald Harwood – The Dresser
- Ron Hutchinson – The Irish Play
- Kenneth Ross – Breaker Morant
- Willy Russell – Educating Rita
- Sam Shepard – True West
- Tony Benn – Arguments for Socialism
- Pierre Berton – The Invasion of Canada
- Maryanne Blacker and Pamela Clark – Australian Women's Weekly Children's Birthday Cake Book
- David Bohm – Wholeness and the Implicate Order
- L. Sprague de Camp – The Ragged Edge of Science
- L. Sprague de Camp (as editor) – The Spell of Conan
- Graham Chapman et al. – A Liar's Autobiography
- Marilyn Ferguson – The Aquarian Conspiracy
- Stanley Fish – Is There a Text in This Class? The Authority of Interpretive Communities
- Julien Gracq – Reading Writing
- Graham Greene – Ways of Escape
- Jerry Hopkins and Danny Sugerman – No One Here Gets Out Alive
- János Kornai – Economics of Shortage (Hiány)
- Paul H. Lewis - Paraguay Under Stroessner
- Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers – Grimoire of Armadel translation from French (posthumous)
- Michael Medved and Harry Medved – The Golden Turkey Awards
- Tom O'Carroll – Paedophilia: The Radical Case
- Carl Sagan – Cosmos
- Anastasio Somoza Debayle and Jack Cox - Nicaragua Betrayed
- Ram Swarup – The Word as Revelation: Names of Gods
- Alvin Toffler – The Third Wave
- Bertram Myron Gross - Friendly Fascism: The New Face of Power in America
- January 1 - Satya Vyas, Indian (Hindi language) writer
- May 1 - Jacek Dehnel, Polish poet, writer and translator
- May 10 - Cristina Nemerovschi, Romanian writer
- May 27 - Majlinda Nana Rama, Albanian pedagogue, writer and researcher
- June 5 - Nestan Kvinikadze, Georgian writer, scriptwriter and journalist
- October 29 - Louie Jon Agustin Sanchez, Philippine poet, fiction writer, critic and journalist
- November 23 - Ishmael Beah, Siera Leonean author and human rights activist
- January 3
- January 11 – Barbara Pym, English novelist (cancer, born 1913)
- February 25 – Caradog Prichard, Welsh poet and novelist in Welsh (born 1904)
- March 12 – Eugeniu Ștefănescu-Est, Romanian poet, novelist and cartoonist (born 1881)
- March 25 – James Wright, American poet (born 1927)
- March 26 – Roland Barthes, French literary theorist (born 1915)
- April 15 – Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher, novelist and dramatist (born 1905)
- April 24 – Alejo Carpentier, French Cuban novelist and writer (cancer, born 1904)
- May 7 – Margaret Cole, English political writer, biographer and activist (born 1893)
- May 16 – Marin Preda, Romanian novelist (asphyxiation, born 1922)
- June 7
- June 20 – Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet (born 1892)
- June 27 – Carey McWilliams, American author, editor and lawyer (born 1905)
- July 1 – C. P. Snow, English novelist and scientist (born 1905)
- July 6 – Mart Raud, Estonian poet, playwright and writer (born 1903)
- July 9 – Vinicius de Moraes, Brazilian poet and songwriter (born 1913)
- July 17 – Traian Herseni, Romanian social scientist and journalist (born 1907)
- July 26 – Kenneth Tynan, English-born theater critic (pulmonary emphysema, born 1927)
- August 8 – David Mercer, English dramatist (born 1928)
- August 10 – Gareth Evans, British philosopher (lung cancer (born 1946)
- September 18 – Katherine Anne Porter, American novelist and essayist (born 1890)
- November 9 – Patrick Campbell, Irish journalist and wit (born 1913)
- December 2 – Romain Gary (Roman Kacew), French novelist (suicide, born 1914)
- December 8 – John Lennon, English musician, songwriter and author (murdered, born 1940)
- December 12 – Ben Travers, English playwright, screenwriter and novelist (born 1886)
- December 21
- December 27 – Todhunter Ballard, American genre novelist (born 1903)
- December 31 – Marshall McLuhan, Canadian philosopher (born 1911)
- The Australian/Vogel Literary Award: Inaugural award to Archie Weller, The Day Of The Dog; the award is initially given to Paul Radley, who, in 1996, admits that his manuscript was actually written by his uncle.
- Kenneth Slessor Prize for Poetry: David Campbell, Man in the Honeysuckle
- Miles Franklin Award: Jessica Anderson, The Impersonators
- See 1980 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Prix Goncourt: Yves Navarre, Le Jardin d'acclimatation
- Prix Médicis French: Jean-Luc Benoziglio, Cabinet-portrait who refused the prize, thus it was given to Jean Lahougue's Comptine des Height
- Prix Médicis International: Andre Brink, Une saison blanche et sèche
- Booker Prize: William Golding, Rites of Passage
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Peter Dickinson, City of Gold
- Cholmondeley Award: George Barker, Terence Tiller, Roy Fuller
- Eric Gregory Award: Robert Minhinnick, Michael Hulse, Blake Morrison, Medbh McGuckian
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: J. M. Coetzee, Waiting for the Barbarians
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Robert B. Martin, Tennyson: The Unquiet Heart
- Whitbread Best Book Award: David Lodge, How Far Can You Go?
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Drama: Edward Albee
- Caldecott Medal: Barbara Cooney, Ox-Cart Man
- Dos Passos Prize: Graham Greene
- Nebula Award: Gregory Benford, Timescape
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Joan Blos, A Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's Journal
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Lanford Wilson, Talley's Folly
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Norman Mailer, The Executioner's Song
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Donald Justice, Selected Poems
- Alba della Fazia Amoia; Professor Emeritus Alba Amoia; Bettina Liebowitz Knapp (2004). Multicultural Writers Since 1945: An A-to-Z Guide. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 538. ISBN 978-0-313-30688-4.
- Freeman, John, The Greatest Shows on Earth: World Theatre from Peter Brook to the Sydney Olympics. Libri: Oxford ISBN 978 1 907471 54 4
- Pramoedya Ananta Toer (1982). This Earth of Mankind: A Novel. Penguin Books. p. v. ISBN 978-0-14-006334-9.
- Tribute to Peter O'Toole. films42.com. 2003. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Parsons, Nicholas (1981). Dipped in Vitriol. London: Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-26556-3.
- Montgomery, Paul L. (9 February 1981). "Lennon Murder Suspect Preparing Insanity Defense". The New York Times.
- Neil Cornwell (2 December 2013). Reference Guide to Russian Literature. Routledge. p. 371. ISBN 978-1-134-26070-6.
- Kolas, Ashield; Thowsen, Monika P. (2005). On the Margins of Tibet: Cultural Survival on the Sino-Tibetan Frontier. pp. 40–41, 138–139.
- Śrī Laṅkā Jātika Pustakāla Sēvā Maṇḍalaya (1990). National Library of Sri Lanka: Commemorative Volume. Sri Lanka National Library Services Board. p. 140. ISBN 978-955-9011-51-4.
- Swearingen, Roger G. (1980). ""An Old Song" (1877): Robert Louis Stevenson's First Published Story, A New Discovery in the Yale Libraries". The Yale University Library Gazette. 54 (3): 101–113. Retrieved Sep 9, 2021.
- Hahn, Daniel (2015). The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2nd ed.). Oxford. University Press. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-19-871554-2.
- "Around the World Kenyan is Convicted in Death of Joy Adamson".
- Interview with Paul Nakware Ekai.
- Michael Cotsell (10 March 1989). Barbara Pym. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-349-19810-8.
- Menna Baines. "PRICHARD, CARADOG (1904-1980), novelist and poet". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- Martin McQuillan (1 March 2011). Roland Barthes. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-230-34389-4.
- Paul Holmes; Marcia Karp (1991). Psychodrama: Inspiration and Technique. Tavistock/Routledge. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-415-02672-7.
- Scriitorul Marin Preda, moartea ca o povara (Romanian).
- Jay Parini (2004). The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Literature: Norman Mailer-Sentimental literature. Oxford University Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-19-516726-9.
- Obituary, The Times, 23 June 1980
- Who was who in America. Marquis-Who's Who. 1943. p. 395. ISBN 978-0-8379-0210-4.
- David Shusterman (1991). C.P. Snow. Twayne Publishers. p. 176. ISBN 978-0-8057-6993-7.
- Bona, D. (1987). Romain Gary. Paris: Mercure de France-Lacombe. pp. 397-398.
- Ingham, Chris (2006). The Rough Guide to The Beatles. Rough Guides. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-84353-720-5.
- Elizabeth A. Brennan; Elizabeth C. Clarage (1999). Who's who of Pulitzer Prize Winners. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-57356-111-2.
- Whitman, Alden (January 1, 1981). "Marshall McLuhan, Author, Dies; Declared 'Medium Is the Message'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- "Australian of the Year Awards". Archived from the original on 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2013-01-01.
- Robert Aldrich; Garry Wotherspoon (2002). Who's who in Contemporary Gay and Lesbian History: From World War II to the Present Day. Psychology Press. p. 301. ISBN 978-0-415-29161-3.