1895 in poetry
- O beautiful for pilgrim feet
- Whose stern impassion'd stress
- A thoroughfare for freedom beat
- Across the wilderness.
- America! America!
- God mend thine ev'ry flaw,
- Confirm thy soul in self-control,
- Thy liberty in law.
Oscar Wilde's arrest and convictionEdit
- February 18 – John Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry (father of Lord Alfred Douglas, Oscar Wilde's lover), leaves his calling card at the Albemarle Club in London, inscribed: "For Oscar Wilde, posing somdomite", i.e. a sodomite, inducing Wilde to charge him with criminal libel.
- April 3–5 – Libel case of Wilde v Queensberry at the Old Bailey in London: Queensberry is acquitted. Evidence of Wilde's homosexual relationships with young men renders him liable to criminal prosecution under the Labouchere Amendment, while the Libel Act 1843 renders him legally liable for the considerable expenses Queensberry has incurred in his defence, leaving Wilde penniless.
- April 6 – Wilde is arrested at the Cadogan Hotel, London, for "unlawfully committing acts of gross indecency with certain male persons" and detained on remand in Holloway Prison.
- May 25 – Criminal case of Regina v. Wilde: After a retrial at the Old Bailey, Wilde is convicted of gross indecency and is taken to Pentonville Prison to begin his two years' sentence of hard labour.
- November 21 – Wilde is transferred to Reading Gaol.
Works published in EnglishEdit
- Bliss Carman, A Seamark: A Threnody for Robert Louis Stevenson. Boston: Copeland & Day.
- Bliss Carman, Behind The Arras: A Book Of The Unseen. Illus. Tom B. Meteyard. Boston: Lamson, Wolffe.
- Sophia Almon Hensley, A Woman's Love Letters.
- Emily Pauline Johnson, The White Wampum, Toronto: Copp Clark; London: John Lane.
- Marie Joussaye, Songs that Quinte Sang.
- Archibald Lampman, Lyrics of Earth
- Arthur Stringer, Pauline and Other Poems.
- Agnes Ethelwyn Wetherald, The House of the Trees and Other Poems
- Robert Bridges, Invocation to Music
- Gelett Burgess, "The Purple Cow"
- John Davidson, Fleet Street Eclogues, second series (first series, 1893)
- Austin Dobson, The Story of Rosina, and Other Verses
- Maurice Hewlett, A Masque of Dead Florentines
- Lionel Johnson, Poems
- William Morris, The Tale of Beowulf
- Coventry Patmore, The Rod, the Root, and the Flower
- Arthur Quiller-Couch, editor, The Golden Pomp, anthology of 16th- and 17th-century English lyricists
- Arthur Symons, London Nights
- James Thomson, Poetical Works, posthumously published; edited, with a memoir, by Bertram Dobell
- William Watson, The Father of the Forest, and Other Poems
- William Butler Yeats, Irish poet published in the United Kingdom:
- Thomas Bailey Aldrich, Unguarded Gates
- Katharine Lee Bates, "Pikes Peak" a poem later set to music and becoming known as "America the Beautiful", originally published in the July 4 edition of The Congregationalist, a church periodical
- Orelia Key Bell, Poems
- Ina Coolbrith, Songs from the Golden Gate
- Stephen Crane, The Black Riders and Other Lines
- Paul Laurence Dunbar, Majors and Minors
- William Dean Howells, Stops of Various Quills
- James Russell Lowell, Last Poems, published posthumously
- Henry David Thoreau, Poems of Nature, published posthumously (died 1862)
- James Whitcomb Riley, "Little Orphant Annie"
Other in EnglishEdit
- Sri Aurobindo, Song to Myrtilla, Calcutta: Arya Publishing House; India, Indian poetry in English
- Banjo Paterson, The Man from Snowy River and Other Verses, major single-author collection of Australian bush poetry
- William Butler Yeats, Irish poet published in the United Kingdom:
Works published in other languagesEdit
- José Santos Chocano, Peru:
- Francis Jammes, Un jour, France
- Catulle Mendès, La Grive des vignes, France
- Władysław Mickiewicz, Vie d'Adam Mickiewicz ("Life of Adam Mickiewicz"), four volumes, Poznań, Poland, published beginning 1890 through this year; published by the poet's son
- K. C. Kesava Pillai, Asanna-Marana Chinta Satakam, lyric in the form of a monologue of a man about to die, Indian, Malayalam-language
- Émile Verhaeren, Les villes tentaculaires ("The tentacular towns"), Belgium, French language
- Verner von Heidenstam, Dikter ("Poems"), Sweden
Awards and honorsEdit
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Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- February 18 – Lazarus Aaronson (died 1966), English poet and academic economist
- April 18 – W. E. Harney (died 1962), Australian
- May 2 – Lorenz Hart (died 1943), American lyricist
- May 19 – Charles Hamilton Sorley (died 1915), Scots poet
- May 28 – Gamel Woolsey, born Elizabeth (Elsa) Gammell Woolsey (died 1968 in Spain), American poet and writer
- June 3 – Robert Hillyer (died 1961), American poet and academic
- July 22 – León de Greiff (died 1976), Colombian poet
- July 24 – Robert Graves (died 1985), English poet, translator and novelist
- September 10 – Viswanatha Satyanarayana (died 1976), Indian poet writing in Telugu; popularly known as the Kavi Samraat ("Emperor of Poetry")
- September 22 – Babette Deutsch (died 1982), American poet, critic, translator and novelist
- September 28 – Edward Harrington (died 1966), Australian poet, writer of Bush ballads
- November 1 – David Jones, born Walter David Michael Jones (died 1974), English (Welsh-descended) artist and poet
- November 25 – Helen Hooven Santmyer, American poet and author (d. 1986)
- December 14 – Paul Éluard (died 1952), French poet, a founder of Surrealism
- December 23 – Lilian Bowes Lyon (died 1949), English poet, a cousin of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
- Unknown dates
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- April 17 – Jorge Isaacs (born 1837), Colombian writer, politician and explorer
- May 30 – Frederick Locker-Lampson (born 1821), English writer and poet
- June 29 – Thomas Henry Huxley (born 1825), English controversialist, academic, scientist and occasional poet
- October 7 – William Wetmore Story (born 1819), American sculptor, art critic, poet and editor
- October 12 – Cecil Frances Alexander (born 1818), Irish hymn-writer and poet
- October 21 – Louisa Anne Meredith (born 1812), Australian
- November 4 – Eugene Field (born 1850), American writer best known for children's poetry and humorous essays
- November 22 – John Warren, 3rd Baron de Tabley (born 1835), English
- November 28 – Louisa Sarah Bevington (born 1845), English poet and anarchist
- Holland, Merlin, ed. (2003). The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde. London: Harper Collins. p. 300. ISBN 0-00-714436-9.
- Holland, Merlin (2003). Irish Peacock & Scarlet Marquess: The Real Trial of Oscar Wilde. London: Fourth Estate. p. 300. ISBN 0-00-715418-6.
- "Oscar Fingal O'Fflahartie Wills Wilde, Alfred Waterhouse Somerset Taylor, Sexual Offences ... 20th May 1895". The Proceedings of the Old Bailey. April 2013. Retrieved 2014-11-24.
- "Chronology". Journals: Captain Scott's last expedition. Oxford University Press. 2005. p. lvii. ISBN 978-0-19-280333-7. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
- "Bliss Carman". Canadian Poetry. UWO: Canadian Poetry Press. Retrieved 2014-11-24.
- Gerson, Carole Gerson; Davies, Gwendolyn, eds. (1994). Canadian Poetry from the Beginnings Through the First World War. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart NCL.
- Porter, Joy; Roemer, Kenneth M. (2005). The Cambridge Companion to Native American Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-521-82283-1.
- Gustafson, Ralph (1967). The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse (Revised ed.). Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books.
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Ludwig, Richard M.; Nault, Clifford A. Jr. (1986). "Preface". Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983. New York: Oxford University Press. p. vi.
If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year.
- Gokak, Vinayak Krishna (1970). The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965) (1st ed.). New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (2006 reprint). p. 313. ISBN 81-260-1196-3. Retrieved 2010-08-06.
- "José Santos Chocano". Jaume University. Archived from the original on 2012-08-23. Retrieved 2012-08-29.
- "Poet Francis Jammes (1868-1938)". The Poetry Foundation. Archived from the original on 2009-09-03. Retrieved 2009-08-30.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) 2009-09-03.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 124. .
- Paniker, Ayyappa (1992). "Modern Malayalam Literature". In George, K. M. (ed.). Modern Indian Literature: an Anthology. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 231–255. Retrieved 2009-01-10.
- Das, Sisir Kumar (1995). "A Chronology of Literary Events, 1911–1956". In Das, Sisir Kumar; et al. (eds.). History of Indian Literature, 1911–1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy. 2. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 978-81-7201-798-9. Retrieved 2008-12-23.
- McGowran, Katharine (2004). "Bevington , Louisa Sarah (1845–1895)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/38380. Retrieved 2014-11-24. (subscription or UK public library membership required)