This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1837.
- June 16 – Charles Dickens is introduced to the actor William Macready by John Forster backstage at a rehearsal of Othello.
- July – The English "peasant poet" John Clare first enters an asylum for the insane, at High Beach in Essex.
- September – In Burton's Gentleman's Magazine (Philadelphia), William Evans Burton publishes an early example of the detective story, "The Secret Cell", featuring a London police officer and his wife.
- October – The United States Magazine and Democratic Review is first published.
- October 4 – Andreas Munch's first play, Kong Sverres Ungdom, opens the Christiania Theatre's new building in Norway.
- unknown date – The publishers Little, Brown and Company open their doors in Boston, Massachusetts.
- W. Harrison Ainsworth – Crichton
- Honoré de Balzac
- Richard Harris Barham – The Ingoldsby Legends (serialization begins in Bentley's Miscellany)
- Robert Montgomery Bird – Nick of the Woods
- Sara Coleridge – Phantasmion
- Hendrik Conscience – In 't Wonderjaar 1566
- Charles Dickens
- Benjamin Disraeli
- Henrietta Temple
- Lady Mary Fox – An Account of an Expedition to the Interior of New Holland
- Phillipe-Ignace François Aubert du Gaspé – L'Influence d'un livre
- Jeremias Gotthelf – Bauernspiegel
- Nathaniel Hawthorne – Twice-Told Tales
- Julia Kavanagh – Adele
- Letitia Elizabeth Landon (writing as L.E.L.) – Ethel Churchill, or The Two Brides
- Catharine Maria Sedgwick – Live and Let Live
- Victor Séjour – Le Mulâtre (earliest known work of African American fiction, published in Revue des Colonies, March)
- Mary Shelley – Falkner
Children and young peopleEdit
- Hans Christian Andersen
- Fairy Tales Told for Children. First Collection. Third Booklet (Eventyr, fortalte for Børn. Første Samling. Tredie Hefte) comprising "The Little Mermaid" ("Den lille havfrue") and "The Emperor's New Clothes" ("Kejserens nye klæder")
- Only a Fiddler
- Georgiana Chatterton – Aunt Dorothy's Tales
- Frederick Marryat – Snarleyyow or the Dog Fiend
- George Ayliffe Poole – The Exile's Return; or a Cat's Journey from Glasgow to Edinburgh
- Robert Southey – "The Story of the Three Bears" (in The Doctor)
- Joanna Baillie – The Separation
- Manuel Bretón de los Herreros – Muérete y verás
- Robert Browning – Strafford
- Edward Bulwer-Lytton – The Duchess de la Vallière (posthumously performed)
- Juan Eugenio Hartzenbusch – Los Amantes de Teruel
- Henrik Hertz – Svend Dyrings Huus
- Alfred de Musset – Un caprice
- Jules-Édouard Alboize de Pujol – L'Idiote
- José de Espronceda – El estudiante de Salamanca
- Louisa Jane Hall – Miriam, a Dramatic Sketch (written 1826)
- Alphonse de Lamartine – Chute d'un ange
- Alexander Pushkin – The Bronze Horseman (Медный всадник)
- See also 1837 in poetry
- Charles Babbage – Ninth Bridgewater Treatise. On the Power, Wisdom and Goodness of God, as manifested in the Creation
- Charles Ball – Slavery in the United States: A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Charles Ball, A Black Man
- Bernard Bolzano – Wissenschaftslehre (Theory of Science)
- Thomas Carlyle – The French Revolution: A History
- Washington Irving – The Adventures of Captain Bonneville
- Harriet Martineau – Society in America
- William H. Prescott – The History of Ferdinand and Isabella
- Ferenc Pulszky – Aus dem Tagebuch eines in Grossbritannien reisenden Ungarns (From the Diary of a Hungarian Travelling in Britain)
- Martin Tupper – Proverbial Philosophy
- Andrew Ure – A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures and Mines
- Adelbert von Chamisso – Über die Hawaiische Sprache (On the Hawaiian Language)
- January 16 – Ellen Russell Emerson, American author and ethnologist (died 1907)
- January 23 – Agnes Maule Machar, Canadian novelist (died 1927)
- February 13 – Emily St. John Bouton, American author, editor, and educator (died 1927)
- February 24 – Rosalía de Castro, Spanish Galician poet and writer (died 1885)
- March 1
- March 6 – Sully Prudhomme, French poet (died 1907)
- April 1 – Jorge Isaacs (Ferrer), Colombian writer, politician and explorer (died 1895)
- April 5 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (died 1909)
- April 7 – Lou Singletary Bedford, American author and editor (unknown year of death)
- June 9 – Anne Thackeray Ritchie, English novelist and essayist (died 1919)
- June 28 – Petre P. Carp, Romanian politician, polemicist, and translator (died 1919)
- July 13 – Mary Allen West, American writer, editor, and philanthropist (died 1892)
- August 24 – Bertha Jane Grundy, English novelist (died 1912)
- October 15 – Leo Königsberger, German historian of science (died 1921)
- October 21 – Mary Alice Fonda, American music critic and editor (died 1897)
- December 4 – Angelia Thurston Newman, American poet, author, and editor (died 1910)
- December 10 – Edward Eggleston, American novelist and historian (died 1902)
- December 11 – Esther Saville Allen, American author (died 1913)
- December 17 – Celia Logan, American actress and playwright (died 1904)
- unknown dates
- January 29 – Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet (killed in duel, born 1799)
- February 7 – Mary Robinson (Maid of Buttermere), English literary muse (born 1778)
- February 12 – Ludwig Börne, German Jewish political writer and satirist (born 1786)
- February 19 – Georg Büchner German dramatist, poet and author (typhus, born 1813).
- March 9 – Alexandru Hrisoverghi, Moldavian writer and translator (tabes dorsalis, born 1811)
- March 15 – Lukijan Mušicki, Serbian poet (born 1777)
- June 12 – Carl Friedrich Ernst Frommann, German bookseller (born 1765)
- June 14 – Giacomo Leopardi, Italian poet (cholera, born 1798)
- September 21 – Georg Ludolf Dissen, German philologist (born 1784)
- October 19 – Hendrik Doeff, Dutch travel writer (born 1764)
- "The Lamplighter – by Charles Dickens (1838)". Archived from the original on 2014-11-07. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
- Sims, Michael, ed. (2011). The Dead Witness: a Connoisseur's Collection of Victorian Detective Stories. London: Bloomsbury. pp. 1–38. ISBN 9781408818633.
- "Making of America". Cornell University Library. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- Aarnes, Sigurd Aa. "Andreas Munch". In Helle, Knut (ed.). Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2013-08-08.
- "A Brief History of Little, Brown and Company". New York: Little, Brown and Company. 2012. Archived from the original on 2016-05-13. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- "Icons, a portrait of England 1820–1840". Archived from the original on 22 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
- Pierce, Peter (2009). The Cambridge History of Australian Literature. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052188165X.
- Charles Eyre Pascoe (1879). The Dramatic List: A Record of the Principal Performances of Living Actors and Actresses of the British Stage. Hardwicke and Bogue. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-8274-2202-5.
- Charles Eyre Pascoe (1879). The Dramatic List: A Record of the Principal Performances of Living Actors and Actresses of the British Stage. Hardwicke and Bogue. p. 341. ISBN 978-0-8274-2202-5.
- Frances Elizabeth Willard; Mary Ashton Rice Livermore (2005). Great American Women of the 19th Century: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Humanity Books. p. 724. ISBN 978-1-59102-211-4.
- Julian Hilton (15 April 1982). Georg Büchner. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-349-16737-1.