1920 in literature

This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1920.

List of years in literature (table)
In poetry


F. Scott Fitzgerald's story "Bernice Bobs Her Hair" was published in May 1920.
  • April 3F. Scott Fitzgerald marries Zelda Sayre in the rectory of St. Patrick's Cathedral (Manhattan).
  • May 1 – F. Scott Fitzgerald's short story "Bernice Bobs Her Hair" appears in the Saturday Evening Post and on the magazine's cover, illustrated by artist Norman Rockwell.
  • August 22 – The Salzburg Festival in Austria is inaugurated with a performance of Hugo von Hofmannsthal's play Jedermann (Everyman, 1911) in front of Salzburg Cathedral, directed by Max Reinhardt.
  • October – Agatha Christie's first novel, The Mysterious Affair at Styles, appears in the U.S., introducing her long-running Belgian detective Hercule Poirot in the setting of an English country house. The book is published in the U.K. on January 21, 1921.
  • November 1 – Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones plays at the Playwright's Theater in New York City with Charles Sidney Gilpin in the title role.[3]
  • November 9D. H. Lawrence's novel Women in Love appears in a limited U.S. subscribers' edition.
  • December – The first edition of the Poems of the English war poet Wilfred Owen, killed in action in 1918, appears in London, introduced by his friend Siegfried Sassoon. Only five of Owen's verses were published in his lifetime. This introduces his work to many readers. It includes the 1917 poems "Anthem for Doomed Youth" and "Dulce et Decorum est", horrifying imagery in the latter's 28 lines poem's making it one of the best-known condemnations of war.
  • December 23Arthur Schnitzler's play Reigen (La Ronde, 1900) receives a first authorized performance, in Berlin, where it is criticized on moral and anti-Semitic grounds.
  • Christmas – Monteiro Lobato's children's story "A Menina do Narizinho Arrebitado" (Girl with the Upturned Nose), the origin of the Sítio do Picapau Amarelo novel series, is published in Brazil.
  • unknown dates
    • Karel Čapek's drama R.U.R: Rossum's Universal Robots, published in Prague, introduces the word robot into English.[4][5]
    • Publication in Paris of the first volume of the Collection Budé initiates editions of classical texts with parallel French translation: Plato's Hippias Minor (Hippias Mineur).[6]
    • Van Wyck Brooks' The Ordeal of Mark Twain controversially argues that Twain was "a victim of arrested development" with a dual personality.<ref">J.R. LeMaster; James D. Wilson (13 May 2013). The Routledge Encyclopedia of Mark Twain. Routledge. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-135-88135-1.</ref> It begins a reassessment of one seen hitherto mainly as a humorous writer. The 1920s will bring similar reconsideration of many 19th-century American writers, notably Herman Melville[7] and Emily Dickinson.[8]

New booksEdit


Children and young peopleEdit





Isaac Asimov.




  1. ^ Rosenbaum, S. P. (2014). The Bloomsbury Group Memoir Club. London: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781137360359.
  2. ^ Morehouse, Ward (1949). Matinee Tomorrow: Fifty Years of Our Theater. New York: Whittlesey House. p. 175.
  3. ^ Frank, Glenda (2006). "The Emperor Jones by Eugene O'Neill". eOneill.com. Retrieved 2017-09-21.
  4. ^ Asimov, Isaac (September 1979). "The Vocabulary of Science Fiction". Asimov's Science Fiction.
  5. ^ Zunt, Dominik (2004). "Who did actually invent the word "robot" and what does it mean?". Karel Čapek (1890-1938). Archived from the original on 2012-02-04. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  6. ^ Percy Gardner; Ernest Arthur Gardner; Max Cary (1922). The Journal of Hellenic Studies. Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies. p. 283.
  7. ^ Bradley A. Johnson (3 November 2011). The Characteristic Theology of Herman Melville: Aesthetics, Politics, Duplicity. Wipf and Stock Publishers. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-63087-620-3.
  8. ^ Academic American encyclopedia. Grolier Incorporated. 1 February 1995. p. 344. ISBN 978-0-7172-2059-5.
  9. ^ Auster, Paul (ed.) (1982). The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry, with Translations by American and British Poets. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-394-52197-8.
  10. ^ Groenewegen, Peter. "Joseph Shield Nicholson (1850–1927): An early student of Marshall at Cambridge, later quite critical of Marshall and his Economics" (PDF). History of Economic Thought Society of Australia. Retrieved 2015-08-30.