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The Philipps University of Marburg (German: Philipps-Universität Marburg), was founded in 1527 by Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (usually called the Magnanimous, although the updated meaning "haughty" is sometimes given) as one of Germany's oldest universities, dating back to a Protestant foundation. As a state university it no longer has any religious affiliation.

University of Marburg
Philipps-Universität Marburg
Siegel Uni Marburg.png
Latin: Schola Marpurgensis
Type Public
Established July 1, 1527
Budget € 335.6 million[1]
Chancellor Friedhelm Nonne
President Katharina Krause[de]
Academic staff
2,657[2]
Administrative staff
1,794[2]
Students 26,726[3]
Location Marburg, Hesse, Germany
Campus University town
Affiliations Compostela Group of Universities
Website www.uni-marburg.de
Uni Marburg Logo.svg

It was the main university of the principality of Hesse and remains a public university of that state. It now has about 25,000 students and 7,500 employees, making Marburg, a town of 72,000 inhabitants, the proverbial "university town" (Universitätsstadt). Though most subjects are grouped, the University of Marburg is not a campus university in the broader sense. About 12% of the students are international, the highest percentage in Hesse.[4] It offers an International summer university programme every summer and has an awarded ERASMUS programme.

Marburg is home to one of Germany's most traditional medical faculties. The German physicians' union is called Marburger Bund.

The administrative headquarters of the university
The Central Lecture Hall Building, which has been built to cater for the increased number of students
University of Marburg - Department of Social Sciences and University library
One of the two large university cafeterias and canteens is located on the bank of the Lahn river

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1609, the University of Marburg established the world's first professorship in chemistry. In 2012 it opened the first German participative chemistry museum, called Chemicum. Its experimental course programme is aimed at encouraging young people to pursue careers in science.[5]

Nazi periodEdit

20 professors were expelled in 1933, among them Wilhelm Röpke who emigrated and Hermann Jacobsohn who committed suicide.

AcademicsEdit

ResearchEdit

The university is most famous for its life sciences research, but is also home to one of the few centers that conduct research on the middle east, the CNMS (center for near and middle eastern studies). The departments of psychology and geography enjoy an outstanding reputation and reached Excellence Group status in the Europe-wide CHE Excellence Ranking 2009.

The strong research is also illustrated by its participation in several SFBs (Sonderforschungsbereiche). These collaborative research centres are financed by the German Science Foundation DFG. They encourage researchers to cross the boundaries of disciplines, institutes, departments and faculties within the participating university. The current SFB at Philipps-University Marburg are:[6]

  • SFB/TR17 – Ras-dependent Pathways in Human Cancer (started 2004; with Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg)
  • SFB/TR22 – Allergic response of the lung (started 2005, with Research Center Borstel and LMU Munich)
  • SFB/TR81 - Chromatin Changes in Differentiation and Malignancies (started 2010, with Justus-Liebig Universität Gießen)
  • SFB-TRR 84 - Innate Immunity of the Lung (started 2010, with Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, FU Berlin, Robert-Koch-Institut, Max-Planck-Institut für molekulare Genetik, Max-Planck-Institut für Kolloid- und Grenzflächenforschung, Justus-Liebig-University Gießen)
  • SFB 593 – Mechanisms of cellular compartmentalisation and the relevance for disease (started 2003)
  • SFB 987 - Microbial Diversity in Environmental Signal Response (started 2012, with Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology, Marburg)
  • SFB 1083 - Structure and Dynamics of Internal Interfaces (started 2013, with Donostia International Physics Center San Sebastián, Spain)
  • SFB 1021 - RNA viruses: RNA metabolism, host response and pathogenesis (started 2013, with Justus-Liebig Universität Gießen)

RankingsEdit

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[7] 301-400

Collections of the universityEdit

  • Alter Botanischer Garten Marburg, the university's old botanical garden
  • Botanischer Garten Marburg, the university's current botanical garden
  • Forschungsinstitut Lichtbildarchiv älterer Originalurkunden bis 1250 (Collection of photographs taken from medieval charters)
  • Bildarchiv Foto Marburg (German national picture archive of arts)
  • Religionskundliche Sammlung (Collection of religious objects)
  • Deutscher Sprachatlas (Linguistic Atlas of Germany)
  • Mineralogisches Museum (Museum of Mineralogy)
  • Museum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte (Museum of Arts)

GalleryEdit

Notable alumni and facultyEdit

Natural scientists who studied or taught at the University of Marburg:

Marburg was always known as a humanities-focused university. It retained that strength, especially in Philosophy and Theology for a long time after World War II. Theologians include:

Philosophers include:

Other notable students and faculty include:

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Aktuelle Zahlen auf einen Blick". University of Marburg (in German). Retrieved 2017-06-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Employees". Retrieved 2017-04-20. 
  3. ^ "Anzahl der Studierenden ab 1986 jeweils im Wintersemester" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 2017-04-20. 
  4. ^ "Uni International - Philipps-Universität Marburg". Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  5. ^ ""Chemikum Marburg" hat ein dauerhaftes Domizil". Informationsdienst Wissenschaft e.V. online. 12 February 2011. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Sonderforungsbereiche - Philipps-Universität Marburg - Referat für Forschung und Transfer - Sandra Basenau". Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017

External linksEdit