This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in
c. January – First book in
Ed McBain's long-running 87th Precinct police procedural series, , is published in the United States under Evan Hunter's new pseudonym. Cop Hater
February 2 – Eugene O'Neill's semi-autobiographical drama (completed Long Day's Journey into Night 1942) receives its posthumous world première at the Royal Dramatic Theatre, Stockholm, in Swedish (as Lång dags färd mot natt) in a production directed by Bengt Ekerot and starring Lars Hanson. The play's Broadway debut takes place at the Helen Hayes Theatre on November 7, shortly after its American premiere at the Shubert Theatre (New Haven). 
February 27 – English poet Ted Hughes and American poet Sylvia Plath meet in Cambridge, England. 
March 11 – U.S. release of Sir Laurence Olivier's film version of Shakespeare's simultaneously on Richard III NBC network television and as afternoon matinée screenings in movie theaters, giving it a television audience estimated at between 25 and 40 million, almost certainly the largest up to this date for a Shakespearean production. 
March 19 – Widowed English author Aldous Huxley marries Italian American film-maker and author Laura Archera at a drive-in wedding chapel in Yuma, Arizona. 
April 23 – C. S. Lewis and Joy Gresham make a civil marriage at Oxford register office. 
May 8 – First performance of John Osborne's play by the newly formed English Stage Company at the Look Back in Anger Royal Court Theatre in London.   Alan Bates has his first major role as Cliff. The theatre's press release describes the dramatist as among the angry young men of the time, a plural phrase which appears on July 26 in a headline. Daily Express
June 16 – Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath marry at St George the Martyr, Holborn in the London Borough of Camden.
June 26 and August 23 – Books published by discredited psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich are burned in the United States under court injunction. June – Nineteen-year-old
Hunter S. Thompson is arrested as an accessory to robbery.
June 29 – Arthur Miller marries Marilyn Monroe in White Plains, New York. July – Following pleas by Israeli diplomats,
the  Romanian communist regime releases A. L. Zissu, formally sentenced to life imprisonment in 1954. Zissu emigrates to Israel, where he dies on September 6. 
July 4 – The National Library of Scotland's first purpose-built premises are opened in Edinburgh. 
July 8 – The drama series , produced by Armchair Theatre ABC Television for the ITV network in the United Kingdom, begins its run (1956–1968).
August 14 – Iris Murdoch marries John Bayley at Oxford register office.
September 14 – Harold Pinter marries Vivien Merchant in a civil ceremony at Bournemouth, after they met while touring in repertory theatre. October –
becomes the first nationally distributed The Ladder lesbian magazine in the United States.
November 1 – Allen Ginsberg's , a signal work of the Howl and Other Poems Beat Generation, is published by City Lights Bookstore in San Francisco. December
December 3 – Writing under the pseudonym of Emile Ajar, author Romain Gary becomes the only person ever to win the Prix Goncourt twice, this time for . Les Racines du ciel Finished in 1952,
Egyptian author Naguib Mahfouz's ( Cairo Trilogy Palace Walk, Palace of Desire, Sugar Street), is first published. Sixteen-year-old
Michael Moorcock becomes editor of Tarzan Adventures. Jorge Luis Borges becomes a professor of English and American literature at the University of Buenos Aires. New books Edit
Children and young people Edit
January 2 – Storm Constantine, British science fiction and fantasy author
January 8 – Jack Womack, American novelist
January 10 – Antonio Muñoz Molina, Spanish novelist
March 7 – Andrea Levy, English novelist
March 12 – Ruth Ozeki, American novelist and filmmaker
March 23 – Steven Saylor, American historical novelist
May 4 – David Guterson, American journalist and novelist
May 18 – John Godber, English dramatist
May 20 – Boris Akunin, Russian novelist and essayist
June 9 – Patricia Cornwell, American crime novelist
July 4 – Éric Neuhoff, French novelist
July 11 – Amitav Ghosh, Bengali Indian novelist
October 9 – Robert Reed, American science fiction author
October 13 – Chris Carter, American screenwriter
November 11 – Tim Pears, English novelist
November 20 – Elena Gremina, Russian dramatist (died 2018)
November 26 – John McCarthy, English journalist and hostage Unknown dates
January 13 – Wickham Steed, English journalist, editor and historian (born 1871)
January 14 – Sheila Kaye-Smith, English novelist (born 1887)
January 29 – H. L. Mencken, American journalist and English language scholar (born 1880)
January 31 – A. A. Milne, English children's author, novelist and dramatist (born 1882)
March 30 – Edmund Clerihew Bentley, English novelist and inventor of the clerihew (born 1875)
May 20 – Max Beerbohm, English humorist (born 1872)
May 22 – Ion Călugăru, Romanian novelist, short story writer and journalist (born 1902)
June 22 – Walter de la Mare, English poet (born 1873)
June 24 – Nicos Nicolaides, Greek writer (born 1884)
July 8 – Giovanni Papini, Italian essayist, poet and novelist (born 1881)
August 14 – Bertolt Brecht, German dramatist (born 1898)
October 30 – Pío Baroja, Spanish novelist (born 1872)
December 6 - Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, the principal architect of the Constitution of India (born 1891)
December 13 – Arthur Grimble, Hong Kong-born English travel writer (born 1888) December 25 – Robert Walser, Swiss novelist and poet writing in German (born 1878)
Carnegie Medal for children's literature: C. S. Lewis, The Last Battle
Deutscher Jugendbuchpreis (first award): Roger Duvoisin and Louise Fatio, ( Happy Lion Der glückliche Löwe); Astrid Lindgren, ; and Kurt Lütgen, Mio, My Son Kein Winter für Wölfe ("Two Against the Arctic: Story of a Restless Life between Greenland and Alaska")
Duff Cooper Prize: Alan Moorehead, Gallipoli
James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Rose Macaulay, The Towers of Trebizond
James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: St John Greer Ervine, George Bernard Shaw
Newbery Medal for children's literature: Jean Lee Latham, Carry On, Mr. Bowditch
Nobel Prize for literature: Juan Ramón Jiménez
Premio Nadal: José Luis Martín Descalzo, La frontera de Dios
Prix Goncourt: Romain Gary for The Roots of Heaven
Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Albert Hackett, Frances Goodrich, Diary of Anne Frank
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: MacKinlay Kantor – Andersonville
Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Elizabeth Bishop: Poems – North & South Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry: Edmund Blunden References Edit
"Shubert Theater". CAPA New Haven. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-05-11 . Retrieved . 2008-10-31
Jones, Neal T., ed. (1984). A Book of Days for the Literary Year. London; New York: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-01332-2.
"Richard III Review". Screenonline. British Film Institute . Retrieved . 2006-07-08
Huxley, Laura (1969). This Timeless Moment. ISBN 0-89087-968-0.
St Giles'. Hooper, Walter (1998-06-23). . books.google.com. p. 79. C.S. Lewis: A Complete Guide to His Life and Works ISBN 9780060638801 . Retrieved . 3 December 2011
Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
Nastasă, Lucian (2003). "Studiu introductiv". In Andreescu, Andreea; Nastasă, Lucian; Varga, Andrea. Minorități etnoculturale. Mărturii documentare. Evreii din România (1945–1965). Cluj-Napoca: Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center. p. 30.
Glass, Hildrun (2010). "Câteva note despre activitatea lui Avram L. Zissu". In Rotman, Liviu; Crăciun, Camelia; Vasiliu, Ana-Gabriela. Noi perspective în istoriografia evreilor din România. Bucharest: Federation of Jewish Communities of Romania & Editura Hasefer. pp. 166–167.
"Bute Collection for Scotland: Library Opening by The Queen". (53575). London. 1956-07-05. p. 12. The Times
Weber, Bruce (2009-04-21). "J. G Ballard, Novelist, Is Dead at 78". The New York Times . Retrieved . 2014-10-15
The Call of the Cloister: Religious Communities and Kindred Bodies in the Anglican Communion. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. 1956. LCCN 56000287.