1871 in literature

This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1871.

List of years in literature (table)
In poetry


Programme for the opening night of The Bells
Henry Irving as Mathias in The Bells
  • January 1 – The children's literary magazine Young Folks begins publication in the United Kingdom as Our Young Folks' Weekly Budget.[1]
  • January – John Ruskin begins publishing Fors Clavigera, his originally monthly "letters to the workmen and labourers of Great Britain".
  • March 18May 28 – The Paris Commune is influential on the literary figures in the city at the time and far beyond:
    • Jules Vallès publishes his newspaper Le Cri du Peuple February 22–May 23 (with interruptions).
    • At the beginning of April, Victor Hugo moves to Brussels to take care of the family of his son, who has just died, but closely follows events in Paris, on April 21 publishing the poem "Pas de représailles" (No reprisals) and on June 11 writing the poem "Sur une barricade" (On the barricade).
    • Émile Zola, as a journalist for Le Sémaphore de Marseille, reports the fall of the Commune, and is one of the first reporters to enter the city during Semaine sanglante (Bloody Week, beginning May 21).
  • October – "Thomas Maitland", i. e. Robert Williams Buchanan, attacks Dante Gabriel Rossetti and other members of what Buchanan calls the "Fleshly School" of English poetry in The Contemporary Review. On December 16 Rossetti replies in "The Stealthy School of Criticism" in the Athenaeum.
  • November 25 – First performance of The Bells starring Henry Irving at the Lyceum Theatre, London,[2] the actor's first great success. On the same night, he breaks up permanently with his wife when she criticises his choice of profession.
  • December – Publication of George Eliot's novel Middlemarch in eight parts commences.[3]
  • unknown dateGeorge Allen and Sons, publishers, predecessors of Allen & Unwin, is established in London.

New booksEdit


Children and young peopleEdit







  1. ^ Sheila A. Egoff (1951). Children's Periodicals of the Nineteenth Century: A Survey and Bibliography. Library Association. p. 23.
  2. ^ Rowell, George, ed. (1953). Nineteenth Century Plays. World's Classics. Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ George Eliot (1994). Middlemarch. Wordsworth Editions. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-85326-237-1.
  4. ^ Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.
  5. ^ Finkelsteain, David (2021). "The 6d pamphlet that caused an invasion scare". History Scotland. 21 (5): 29–31.
  6. ^ Clarke, I. F. (1997). "Before and After The Battle of Dorking". Science Fiction Studies. 24: 33–46.
  7. ^ Van Niekerk, H. L. Eugène Marais: Nuwe Feite en Nuwe Inligting 2010 (Eugène Marais: New Facts and New Insights
  8. ^ Solé, Carlos A (1989). Latin American writers. New York: Scribner. p. 431. ISBN 9780684185972.
  9. ^ Wroe, David (18 December 2009). "Rosa Luxemburg Murder Case Reopened". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  10. ^ Victor Iova, "Tabel cronologic", in N. Iorga, Istoria lui Mihai Viteazul, Vol. I, Editura Minerva, Bucharest, 1979, pp. xxvii. OCLC 6422662
  11. ^ Antonio Piromalli, Grazia Deledda, Firenze, La Nuova Italia, 1968.
  12. ^ Kane, Paul (1995). Poetry of the American Renaissance. New York: George Braziller. p. 297. ISBN 0807613983.
  13. ^ Verity Smith (26 March 1997). Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature. Routledge. p. 185. ISBN 1-135-31424-1.
  14. ^ Hilden, Adda. "Athalia Schwartz (1821–1871)". Dansk kvindebiografisk leksikon (in Danish). Archived from the original on 2018-03-13. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  15. ^ Frederick Burwick; Nancy Moore Goslee; Diane Long Hoeveler (30 January 2012). The Encyclopedia of Romantic Literature, 3 Volume Set. John Wiley & Sons. p. 494. ISBN 978-1-4051-8810-4.
  16. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). "Aston, Luise". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.