Satya Mohan Joshi

Satya Mohan Joshi (Nepali: सत्यमोहन जोशी; 12 May 1920 – 16 October 2022) was a Nepalese writer and scholar.[1] Joshi is known for his research on the history and culture of Nepal.[2] He also served as the chancellor of the Nepal Bhasa Academy.[3]

Satya Mohan Joshi
Satya Mohan Joshi (cropped).jpg
Native name
सत्यमोहन जोशी
Born(1920-05-12)12 May 1920
Lalitpur District, Nepal
Died16 October 2022(2022-10-16) (aged 102)
Lalitpur, Nepal
OccupationWriter, researcher
EducationBA
Alma mater
Notable worksHamro Lok Sanskriti
Notable awards
SpouseRadha Devi

Early life and educationEdit

Joshi was born on 12 May 1920[4] to Shankar Raj and Raj Kumari Joshi, in the Lalitpur district of Nepal.[5][6] Having learnt his alphabets at home, he later enrolled at Durbar High School in Kathmandu. At the age of 17, he was married to Radha Devi Shrestha of Patan.[7] He completed his bachelor's degree at Trichandra College,[8] became the first director of the Archaeological and Cultural Department in 1959,[9] and established the Rastriya Naachghar – National Theatre in Kathmandu,[10] Archeological Garden in Patan,[11] Archeological Museum in Taulihawa[12] and the National Painting Museum in Bhaktapur.[13]

CareerEdit

After King Mahendra's coup in 1960, Joshi flew to China, where he began to teach Nepali at the Peking Broadcasting Institute. During his stay in China, he carried out research on Araniko, a sculptor of the Malla dynasty who migrated to China in early 1260 AD.[6] He set up the Araniko White Dagoba Gallery in Kirtipur, Kathmandu, using historical artifacts related to Araniko.[14]

He has more than 60 publications in various fields, which include Hamro Lok Sanskriti (Madan Puraskar in 1956); Nepali Rastriya Mudra (Madan Puraskar of 1960); Karnali Lok Sanskriti (a research collection); Charumati, Sunkeshari , Majipha Lakhe, Bagh Bhairab (dramas).[8][15]

RecognitionEdit

A national postal stamp, showing his portrait, was issued in his name in 2021. A total of 100,000 copies each with the value of NPR 10 were printed.[16][17] The Nepal Rastra Bank issued three new coins of denominations Rs 100, Rs 1,000 and Rs 2,500 in September 2019, featuring Joshi's portrait, to commemorate his 100th birthday.[18] On 17 November 2021, Joshi became the first person to receive Nepal's electronic passport.[19][20] A road in Lalitpur was named in his honour. On 18 March 2022, his biography titled Satyamohan was published. The biography was written by Girish Giri, a writer and reporter.[21]

DeathEdit

 
Joshi at a programme organized by Gorkhapatra Sansthan in Tinkune (2013)

Joshi died at age 102 on 16 October 2022 at KIST Hospital in Lalitpur.[22][23][24] As per his wishes, his body was donated to a hospital for research. Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, the Mayor of Lalitpur Metropolitan City Chiri Babu Maharjan and other politicians paid their tribute. The funeral of Joshi was accompanied by state honours.[25]

His astrological birth chart (china or janma–kundali in Nepali) was cremated, in place of his body, at Shankhamul Ghat by his sons Anu Raj Joshi and Purna Raj Joshi. The ashes were then dispersed on the Bagmati river, according to Hindu customs.[26] A one-day public holiday was provided on 18 October 2022, to mourn his death, by the Government of Nepal.[27]

Notable worksEdit

Honors and awardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dahal, Phanindra (2 October 2020). "Covid: God may punish Nepal for cancelling rites, religious leaders warn". BBC News. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  2. ^ "interview". Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Dr Satya Mohan Joshi the great personality of Nepalese culture". Vedinternational.forumne.net. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  4. ^ "प्रयोगमा आयो ई-पासपोर्ट, एमआरपीभन्दा के फरक छ?". Nepalkhabar (in Nepali). Retrieved 18 November 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Lalitpur marks cultural institution Satya Mohan Joshi's hundredth birthday". kathmandupost.com. Archived from the original on 21 November 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Interview: Satya Mohan Joshi". Ecs.com.np. 27 August 2010. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  7. ^ लम्साल, अमृता. "८३ वर्षदेखि सँगै सत्यमोहन र राधादेवी". Setopati (in Nepali). Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  8. ^ a b "A cultural giant". Kantipur (daily). 15 July 2011. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  9. ^ Basnet, Basanta (16 October 2022). "Satya Mohan Joshi: The polymath, his persistence and peace at last". Onlinekhabar. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  10. ^ Ojha, Anup. "'Satya Mohan', a book on a true giant of history, launched". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Culture expert Joshi for archaeological garden in open space of Patan Durbar". Khabarhub. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  12. ^ Prajapati, Rajiv (17 October 2022). "The Life And Achievements Of Satya Mohan Joshi, Nepal's Man Of The Century". YetiYap. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  13. ^ Bhadgaule, Amrit. "Always active". My Republica. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  14. ^ "Araniko gallery stands neglected". Artsofnepal.com. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Nepali: सानदार बुढेसकाल". Kantipur (daily). 14 September 2014. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
  16. ^ "Dr. on postage stamp Joshi and Ghimire. Degree, Honor or Humiliation?". Himal Sanchar. 28 January 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  17. ^ "सत्यमोहन जोशीको तस्वीराङ्कित हुलाक टिकटमा टाँचा". Setopati (in Nepali). Retrieved 3 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Nepal Rastra Bank unveils coins to commemorate historian Satya Mohan Joshi". kathmandupost.com. Archived from the original on 21 November 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  19. ^ Giri, Anil (17 November 2021). "Nepal to start issuing e-passports from today". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  20. ^ "Government provides first e-passport to Satya Mohan Joshi". Nepal Press. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  21. ^ "'Satya Mohan', a book on a true giant of history, launched". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  22. ^ Dutta, Sharangee (16 October 2022). "Nepal's 'Man of Century' Satya Mohan Joshi dies at 103: Who was he?". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  23. ^ "संस्कृतिविद् सत्यमोहन जोशीको १०३ वर्षको उमेरमा निधन". संस्कृतिविद् सत्यमोहन जोशीको १०३ वर्षको उमेरमा निधन (in Nepali). Retrieved 16 October 2022.
  24. ^ "Death of Satya Mohan Joshi published in Ekantipur". 2022.
  25. ^ "Veteran cultural historian and polymath Satya Mohan Joshi passes away at 103". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  26. ^ "शंखमूल घाटमा चिना जलाएर जोशीको अन्त्येष्टि". ekantipur.com (in Nepali). Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  27. ^ Diwakar (17 October 2022). "Satya Mohan Joshi death: Public holiday across Nepal on Tuesday". OnlineKhabar English News. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  28. ^ "Madan Puraskar Pustakalaya". madanpuraskar.org. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  29. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1958). Hāmro lok sanskritī (in Hindi). Ratna Pustak Bhandār.
  30. ^ Ojha, Anup; Chhetri, Samuel. "Veteran cultural historian and polymath Satya Mohan Joshi passes away at 103". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 18 October 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  31. ^ "Satya Mohan Joshi passes away at 103". nepalnews.com. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  32. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1963). Lāmā ra pācuke (in Nepali). Jagadambā Prakāśana.
  33. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1970). Siphāhī ra raitī (in Nepali).
  34. ^ "Madan Puraskar Pustakalaya". madanpuraskar.org. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  35. ^ "Madan Puraskar Pustakalaya". madanpuraskar.org. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  36. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1975). Rājamukuṭa ra rājyābhisheka (in Nepali). Śrī 5 ko Sarakāra, Sañcāra Mantrālaya, Sūcanā Vibhāga.
  37. ^ Manandhar, Vijay Kumar (2004). A Comprehensive History of Nepal-China Relations Up to 1955 A.D. Adroit Publishers. p. 13. ISBN 978-81-87392-43-9.
  38. ^ "Madan Puraskar Pustakalaya". madanpuraskar.org. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  39. ^ "Books by Satya Mohan Joshi". Thuprai. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  40. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1982). Nepālī cāḍa-parva (in Nepali). Nepāla Rājakīya Prajñā-Pratishṭhāna. ISBN 978-99933-2-950-3.
  41. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1978). Pharkera herdā (in Nepali). Nepāla Rājakīya Prajñā-Pratishṭhāna.
  42. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1990). Eka saya śabda (in Nepali). Nepālabhāshā Parishad.
  43. ^ Jośī, Satyamohana (1976). Nepālī mūrtikalāko vikāsakrama (in Nepali). Nepāla Rājakīya Prajñā-Pratishṭhāna.
  44. ^ "President Bhandari has affixed a postage stamp with man of century Joshi's picture". Headline Nepal. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  45. ^ "Satya Mohan Joshi: A Father of Contemporary Nepali Language and Culture". NEPWAVE. 18 October 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  46. ^ "MWU to confer Honorary D. Litt. degree on Satya Mohan Joshi". Radio Nepal. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  47. ^ "कर्णाली प्रदेशकै ठूलो साहित्य पुरस्कार 'मोहपथ'लाई, सत्यमोहन जोशीलाई साधना सम्मान". Setopati (in Nepali). Retrieved 18 October 2022.

External linksEdit