Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, more colloquially known as Tri-Chandra College, is a constituent campus of Tribhuvan University located in Ghantaghar, Kathmandu. Found in 1918 by Chandra Shumsher, it is the oldest institute of higher learning in Nepal.
The current name Tri-Chandra is a truncated combination of two words: Tribhuvan for Mahārājādhirāja Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah and Chandra for Rana Prime Minister Chandra Shumsher. The college was originally named Tribhuvan Chandra Intermediate Campus but later renamed and shortened to its current name.
Nepal's first institution of higher education, Tri-Chandra College, was established in 1918 by Chandra Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana. The college introduced science at the Intermediate level a year later, marking the genesis of formal science education in the country. In 1924, it became a full four year institution with an enrollment of just 30. However, up until the advent of democracy in 1951, the college was not accessible to the general public, but only to a handful of "noble" members of Rana regime. The main purpose of imparting science at that time was to prepare the students for further studies in technical subjects, such as medicine, engineering, agriculture, forestry, etc., in India. The science teaching at Tri-Chandra was upgraded to the Bachelor level (BSc) in 1945. Tri-Chandra was originally affiliated to the University of Calcutta, then to Patna University before finally being constituted into Tribhuvan University since 1959.
The college offers numerous programs across science and humanities. In science, it runs BSc and MSc programs; while in humanities, it offers BA and MA programs.
Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesEdit
- Department of Nepali
- Department of philosophy and Psychology
- Department of Economics
Faculty of SciencesEdit
- Department of Geology
- Department of Meteorology
- Department of Physics
- Department of Mathematics
- Department of Statistics
- Department of Chemistry
- Department of Environmental Science
- Department of Zoology
- Department of Botany
- Department of Microbiology
- Department of Sociology
Some of the well-known graduates of the college are:
- "The official website of Tri-Chandra College". trichandracollege.edu.np. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
Chandra Shumsher, the Rana Prime Minister, established Tribhuvan Chandra Intermediate College now named as Tri-Chandra College in 1918.
- Harris, George Lawrence (1973). Area Handbook for Nepal, Bhutan, and Sikkim. U.S. Government Printing Office.
- Dayananda Bajracharya; Dinesh Raj Bhuju; Jiba Raj Pokhrel (2006). "Science, Research and Technology in Nepal" (PDF). unesco.org. UNESCO. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 18 October 2016.