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Sher Bahadur Deuba About this soundlisten (Nepali: शेर बहादुर देउवा; born 13 June 1946) is a Nepalese politician who served as Prime Minister from 1995 to 1997, from 2001 to 2002, and from 2004 to 2005, and from 2017 to 2018.[1] He is also the President of Nepali Congress, elected with more than 60% of the votes at the party's 13th Convention in 2016. He has twice been elected as the leader of parliamentary party of the Nepali Congress, thus enabling him to be elected twice as the Prime Minister of Nepal.


Sher Bahadur Deuba
शेरबहादुर देउवा
Sher bahadur.jpg
32nd Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
7 June 2017 – 15 February 2018
PresidentBidhya Devi Bhandari
Preceded byPushpa Kamal Dahal
Succeeded byKhadga Prasad Oli
In office
3 June 2004 – 1 February 2005
MonarchKing Gyanendra
Preceded bySurya Bahadur Thapa
Succeeded byGirija Prasad Koirala
In office
26 July 2001 – 4 October 2002
MonarchKing Gyanendra
Preceded byGirija Prasad Koirala
Succeeded byLokendra Bahadur Chand
In office
12 September 1995 – 12 March 1997
MonarchKing Birendra
Preceded byMan Mohan Adhikari
Succeeded byLokendra Bahadur Chand
President of the Nepali Congress
Assumed office
7 March 2016
Preceded bySushil Koirala
Personal details
Born (1946-06-13) 13 June 1946 (age 73)
Ashigram, Nepal
Political partyNepali Congress (Before 2002; 2007–present)
Other political
affiliations
Nepali Congress-Democratic (2002–2007)
Spouse(s)Arzu Rana Deuba[citation needed]
Signature
Shri Sher Bahadur Deuba with the President, Shri Pranab Mukherjee

He was elected Prime Minister for the second time when he succeeded Girija Prasad Koirala who resigned in July 2001. Deuba dissolved the House of Representatives on May 2002 in order to hold new elections, but was unable to do so due to the ongoing civil war. This also led to a split in Nepali Congress with Deuba spearheading the Nepali Congress (Democratic) party. King Gyanendra then removed Deuba in October 2002 terming him incompetent[2][3] for not holding parliamentary elections. After two other governments, Gyanendra restored Deuba to the position of Prime Minister in 2004. He was again removed from office on 1 February 2005 by King Gyanendra, who dissolved the government for three years and seized direct power.

Sher Bahadur Deuba with Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi

Deuba was sentenced to two years in prison in July 2005 under corruption charges, but was subsequently released on 13 February 2006, after the anti-corruption body that sentenced him was outlawed. An official from Deuba's Nepali Congress (Democratic) party, Dip Kumar Upadhaya, told the Associated Press that Deuba's release was "a victory for democracy and a humiliating defeat for the royal regime".[4]

Political careerEdit

 
Sher Bahadur Deuba with Ram Nath Kovind

He has been elected as a Member of Parliament three times, representing Dadeldhura District.[citation needed] Following street protests against the UML government of Man Mohan Adhikari, he was declared the Parliamentary Leader of Nepali Congress in 1994.

 
Sher Bahadur Deuba with The former Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh

In the election held to select the Parliamentary Leader for Nepali Congress following the resignation of G. P. Koirala, in 2001, he defeated Sushil Koirala by a huge margin. This victory established him as a powerful leader, especially because his rival was supported by G. P. Koirala, the president of Nepali Congress.

However, in 2009, he lost the election for the position of the Leader of the Parliamentary Party of the Nepali Congress to Ram Chandra Paudel. His loss was attributed to his support for party leader G. P. Koirala, who wanted his daughter, Sujata Koirala (an unpopular leader), to lead the party.[citation needed]

Personal lifeEdit

Deuba comes from Ganyapdhura Gaupalika Ward No. 01 previously known as (Asigram - 3), Dadeldhura, one of the most remote district in the Far West Region of Nepal.[citation needed] His family is from royal dynasty of Chandravanshi rajput.[citation needed] He is known as Thakuri (Rajput) of the Doti region.[citation needed] He has six brothers, including Sher Bahadur, who is the eldest.[citation needed]

 
Mr. Sher Bahadur Deuba with the Vice President of India Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu

He is married to Dr. Arzu Rana Deuba.[5]

In November 2016, Deuba was conferred an honorary doctorate degree by Jawaharlal Nehru University.[6]

Deuba has a Master's Degree in Political Science and he holds a Bachelor's Degree in Arts and Law.[citation needed] He has been a Research Fellow of Political Science at the London School Of Economics from 1988 to 1992; however, Sher Bahadur Deuba was a "research fellow" at the LSE also. [7] Deuba seems to have registered as a student under a category called "research fee", allowing him to use the LSE library and have a professor assigned for general guidance.

Nepali Congress (Democratic)Edit

After dispute between Girija Prasad Koirala, President of Nepali Congress and Sher Bahadur Deuba, the Prime Minister, over continuation of Emergency Situation in Nepal, Nepali Congress underwent vertical split into Nepali Congress led by Koirala and Nepali Congress (Democratic) led by Deuba. Both parties ultimately merged in 2007 with the name of unified party to remain as Nepali Congress.

2008 Constituent Assembly electionEdit

In the Constituent Assembly election held on 10 April 2008, the Nepali Congress nominated Deuba as its candidate for Dadeldhura and Kanchanpur-4 constituencies under the first-past-the-post (FPTP) system.[8] He won from both the constituencies.

In the subsequent vote for Prime Minister, held in the Constituent Assembly on 15 August 2008, Deuba was nominated by the Nepali Congress, but was defeated by Prachanda of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Deuba received 113 votes, while Prachanda received 464.[9]

2017 - presentEdit

He was sworn in as Prime Minister of Nepal on 7 June 2017.[10][11] Deuba was in charge of the government that successfully conduct the elections of all three levels (Parliamentary, Provincial and Local) in different phases in 2017. After a successful tenure, he resigned on 15 February 2018, paving way for KP Oli to take upon the premiership, after Nepali Congress faced a humiliating result and the Nepal Communist Party emerged as the largest party in the 2017 Nepalese legislative election. The defeat has been attributed to the decision made to impeach Chief Justice Sushila Karki as well as the tepid response to the Indian blockade by the Nepali Congress.[12]

Socialist InternationalEdit

Deuba was elected as the Vice President of Socialist International during its Congress held in Athens, Greece from 30 June 2008 to 2 July 2008[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sher Bahadur Deuba elected 40th PM of Nepal". Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  2. ^ Bogue, Janet. "DEUBA DUBBED PRIME MINISTER; CONGRESS' KOIRALA OUT IN THE COLD". Wikileaks. Wikileaks. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  3. ^ Bhattarai, Kamal Dev. "Can Nepal's New Prime Minister Avert a Crisis?". The Diplomat. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Former Nepal PM freed from jail". 14 February 2006. Retrieved 8 September 2018 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  5. ^ "Deuba elected as 40th Prime Minister of Nepal". My Republica. 6 June 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Deuba conferred JNU's honorary doctorate degree". The Kathmandu Post. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Deuba at lse". NepaliTimes. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  8. ^ NC names FPTP candidates Archived 26 July 2007 at Archive.today
  9. ^ "Ex-rebels' chief chosen as Nepal's new PM", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 15 August 2008.
  10. ^ "Sher Bahadur Deuba sworn in as Prime Minister of Nepal". 7 June 2017.
  11. ^ "Sher Bahadur Deuba resigns, KP Oli to take over as Nepal PM". 15 February 2018. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  12. ^ Rimal, Pratik; Karki, Dilip Prakash. "Unraveling Nepali Congress's defeat". myRepublica. Retrieved 6 December 2018.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Man Mohan Adhikari
Prime Minister of Nepal
1995–1997
Succeeded by
Lokendra Bahadur Chand
Preceded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Prime Minister of Nepal
2001–2002
Succeeded by
Lokendra Bahadur Chand
Preceded by
Surya Bahadur Thapa
Prime Minister of Nepal
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Preceded by
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Prime Minister of Nepal
2017–2018
Succeeded by
KP Sharma Oli
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Chandrika Kumaratunga
Chair of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
2002
Succeeded by
Zafarullah Khan Jamali