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Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2003.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006

Contents

PlantsEdit

ConifersEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Chamaecyparis eureka[2]

Sp nov

Valid

Kotyk, Basinger, & McIlver

Lutetian

Buchanan Lake Formation, Axel Heiberg Island

  Canada

the oldest confirmed species of Chamaecyparis[2]

AngiospermsEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Corylus johnsonii[3]

Valid

  • Pigg
  • Manchester
  • Wehr

Ypresian

Tom Thumb Tuff, Klondike Mountain Formation

  USA

Araripia florifera[4]

Valid

  • Mohr
  • Eklund

lower Cretaceous

Crato Formation

  Brazil

GnetophytesEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cratonia cotyledon[5]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Rydin, Mohr, & Friis

lower Cretaceous

Crato Formation

  Brazil

A relative to Welwetschia

FungiEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aureofungus[6]

Get et sp nov

Valid

Hibbett et al

Burdigalian

Dominican amber.

  Dominican Republic

one of four mushroom genera described from the fossil record

ArthropodsEdit

Newly described arachnidsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cornupalpatum[7]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Poinar & Brown

Albian-Cenomanian

Burmese amber

  Myanmar

An Ixodid hard tick

New insectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Brownimeciinae[8]

Subfam. Gen. et Sp. nov

Valid

Bolton

Turonian

New Jersey amber

  USA
  New Jersey

A stem group ant, type species B. clavata

Halictus? savenyei[9]

Sp. nov

valid

Engel & Archibald

Ypresian

Coldwater beds, Princeton Group

  Canada
  British Columbia

first apoid bee fossil described from Canada

Lasioglossum celinae[10]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nel & Petrulevicius

Rupelian

Dauphin

  France

A sweat bee

Oligoapis[10]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Nel & Petrulevicius

Aquitanian

Bes-Konak

  Turkey

An apine bee,
type species O. Oligoapis beskonakensis

Paraelectrobombus[10]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Nel & Petrulevicius

Aquitanian

Bes-Konak

  Turkey

An Electrobombini bee, type species P. patriciae

Raphidia funerata[11]

sp nov

synonym

Engel

Priabonian

Florissant Formation

  USA
  Colorado

A snakefly.
moved to Florissantoraphidia funerata in 2014

Wesmaelius mathewesi[12]

Sp. nov

valid

Engel & Archibald

Ypresian

Coldwater beds, Princeton Group

  Canada
(  British Columbia)

A Hemerobiinae lacewing

Xylocopa celineae[10]

Sp nov

valid

Nel & Petrulevicius

Chattian

Camoins-les-Bains

  France

A carpenter bee

Conodont paleozoologyEdit

German paleontologist and stratigrapher Heinz Walter Kozur (1942-2013) described the conodont genus Carnepigondolella.

Vertebrate paleozoologyEdit

ParareptilesEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bunostegos

Valid

Sidor

  Niger

This was one of the largest herbivores of their time

Non-avian dinosaursEdit

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[13]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images
"Abdallahsaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

"Blancocerosaurus"[15]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Amazonsaurus[16] Valid taxon
  • Carvalho
  • Avilla
  • Salgado
  Brazil
Antetonitrus[17] Valid taxon
  • Yates
  • Kitching
  South Africa
Aviatyrannis[18] Valid taxon
  • Rauhut
  Portugal
Bainoceratops[19] Valid taxon
  • Tereschenko
  • Alifanov
  China
Brohisaurus Valid taxon
  • Malkani
  Pakistan
Colepiocephale[20] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan
  Canada
"Domeykosaurus" Nomen nudum

Rubilar-Rogers and Vargas vide:

  • Anonymous in May 29, 2003 Reuters news reports.
  Chile
Dromaeosauroides[21] Valid taxon
  • Christiansen
  • Bonde
  Denmark
Equijubus[22] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Luo
  • Shubin
  • Witmer
  • Tang Z.
  • Tang F.
  China
Ferganasaurus[23] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
  • Averianov
  Kyrgyzstan
Fukuisaurus[24] Valid taxon
  • Kobayashi
  • Azuma
  Japan
Gobititan[25] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Tang F.
  • Luo
  China
Hanssuesia[26] Valid taxon
  • Sullivan
  Canada (  Alberta)
Heyuannia[27] Valid taxon
  China
Hongshanosaurus[28] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Xu X.
  • Wang X.
  China
Isisaurus[29] Valid taxon   India
"Issasaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Lamaceratops[30] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
  China
"Ligomasaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Lusotitan[31] Valid taxon
  • Antunes
  • Mateus
  Portugal
Magnirostris[32] Valid taxon   China
Mendozasaurus[33] Valid taxon
  • González-Riga (as González Riga)
  Argentina
"Mohammadisaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Tornieria

"Mtapaiasaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

"Mtotosaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

"Nteregosaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Janenschia

"Nyororosaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Olorotitan[34] Valid taxon
  • Godefroit
  • Bolotsky
  • Alifanov
  Russia
Platyceratops[30] Valid taxon
  • Alifanov
  Mongolia
Rajasaurus[35] Valid taxon   India
Rinconsaurus[36] Valid taxon
  • Calvo
  • González-Riga (as González Riga)
  Argentina
"Salimosaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

"Selimanosaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Dicraeosaurus

Serendipaceratops[37] Valid taxon
  • T. Rich
  • Vickers-Rich
  Australia
Shenzhousaurus[38] Valid taxon   China
Shuangmiaosaurus[39] Valid taxon
  • You
  • Ji Q.
  • Li J.
  • Li Y. X.
  China
Silesaurus[40] Valid taxon
  • Dzik
  Poland
Sinornithomimus[41] Valid taxon
  • Kobayashi
  China
Sphaerotholus[42] Possible junior synonym of Prenocephale
  • Williamson
  • Carr
"Wangonisaurus"[14]

Nomen nudum.

Nomen nudum; possibly a junior synonym of Giraffatitan or Brachiosaurus

Yixianosaurus[43] Valid taxon
  • Xu X.
  • Wang X.
  China
Zalmoxes[44] Valid taxon
  • Weishampel
  • Jianu
  • Csiki
  • Norman
  Romania
Zupaysaurus[45] Valid taxon

Arcucci & Coria

  Argentina

Newly named birdsEdit

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Amanuensis pickfordi [46]

Gen. et sp. nov

valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Miocene

MN 4

  Namibia

A Sagittariidae, relative of the secretarybird. The type species of Amanuensis Mourer-Chauviré, 2003.

Amitabha urbsinterdictensis [47]

Valid

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Bonnie E. Gulas-Wroblewski

Anton F.-J. Wroblewski

Middle Eocene

Bridger Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

The type species of Amitabha Gulas-Wroblewski & Wroblewski, 2003. Placed in crown Galliformes, but only compared with Phasianidae, not with other Eocene birds from North America.

Anhinga minuta [48]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Edson Guilherme

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Huayquerian-Montehermosian,

Solimõas Formation

  Brazil

An Anhingidae.

Coenocorypha miratropica [49]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Trevor H. Worthy

Holocene

Vitilevu

  Fiji

A Scolopacidae.

Diomedea tanakai [50]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Paul G. Davis

Late Early Miocene

Oi Formation

  Japan

A Diomedeidae.

Eoeurypyga olsoni [51]

Nomen Nudum

Thesis name.

Ilka Weidig

Early Eocene

Green River Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

A Eurypygidae.

Falco umanskajae [52]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Denis V. Sobolev

Pliocene

MN 16

  Ukraine

A Falconidae.

Gallicolumba leonpascoi [53]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Trevor H. Worthy

Graham M. Wragg

Late Pleistocene-Holocene

Henderson Island

  Pitcairn

A Columbidae.

Hemignathus vorpalis [54]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Helen F. James

Storrs L. Olson

Subresent

Hawaii

  USA:

  Hawaii

A Fringillidae, Carduelinae, Drepanidini.

Macranhinga ranzii [48]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Herculano M. F. de Alvarenga

Edson Guilherme

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Huayquerian-Montehermosian

  Brazil

An Anhingidae.

Milvago carbo [55]

Valid

Sp. nov.

William Suárez Duque

Storrs L. Olson

Quaternary, possibly Late Pleistocene or Early Holocene

Las Breas de San Felipe

  Cuba

A Falconidae.

Morus peruvianus [56]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcelo Stucchi

Pliocene

Pisco Formation

  Peru

A Sulidae.

Namibiavis senutae[46]

Gen. et sp. nov

valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Middle Miocene

MN 4

  Namibia

Initially thought to be an Idiornithidae, Cariamiformes but in 2011 reinterpreted as an Opisthocomidae, a relative of the hoatzin.[57] The type species of Namibiavis Mourer-Chauviré, 2003.

Nycticorax olsoni [58]

Valid

Sp. nov.

W. R. P. Bourne

N. P. Ashmole

K. E. L. Simmons

Subrecent

Ascension Island

  Ascension Island

An Ardeidae.

Palaeogrus mainburgensis [59]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Ursula B. Göhlich

Early Middle Miocene

MN 5

  Germany

  Bavaria

A Gruidae.

Parargornis messelensis [60]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Gerald Mayr

Early Middle Eocene

Messel pit,

MP 11

  Germany

  Hessen

An Apodiformes, Cypselavidae Mourer-Chauviré, 2006.

Shandongornis yinansis [61]

Valid

Gen. nov et Sp. nov.

Hou Lianhai

Pliocene

  China

A Phasianidae.

Spheniscus chilensis [62]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Steven D. Emslie

Carlos Guerra Correa

Pliocene

Mejillones Formation

  Chile

A Spheniscidae.

Spheniscus megaramphus [63]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcello Stucchi

Mario Urbina

Alfredo Giraldo

Late Miocene

Pisco Formation

  Peru

A Spheniscidae.

Sula magna [56]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcello Stucchi

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Pisco Formation

  Peru

A Sulidae.

Sula sulita [56]

Valid

Sp. nov.

Marcello Stucchi

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Pisco Formation

  Peru

A Sulidae.

Wyomingcypselus pohli [51]

Nomen Nudum

Thesis name.

Ilka Weidig

Early Eocene

Green River Formation

  USA:

  Wyoming

An Apodiformes.

PlesiosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Terminonatator

Valid

Sato

Thililua

Valid

Bardet Suberbiola Jalil

PterosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Beipiaopterus

Valid

Lü J.-C.

Chaoyangopterus

Valid

Wang Zhou

Harpactognathus

Valid

Carpenter Unwin et al.

Jidapterus

Valid

Dong, Sun, & Wu,

Liaoningopterus

Valid

Wang X.-L. and Zhou Z.-H

Liaoningopteryx

Valid

Wang X. Zhao

Ludodactylus

Valid

Frey, E., Martill Buchy, M

Nurhachius

Valid

Wang Kellner et al.

Phosphatodraco

Valid

Pereda-Suberbiola N. Bardet et al.

Sinopterus

Valid

Wang, X. Zhou, Z

SynapsidsEdit

Non-mammalianEdit

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archaeovenator[64]

Valid

  • Reisz
  • Dilkes

Upper Carboniferous
(Upper Pennsylvanian)

Hamilton Quarry

  USA

a pelycosaur

Brasilitherium[65]

Valid

  • Bonaparte
  • Martinelli
  • Schultz
  • Rupert

  Brazil

Brasilodon[65]

Valid

  • Bonaparte
  • Martinelli
  • Schultz
  • Rupert

  Brazil

Bullacephalus[66]

Valid

  • Rubidge
  • Kitching

  South Africa

Colobodectes[67]

Valid

  • Modesto
  • Rubidge
  • Visser
  • Welman

Upper/Middle Permian
(Capitanian)

Abrahamskraal formation

  South Africa

an anomodont

Lanthanostegus[68]

Valid

  • Modesto
  • Rubidge
  • Welman

Middle/Upper Permian
(Capitanian)

  South Africa

an anomodont; replacement name for Lanthanocephalus Modesto, Rubidge & Welman, 2002, preoccupied by the cnidarian genus Lanthanocephalus Williams & Starmer, 2000[69]

Santacruzodon[70]

Valid

  • Abdala
  • Ribeiro

  Brazil

Xiyukannemeyeria[71]

Valid

  • Liu
  • Li

Middle Triassic
(Anisian)

  China

an anomodont; new genus for "Parakannemeyeria" brevirostris

MammalsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Caracal depereti[72]

Sp nov

Disputed

Morales et al.

Pliocene

  Spain

A Caracal. Boscaini et al. (2016) considered this species to be a junior synonym of Lynx issiodorensis.[73]

Iridodon[74]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Morlo & Gunnell

Bridgerian

Wasatch Formation

  United States

A Limnocyonin Hyaenodontidae
The type species is I. datzae.

Kogolepithecus[75]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Pickford et al.

Miocene

  Uganda

A catarrhine of uncertain affinity.
The type species is K. morotoensis.

ReferencesEdit

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