Anthropology Edit Astronomy Edit Computing Edit Earth sciences Edit
September 28 – A long-awaited earthquake strikes
Parkfield, California, the most closely monitored earthquake zone in the world. The earthquake, which had been expected to have occurred by the late 1980s, strikes at a magnitude 6.0. The network of instruments that had been installed in the region make this the most well-recorded earthquake in history. December 26 – Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Mathematics Edit Paleontology Edit Philosophy Edit
Technology Edit Space exploration Edit
January 2 –
NASA's Stardust space probe flies by comet 81P/Wild and collects particle samples from its coma. January 4 – NASA's
Mars Exploration Rover Mission (MER-A), the first of two Spirit Mars rovers, lands successfully on Mars in the crater Gusev (Columbia Memorial Station) at 04:35 SCET. January 25 – NASA's
Mars Exploration Rover Mission (MER-B), the second Opportunity Mars rover, lands successfully on Mars in the Meridiani Planum at 05:05 SCET. March 2
March 4 –
NASA's finds evidence of past contact with water in volcanic rocks on Mars. Spirit April 1 – The
Genesis probe closes and seals its particle collection instrument, and begins to return to Earth. June 11 –
Cassini–Huygens, the NASA/ ESA mission to Saturn, makes a flyby of one of Saturn's small outer moons, Phoebe. June 21 –
SpaceShipOne, the first civilian space ship is launched in California, reaching an altitude of 100 km (62 mi), just passing the edge of space. July 1 – The Cassini-Huygens space probe arrives at Saturn and begins its nominal 4-year mission after successfully reaching orbit.
August 2 –
NASA successfully launches the MESSENGER probe on its 5-year trip to Mercury. September 8 – The
Genesis spacecraft returns to Earth with captured solar wind particles, but crash-lands because of a failure to deploy any parachute. October 4 –
SpaceShipOne wins the Ansari X Prize after reaching an altitude of over 100 km (62 mi) for the second time in less than five days. November 15 – The
SMART-1 space probe reaches orbit around the Moon. It is the first European space mission to do so. December 25 – The Cassini probe successfully drops the Huygens probe, sending it onto a trip to land on Saturn's moon Titan. Appointments Edit
January 6 –
Thomas Stockham (b. 1933), American electrical engineer and inventor. January 12 –
Olga Ladyzhenskaya (b. 1922), Soviet mathematician. February 6 –
Humphry Osmond (b. 1917), English-born psychiatrist. February 21 –
John D. Hoffman (b. 1922), American nuclear chemist. March 15
April 6 –
Biswa Ranjan Nag (b. 1932), Indian physicist. April 19 –
John Maynard Smith (b. 1920), English evolutionary biologist and geneticist. May 27 –
Mikhail Postnikov (b. 1927), Soviet mathematician, known for his work in algebraic and differential topology. June 8 –
David Mervyn Blow (b. 1931), English biophysicist. July 3 –
Andriyan Nikolayev (b. 1929), cosmonaut. July 28 –
Francis Crick (b. 1916), American Nobel laureate in Physiology for discovering the double helix structure for DNA. August 12 –
John Clark (b. 1951), English-born molecular biologist, head of the Roslin Institute and part of the team that cloned Dolly the Sheep. August 15 –
Sune K. Bergström (b. 1916), Swedish biochemist, winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize for Medicine. August 31 –
Fred Whipple (b. 1906), American astronomer who coined the term "dirty snowball" to explain the nature of comets. October 5 –
Maurice Wilkins (b. 1916), New Zealand-born British Nobel laureate in Physiology for discovering the double helix structure for DNA using X-ray diffraction. October 19 –
Lewis Urry (b. 1927), Canadian inventor of the long-lasting alkaline battery. November 18 –
Robert Bacher (b. 1905), nuclear physicist and one of the leaders of the Manhattan Project, Professor and Provost of the California Institute of Technology. November 20 –
Ancel Keys (b. 1904), American nutritionist. December 26 –
Frank Pantridge (b. 1916), Northern Irish cardiologist. December 29 – Julius Axelrod, (b. 1912), American biochemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology for work with catecholamine neurotransmitters. References Edit
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