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Introduction

"Bollywood Steps" show from Bristol

Hindi cinema, often known as Bollywood and formerly as Bombay cinema, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood". The industry is related to Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and other industries, making up Indian Cinema – the world's largest.

Indian cinema is the world's largest film industry in film production, with an annual output of 1,986 feature films in 2017. Bollywood is its largest film producer, with 364 Hindi films produced in 2017. Bollywood represents 43 percent of Indian net box-office revenue; Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36 percent, and the remaining regional cinema constituted 21 percent in 2014. Bollywood is one of the largest centres of film production in the world. In 2001 ticket sales, Indian cinema (including Bollywood) reportedly sold an estimated 3.6 billion tickets worldwide, compared to Hollywood's 2.6 billion tickets sold. Bollywood films tend to use a colloquial dialect of Hindi-Urdu (or Hindustani), mutually intelligible by Hindi and Urdu speakers, and modern Bollywood films increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.

The most popular commercial genre in Bollywood since the 1970s has been the masala film, which freely mixes different genres including action, comedy, romance, drama and melodrama along with musical numbers. Masala films generally fall under the musical film genre, of which Indian cinema has been the largest producer since the 1960s when it exceeded the American film industry's total musical output after musical films declined in the West; the first Indian musical talkie was Alam Ara (1931), several years after the first Hollywood musical talkie The Jazz Singer (1927). Bollywood films outside of the commercial masala formula have traditionally been referred to as parallel cinema, which tend to avoid the use of musical numbers. In more recent times, the distinction between commercial masala and parallel cinema has been gradually blurring, as an increasing number of successful commercial films avoid the use of musical numbers, such as Dangal (2016), the highest-grossing Indian film of all time.

Selected article

Shah Rukh Khan (Berlin Film Festival 2008) 4.1.jpg
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge is a Hindi language film released on 20 October 1995. A romantic comedy, the film marked the directorial debut of Aditya Chopra, who also wrote the story. It was produced by his father Yash Chopra, and stars Shahrukh Khan (pictured) and Kajol. The film tells the story of a young couple who fall in love during a vacation in Europea, and relates how the boy tries to win over the girl's parents so that she can marry him rather than the boy her father has selected. It was filmed in India, London, and Switzerland. Earning over 106 crore (US$15 million) in India and 15 crore (US$2.2 million) overseas, the film became the biggest Bollywood hit of the year, as well as one of the biggest Bollywood hits ever. During the 1996 awards season, the film won 10 Filmfare Awards, the most ever for a single film at the time, and also won the National Award for most popular film of the year. Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge was included in the Cinema India showcase, "The Changing Face of Indian Cinema", which toured the United States in July and August 2004. Indiatimes Movies ranks it among the 25 Must See Bollywood Films.

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Selected biography

Kajol at Marc Cains preview.
Kajol (born 5 August 1974) is an Indian actress appearing in Hindi and Tamil films. Born to actress Tanuja and film director Shomu Mukherjee, Kajol made her acting début with Bekhudi (1992) while still in school. She quit her studies to pursue acting, and had her first commercial success with Baazigar (1993), opposite Shahrukh Khan. She subsequently featured with Khan in several blockbusters, including Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge (1995), Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (1998), and Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... (2001). Her performances in these films met with wide public recognition and earned her three Filmfare Awards in the Best Actress category. After shooting for Kabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham... in 2001, Kajol took a sabbatical from full-time acting for five years in order to focus on her marriage. She made a comeback with the romantic thriller, Fanaa (2006), for which she received a fourth Filmfare Award for Best Actress. She continued working infrequently through the rest of the decade, playing leading roles in such films as U Me Aur Hum (2008), We Are Family and My Name Is Khan (both 2010). Her performance in the latter earned her a fifth Best Actress award at Filmfare. Kajol is a social activist and is noted for her work with widows and children, for which she received the Karmaveer Puraskaar in 2008. Kajol has been in a relationship with actor Ajay Devgn since 1995. In 1999, they married, and she gave birth to their daughter, Nysa, in 2003 and their son, Yug, in 2010.

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Rekha attending Nokia 14th Annual Star Screen Awards in 2008.
Credit: Bollywood Hungama
Rekha attending Nokia 14th Annual Star Screen Awards in 2008.

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Bot-generated cleanup listingHindi films and plagiarismRamoji Film CityFilmfare AwardsIIFA AwardsIIFANaam (1986 film)Anand BakshiAjay DevganN. T. Rama Rao Jr.
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List of missing Indian Films (see also lists of Indian films for redlinks) • Beary Cinema
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Draft articles: Tulu cinemaAnahat (film)Prakash JhaCentral Board of Film CertificationFilmfare Awards SouthKerala Film Critics Association AwardsAmitabh BachchanGabbar Singh Sanjay DuttHindustan Photo FilmsSanskrit cinema
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