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Introduction

"Bollywood Steps" show from Bristol

Hindi cinema, often known as Bollywood and formerly as Bombay cinema, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood". The industry is related to Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and other industries, making up Indian Cinema – the world's largest by number of feature films produced.

Indian cinema is the world's largest film industry in film production, with an annual output of 1,986 feature films in 2017. Bollywood is its largest film producer, with 364 Hindi films produced in 2017. Bollywood represents 43 percent of Indian net box-office revenue; Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36 percent, and the remaining regional cinema constituted 21 percent in 2014. Bollywood is one of the largest centres of film production in the world. In 2001 ticket sales, Indian cinema (including Bollywood) reportedly sold an estimated 3.6 billion tickets worldwide, compared to Hollywood's 2.6 billion tickets sold. Bollywood films tend to use a colloquial dialect of Hindi-Urdu (or Hindustani), mutually intelligible by Hindi and Urdu speakers, and modern Bollywood films increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.

The most popular commercial genre in Bollywood since the 1970s has been the masala film, which freely mixes different genres including action, comedy, romance, drama and melodrama along with musical numbers. Masala films generally fall under the musical film genre, of which Indian cinema has been the largest producer since the 1960s when it exceeded the American film industry's total musical output after musical films declined in the West; the first Indian musical talkie was Alam Ara (1931), several years after the first Hollywood musical talkie The Jazz Singer (1927). Alongside commercial masala films, a distinctive genre of art films known as parallel cinema was introduced during the 1970s, presenting realistic content and avoidance of musical numbers. In more recent years, the distinction between commercial masala and parallel cinema has been gradually blurring, with an increasing number of mainstream films adopting the conventions which were once strictly associated with parallel cinema.

Selected article

Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara is a 2011 Bollywood coming-of-age film, directed by Zoya Akhtar and produced by Farhan Akhtar and Ritesh Sidhwani of Excel Entertainment. The music and score is composed by Shankar Ehsaan Loy with lyrics by Javed Akhtar. The film features an ensemble cast including Hrithik Roshan as Arjun, Abhay Deol as Kabir and Farhan Akhtar as Imraan. It also stars Katrina Kaif as Laila, Kalki Koechlin as Natasha, and Ariadna Cabrol as Nuria along with Naseeruddin Shah as Imraan's father. Initially expected to hit theatres on 27 May 2011, the release of the film was pushed back to 24 June, and once again to 15 July due to technical glitches in post-production. Made on a budget of 55 crore (US$8.0 million), the film was shot in Spain, UK, India, Egypt and Morocco. The story follows three friends, Arjun, Imraan and Kabir, who have been inseparable since their childhood. They set off to Spain on a bachelor trip and meet Laila, who falls in love with Arjun and helps him overcome his problem of workaholism. Kabir and his fiancée experience significant misunderstanding. After solving the problem, the three go to different locations in Spain, where each friend chooses a sport for the group to attempt. The film had a wide release in 1800 screens and was a critical and commercial success. Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara grossed 153 crore (US$22 million) worldwide and is the eleventh highest grossing Bollywood film. After its theatrical run, the film was nominated for several awards in various categories, winning many of them.

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Genelia D'Souza
Genelia D'Souza (born 5 August 1987) is an Indian actress, model, and host. She has appeared in Telugu-, Hindi-, Tamil-, Kannada-, and Malayalam-language films. After gaining wide attention in a Parker Pen commercial with Amitabh Bachchan, D'Souza began her film career with Tujhe Meri Kasam in 2003. She was recognized for her role in Boys the same year, and later established herself in Telugu cinema by acting in several films between 2003 and 2005. D'Souza received her first Filmfare Award in 2006 for her performance in the Telugu romantic film, Bommarillu. In 2008, she gave critically acclaimed performances in Santosh Subramaniam, a Tamil remake of Bommarillu, and the Bollywood movie Jaane Tu... Ya Jaane Na. Having acted in several commercially successful movies in Telugu and Tamil, D'Souza has established herself as one of the leading actresses of the South Indian film industry. In addition to movie acting, D'Souza has hosted the television show Big Switch, and is the brand ambassador of several foreign companies in India.

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Rekha attending Nokia 14th Annual Star Screen Awards in 2008.
Credit: Bollywood Hungama
Rekha attending Nokia 14th Annual Star Screen Awards in 2008.

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Bot-generated cleanup listingHindi films and plagiarismRamoji Film CityFilmfare AwardsIIFA AwardsIIFANaam (1986 film)Anand BakshiAjay DevganN. T. Rama Rao Jr.
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List of missing Indian Films (see also lists of Indian films for redlinks) • Beary Cinema
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Draft articles: Tulu cinemaAnahat (film)Prakash JhaCentral Board of Film CertificationFilmfare Awards SouthKerala Film Critics Association AwardsAmitabh BachchanGabbar Singh Sanjay DuttHindustan Photo FilmsSanskrit cinema
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