Hindi cinema, often known as Bollywood and formerly as Bombay cinema, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood". The industry is related to Cinema of South India and other Indian film industries, making up Indian Cinema—the world's largest by number of feature films produced.
In 2017, Indian cinema produced 1,986 feature films, with Bollywood as its largest filmmaker, producing 64 Hindi films the same year. Bollywood represents 43 percent of Indian net box-office revenue; Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36 percent, and the remaining regional cinema constituted 21 percent in 2014. Bollywood is one of the largest centres of film production in the world. In 2001 ticket sales, Indian cinema (including Bollywood) reportedly sold an estimated 3.6 billion tickets worldwide, compared to Hollywood's 2.6 billion tickets sold. Bollywood films tend to use vernacular Hindustani, mutually intelligible by people who self-identify as speaking either Hindi or Urdu, and modern Bollywood movies increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.
The most popular commercial genre in Bollywood since the 1970s has been the masala film, which freely mixes different genres including action, comedy, romance, drama and melodrama along with musical numbers. Masala films generally fall under the musical film genre, of which Indian cinema has been the largest producer since the 1960s when it exceeded the American film industry's total musical output after musical films declined in the West; the first Indian musical talkie was Alam Ara (1931), several years after the first Hollywood musical talkie The Jazz Singer (1927). Alongside commercial masala films, a distinctive genre of art films known as parallel cinema has also existed, presenting realistic content and avoidance of musical numbers. In more recent years, the distinction between commercial masala and parallel cinema has been gradually blurring, with an increasing number of mainstream films adopting the conventions which were once strictly associated with parallel cinema.
Bollywood musical romantic drama
film directed by Imtiaz Ali
, starring Ranbir Kapoor (pictured)
and debutant Nargis Fakhri
, with music composed by A. R. Rahman
. The film also stars Shammi Kapoor
, Moufid Aziz
, Aditi Rao Hydari
, Piyush Mishra
, Shernaz Patel
and Kumud Mishra, with the former making his last film appearance. Rockstar
was produced by Eros International Ltd.
along with Shree Ashtavinayak Cine Vision Ltd
. It follows Janardhan Jakhar, who dreams of becoming a big rockstar. He undergoes an emotional change to do so and, during the process, he goes to Prague
to follow a girl named Heer. Development of Rockstar
commenced in May 2010. Nargis Fakhri was cast as the female lead, after plans to give the role to Kareena Kapoor
were shelved. Filming in India took place at Delhi
, while the foreign sequences were shot in Prague. Rockstar
was released on 11 November 2011. Upon release, the film received positive to mixed reviews. Film critics highlighted Ranbir and Rahman as the stars of the film, but panned the plot. Rockstar
performed well at the box office, appealing to youngsters in the cities. Ranbir's character brought him awards for best actor from Filmfare
and Star Screen
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(born 21 March 1978) is an Indian film actress
who works in Hindi
movies. Born to the Mukherjee-Samarth family
, she made her acting debut with a cameo appearance
in the Bengali film Biyer Phool
(1996), on the insistence of her mother. The following year, Mukerji made her Hindi film debut with Raja Ki Aayegi Baraat
, and subsequently had her first - and largest - commercial success with Karan Johar
's romance Kuch Kuch Hota Hai
(1998), which won her a Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress
. She later starred in several films that underperformed, before featuring in the critically acclaimed drama Saathiya
, for which she won her first Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actress
. She later received unanimous praise for her portrayal of a blind, deaf and mute woman in Black
(2005), for which she garnered two more Filmfare Awards: Best Actress and Actress - Critics. She then played a series of roles, a majority of which were under the Yash Raj Films
banner, that typecasted her as a weepy, sacrificing woman. None of these films performed well at the box office. However, in 2011, she earned praise for her portrayal of a headstrong, independent woman in the semi-biographic thriller No One Killed Jessica