100 Crore Club

100 Crore Club is an unofficial designation by the Indian film trade and the media, related to Indian-language films that have net ₹100 crore (1 billion Indian rupees) or more in India after deducting the entertainment tax.[1] By 2012, the ₹100 crore ($13.3 M$) box office target had become "a new benchmark for a film to be declared a hit",[2] and those affiliated with the 100 Crore Club were considered part of the "elite strata" within the Bollywood film community.[3] It was succeeded by the 1000 Crore Club in 2017.[4] Salman Khan (15) and Akshay Kumar (14) are currently the highest holders.[5]

OverviewEdit

The first Indian film to cross ₹100 crore worldwide was the 1982 Bollywood film Disco Dancer, directed by Babbar Subhash, written by Rahi Masoom Raza, and starring Mithun Chakraborty, with over 90 crore grossed at the Soviet box office.[n 1][6] The first Indian film to gross over 100 crore domestically in India was the Salman Khan - Madhuri Dixit starrer Hum Aapke Hain Kaun (1994),[7][8] which was also the first to reach ₹200 crore worldwide.[9] The next film to cross ₹100 crore worldwide was the Kajol- Shahrukh khan starrer Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995).[10]

Both the first Indian film to gross 100 domestically[11] and the first South Indian film to gross over 100 crore worldwide was the 2007 Tamil film Sivaji, which starred Rajinikanth.[12] However, the "100 Crore Club" was coined[13] soon after the Aamir Khan-starrer Ghajini (2008) became the first Bollywood film to net over 100 crore domestically in India.[14] The later Aamir Khan films 3 Idiots (2009), Dhoom 3 (2013), PK (2014) and Dangal (2016) expanded the club to 200, 300, 400, 500, 600 and 700 crore. Overseas, the first Indian film to gross 100 crore in international markets was the Shah Rukh Khan-Kajol-starrer My Name is Khan (2010),[15] followed by 3 Idiots in 2011.[16][17] In addition, the first Telugu film to enter the "100 Crore club" was 2009 film by S.S. Rajamouli, Magadheera.[18] In May 2016, Sairat become the first Marathi film to gross over 100 crore (US$14 million) worldwide.[19] In 2016, Mohanlal-starrer Pulimurugan became the first Malayalam film to enter the club.The First Kannada movie to enter 100 Crore club was KGF directed by Prashanth Neelwhich , released in 2018 starring Yash and Srinidhi Shetty crossing 153 crores in 11 days.

When adjusted for inflation, the first Indian film to gross an adjusted 100 crore was the 1940 film Zindagi, directed by P.C. Barua and written by Javed Hussain.[n 3] The first Indian film to gross an adjusted 100 crore overseas was the 1951 film Awaara, directed by Raj Kapoor, written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, and starring Raj Kapoor and Nargis, becoming a blockbuster in the Soviet Union.[n 6]

The Hindustan Times claims that their magazine Brunch coined the term.[28] Initially the term applied only to the lead male actor.[1] Komal Nahta stated that "excluding women from the group is characteristic of an industry which exercises gender discrimination more than other industries."[1] By 2013, the usage had expanded to variously include the film itself, the director,[29] and the lead female actor.[30] The Zee Cine Awards added a category "The Power Club Box Office" to recognise directors whose films had reached the 100 crore mark.[29] The 100 Crore Club designation has replaced previous Bollywood indications of success which had included great music, the "Silver Jubilee"[31] or the "Diamond Jubilee" (films that ran for 75 weeks in theatres).[32]

However, DNA reported that "Filmmakers and distributors are known to leave no stone unturned in their attempt to cross over to the right side" of the 100 crore mark."[29][33] The Times of India cancelled its "Box Office" column in November 2013 because "The stakes of filmmakers have increased so much that they are willing to go any distance to manipulate and jack up their numbers to beat each other's records." and the Times felt they were no longer able to provide accurate enough figures because "Films that have not reached the '100 crore mark but are close will insist that they have reached the '100 crore figure as they can't resist being in the '100 crore club.'"[34]

The concentration on reaching the club has been criticised, with actor and producer Arshad Warsi stating, "I find this whole Rs. 100 crore club very stupid. How can every film releasing lately do a business of Rs. 100 crores all of a sudden? Instead of this, we need to concentrate on making good films."[35] Shahid Kapoor called the designation a "fad" which was leading to "massy films which are very basic in their understanding and high on entertainment. But if we run only to achieve those figures then we will restrict ourselves as actors"[2] On the other hand, Dibakar Banerjee, while agreeing with Kapoor about the impact on content stated, "I hope the club stays and grows to many more crores. Films as they do more business boost the confidence of audience and investors alike and everybody benefits."[36] Priyanka Chopra said that being part of films in the 100 Crore Club allowed her to also do less commercial "women-oriented films", and lamented that as of December 2013, no woman oriented films had achieved the 100 Crore Club designation.[37]

Variations of the "Bollywood 100 Crore Club" came into use, such as the "Bollywood 400 Crore Club" when the Shah Rukh Khan-Deepika Padukone-starrer Chennai Express reported box office receipts of 400 crore in 2013,[38] and the "Tollywood 600 Crore Club", which relates to Telugu films that have earned over 600 crore (US$84 million) in 2015, such as film Baahubali: The Beginning which earned 650 crore (US$91 million).[39] They were eventually succeeded by the 1000 Crore Club, when Baahubali 2: The Conclusion and Dangal grossed over ₹1,000 crore ($142 million) in 2017.

MilestonesEdit

See 1000 Crore Club for milestones beyond ₹1,000 crore.

WorldwideEdit

Worldwide milestones
Nominal gross
Film Year Milestone Ref
Disco Dancer (1982) 1984 100 crore [n 1]
Hum Aapke Hain Koun..! (1994) 1994 ₹200 crore [9]
Ghajini (2008) 2008 ₹230 crore [n 10]
3 Idiots (2009) 2009 ₹250 crore [n 11]
₹300 crore
2013 400 crore
Chennai Express (2013) 2013 ₹400 crore [49]
Dhoom 3 (2013) 2013 500 crore [50]
2014 550 crore
PK (2014) 2014 600 crore [51]
2015 700 crore [52]
800 crore
Baahubali 2: The Conclusion (2017) 2017 900 crore [53]
₹1,000 crore
Dangal (2016) 2017 2,000 crore [54]

DomesticEdit

Domestic milestones
Nominal
Film Year Nett milestone Gross milestone Ref
Hum Aapke Hain Kaun 1994 ₹70 crore ₹100 crore [55]
Sivaji: The Boss 2007 ₹136 crore ₹150 crore [11]
3 Idiots 2009 ₹150 crore ₹200 crore [56]
₹200 crore ₹250 crore
Chennai Express 2013 ₹200 crore ₹300 crore [57]
Dhoom 3 2013 ₹250 crore ₹350 crore [58][59]
PK 2014 ₹300 crore ₹450 crore [59]
Baahubali: The Beginning 2015 ₹400 crore ₹500 crore [60][61]
Dangal 2016 ₹400 crore ₹550 crore [62]
Baahubali 2: The Conclusion 2017 ₹500 crore ₹600 crore [63][53][64]
₹1,000 crore ₹1,000 crore [53]

OverseasEdit

Overseas milestones
Nominal gross
Film Year Milestone Ref
3 Idiots (2009) 2011 120 crore [16]
2013 150 crore [n 11]
Dhoom 3 (2013) 2014 200 crore [n 12]
PK (2014) 2015 250 crore [52]
300 crore
Dangal (2016) 2017 400 crore [66]
500 crore
600 crore
1,000 crore
Inflation adjusted gross
Film Year Milestone Ref
Awaara (1951) 1954 100 crore (US$14 million) [n 6]
200 crore (US$28 million)
300 crore (US$42 million)
400 crore (US$56 million)
Char Dil Char Rahen (1959) 1962 500 crore (US$70 million) [n 15]
550 crore (US$77 million)
Mamta (1966) 1969 600 crore (US$84 million) [n 18]
Bobby (1973) 1975 600 crore (US$84 million) [n 22]
Disco Dancer (1982) 1984 700 crore (US$98 million) [n 1]
800 crore (US$110 million)
900 crore (US$130 million)
1,000 crore (US$140 million)
Dangal (2016) 2017 1,000 crore (US$140 million) [66]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Disco Dancer:
    • India: 6.4 crore[40] (US$6.54 million)[n 7] in 1982 (100 crore (US$14 million) in 2016)
    • Soviet Union: US$75.9 million[n 8] (94.34 crore)[n 9] in 1984 (US$189 million (1176 crore)[23] in 2016)
  2. ^ 3.4804 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1940: 13.33 per pound,[21] $3.83 per pound[22]
  3. ^ 55 lakh[20] (US$1.58 million)[n 2] in 1940 (US$29 million or 181 crore[23] in 2016)
  4. ^ a b c 4.7619 Indian rupees per US dollar from 1951 to 1965[25]
  5. ^ 4 Soviet rubles per US dollar from 1950 to 1960[27]
  6. ^ a b Awaara: 5.75 crore (US$12.08 million) in 1954 (739 crore (US$110 million) in 2016)
  7. ^ 9.79 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1982[41]
  8. ^ Disco Dancer: 60 million Soviet rubles in 1984,[42] 0.791 rubles per US dollar in 1984[27]
  9. ^ 12.43 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1984[43]
  10. ^ Ghajini worldwide gross – ₹232 crore
    • Domestic – ₹162 crore (two weeks)[44]
    • Overseas – ₹70 crore (total)[45]
  11. ^ a b 3 Idiots worldwide gross: 453.82 crore (US$87.55 million)
    • Domestic: 273.82 crore[46] (US$57.05 million)[47]
    • Overseas: US$30.5 million[15] (180 crore)[48]
  12. ^ Dhoom 3 overseas gross: US$35.6 million,[15] 2.172 billion (equivalent to 3.0 billion or US$42 million in 2019)[65]
  13. ^ 39.8 million tickets sold,[67] average ticket price of 25 kopecks[68]
  14. ^ a b 0.9 Soviet rubles per US dollar from 1961 to 1971[27]
  15. ^ Char Dil Char Rahen in Soviet Union: 9.95 million SUR[n 13] (US$11.06 million,[n 14] 52.7 million)[n 4] in 1962[67] (US$95 million or 5.91 billion[23] in 2016)
  16. ^ 52.1 million tickets sold,[67] average ticket price of 25 kopecks[68]
  17. ^ 7.5 Indian rupees per US dollar from 1967 to 1970[25]
  18. ^ Mamta in Soviet Union: 13.025 million SUR[n 16] (US$14.47 million,[n 14] 108.5 million)[n 17] in 1969[67] (US$102 million or 6.38 billion[23] in 2016)
  19. ^ 62.6 million tickets sold,[67] average ticket price of 25 kopecks[68]
  20. ^ 0.73 Soviet rubles per US dollar in 1975[27]
  21. ^ 8.973 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1975[69]
  22. ^ Bobby in Soviet Union: 15.65 million SUR[n 19] (US$21.44 million,[n 20] 192.4 million)[n 21] in 1975 (US$103 million (6.38 billion)[23] in 2016)

ReferencesEdit

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