Oe (Cyrillic)

Oe or barred O (Ө ө; italics: Ө ө) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

Cyrillic letter Oe
Cyrillic letter Oe.svg
Phonetic usage:[ø], [œ], [o], [wʉ], [ɤ̹̈]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА́А̀БВГҐ
ДЂЃЕЀЁЄ
ЖЗЗ́ЅИІЇ
И́ЍЙЈКЛЉ
МНЊОŌПР
СС́ТЋЌУӮ
ЎФХЦЧЏШ
ЩЪЫЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̄А̊А̃ӒӒ̄Ӕ
ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚВ̌ҒГ̑
Г̣Г̌ҔӺҒ̌ӶД̣
Д̆ӖЕ̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈Ӂ
ҖӜҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠӢИ̃ҊӤ
ҚӃҠҞҜК̣Ԛ
ӅԮԒӍӉҢԨ
ӇҤО́О̀О̆О̂О̃
ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆Ӫ
ҨԤР̌ҎҪС̣С̱
Т̌Т̣ҬУ̃ӰӰ́Ӳ
ҮҮ́ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮Х̑
ҲӼӾҺҺ̈ԦҴ
ҶӴӋҸҼҾЫ̆
Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇Ӭ
Ӭ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄Я̆
Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ОУѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶԘ
ԀԔԖԠԢ
Ҧ
ԂԄԈԊԌ
ԎԆԞ
ԪԬГ̧Г̄

ShapeEdit

Its form was copied from the Latin letter barred O (Ɵ ɵ) used in Jaŋalif and other alphabets. Despite having a similar shape, it is related neither to the Greek letter theta (Θ θ/ϑ) nor to the archaic Cyrillic letter fita (Ѳ ѳ). However, traditional forms of Cyrillic fita (since the 18th century) and oe are identical, and designers of Unicode's sample font were probably the first ones who split glyphs of the two letters (providing Oe with a horizontal bar and Fita with a tilde-shaped bar inside). In traditional typography, the shape of the inner line depends on typeface, not on meaning of the letter: the bar in both oe and fita may either be straight or wavy.

UsageEdit

Oe is used in the alphabets of the Bashkir, Buryat, Kalmyk, Kazakh, Khanty, Kyrgyz, Tatar, Tuvan, Mongolian, and Yakut languages. It commonly represents the front rounded vowels /ø/ and /œ/, except in Mongolian where it represents /o:/ or /ɵ/. In Kazakh, this letter may also express /wʉ/. Recently, the letter has also been adopted in the spelling of the Komi-Yazva language, where it represents a close-mid centralized back unrounded or weakly rounded vowel /ɤ̹̈/. The International Phonetic Alphabet uses the identically shaped Latin counterpart, ɵ, to represent the close-mid central rounded vowel, and sometimes also the mid central rounded vowel.

Oe is most commonly romanized as ⟨Ö⟩; but its ISO 9 transliteration is ⟨ô⟩. In 2018, there were proposals to use ⟨Ó⟩ as a romanization of Oe in Kazakh, but a year later it was certified as ⟨Ö⟩.

In Tuvan, Kyrgyz and Mongolian the Cyrillic letter can be written as a double vowel.[1][2][3]

Computing codesEdit

Character information
Preview Ө ө
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER
BARRED O
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER
BARRED O
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1256 U+04E8 1257 U+04E9
UTF-8 211 168 D3 A8 211 169 D3 A9
Numeric character reference Ө Ө ө ө

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tuvan language, alphabet and pronunciation". omniglot.com. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Кыргызский язык / Фонетика / Гласные". Кыргызский язык. TamgaSoft. 2016. Retrieved 1 Sep 2017.
  3. ^ Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (24 July 2013). Compendium of the World's Languages. Routledge. ISBN 9781136258459. Retrieved 14 June 2016 – via Google Books.