Che (Cyrillic)

Che or Cha (Ч ч; italics: Ч ч) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

Cyrillic letter Che
Cyrillic letter Che - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[tʃ], [tɕ]
Numeric value:90
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍЙІЇ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОŌПРСС́Т
ЋЌУӮЎФХ
ЦЧЏШЩЪЫ
ЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃ӚВ̌
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆
ӪҨԤҦР̌ҎԖ
ҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃ӰӰ́
ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮
Х̑ҲӼӾҺҺ̈Ԧ
ҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄
ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇ӬӬ́
Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄Я̆Я̄
Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ОУѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

It commonly represents the voiceless postalveolar affricate /tʃ/, like ⟨tch⟩ in "switch".

In English, it is romanized most often as ⟨ch⟩ but sometimes as ⟨tch⟩, like in French. In German, it can be transcribed as ⟨tsch⟩. In linguistics, it is transcribed as ⟨č⟩ so "Tchaikovsky" (Чайковский in Russian) may be transcribed as Chaykovskiy or Čajkovskij.

HistoryEdit

The name of Che in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was чрьвь (črĭvĭ), meaning "worm".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Che had a value of 90.

UsageEdit

Slavic languagesEdit

In all Slavic languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet, except Russian, Che represents the voiceless postalveolar affricate /tʃ/.

In Russian, Che usually represents the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate /t͡ɕ/, like the Mandarin pronunciation of j in pinyin. However, in a few words, it is pronounced as /tʃ/, like in Russian: лучше.

In Russian, in a few words, it represents /ʂ/ (like English ⟨sh⟩ /ʃ/ in "shape"): Russian: что, чтобы, нарочно.

In ChinaEdit

The 1955 version of Hanyu pinyin contained the Che for the sound [tɕ] (for which later the letter j was used),[1] apparently because of its similarity to the Bopomofo letterㄐ.

The Latin Zhuang alphabet used a modified Hindu-Arabic numeral 4, strongly resembling Che, from 1957 to 1986 to represent the fourth (falling) tone. In 1986, it was replaced by the Latin letter X.

Related letters and other similar charactersEdit

Computing codesEdit

Character information
Preview Ч ч
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1063 U+0427 1095 U+0447
UTF-8 208 167 D0 A7 209 135 D1 87
Numeric character reference Ч Ч ч ч
Named character reference Ч ч
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 254 FE 222 DE
Code page 855 252 FC 251 FB
Code page 866 151 97 231 E7
Windows-1251 215 D7 247 F7
ISO-8859-5 199 C7 231 E7
Macintosh Cyrillic 151 97 247 F7

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "其中ч是取自俄文字母" https://www.douban.com/note/603048605/

External linksEdit

  •   The dictionary definition of Ч at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionary definition of ч at Wiktionary