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Yi (Ї ї; italics: Ї ї) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Yi is derived from the Greek letter iota with diaeresis.

Cyrillic letter dotted Yi - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[ji]
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

It was the initial variant of the Cyrillic letter Іі, which saw change from two dots to one in 18th century, possibly inspired by similar Latin letter i. Later two variants of the letter separated to become distinct letters in the Ukrainian alphabet.

It is used in the Ukrainian alphabet, the Pannonian Rusyn alphabet, and the Prešov Rusyn alphabet of Slovakia, where it represents the iotated vowel sound /ji/, like the pronunciation of ⟨yea⟩ in "yeast". As the historical variant of the Cyrillic Іі it represented ether /i/ (as i in lider) or /j/ (as y in yen).

In various romanization systems, ї is represented by Roman ji, yi, i, or even ï, but the most common is yi.

It was formerly also used in the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet in the late 1700s and early 1800s, where it represented the sound /j/; in this capacity, it was introduced by Dositej Obradović but eventually replaced with the modern letter ј by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić.[1][2]

In Ukrainian, the letter was introduced as part of the Zhelekhivka orthography, in Yevhen Zhelekhivsky's Ukrainian–German dictionary (2 volumes, 1885–6).

Related letters and other similar charactersEdit

Computing codesEdit

Character Ї ї
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YI CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1031 U+0407 1111 U+0457
UTF-8 208 135 D0 87 209 151 D1 97
Numeric character reference Ї Ї ї ї
KOI8-U 183 B7 167 A7
Code page 855 141 8D 140 8C
Code page 866 244 F4 245 F5
Windows-1251 175 AF 191 BF
ISO-8859-5 167 A7 247 F7
Macintosh Cyrillic 186 BA 187 BB

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
  2. ^ Karadžić, Vuk Stefanović. Pismenica serbskoga iezika, po govoru prostoga narod’a, 1814.

External linksEdit

  •   The dictionary definition of Ї at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionary definition of ї at Wiktionary
  • Ager, Simon. "Ruthenian (Rusyn/Русин)". Omniglot: the online encyclopedia of writing systems & languages. Retrieved 11 Apr 2012.
  • Ager, Simon. "Ukrainian (Українська)". Omniglot: the online encyclopedia of writing systems & languages. Retrieved 11 Apr 2012.