Ye (Cyrillic)

Ye, Je, or Ie (Е е; italics: Е е) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In some languages this letter is called E. It looks like another version of E (Cyrillic).

Cyrillic letter Ye
Cyrillic letter Ye - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[e], [ɛ], [je], [jɛ]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍЙІЇ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОŌПРСС́Т
ЋЌУӮЎФХ
ЦЧЏШЩЪЫ
ЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃ӚВ̌
ҒГ̑Г̣Г̌ҔӺҒ̌
ӶД̣Д̆ӖЕ̄Е̃Ё̄
Є̈ӁҖӜҘӞЗ̌
З̱З̣ԐԐ̈ӠӢИ̃
ҊӤИ́ҚӃҠҞ
ҜК̣ԚӅԮԒӍ
ӉҢԨӇҤО́О̀
О̆О̂О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄
Ө́Ө̆ӪҨԤР̌Ҏ
ҪС̣С̱Т̌Т̣ҬУ̃
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆
Э̄Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈
Ю̈́Ю̄Я̆Я̄Я̈ԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ОУѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶԘ
ԀԔԖԠԢ
Ҧ
ԂԄԈԊԌ
ԎԆԞ
ԪԬГ̧Г̄

It commonly represents the vowel [e] or [ɛ], like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".

Ye is romanized using the Latin letter E.[1]

It was derived from the Greek letter epsilon (Ε ε).

UsageEdit

Russian and BelarusianEdit

  • At the beginning of a word or after a vowel, Ye represents the phonemic combination /je/ (phonetically [je] or [jɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨ye⟩ in "yes". Ukrainian uses the letter ⟨є⟩ (see Ukrainian Ye) in this way.
  • Following a consonant, Ye indicates that the consonant is palatalized, and represents the vowel /e/ (phonetically [e] or [ɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".

In Russian, the letter ⟨е⟩ can follow unpalatalized consonants, especially ⟨ж⟩, ⟨ш⟩, and ⟨ц⟩. In some loanwords, other consonants before ⟨е⟩ (especially ⟨т⟩, ⟨д⟩, ⟨н⟩, ⟨с⟩, ⟨з⟩, and ⟨р⟩) are also not palatalized, see E (Cyrillic). The letter ⟨е⟩ also represents /jo/ (as in "yogurt") and /o/ after palatalized consonants, ⟨ж⟩, and ⟨ш⟩. In these cases, ⟨ё⟩ may be used, see Yo (Cyrillic). In unstressed syllables, ⟨e⟩ represents reduced vowels like [ɪ], see Russian phonology and Vowel reduction in Russian.

Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Ukrainian and RusynEdit

This letter is called E, and represents the vowel phoneme /e/ (phonetically [e] or [ɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in the word "set".

MongolianEdit

The letter represents the sound /jo/ at the beginning of words (yo represents /jɔ/), and also represents /je/ at the beginning of some words and in the middle or end of words and /e/ in Russian loanwords and transcriptions of foreign names.

Turkic languages and TajikEdit

In Turkic languages utilizing the Cyrillic script (such as Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek) and in Tajik, Ye is used to represent the phoneme e~ɛ, both word-finally and medially. Isolated, word-initially, or vowel-succeeding, this letter is substituted with the letter Э. If the letter Ye occurs word-initially, isolated, or vowel-succeeding, it represents the phoneme /je/~/jɛ/.

Related letters and other similar charactersEdit

Computing codesEdit

Character information
Preview Е е
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1045 U+0415 1077 U+0435
UTF-8 208 149 D0 95 208 181 D0 B5
Numeric character reference Е Е е е
Named character reference Е е
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 229 E5 197 C5
Code page 855 169 A9 168 A8
Windows-1251 197 C5 229 E5
ISO-8859-5 181 B5 213 D5
Macintosh Cyrillic 133 85 229 E5

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Ye" is sometimes also transliterated as ⟨ie⟩, ⟨je⟩, or ⟨ye⟩.

External linksEdit

  •   The dictionary definition of Е at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionary definition of е at Wiktionary