Ye (Cyrillic)

Ye (Е е; italics: Е е) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In some languages this letter is called E. It looks like another version of E (Cyrillic).

Cyrillic letter Ye
Cyrillic letter Ye - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage:[e], [ɛ], [je], [jɛ]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОŌПРСС́Т
ЋЌУӮЎФХ
ЦЧЏШЩЪЫ
ЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆
ӪҨԤҦР̌ҎԖ
ҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃ӰӰ́
ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮
Х̑ҲӼӾҺҺ̈Ԧ
ҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄
ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇ӬӬ́
Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄Я̆Я̄
Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

It commonly represents the vowel [e] or [ɛ], like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".

Ye is romanized using the Latin letter E.[1]

It was derived from the Greek letter epsilon (Ε ε).

UsageEdit

Russian and BelarusianEdit

  • At the beginning of a word or after a vowel, Ye represents the phonemic combination /je/ (phonetically [je] or [jɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨ye⟩ in "yes". Ukrainian uses the letter ⟨є⟩ (see Ukrainian Ye) in this way.
  • Following a consonant, Ye indicates that the consonant is palatalized, and represents the vowel /e/ (phonetically [e] or [ɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".

In Russian, the letter ⟨е⟩ can follow unpalatalized consonants, especially ⟨ж⟩, ⟨ш⟩, and ⟨ц⟩. In some loanwords, other consonants before ⟨е⟩ (especially ⟨т⟩, ⟨д⟩, ⟨н⟩, ⟨с⟩, ⟨з⟩, and ⟨р⟩) are also not palatalized, see E (Cyrillic). The letter ⟨е⟩ also represents /jo/ (as in "yogurt") and /o/ after palatalized consonants, ⟨ж⟩, and ⟨ш⟩. In these cases, ⟨ё⟩ may be used, see Yo (Cyrillic). In unstressed syllables, ⟨e⟩ represents reduced vowels like [ɪ], see Russian phonology and Vowel reduction in Russian.

Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Ukrainian and RusynEdit

This letter is called E, and represents the vowel phoneme /e/ (phonetically [e] or [ɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in the word "set".

MongolianEdit

The letter represents the sound /jo/ at the beginning of words (yo represents /jɔ/), and also represents /jɛ/ in the middle or end of words and /ɛ/ in Russian loanwords and transcriptions of foreign names.

Turkic languagesEdit

In Turkic languages utilizing the Cyrillic script, such as Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek, Ye is used to represent the phoneme e~ɛ, both word-finally and medially. Isolated or word-initially, this letter is substituted with the letter Э. If it occurs word-initially, isolated, or vowel-succeeding, it represents the phoneme /je/~/jɛ/.

Related letters and other similar charactersEdit

Computing codesEdit

Character information Е е
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1045 U+0415 1077 U+0435
UTF-8 208 149 D0 95 208 181 D0 B5
Numeric character reference Е Е е е
Named character reference Е е
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 229 E5 197 C5
Code page 855 169 A9 168 A8
Windows-1251 197 C5 229 E5
ISO-8859-5 181 B5 213 D5
Macintosh Cyrillic 133 85 229 E5

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Ye" is sometimes also transliterated as ⟨ie⟩ or ⟨ye⟩.

External linksEdit

  •   The dictionary definition of Е at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionary definition of е at Wiktionary