Je (Ј ј; italics: Ј ј) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, taken over from the Latin letter J.[1]

Cyrillic letter Je
Phonetic usage:[j] [j̊] [ɟ] [dz]
Derived from:Latin letter J (J j)
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА̀А̂А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЀЕ̄Е̂
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇЍИ̂ӢЙЈК
ЛЉМНЊОО̀О̂
ŌӦПРР̌СС́Т
ЋЌУУ̀У̂ӮЎӰ
ФХЦЧЏШЩ
ЪЪ̀ЫЬѢЭЮЮ̀
ЯЯ̀
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ԜГ̑Г̇Г̣Г̌Г̂
Г̆Г̈ҔҒӺҒ̌Ӷ
Д́Д̌Д̈Д̣Д̆ӖЕ̃
Ё̄Є̈ԐԐ̈ҖӜӁЖ̣
ҘӞЗ̌З̣З̆ӠИ̃Ӥ
ҊҚӃҠҞҜК̣Ԛ
Л́ӅԮԒЛ̈Ӎ
Н́ӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̃
Ӧ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆ӪԤП̈
ҎС̌ҪС̣С̱Т́Т̈Т̌
Т̇Т̣ҬУ̃ӲУ̊Ӱ̄
ҰҮҮ́Х̣Х̱Х̮Х̑Х̌
ҲӼӾҺҺ̈ԦЦ̌Ц̈
ҴҶҶ̣ӴӋҸЧ̇
Ч̣ҼҾШ̈Ш̣Ы̆Ы̄
ӸҌҨЭ̆Э̄Э̇Ӭ
Ӭ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̄Я̆Я̄Я̈
Ӏʼˮ
Archaic or unused letters
А̨Б̀Б̣Б̱В̀Г̀Г̧
Г̄Г̓Г̆Ҕ̀Ҕ̆ԀД̓
Д̀Д̨ԂЕ̇Е̨
Ж̀Ж̑Џ̆
Ꚅ̆З̀З̑ԄԆ
ԪІ̂І̣І̨
Ј̵Ј̃К̓К̀К̆Ӄ̆
К̑К̇К̈К̄ԞК̂
Л̀ԠԈЛ̑Л̇Ԕ
М̀М̃Н̀Н̄Н̧
Н̃ԊԢН̡Ѻ
П̓П̀
П́ҦП̧П̑ҀԚ̆Р́
Р̀Р̃ԖС̀С̈ԌҪ̓
Т̓Т̀ԎТ̑Т̧
Ꚍ̆ОУУ̇
У̨ꙋ́Ф̑Ф̓Х́Х̀Х̆Х̇
Х̧Х̾Х̓һ̱ѠѼ
ѾЦ̀Ц́Ц̓Ꚏ̆
Ч́Ч̀Ч̆Ч̑Ч̓
ԬꚆ̆Ҽ̆Ш̀
Ш̆Ш̑Щ̆Ꚗ̆Ы̂
Ы̃Ѣ́Ѣ̈Ѣ̆Э̨Э̂
Ю̂Я̈Я̂Я̨
ԘѤѦѪѨ
ѬѮѰѲѴѶ

It commonly represents the palatal approximant /j/, like the pronunciation of ⟨y⟩ in "yes".

History edit

The Cyrillic letter ј was introduced in the 1818 Serbian dictionary of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, on the basis of the Latin letter j.[1] Karadžić had previously used ї instead for the same sound, a usage he took from Dositej Obradović,[2] and the final choice also notably edged out another expected candidate, й, used in every other standard Slavic-language Cyrillic script.

Usage edit

An asterisk (*) means the language does not use the letter in its orthography anymore.

Language pronunciation notes
Altai voiced palatal plosive /ɟ~dz/
Azerbaijani /j/ corresponds to ⟨y⟩ in the official Latin alphabet.
Kildin Sami voiceless palatal approximant /j̊/ the letter Short I with tail (Ҋ ҋ) is also used.
Macedonian /j/ Prior to the development of the Macedonian alphabet in 1944–45, Macedonian authors used either І і or Й й.[3]
Orok /j/
Ossetian* /j/ used in the original (pre-1923) Cyrillic orthography.
Serbian /j/ in Vuk Karadžić's alphabet, the letter Je replaced the traditional letter Short I (Й й), which invited accusations of submission to the Latin script and Catholic Church (in Austria) from the Orthodox clergy.

Related letters and other similar characters edit

Computing codes edit

Character information
Preview Ј ј
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER JE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER JE
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 1032 U+0408 1112 U+0458
UTF-8 208 136 D0 88 209 152 D1 98
Numeric character reference Ј Ј ј ј
Named character reference Ј ј
Code page 855 143 8F 142 8E
Windows-1251 163 A3 188 BC
ISO-8859-5 168 A8 248 F8
Macintosh Cyrillic 183 B7 192 C0

External links edit

  •   The dictionary definition of Ј at Wiktionary
  •   The dictionary definition of ј at Wiktionary

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
  2. ^ Karadžić, Vuk Stefanović. Pismenica serbskoga iezika, po govoru prostoga narod’a, 1814.
  3. ^ Dontchev Daskalov, Roumen; Marinov, Tchavdar (2013), Entangled Histories of the Balkans: Volume One: National Ideologies and Language Policies, Balkan Studies Library, BRILL, pp. 451, 454–456, ISBN 978-9004250765