Zje (З́ з́; italics: З́ з́) is a letter of the Cyrillic alphabet, formed from З with the addition of an acute accent. It is used in the Montenegrin alphabet. It represents the voiced alveolo-palatal fricative /ʑ/. It corresponds to the Latin Ź.

Cyrillic letter Zje
Phonetic usage:[ʑ]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АА̀А̂А̄ӒБВГ
ҐДЂЃЕЀЕ̄Е̂
ЁЄЖЗЗ́ЅИІ
ЇЍИ̂ӢЙЈК
ЛЉМНЊОО̀О̂
ŌӦПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУУ̀У̂ӮЎӰФ
ХЦЧЏШЩЪ
Ъ̀ЫЬѢЭЮЮ̀Я
Я̀
Non-Slavic letters
ӐА̊А̃Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃
ӚВ̌ԜГ̑Г̇Г̣Г̌Г̂
Г̆Г̈ҔҒӺҒ̌Ӷ
Г̡Д́Д̌Д̈Д̣Д̆ӖЕ̃
Ё̄Є̈ҖӜӁЖ̣ҘӞ
З̌З̣З̆ԐԐ̈ӠИ̃Ӥ
ҊҚӃҠҞҜК̣Ԛ
Л́ӅԮԒЛ̈Ӎ
Н́ӉҢԨӇҤО̆О̃
Ӧ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆ӪԤП̈
ҦР̌ҎС̌ҪС̣С̱Т́
Т̈Т̌Т̇Т̣ҬУ̃Ӳ
У̊Ӱ̄ҰҮҮ́Х̣Х̱Х̮
Х̑Х̌ҲӼӾҺҺ̈Ԧ
Ц̌Ц̈ҴҶҶ̣ӴӋЧ̡
ҸЧ̇Ч̣ҼҾШ̈Ш̣
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌҨЭ̆Э̄
Э̇ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̄Я̆
Я̄Я̈Ӏ
Archaic or unused letters
А̨Б̀Б̣Б̱В̀Г̀Г̧
Г̄Г̓Г̆Ҕ̀Ҕ̆ԀД̓
Д̀Д̨ԂЕ̇Е̨
Ж̀Ж̑Џ̆
Ꚅ̆З̀З̑ԄԆ
ԪІ̂І̣І̨
Ј̵Ј̃К̓К̀К̆Ӄ̆
К̑К̇К̈К̄ԞК̂
Л̀ԠԈЛ̑Л̇Ԕ
М̀М̃Н̀Н̄Н̧Н̃
ԊԢН̡Ѻ
П̓П̀П́П̧
П̑ҀԚ̆Р́Р̀Р̃Ԗ
С̀С̈ԌҪ̓Т̓Т̀Ԏ
Т̑Т̧Ꚍ̆
ОУУ̇У̨ꙋ́Ф̑Ф̓
Х́Х̀Х̆Х̇Х̧Х̓һ̱
ѠѼѾЦ̀Ц́Ц̓
Ꚏ̆Ч́Ч̀
Ч̆Ч̑Ч̓Ԭ
Ꚇ̆Ҽ̆Ш̀Ш̆Ш̑Щ̆Ꚗ̆
Ы̂Ы̃Ѣ́Ѣ̈Ѣ̆
Э̨Э̂Ю̂Я̈
Я̂Я̨ԘѤѦѪ
ѨѬѮѰѲѴѶ

Origins edit

One of the first observations of the sound /ʑ/ in Montenegrin, was made by Vuk Karadžić in 1818, in his article "Srpski rječnik istolkovan njemačkim i latinskim riječima" in which he notes that Herzegovians (a cultural region which stretches over Montenegro, thus presumably he also referred to Montenegrins considering he notes words such as iźeo, which are present in Montenegro but not in Herzegovina): "Ercegovci, kašto izgovaraju s pred j kao Poljsko ś, a z kao ź, n. p. sjekira, sjutra, izjeo..." First instance of usage of the accented Cyrillic letter з́ was in 1926. by Danilo Vušović.[1] It came into official use in mid-2009, with the adoption of the Law on the Official Language in Montenegro.

The letter originates from rural areas in Montenegro.[citation needed]

Computing codes edit

Being a relatively recent letter, not present in any legacy 8-bit Cyrillic encoding, the letter З́ is not represented directly by a precomposed character in Unicode either; it has to be composed as З+◌́ (U+0301).


Character information
Preview З з ́
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE COMBINING ACUTE ACCENT
Encodings decimal hex dec hex dec hex
Unicode 1047 U+0417 1079 U+0437 769 U+0301
UTF-8 208 151 D0 97 208 183 D0 B7 204 129 CC 81
Numeric character reference З З з з ́ ́
Named character reference З з

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Vušović, Danilo (1927). "Dialekat istočne Hercegovine". Srpski dialektološki zbornik. III: Rasprave i građa: 3–70.