Ĉ or ĉ (C circumflex) is a consonant in Esperanto orthography, representing the sound [t͡ʃ].

C circumflex
Ĉ ĉ
Ĉ.png
Usage
Writing systemLatin script
TypeAlphabetic
Language of originEsperanto
Phonetic usage[t͡ʃ]
Unicode codepointU+0108, U+0109
Alphabetical position4
Numerical value: 4
History
Development
Other
Associated numbers4
This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and ⟨ ⟩, see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.

It is based on the letter c. Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for all four of its postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets. Letters and digraphs that are similar to ĉ and represent the same sound include Slovene č, Albanian ç, Polish digraph cz, English and Spanish digraph ch, French trigraph tch, German tetragraph tsch, Hungarian digraph cs, Basque and Catalan digraph tx and Italian c before i or e.

Ĉ is the fourth letter in Esperanto orthography. Although it is written as cx and ch respectively in the x-system and h-system workarounds, it is normally written as C with a circumflex: ĉ.

Character mappingsEdit

Character information
Preview Ĉ ĉ
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH CIRCUMFLEX LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CIRCUMFLEX
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 264 U+0108 265 U+0109
UTF-8 196 136 C4 88 196 137 C4 89
Numeric character reference Ĉ Ĉ ĉ ĉ
Named character reference Ĉ ĉ

See alsoEdit