Open main menu

Ĵ or ĵ (J circumflex) is a letter in Esperanto orthography representing the sound [ʒ].

J circumflex
Ĵ ĵ Jh jh Jx jx
Jcircumflex.png
Usage
Writing systemLatin script
TypeAlphabet
Language of originEsperanto language
Phonetic usage[ʒ]
Unicode valueU+0134 U+0135
Alphabetical position14
History
Development
Time period1887 to present
Other

While Esperanto orthography uses a diacritic for its four postalveolar consonants, as do the Latin-based Slavic alphabets, the base letters are Romano-Germanic. Ĵ is based on the French pronunciation of the letter j to better preserve the shape of borrowings from that language (such as ĵurnalo from journal) than Slavic ž would.

Ĵ is the fourteenth letter of the Esperanto alphabet. Although it is written as jx and jh respectively in the x-system and h-system workarounds, it is normally written as J with a circumflex: ĵ.

Contents

UsageEdit

In mathematicsEdit

  • The letter ĵ is sometimes used to denote a unit vector in mathematics.

Character mappingsEdit

Character Ĵ ĵ
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER J WITH CIRCUMFLEX LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH CIRCUMFLEX
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 308 U+0134 309 U+0135
UTF-8 196 180 C4 B4 196 181 C4 B5
Numeric character reference Ĵ Ĵ ĵ ĵ

See alsoEdit