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This is a list of international reactions to the 2019 Hong Kong protests.

Domestic responsesEdit

Government responsesEdit

Before the protest, Carrie Lam has insisted that the bill was "benefitial", as it can "protect Hong Kong’s public safety, and fulfil Hong Kong’s international duty", after Hong Kong people, Taiwan and several foreign envoys voiced concerns about the bill.[1][2][3] The government took a hardline approach towards voices of opposition. Lam accused anyone who opposed the bill for "talking trash".[4] Secretary John Lee had said the legal sector did not really understand the bill and some had not read the bill before protesting.[5] Chief Secretary for Administration Matthew Cheung said that the turnout rate in the April protest is not a key determining factor for the government to consider and added that fixing the loopholes in the existing extradition law was necessary.[6]

 
Chief Executive Carrie Lam at the press conference with Secretary for Justice Teresa Cheng and Secretary for Security John Lee one day after the massive protest on 10 June.

The government maintained its hardline approach after the June 9 protest which attracted 1 million people, Carrie Lam continued to push for the bill's second reading on June 12 despite huge opposition and continued to defend the bill, saying that that the government was "duty-bound" to do so.[7] Following the June 12 conflict, both Police Commissioner Stephen Lo and Lam characterized the conflict as a "riot", which angered protesters and demanded the government to retract the term. The police later backed down on the claim, saying that among the protesters, only five of them rioted. The CHRF disagreed and maintained the position that none of them rioted, and the demand urging the government to retract the riot categorization has since been included in the protesters' list of demands.[8]

On June 15, Lam suspended the bill, but insisted that the rationale between the amendment was "sound" and that she would do more explanation work. She refused to apologise or resign for forcing the bill through the Legislative Council which led to the subsequent conflicts and created the huge rifts among Hong Kong people.[9] However, following the huge protest on the next day, she "sincerely" apologized to the public but maintained that she would not resign or withdraw the bill as she wished to continue leading the government.[10] The former president of the Legislative Council, Andrew Wong Wang-fat criticized her use of the term "suspension" as the term does not exist in LegCo's Rules of Procedure.[11]

Carrie Lam, during the July 1 celebration of 22nd anniversary of the establishment of HKSAR, declared that she would reach out to young people and meet with individuals from all walks of life to listen to their demands.[12] However, when the protesters stormed the Legislative Council Complex that day, she refused to meet the protesters, and held a press conference at 4 am on July 2 to condemn the protesters' "use of extreme violence", though she refused to respond to questions that concerned the recent suicides caused by her promotion of the bill.[13] Her reaction drew criticisms from Hong Kong Free Press, who accused her of caring more about shards of glass being broken than the lives of several citizens in Hong Kong.[14] Following the protest, Carrie Lam invited representatives from public universities to attend a closed-door meeting, though the representatives rejected such request, calling her "insincere" and the invitation a "public relation act". They insisted that the meeting must be held publicly as the they did not represent all the protesters in the movement.[15]

On July 9, Carrie Lam declared that "the bill is dead" and the previous attempts to amend the law failed completely. She reassured that the government had ceased any work to amend the bill but she stopped short of withdrawing it.[16] She also rejected setting up an independent commission to investigate the police's conduct during the protests, saying that the existing mechanism, the Independent Police Complaints Council would suffice. While pro-Beijing lawmakers agreed and claimed it was the time for Hong Kong people to "move on", opposition called Lam "insincere" and questioned her reluctance to formally withdraw the bill using the appropriate term.[17] In the Cantonese version, she used the term "壽終正寢", which means "dying a peaceful death" to describe the bill amendment. However, some members of the public were skeptical about her usage of the term as it was ambiguous and accused her of playing a "translation trick".[18]

After the July 21 protest where protesters defaced the national emblem and mobs attacked commuters inside Yuen Long station, she met the press again to denounce both the protesters and the white-clad group. She condemned the protesters who defaced the national emblem for hurting the one country, two systems principle and national pride.[19] The government's description of the Yuen Long attack was described as "mild". The government defended by saying that they were "not in possession of [facts regarding] all the actual situation on the ground" but they decided to issue it nonetheless.[20] When asked about whether the safety of citizens was more important than the defacing of the national emblem, Lam responded by saying that ensuring public safety was important, but she believed that citizens will agree that "it is important and maybe even more important that the “one country, two systems" principle can continue to be successfully implemented."[21]

On August 6, following a citywide general strike and intense conflicts in various neighbourhoods in Hong Kong, Carrie Lam warned that the protesters are dragging Hong Kong to a "point of no return", and "gambling with the lives of 7 million people". She suggested that no concession would be made and the protests were no longer about the extradition bill or her poor governance and were about challenging China's sovereignty and damaging "one country, two systems" as the protesters chanted the slogan "liberate Hong Kong, the revolution of our times".[22][23] Lam also announced that the Force would hold daily press conferences.[24] On August 9, when describing the protesters, she said "unless a small minority of people… [don’t] mind destroying Hong Kong. They have no stake in society which so many people have helped to build".[25] Lam added that her cabinet would begin focusing on improving the city's economy and preparing measures to help the businesses in Hong Kong, and warned of an upcoming economic downturn.[26]

Following a rally that was attended by more than 1.7 million people, Carrie Lam announced that she would create platforms for dialogue but continued to reject the five core demands.[27] She also invited politicians including Henry Tang, Anthony Cheung, university principles including Stephen Cheung, Roland Chin, professional Yuen Kwok-yung and more to help build the platform.[28] However, lawmaker Kenneth Leung suggested that protesters and academics were skeptical of this platform because they felt that whoever building the platform may not be representative, and that protesters have articulated the five core demands clearly already.[29]

On 2 September, Reuters received a leaked audio recording in which Carrie Lam admitted that she had "very limited" room to manoeuvre between the Central People's Government and Hong Kong, and that she would quit, if she had a choice.[30] However, the next day she told the media that she had never tendered her resignation.[31]

On 4 September, Carrie Lam announced that she would formally withdraw the extradition bill, and introduce measures such as introducing new members to the Independent Police Complaints Council, engaging in dialogue in a community level, and inviting academics to evaluate the deep-rooted problems of Hong Kong. However, protesters and democrats had previously expressed that a partial concession would not be accepted and affirmed that all the five core demands must be answered.[32] Lam's concession was also criticized as "too little, too late".[33][34] After withdrawing the bill, Lam added that "stern law enforcement" would be used to stop the protesters.[35]

Impact on businessesEdit

Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce senior economist Wilson Chong warned that as protests continued, retail sales would be impacted badly. According to a gift shop owner, her shop's daily income have dropped 50% to 70% since the protesters stormed the LegCo Complex because of the heightened tension and a sense of desperation in Hong Kong which influenced Hong Kong people's mood for spending.[36] During the days of protests, protesters brought "mixed fortunes" to the businesses according to the South China Morning Post. Some restaurants saw their customers canceling their bookings and some banks and shops were forced to shut their doors. Supplies for goods were also halted and obstructed due to the protest. Meanwhile, some shops prospered as nearby protesters bought food and other commodities. For instance, on June 12, Japanese rice-ball store Hana-Musubi saw a 50% rise in sales because of the protest.[37]

The Hang Seng Index declined by at least 4.8% from June 9 to late August. As interest for trading waned, companies that have already applied to float shares in Hong Kong urged their bankers to temporarily withhold their deal. August 2019 recorded only one IPOs, which was the lowest since 2012, and two large IPOs by ESR Cayman and Anheuser-Busch InBev were shelved respectively in June and July. Fitch Ratings downgraded Hong Kong's sovereignty rating from AA+ to AA since it doubted the government's ability to maintain the "one country, two systems" principle. It also changed the outlook of the city from "stable" to "negative".[38]

Tourism was also affected. The Travel Industry Council remarked that the number of both mainland and overseas bookings in August 2019 declined by 50% when compared with August 2018. With their businesses affected, some travel agency requested their staff to take no pay leave.[39] Flight bookings also declined, with Cathay Pacific saying that the firm saw "the impact of local political unrest". Disney also revealed that there were fewer guests visiting Hong Kong Disneyland. Mainland tourists, according to Radio Free Asia, avoided traveling to Hong Kong due to safety concerns. The search term "Hong Kong safe" also became popular according to Google Trends, and that these searches mainly originated from Europe and Asia, and various countries have since issued travel warnings to Hong Kong.[40] The number of visitors travelling to Hong Kong declined by 40% in August year-on-year.[41]

During the August 12 and 13 Airport protests, the Airport Authority canceled numerous flights, which resulted in an estimated US$76 million loss according to aviation experts[42]

Chinese government and mediaEdit

Official statementsEdit

Allegations of foreign interferenceEdit

Timelapse video of 16 June protests.

The Beijing government and state-run media have accused foreign forces of interfering with domestic affairs, and supporting the protesters;[43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50] the accusations have in turn been criticized by those accused and third party observers.[43][51][45][46][52][53][54][55] Bonnie Glaser of the Center for Strategic and International Studies said that there was a "long-standing tradition" of Beijing blaming external forces during domestic demonstrations or unrest..[46]

Beginning on 7 August, CCTV,[56] Ta Kung Pao,[57] Wen Wei Po,[58] and Global Times[59][60] alleged collusion between the United States and the Hong Kong protests when they published articles which included a photo of an American diplomat whom they accused of contributing to civil unrest, meeting in Hong Kong with leaders of Demosistō including Joshua Wong and Nathan Law and other pro-democracy figures including Anson Chan and Martin Lee.[61][57][62] Ta Kung Pao also published personal details about the diplomat's family, including photos and the names of her children and husband.[63] The US State Department condemned the action and rebuked China for violating the Vienna Convention.[64][65][63] Morgan Ortagus called the Chinese government a "thuggish regime" and said that, as "Chinese authorities know full well", diplomats of every country meet with opposition figures as part of their job.[65][63][64]

In September, the foreign Ministry called a meeting between Joshua Wong and the German Foreign Minister as "disrespectful of China's sovereignty and an interference in China’s internal affairs".[66] The meeting came after German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s trip to the PRC, where she said that the rights and freedoms of people in Hong Kong “must be guaranteed” and to whom Wong had written an open letter seeking her backing for the protests.[66]

OppositionEdit

On 29 July, the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office held its first press conference since the handover in which the spokesperson blamed the protests on the West and reiterated its support for Hong Kong, saying, "The central government firmly supports Carrie Lam leading the Hong Kong government's administration according to law, firmly supports the Hong Kong police strictly enforcing rule of law."[67][68] The conference was in turn criticised by pro-democracy figures.[67][69][70]

The Chinese government has attempted to appeal to the silent majority; China Central Television covered the LegCo occupation of 1 July, and claimed the action was "condemned by people from all walks of life in Hong Kong".[71] China Daily said of 20 July counter-demonstration that "the silent majority of Hong Kong has every reason to come out and defend their home"[72] while the spokesperson for the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office appealed at a press conference on 7 August to the Silent Majority to help control the protesters.[73] Ma Ngok, an associate professor of Hong Kong politics at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, said that Beijing was trying to appeal to "the moderate, conservative middle-aged people – parents who are afraid of their kids breaking the law, getting arrested and ruining their futures."[73]

Following the 10 August protests and weekend airport sit-ins, state media outlet People's Daily disseminated an article via WeChat that portrayed protesters as the instigators of violence. The article stated that there is broad call from Hong Kong society to make the city safe again by ending "violent demonstrations".[74]

On 12 August, Yang Guang, a spokesman for the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office, stated "radical protesters" have "repeatedly attacked police officers in the past few days and have committed serious violent crimes", which "has begun to show the 'first signs of terrorism'".[75] In response to the protests on 13 August, Chinese media stated that, "Hong Kong protesters are 'asking for self-destruction.'"[76]

Chinese media has claimed that the Education system of Hong Kong has been advocating the protests directly or indirectly, while suggesting punishments for pro-protests teachers.[77]

Boycotts and pressureEdit

China's state-owned media have encouraged boycotts of companies accused of supporting the democracy movement. Taiwanese bubble tea chain Yifang, and Pocari Sweat have come under pressure from China.[78]

On 8 August, Chinese authorities pressured Hong Kong's main airline Cathay Pacific to suspend staff members who participated in the anti-extradition protests, and ban staff members from being part of any flights to China.[79][80] Chinese officials further demanded that the airline must submit for prior approval the names of all crew members flying to Chinese cities or flying through Chinese airspace.[81] Some staff voiced disagreement about Beijing's recent moves and the then chairman John Slosar defended his staff saying in a press statement that "We employ 27,000 people in Hong Kong ... we obviously do not imagine telling them what they have to think about certain subjects."[80][81]

Amid the pressure from Beijing, CEO Rupert Hogg and Paul Loo, the chief customer and commercial officer, both resigned on 16 August; an article in CBS described Hogg's resignation as "the highest-profile corporate casualty of official Chinese pressure on companies to support the ruling Communist Party's position."[82][83][84] The actions by Beijing on the airline has in turn been criticized by current and former Cathay Pacific staff members and the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions.[85][86][87] Chariman John Slosar's retirement was announced in early September, and while his leaving the firm may have been voluntary, some question remains about Beijing's influences in the matter.[88]

Internet activitiesEdit

AdvertisementsEdit

In August, Twitter and Facebook published ads paid for by several different Chinese state media outlets, including Xinhua.[89][90] The ad campaign targeted users in Hong Kong with "sponsored" content posted to the Twitter feed, speaking negatively of the protests and warning of economic troubles.[91][92] On 19 August, Twitter posted an update about new advertising standards: "Going forward, we will not accept advertising from state-controlled news media entities ... that are either financially or editorially controlled by the state."[93][94] Additionally, more than a dozen Facebook ads targeted for the US audience have been paid for by CGTN.[95] Facebook has stated that they would continue to promote state-sponsored advertising.[96] An insider with the company said that China purchases Facebook advertising worth "hundreds of thousands of dollars" each fiscal quarter, making China the largest client in Asia, though the social network is banned within mainland China and unavailable to residents.[97]

CensorshipEdit

The first two weeks of protests were largely ignored by central mainland media outlets, with no major stories published until 17 April.[98] The protests were mostly censored from Mainland Chinese social media, such as Sina Weibo.[99] Keyword searches of "Hong Kong", "HK" and "extradition bill" led to other official news and entertainment news. Accounts that posted content regarding the protest were also blocked.[100] By 14 June, censors were said to be working overtime to erase or block news of the protests on social media.[101] On Sina Weibo and WeChat, the term "let's go Hong Kong" was blocked with the platform citing "relevant laws, regulations and policies" as the reason for not showing search results.[102]

After Carrie Lam formally withdraws the extradition bill, many Chinese netizens expressed their disappointment for Lam's decision. However, most of the comments on Sina Weibo, including those from high-profile state media outlets such as the Global Times and The Beijing News, were removed later, while the hashtag #Carrie Lam formally withdraws the extradition bill# was removed.[103]

CyberattacksEdit

Cyberattacks also occurred during the 2014 Umbrella Revolution. Security researchers believe China's Ministry of State Security was responsible for targeting democracy activists with sophisticated malware and spyware attacks that infected Android and iOS devices.[104][105] The intelligence agency was also linked to powerful denial of service attacks aimed at CloudFlare and Internet voting systems and websites that enabled a grassroots civic referendum.[106][107]

The Chinese government has denied that they engaged in cyberwarfare operations. According to a spokesperson from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China has "always advocated that the international community should jointly safeguard the security of cyberspace through dialogue and cooperation."[108]

Social mediaEdit

On 19 August, both Twitter and Facebook announced that they had discovered what they described as large-scale disinformation campaigns operating on their social networks.[109][110] Facebook claimed that images and videos of protesters were altered and taken out of context, often with captions intended to vilify democracy activists and their cause.[111]

According to investigations by Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, some of the attacks[vague] were coordinated state-backed operations that were traced to the Chinese government.[112][113] Twitter identified a core group of nearly 1,000 "fake" accounts, along with an extended spam network of 200,000 accounts, all of which were "proactively suspended"; Twitter released two data sets disclosing the core group's account and tweet information.[109][114] Facebook removed a network of seven pages, three groups (including one with 15,500 followers), and five accounts (including one with 2,200 members) in response to its findings.[110][112][113] On 22 August, Google stated it had disabled 210 YouTube channels involved in "coordinated influence operations" around the Hong Kong protests, "consistent with recent observations and actions related to China announced by Facebook and Twitter". It said it "found use of VPNs and other methods to disguise the origin" of the accounts.[115][116]

Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Geng Shuang suggested that the activity could be attributed to overseas Chinese citizens, and stated that they "have the rights to express their opinions and viewpoints".[117][118] NPR reported that the vast majority of the Twitter accounts were "disguised as personal or corporate accounts of marketing firms, international relations experts or bitcoin enthusiasts", and found a combined ¥2 million of Chinese government tenders dated 16 and 19 August for Facebook and Twitter accounts.[119] [120] In Bloomberg Opinion, Adam Minter wrote that "the vast majority of content tweeted by these accounts wasn't related to Hong Kong and – most important – failed to generate retweets, likes or responses".[121] Comparing the Russian online propaganda effort with China's, Adam Segal of the Council on Foreign Relations says "the Chinese use of it has tended to be limited to issues that the Chinese consider being internal issues or sovereignty issues."[122]

The International Cyber Policy Centre at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute released a study on 3 September, which analysed the data set released by Twitter.[123] The report, Tweeting through the Great Firewall, found that prior to the 2019 Hong Kong protests, many of the now-banned Twitter accounts were engaged in attacks on critics of the Chinese government. Over 38,000 tweets from 618 accounts targeted Chinese billionaire Guo Wengui.[124] Groups of these Twitter accounts had also coordinated efforts to criticise human rights lawyer Yu Wensheng and book publisher Gui Minhai. In April, 112 of the accounts posted a total of 1,600 tweets critical of the 2019 anti-extradition bill protests.[125] Overall, the report found that the purported disinformation campaign had three main narratives: condemnation of protesters, support for Hong Kong Police, as well as "conspiracy theories about Western involvement in the protests."[126]

MilitaryEdit

An article published by the AFP on 30 July said that "Videos falsely claiming to show a Chinese military crackdown against pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong have flooded social media over the past week."[127] One of the debunked posts appeared shortly after a press conference attended by a Mainland Chinese defense ministry spokesman that showed the People's Liberation Army entering Hong Kong; in reality, the video used in the post to purportedly show the crackdown was actually of Chinese military vehicles driving through the Hong Kong city of Kowloon in 2018.[127]

On 30 July, Bloomberg News reported that a senior White House official had leaked information about a potential Chinese military buildup along the Hong Kong border.[128]

On 31 July, the PLA distributed a video, which was posted via the Hong Kong garrison's official Sina Weibo social media account.[129] In the opening scenes, a soldier shouts in Cantonese "All consequences are at your own risk!" The video shows heavily armed troops shooting at mock citizen actors and making arrests; there are also depictions of tanks, helicopters, rocket launchers, automatic weapons, and water cannons being deployed in urban areas. The film closes with quotes from civilians, stating "The discipline of the military is very good" and "The PLA and people of Hong Kong are integrated."[130][131][132] The video was criticized by the Taiwanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs and users on LIHKG.[133] Another video was released on 6 August in which the People's Armed Police conducted what state media said was an anti-riot drill in Shenzhen.[134][135][136] An article by the AFP said that the exercise "instantly attracted online attention given the close resemblance between the drill and the ongoing clashes in adjacent Hong Kong."[136]

Worldwide solidarity protestsEdit

 
Thosands gathered at Times Square in New York City.
 
TYC solidarity rally in New Delhi.
 
Taiwan activists protests against extradition bill in Taipei, Taiwan.

On 9 June, at least 29 rallies were held in 12 countries with protesters taking to the streets in cities around the world with significant Hong Kong diaspora, including about 4,000 in London, about 3,000 in Sydney and further rallies in New York City, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Boston, Toronto, Vancouver, Berlin, Frankfurt, Tokyo, Perth, Canberra, Melbourne, Brisbane and Taipei.[137][138] In one of the biggest overseas protests, hundreds of demonstrators made of mostly Hong Kong immigrants filled the streets outside the Chinese consulate-general in Vancouver with yellow umbrellas, referencing the 2014 Occupy protests, and chanted against the extradition law. More than 60 people gathered outside the White House in Washington to protest against the bill.[138]

On 12 June, representatives from 24 Taiwanese civic groups, including Taiwan Association for Human Rights, protested outside Hong Kong's representative office in Taipei, whilst shouting slogans such as "Taiwan supports Hong Kong."

On 16 June, 10,000 Hong Kong students and Taiwanese supporters held a peaceful sit-in at the Legislative Yuan in Taipei to support the protests in Hong Kong.[139][140] In Auckland and Adelaide, around 500 people gathered to demand Chief Executive Lam to withdraw the bill and apologise for her actions.[141] On 17 June, 1,500 people protested outside the Chinese Consulate in Vancouver.[142]

On 23 June, 5,000 people held a rally in Taipei against Hong Kong's extradition bill.[143] On 14 July a "Sing for Hong Kong" event was held in London.[144][145][146] There was a clash between pro-democracy and pro-China supporters at the University of Queensland in Brisbane on 24 July.[147][148] In response to the incident, the Chinese Consul-General in Brisbane, Xu Jie, reportedly praised Chinese students for confronting "anti-China separatist" protesters, prompting the Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne to warn foreign diplomats not to interfere in free speech and protests in Australia.[149][150]

On 3 August, further solidarity protests occurred in UK cities including London, Manchester and Edinburgh, as well as Canadian cities of Montreal, Vancouver, Toronto, Winnipeg, Halifax, Ottawa and Calgary.[151][152][153] On 10 August, around 100 Hong Kongers, Tibetans, Taiwanese, Uygurs, overseas Chinese and other New York residents held a rally outside the Chinese consulate.[154] Over the 16–18 August weekend, solidarity pro-democracy protests were held in London, Edinburgh, Melbourne, Sydney, Adelaide, Brisbane, Taipei, Berlin, Paris, Boston, Calgary, Vancouver and Toronto.[5][155][156][157][158][159][160][161]

On 30 Aug, Hundreds of Tibetans marched in India’s capital, in a show of solidarity with demonstrators who have staged protests in Hong Kong. Taking a cue from Hong Kong protesters, many of the Tibetans carried umbrellas and wore black as they joined the New Delhi demonstration organised by the Tibetan Youth Congress.[162]

International reactionsEdit

In light of the ongoing protests, several countries issued travel warnings to Hong Kong.[163]

  AustraliaEdit

  • Prime Minister Scott Morrison called on the Chief Executive of Hong Kong to listen to protester demands, denying that the protests were showing signs of terrorism.[164]

  CanadaEdit

  • Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said he was very concerned on the situation between Hong Kong and mainland China and called on China to bring peace, order and dialogue, stating: "we certainly call on China to be very careful and very respectful in how it deals with people who have legitimate concerns in Hong Kong."[165][166]

  EstoniaEdit

  • In an opinion piece on Eesti Rahvusringhääling, former President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves wrote: "On Aug. 23, 1989, hundreds of thousands of people stood in the Baltic Way in Estonia. It became a manifestation of the will to liberty, which continues to inspire nations to this day, bringing the human chain of freedom and democracy to the streets of Hong Kong this Friday."[167]

  European UnionEdit

  • The European External Action Service said rights "need to be respected" in Hong Kong on 12 June: "Over the past days, the people of Hong Kong have exercised their fundamental right to assemble and express themselves freely and peacefully. These rights need to be respected".[168]

  FranceEdit

  GermanyEdit

  • Chancellor Angela Merkel's spokesman, Steffen Seibert, said the protest was a good sign that the majority of protesters have been peaceful "and we appeal to all concerned to ensure that things remain just as peaceful in Hong Kong".[170]

  IranEdit

  • Homejra Assadi, spokeswoman of Football Federation of Iran (FFI) had urged FIFA to move the World cup qualifier match against Hong Kong to a neutral venue from Hong Kong due to concerns over ongoing protests and citing safety fears from political unrest.[171][172]

  IsraelEdit

  • The Israeli Foreign Minister has urged its citizens living in Hong Kong to refrain from partaking on the protests for safety and security reasons.[173]

  JapanEdit

  • Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has cautioned President Xi over recent turmoil in Hong Kong at the G20 Summit. Abe told Xi it is important for "a free and open Hong Kong to prosper under "one country, two systems' policy".[174]

  New ZealandEdit

  • Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern defended pro-Hong Kong protester's right to freedom of expression on New Zealand universities.[175] In response to the travel disruption caused by protest action, MFAT has also issued a travel advisory for New Zealanders traveling to Hong Kong.[176]

  North KoreaEdit

  • North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho said that, "North Korea fully supports the stand and measures of China to defend the sovereignty, security and territorial integrity of the country and safeguard the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong, and concerns about foreign forces interference in Hong Kong issue."[177]

  PakistanEdit

  • The Pakistani Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated, "Pakistan believes Hong Kong's affairs are China's internal affairs and we believe stability and prosperity in Hong Kong would soon resume. We also believe that all countries should uphold international law and the basic norms of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries."[178]

  PhilippinesEdit

  SingaporeEdit

  • Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said that the protests were a "difficult issue" and hoped that both Hong Kong and the PRC would overcome the difficulties.[180]

  TaiwanEdit

  • President Tsai Ing-wen expressed her solidarity with the people of Hong Kong, remarking that Taiwan's democracy was hard-earned that had to be guarded and renewed. Pledging that as long as she is Taiwan's president, Tsai will never accept "one country, two systems"; she cited what she considered to be a constant and rapid deterioration of Hong Kong's democracy in merely 20 years' time.[181] She also posted on Instagram to provide support for "Hongkongers on the front line," saying the Taiwanese people would support all those who fight for free speech and democracy.[182]

  United KingdomEdit

  United StatesEdit

  • On 1 August, President Donald Trump condemned the developing violence of the protests in calling the events "riots". He also says the US will not involve itself: "That’s between Hong Kong and that’s between China, because Hong Kong is a part of China."[184] In response, a bipartisan group of senators issued a statement to Trump, condemning "Beijing's efforts to undermine Hong Kong's autonomy". In the letter, they declared "Hong Kong's governance is not China's internal affair" and that if the U.S. fails to respond to Beijing's threats it would "only encourage Chinese leaders to act with impunity".[185] Trump administration officials said the day after that the president had no intention to signal a policy change or an endorsement of China's position.[184] On 14 August, Trump claimed in a tweet that China was moving troops to the border with Hong Kong.[186] On 14 August, Trump has praised Chinese President Xi Jinping as a good leader and a good man in a "tough business". He also urged Xi to quickly and humanely resolve the protests in Hong Kong and offered a personal meeting with Xi discussing the problem.[187] On 19 August, after the massive protest in the day before, Trump had warned China to solve the problem in a humanitarian fashion, saying, "It would be much harder for me to sign a deal if he did something violent in Hong Kong".[188]

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Xinqi, Su (May 27, 2019). "Top foreign diplomats express serious concerns about Hong Kong government's extradition proposal at Legislative Council". South China Morning Post. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  2. ^ Cheng, Kris (June 4, 2019). "No reason to pull extradition bill, says Chief Exec. Carrie Lam ahead of protests". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  3. ^ Chan, Holmes (May 28, 2019). "Video: Hong Kong's Carrie Lam pledges more adjustments to extradition bill, amid storm of criticism". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  4. ^ Sum, Lok-kei (9 May 2019). "Taipei will not ask for murder suspect unless bill concerns addressed". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 15 September 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Pro-Hong Kong group clashes with rival protesters in Melbourne". South China Morning Post. 16 August 2019.
  6. ^ "反送中遊行萬人空巷 張建宗:人數多寡非重點 有必要堵塞法律漏洞". April 28, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  7. ^ Creeney, Jennifer (June 10, 2019). "'We are duty-bound': Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam defends extradition bill despite 'million-strong' protest". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  8. ^ Cheng, Kris (June 18, 2019). "Hong Kong police chief backs down on categorisation of unrest, saying only five people were rioters". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  9. ^ Cheung, Tony (June 15, 2019). "Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam suspends extradition bill, but won't apologise for rift it caused or withdraw it altogether". South China Morning Post. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  10. ^ "Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam 'sincerely apologises' for extradition row, but refuses to retract bill or resign". Hong Kong Free Press. June 18, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  11. ^ "【逃犯條例】黃宏發:議事規則沒有「暫緩」 只有押後或撤回". AM730. June 26, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  12. ^ "Speech by CE at reception in celebration of 22nd anniversary of establishment of HKSAR (with photos/video)". HKSAR. July 1, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  13. ^ Tong, Elson (July 2, 2019). "Hong Kong's Carrie Lam condemns protesters' occupation of legislature as 'extreme use of violence'". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  14. ^ Sala, Maria (August 9, 2019). "Why does the gov't care more about attacks on flags and signs than the attacks against Hongkongers?". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  15. ^ Leung, Hiliary (July 5, 2019). "Hong Kong University Students Reject Invitation to Meet City's Leader for Closed-Door Talks". Time. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  16. ^ Kuo, Lily (July 9, 2019). "Hong Kong: Carrie Lam says extradition bill is 'dead' but will not withdraw it". The Guardian. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
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  18. ^ "So the bill is 'dead'…but how dead, exactly? Lam's choice of words raises eyebrows". Coconuts. July 9, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  19. ^ Siu, Phlia (July 22, 2019). "Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam blasts violence at Yuen Long and liaison office, amid further extradition bill unrest". South China Morning Post. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  20. ^ "Carrie Lam, security officials hounded at press conference on response to Yuen Long". Coconuts. July 22, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
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Cite error: A list-defined reference named "hkfpcollude" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "20190614buzzfeednews" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "channelnewsasia11611722" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoGW-36" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-173" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-174" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoGW-37" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "coconuts" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "chinadaily8305640162" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoGW-38" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "scmp3019556" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-190" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoV3-40" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "20190619youtube" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-202" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-203" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-204" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-208" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoGW-41" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-209" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-210" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-211" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-212" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-214" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-215" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-216" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-217" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-219" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "smh20190731" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "20190613foreignminister" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoV3-41" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-233" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "scmp3019077" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-235" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-236" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-237" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-238" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-239" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "qz1643858" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoV3-43" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "twitter1160906" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-241" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-243" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "scmp3022217" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "zaobao979913" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "twitter1138632719" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "20190615shanghaiist" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoV3-46" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named ":4" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "scmp3016068" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoV3-47" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "20190703theguardian" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-244" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-245" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-246" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-247" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-248" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-249" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-250" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "AutoL4-251" is not used in the content (see the help page).