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The Conversation (website)

The Conversation is an independent, not-for-profit media outlet that uses content sourced from the academic and research community. Since the Australian website's launch in March 2011,[2] it has expanded into six editions, with the addition of a United Kingdom (UK) version in 2013,[3] United States (US) in 2014,[4] Africa in May 2015,[5] France in September 2015,[6] and Global in September 2016.[7] The Conversation publishes all content under a Creative Commons license and, as of May 2017, reports a monthly online audience of 5.2 million users onsite, and a reach of 35 million people through creative commons republication.[8]

The Conversation
The Conversation website logo.png
Type of site
Analysis, Commentary, Research, News
Available in English, French
Founded April 2010 (2010-04)
Headquarters Melbourne, Australia
Owner The Conversation Trust
Key people Misha Ketchell (Editor)
Lisa Watts (Chief Operating Officer)
Employees 60
Slogan(s) "Academic rigour, journalistic flair"
Website theconversation.com
Alexa rank Decrease 10,867 (As of March 2016)[1]
Registration Optional
Launched 24 March 2011; 6 years ago (2011-03-24)
Current status Active
ISSN 2201-5639

The operating company The Conversation Media Group is a not-for-profit educational charity owned by The Conversation Trust. The Conversation is funded by the university and research sector, government and business.

Contents

Origins - The Conversation in AustraliaEdit

The Conversation was co-founded by Andrew Jaspan and Jack Rejtman. Andrew Jaspan first discussed the concept of the Conversation with Glyn Davis, Vice-Chancellor at The University of Melbourne, while editing The Age between 2004 and 2008.[citation needed] Shortly after Jaspan left The Age, he was invited by Davis to review the university’s engagement with the public through its various knowledge transfer initiatives.[9][10] Jaspan’s report recommended a new approach, whereby the university would communicate directly to the public through a news and commentary website. Jaspan envisioned the university as "a giant newsroom", with the academics and researchers collectively providing authoritative and informed content that engaged with the news cycle and major current affairs issues.[11]

In February 2009, Jaspan was introduced to Jack Rejtman, who had arrived in Melbourne from Los Angeles, US, where he led product strategy for the "US 2008 Election" website at Yahoo! News. Jaspan discussed his newsroom concept with Rejtman, who was supportive. Jaspan and Rejtman met with Davis again in May 2009, with a proposal to extend the original concept beyond Melbourne University to include the broader research sector. After Davis expressed support for the extended concept, Jaspan introduced the idea to Chris Brown, a corporate finance specialist, who later became chairman of The Conversation Trust.[citation needed]

In June 2009, Jaspan outlined the concept for a new media service to John Brumby, then Premier of Victoria, who was intrigued by the idea. In August 2009, Melbourne University and the Victorian State Government both agreed to provide a small financial contribution to facilitate the commencement of work on the website—these agreements were contingent upon the involvement of other organisations. The State Government then introduced the Commonwealth Government Department of Innovation into the process; in turn, the Department of Innovation proposed the inclusion of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.

Jaspan and Rejtman then hired Michael Morris, a leading member of the Ruby on Rails open source web developer community, to develop the proof of concept. In November 2010, Jaspan and Rejtman secured first-round funding to cover The Conversation’s operating costs for three years. Initial funding came from the Commonwealth Government’s Department of Education, the Victorian Government’s Department of Innovation, CSIRO, Australian National University, University of Melbourne, Monash University, University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), and University of Western Australia (UWA). Finally, The Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA) joined the consortium as a Technology Partner, while Corrs Chambers Westgarth joined as a Strategic Partner and agreed to provide legal services.

The Conversation Media Group opened its Carlton office in November 2010. Jaspan hired Misha Ketchell in December 2010, whom he knew from The Age, and they hired 11 professional editors who began working towards a launch date of February 2011—the site was launched to the public on 24 March 2011. In November 2012, Robert Johanson, the Chairman of Bendigo and Adelaide Bank, became chairman of The Conversation.

In February 2013, Michelle Grattan left The Age, where she was the newspaper's Political Editor, to join the University of Canberra as a professorial fellow, and to write for The Conversation as its Chief Political Correspondent—Jaspan and Grattan had worked together at The Age. Both Prime Minister Julia Gillard and Leader of the Opposition Tony Abbott praised Grattan during parliamentary sittings and wished her well in regard to her new role with The Conversation.[12]

Jaspan confirmed the appointment of a Jakarta editor in early December 2013, which was the outcome of around 12 months work. Speaking with the Australian media industry website Mumbrella, Jaspan also shared his perspective on the growth of the Conversation:

I think our relative success is down to the fact that we are trying to produce something different: high-grade content sourced from the university and research sector which is curated by professional editors while together we make every effort to adhere to high standards and ethics.[13]

ExpansionEdit

The Conversation UKEdit

The Conversation launched in the UK on 16 May 2013 with Jonathan Hyams as Chief Executive, Max Landry as Chief Operating Officer and Jaspan as Editor-in-chief.[14]

As of 22 October 2014, the Founding Partners group of The Conversation UK consists of: University of Aberdeen, University of Birmingham, University of Bradford, University of Bristol, Cardiff University, City University London, University of Durham, Glasgow Caledonian University, Goldsmiths London, University of Lancaster, University of Leeds, University of Liverpool, University of Nottingham, The Open University, Queen's Belfast, University of Salford, University of Sheffield, University of Surrey, UCL, and University of Warwick.[15]

As of 22 October 2014, the Strategic Partners group of The Conversation UK consists of: CBA, Wellcome Trust, Kingston Smith, SAGE Publications, Alliance for Useful Evidence and Macfarlanes. The website's Media Partner is the Press Association.[15] The Funding Partners group of The Conversation UK consists of: Esmée Fairbairn Foundation, HEFCE, HEFCW, Nuffield Foundation, The Ogden Trust, Research Councils UK, The Research Councils UK Digital Economy Theme (DET) and Scottish Funding Council.[15]

The Conversation USEdit

Jaspan announced the official launch of the US version on 21 October 2014, the date that the website was first published. The US team was initially led by Margaret Drain, formerly Executive Producer and Vice President of National Programs at WGBH, with Bruce Wilson heading up Development and University Relations.[16] The US pilot is supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Alfred P Sloan Foundation, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and four other foundations.[17][18]

As part of the announcement of the US Pilot launch in October 2014, Mumbrella explained that both the Australian and UK websites adhere to "a charter that protects editorial independence, author sign off, author disclosure statements and a readability index set to an educated 16-year-old." At the time of the launch, a charter was being devised for the US website.[17]

In January 2016, traffic to the US site reached over a half-million visitors, with millions more reached by licensing its content under a Creative Commons license. They also announced 19 universities as founding partners, who pay up to $35,000 a year for access to analytics on their articles.[19]

The US site launched a section dedicated to Ethics and Religion in 2017, with a grant from the Lilly Endowment.[20]

In 2017 and beyond: The Conversation Canada, New Zealand and IndonesiaEdit

Only six years after launching, TheConversation.com has editors based in the 25 cities shown, working for six regional editions: Africa, Australia (now including a New Zealand Editor), France (publishing in French & English), Global, the UK and the US. Canada launched in June 2017 and Indonesia (in Bahasa & English) is set to launch later this year.[21]

Feasibility work is also underway on a Spanish-language edition.

ContributorsEdit

The Conversation’s authors are academics and researchers. There are over 400,000 academic authors writing for the Conversation's websites.[16]

Initial contributors included Nobel Laureate Peter Doherty; Vice-Chancellor’s Fellow and a Professorial Fellow in Economics at the University of Melbourne Ross Garnaut; Professor of Government and International Relations at University of Sydney John Keane; Professor, Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Research) at University of Technology, Sydney Attila Brungs; Professor of Higher Education at the University of Melbourne Simon Marginson; Professor of Journalism at Queensland University of Technology Brian McNair and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Melbourne Glyn Davis.[citation needed]

EditionsEdit

Africa (as of 7 May 2015)Edit

The editorial team of The Conversation Africa are Caroline Southey, Jabulani Sikhakhane, Thabo Leshilo, Natasha Joseph, Edwin Naidu, Candice Bailey and Ozayr Patel. The management team are Alexandra Storey and Tanya Pampalone.[22]

Australia (as of 22 October 2014)Edit

Lisa Watts is Chief Executive Officer (acting). As of May 2011, Watts' experience in the Australian online media and internet publishing fields spanned twelve years and was the CEO of ArtsHub, a news and employment website for the creative arts industry, prior to her role at the Conversation.[23] Before ArtsHub, Watts was the General Manager of Fairfax Media's MyCareer.com.[24] Misha Ketchell is the Editor. Previously, he was editor of Crikey, the founding editor of The Big Issue (Australia), editor of The Melbourne Weekly, and a reporter and feature writer for The Age. Ketchell was also employed by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) for the following programs: Media Watch, The 7:30 Report and The Drum.[25][26]

Charis Palmer is the Deputy Editor and Head of Digital Strategy. Palmer joined The Conversation as News Editor in 2012 after working as editor of Business Spectator, where she was also founding editor of Technology Spectator. She later served as editor of iTnews and has also run her own publishing business focused on the banking sector.

Liz Minchin is the Executive Director and Sunanda Creagh is the Head of Digital Storytelling.[27]

Andrew Jaspan was the founding Editor-in-Chief and resigned from The Conversation in March 2017.[28] He previously edited Sunday Times Scotland (1988–1990), Scotland on Sunday (1990–1994), The Scotsman (1994), The Observer (1995–1996), and the Sunday Herald (1999–2004) in the United Kingdom (UK), and he was also Publisher and Managing Director of The Big Issue (UK) (1996–1998). Jaspan was invited to be editor-in-chief of Melbourne, Australia's The Age and The Sunday Age newspapers in 2004, and remained in this role until 2008.[2] He is a Senior Fellow in the Department of Infrastructure Engineering, University of Melbourne, Melbourne,[29] and the Asia-Pacific Director of Innovation Media Consulting.[30]

Canada (as of June 2017)Edit

The Conversation Canada launched on June 26 2017.

  • Scott White - Editor[31]

France (as of 21 September 2015)Edit

The pilot edition of The Conversation France was published on 21 September 2015. Key players include Fabrice Rousselot and Didier Pourquery (fr).[32]

United Kingdom (as of 22 October 2014)Edit

  • Stephen Khan - Editor
  • Matt Warren - Deputy Editor
  • Jo Adetunji - Deputy Editor
  • Jonathan Este - Associate Editor[25]

United States (as of June 2016)Edit

  • Maria Balinska - Editor[25]
  • Martin LaMonica - Deputy Editor and Environment + Energy Editor

AudienceEdit

The online publication completed its third readers survey in the first half of 2014 and the results showed that 1.5 million unique visitors visit the website at the time of the survey—according to Jaspan, this total increased to two million by October 2014.[16] The 2014 survey also revealed that 35 per cent of the Conversation Australia's audience is located beyond Australia's borders, while 90 per cent of readers possess an undergraduate degree, or a higher educational attainment. The vast majority of the audience is under the age of 45 years; just over half of the readership earns more than A$100,000 per year; and the gender split is fairly even, with the proportion of female readers slightly higher.[33]

The 2015 reader survey results showed an audience of 2.6 million users on site, and a reach through creative commons republication of 23 million.[34]

FactCheckEdit

The Conversation’s FactCheck unit has become the first fact-checking team in Australia and one of only two worldwide accredited by the International Fact-Checking Network, an alliance of fact-checkers hosted at the Poynter Institute in the US.[35] The only other fact-checking team accredited under this process is the Washington Post’s Fact Checker.

The accreditation process is part of a broader effort by media outlets to restore reader trust in a world where anyone can claim the title FactCheck – whether or not they have approached the task in a fair, rigorous and impartial way. The accreditation means The Conversation’s unique approach to fact checking has been assessed by an external panel as compliant with the code of fact-checker’s principles, which require non-partisanship, fairness, transparency of funding, sources and methods, and a commitment to open and honest corrections.

TechnologyEdit

The Conversation uses a custom publishing and content management system built in Ruby on Rails. The system enables contributors to collaborate on articles in real time. Articles link to author profiles—including disclosure statements—and personal dashboards show authors' engagement with the public.[36]

Partners (Australia)Edit

CriticismEdit

The Conversation has been described by Quadrant Online as "one-sided" and "staffed by left-leaning refugees from commercial news organisations' withered operations."[38] Despite editor-in-chief Andrew Jaspan's claim that, "There has to be total transparency in what you do,"[39] a former radio host claimed to have uncovered evidence, presented in January 2013, that the website did not properly disclose that one of their authors was a union official.[40]

Furthermore, TheCommentator noted that, during the ongoing Greek financial crisis, a "startling number of Greek social scientists and economists... have piled in with pro-Syriza articles in highbrow online publications like Open Democracy and The Conversation."[41]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "theconversation.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Roy Greenslade (25 March 2011). "Jaspan is an editor for the eighth time with his new Aussie start-up". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "BBC Blogs - College of Journalism - Creating journalism from academia: a pilot project". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  4. ^ "Nocookies". The Australian. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "The Conversation to launch in Africa with funding from Bill Gates foundation - mUmBRELLA". Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  6. ^ Delcambre, Alexis. "The Conversation se lance en français". Le Monde.fr (in French). ISSN 1950-6244. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  7. ^ Rousselot, Fabrice. "The Conversation Global: the world's biggest stories, told by experts". The Conversation. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  8. ^ Dickinson, Debbie. "Behind the scenes: creative commons publishing". The Conversation. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  9. ^ Professor Glyn Davis (November 2010). "Podcasts". ABC Services. ABC. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  10. ^ Andrew Jaspan (April 2011). "Podcasts". ABC Services. ABC. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "Who We Are". The Conversation Australia. The Conversation Media Group. 2010–2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "video Tony Abbott and Julia Gillard praise Michelle Grattan". The Age. 5-2-3013. Retrieved 1 April 2013.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  13. ^ "The Conversation continues discussions with US and India following hire of Jakarta editor". Mumbrella. Focal Attraction. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  14. ^ Matt Shipman (16 May 2013). "Bringing Academia into the Newsroom: An Interview with Akshat Rathi". SciLogs. Matt Shipman. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c "Partners and funders". The Conversation UK. The Conversation Trust (UK). 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c Andrew Jaspan (21 October 2014). "The Conversation US joins global network". The Conversation US. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  17. ^ a b Steve Jones (22 October 2014). "The Conversation launches in the US with 10-strong team". Mumbrella. Focal Attractions. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Partners and Funders". The Conversation US. The Conversation Media Group. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  19. ^ Wang, Shan (5 February 2016). "The Conversation expands across the U.S., freshly funded by universities and foundations". Nieman Journalism Lab. Retrieved 25 April 2016. 
  20. ^ Balinska, Maria (2 February 2017). "The Conversation US launches Ethics and Religion desk". The Conversation. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  21. ^ Hermida, Alfred. "It's time to start The Conversation in Canada". The Conversation. Retrieved 2017-06-26. 
  22. ^ Caroline Southey (7 May 2015). "Welcome to The Conversation Africa". Theconversation.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  23. ^ "Board". Midsumma. Midsumma Festival Inc. 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  24. ^ "The Conversation appoints Lisa Watts as Commercial Director". 1888 Press Release. 1888 Press Release. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c "Our team and boards". The Conversation Australia. The Conversation Media Group. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  26. ^ "Speaker Biographies". IPAA Writing Seminar: Making the complex accessible. IPAA Victoria. 17 July 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  27. ^ "Our Team: The Conversation". theconversation.com. Retrieved 2017-06-15. 
  28. ^ Ketchell, Misha. "Andrew Jaspan resigns as Editor and Executive Director of The Conversation". The Conversation. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  29. ^ "Melbourne School of Engineering: Department of Infrastructure Engineering". University of Melbourne. University of Melbourne. 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  30. ^ "Global Team". Innovation Media Consulting. Innovation. 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  31. ^ "Our Team: The Conversation". theconversation.com. Retrieved 2017-06-26. 
  32. ^ "The Conversation se met au français". Theconversation.com. 20 September 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  33. ^ "The Conversation Reader Survey" (PDF). The Conversation Australia. The Conversation Media Group. March 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  34. ^ "Our Audience". theconversation.com. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  35. ^ Creagh, Sunanda. "The Conversation's FactCheck granted accreditation by International Fact-Checking Network at Poynter". The Conversation. Retrieved 2017-06-26. 
  36. ^ Trounson, Andrew (28 March 2011). "Getting the message out". The Australian. Retrieved 7 April 2011. 
  37. ^ a b c "Partners and funders". The Conversation. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  38. ^ Thomas, Tony (14 February 2014). "A Rather One-Sided 'Conversation'". Quadrant. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  39. ^ Spanier, Gideon (25 January 2013). "Andrew Jaspan's The Conversation is making news without a profit". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  40. ^ Smith, Michael (25 January 2013). "Journalism, journalism lecturers, ethics and trade unions - Janine Little article in The Conversation". MichaelSmithNews.com. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  41. ^ Gallagher, Tom (5 February 2015). "Greek crisis foreshadows new European order". TheCommentator.com. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 

External linksEdit