Henry Tang Ying-nien, GBM, GBS, JP (Chinese: 唐英年; born 6 September 1952, Hong Kong) is a Hong Kong politician who served as the Chief Secretary of Hong Kong between 2007 and 2011. He held the position of Financial Secretary from 2003 to 2007. In 2012, he lost the Hong Kong Chief Executive Election to Leung Chun-ying.
Henry Tang Ying-nien
|Chief Secretary for Administration|
1 July 2007 – 28 September 2011
|Chief Executive||Donald Tsang|
|Preceded by||Rafael Hui|
|Succeeded by||Stephen Lam|
|Financial Secretary of Hong Kong|
5 August 2003 – 30 June 2007
|Chief Executive||Tung Chee-hwa|
|Preceded by||Antony Leung|
|Succeeded by||John Tsang|
|Chief Executive of Hong Kong|
25 May 2005 – 21 June 2005
|Preceded by||Sir Donald Tsang (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Sir Donald Tsang|
|1st Secretary for Commerce, Industry and Technology|
1 July 2002 – 3 August 2003
|Chief Executive||Tung Chee-hwa|
|Succeeded by||John Tsang|
|Born||6 September 1952|
British Hong Kong
|Political party||Liberal Party (1993–2002)|
Lisa Kuo (m. 1984)
|Residence||7 York Road, Kowloon Tong|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan (BA)|
- 1 Background and education
- 2 Career
- 3 2012 Hong Kong Chief Executive election
- 4 Controversy
- 5 Family and personal
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Background and educationEdit
Tang's family operated in the textile industry and came from Wuxi, Jiangsu to Hong Kong in 1949 to escape the communists that were taking over the Chinese mainland. Henry Tang himself was born in what was then British Hong Kong in 1952. Tang went to Culford School, Suffolk, UK and graduated from Cranbrook Schools in Bloomfield Hills, MI and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Michigan. He is a graduate of class of 1975.
Tang has extensive ties with PRC leaders as his father Tang Hsiang Chien was a former standing committee member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, the advisory body to the National People's Congress.
Between 1995 and 2001 he served as the Chairman of the Federation of Hong Kong Industries. He was also a Committee Member of the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce and a Steward of the Hong Kong Jockey Club. He was also the Chairman of the Provisional Construction Industry Co-ordination Board (PCICB) before joining the government.
Tang was a member of the Executive Council from the transfer of sovereignty in 1997 to 2011. He served as a member of the Legislative Council for seven years from 1991 to 1998. He was a member of the Liberal Party, a pro-businessmen and pro-Beijing party, before joining the government.
Tang has also served extensively on various government boards and public bodies, including the Trade Development Council, Town Planning Board, University Grants Committee, and Council of the City University of Hong Kong.
Tang took up his commerce post in July 2002 as part of a line-up of new secretaries aimed at improving the government's transparency. He was promoted from Secretary for Commerce, Industry and Technology to Finance Secretary on 4 August 2003 replacing Antony Leung. Leung resigned on 16 July 2003 due to allegations of tax evasion in regards to his new car. Tang briefly served from 25 May to 21 June 2005 as acting Chief Executive after Tung Chee Hwa, the former Chief Executive who resigned citing health reasons.
On 25 May 2005, Donald Tsang, the Chief Secretary for Administration, resigned to stand in the 'by-election' for Chief Executive. Tang served as Acting Chief Executive of HKSAR soon after Tsang's resignation was announced.
The Financial Times reported, on 23 October 2019, Tang was being considered as a replacement for Carrie Lam. He would serve the remainder of her term which ends in 2022. The final decision of the Xi Administration to remove Lam could come sometime in March 2020. However, the Chinese government have denied such deliberations.
2012 Hong Kong Chief Executive electionEdit
On 28 September 2011, in a widely trailed move, Tang resigned from his post, and then in late November announced his candidacy for Chief Executive. He was widely believed to be preferred by Beijing, and hence quickly received support from many financial heavyweights, including Former Monetary Authority chief Joseph Yam Chi-kwong, HSBC Asia-Pacific chief executive Peter Wong Tung-shun, and 'Father of Lan Kwai Fong', Allan Zeman. However, in an unprecedented turn of events, including a series of scandals and dramatically reduced levels of public support, the final vote by the Election Committee saw him lose to Leung Chun-ying.
Tang was involved in the Harbour Fest controversy as Chairman of the Economic Relaunch Strategy Group responsible for pushing ahead with the plan to spend $100 million to revive the economy after SARS, and said that he should be held responsible. Tang had said that although Mike Rowse, a senior civil servant, had actually signed the contract, Rowse as such was not required to be held politically responsible. However, during a Working Group meeting on 31 October 2003 and during an independent inquiry in May 2004, Tang allegedly said Rowse had not acted improperly and that there had been no irregularity in the implementation of the event. Tang had also said that all parties had underestimated the complexity of the event and may have been too ambitious in organising it in such a short timespan. He later withdrew the remark: just before a government inquiry opened on November 2004, Tang requested the ERWG minutes be deleted. Internal governmental disciplinary process fined Rowse for misconduct, but a High Court judge quashed the government ruling on 4 July 2008. Political commentator Frank Ching pointed to the huge credibility gap of the government. He noted that Tang's attempt to shift political responsibility from himself, as the minister responsible, to a senior civil servant, was a travesty of justice for Rowse, and went against the Accountability System.
2010 shoeing incidentEdit
On 6 March 2010 Tang attended a Youth Summit in Chai Wan organised by the Home Affairs Bureau. A 31-year-old jobless man threw a shoe at Tang and it landed on the stage metres away from him. The man was dragged away by police. The man said he was unemployed after getting fired by a computer company, and the government policies were not helping him. He said he was not a "post-80s" teen, but supported the highspeed rail protest connecting HK to Guangdong. A protester said that the topics discussed in the summit are not those that any young person would be interested in.
2011 car crash comment and protestEdit
On 15 January 2011, Tang attended a Roundtable Institute and gave a speech that targeted the Hong Kong post-80s generation with some controversial comments. He said the young generations need to take responsibilities, and he cautioned them for slamming others because of opposing views. Then he stressed the need to compromise and simplify complicated issues. He further said young people should not close the door and act like emperors. That he doesn't want to see politics lead to a bloodshed, leading to a road of no return and end up like a fatal car crash.
On 21 January 2011, Leung Kwok-hung led a group of protesters to a public forum with a toy model car. He then smashed the car in front of Henry Tang to represent a fatal car crash. On 30 January 2011 eight youth groups including Hong Kong Federation of Students marched to New World Development, Li Ka Shing's Cheung Kong Holdings in Central and accused the government of colluding with businesses in maximising profits while squeezing the poor. The students criticised Tang and the government for policies that benefit the upper class only like no real estate tax duty, reduction of wine and profit tax. The students said the whole HK is at the mercy of real estate developers.
On 4 October 2011, in the midst of rumours about his extra-marital affair with Shirley Yuen, his administrative assistant when he was finance secretary of Hong Kong, Henry Tang issued a statement, in which he admitted that he had made a mistake in his romantic life in the past and he deeply regretted it. He said that his wife had forgiven him. His wife said in the statement that there had been difficult times in their relationship and that he has faults, but that she also appreciated his strengths. She acknowledged him as her 'best partner'. National People's Congress Standing Committee member Rita Fan said on 7 October 2011 that she didn't know about Tang's now widely publicised infidelity when she offered her support and she refused to rule herself out of standing in the following year's Chief Executive election, though she did not in fact stand.
In February 2012, several Chinese newspapers reported Henry Tang might have had a relationship with Esther Lam, the daughter of Heung Yee Kuk vice-chairman Daniel Lam Wai-keung. Emails supposedly exchanged by the two of them and a picture showing them shoulder against shoulder have been published. Tang denied the reports claiming "we are only casual acquaintances".
Questionable academic credentialsEdit
Henry Tang is commonly believed to have attended Graduate School at Yale University and to have obtained a master's degree in Sociology. These were credentials submitted to then HK governor David Wilson in 1991–1992. So far there is no evidence that he did obtain that degree.
Since 13 February 2012, three major Hong Kong presses were reporting the unauthorised building works of Tang's two adjoined residences at York Road, Kowloon Tong. On 16 February 2012, an inspection by officials of the Buildings Department revealed a basement with an area of more than 2200 square feet (11 m by 19 m) that was not documented in the approved floor plan. Tang admitted at a press conference that he was aware of the construction of an illegal basement at his family house and said that it was his wife's idea. His wife agreed that the responsibility was hers  The admission followed several denials and provoked widespread criticism: "He has lost almost all his credibility, he lied every day," said Ma Ngok, a political sciences professor at the University of Hong Kong to AFP.
The scandal prompted some of Tang's potential supporters of the 2012 Hong Kong Chief Executive election to review their position. One former supporter said that it was 'unbearable' for Tang to throw the blame onto his wife.
No charges were brought against Tang though his wife was convicted of a criminal offence and fined HK$110,000, the illegal basement having been filled in.
Family and personalEdit
Tang is married to Bauke Zijsling and the couple have four children: three daughters and a son.
His brother, Tom Tang Chung-yen, is a member of the Trade Development Council, and whose reappointment to the post by CY Leung, after he vanquished Tang to become Chief Executive in 2012, was seen as part of a reconciliation between the two camps.
- Te-Ping Chen (20 February 2012). "Satirists Take Aim at Hong Kong Candidate Tang". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "广州日报 – 2011年9月29日 – A14:要闻版 – 唐英年辞去香港政务司司长". Gzdaily.dayoo.com. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "銜金匙而生 跨政商兩界_中國窗-香港商報". Hkcd.com.hk. 29 September 2011. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- Cityu.edu.hk. "cityu.edu.hk." Henry Tang. Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- University of Michigan Alumni Association, Alumni Spotlight http://alumni.umich.edu/node/807
- Sina.com.cn. ""唐英年之父、半島針織董事長唐翔千" Sina.com.cn Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- Devb.gov.hk. "Devb.gov.hk." Statement by PCICB chairman. Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- Gov.hk. "Gov.hk." Mr Henry Tang Ying-yen. Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- Leung, Sophie (28 September 2011). "China's Hong Kong Succession Takes Shape as Tang Steps Down". Bloomberg. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- Cannix Yau (31 October 2003). "Leung 'not to blame for Fest contracts'". The Standard. Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011.
- Nishika Patel, Rowse seeks to have music fest verdict quashed Archived 22 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine, The Standard, 26 February 2008
- Frank Ching (15 July 2008). "Credibility gap". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong.
- The Standard HK. "The Standard.com Archived 9 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine." Assault rap aimed at shoe thrower. Retrieved on 7 March 2010.
- South China Morning Post."SCMP." Shoes thrown at Tang at youth summit. Retrieved on 7 March 2010.
- The Standard HK."The Standard.com." Tang's calculated hardened stance. Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- Metrohk.com.hk. ""葉劉批唐挑釁". Metrohk.com.hk Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- Sina.com. ""唐英年訓80後：社運針對官商 不分青紅皂白". Sina.com Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- 881903.com. ""唐英年指清拆菜園村合法合情合理". Commercial Radio, Hong Kong. Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- South China Morning Post. "SCMP." Article. Retrieved on 30 January 2010.
- (in Chinese)唐英年承認過去感情有缺失 Archived 2 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Sina.com.hk. 4 October 2011.
- Rita Fan won't rule out CE bid Radio Television Hong Kong. 7 October 2011.
- Tang denies affair with banker, South China Morning Post, 22 Feb 2012
- 講真話：有人講大話不是舊新聞 – 太陽報 (in Chinese). The-sun.on.cc. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "屋宇署視察確定唐英年約道七號大宅地庫是僭建 (Buildings Department confirmed basement of Tang's residence at York Road 7 to be unauthorized)". Mingpao (in Chinese). 16 February 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Moore, Malcolm (17 February 2012). "Henry Tang: Secret 'underground palace' scandal hits Hong Kong leader-in-waiting". Telegraph. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- "Inspectors check Tang home amid chaos". Radio Television Hong Kong. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Chan, Kahon (28 November 2013). "Henry Tang's wife fined HK$110,000 for illegal basement".
- More Tang backers reappointed, SCMP, 16 June 2012
|Legislative Council of Hong Kong|
|New constituency|| Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Import and Export
|Replaced by Provisional Legislative Council|
|New parliament|| Member of Provisional Legislative Council
|Replaced by Legislative Council|
as Secretary for Commerce and Industry
| Secretary for Commerce, Industry and Technology
as Secretary for Information Technology and Broadcasting
| Financial Secretary of Hong Kong|
as Acting Chief Executive
| Chief Executive of Hong Kong
| Chief Secretary for Administration
as Chief Secretary for Administration
| Chairman of West Kowloon Cultural District Authority
|Order of precedence|
Recipient of the Grand Bauhinia Medal
| Hong Kong order of precedence
Recipient of the Grand Bauhinia Medal
Recipient of the Grand Bauhinia Medal