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Apple Daily is a Hong Kong-based newspaper founded in 1995 by Jimmy Lai Chee Ying and published by Next Digital. A sister publication of the same name is published in Taiwan under a joint venture between Next Media and other Taiwanese companies. Apple Daily tends to favour the pan-democracy camp in its editorials and commentaries.[1] However, this position has resulted in backlashes - ostensibly led by the Chinese government, which opposes democracy in Hong Kong - involving advertising boycotts, online hacking attacks and torchings of their newspapers.

Apple Daily
Apple Daily Title.svg
Apple daily front page.jpg
Front page on 9 October 2010
(English: "Liu Xiaobo awarded Nobel Peace Prize")
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Next Digital
Founded20 June 1995; 24 years ago (1995-06-20)
Political alignmentPro-democracy
Headquarters8 Chun Ying Street
T.K.O Industrial Estate West, Tseung Kwan O
Hong Kong
Websitehk.appledaily.com
Apple Daily
Hong Kong Apple Daily newsvan 20070918.jpg
An Apple Daily newsvan in Hong Kong.
Traditional Chinese蘋果日報
Simplified Chinese苹果日报

Apple Daily's popularity as Hong Kong's second best selling newspaper, according to AC Nielsen, is derived from its concentration on celebrity coverage, brash news style, sensationalist news reportage and its anti-government political positions.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Apple Daily was founded by Jimmy Lai Chee Ying on 20 June 1995. Founder Jimmy Lai brainstormed the name of this newspaper, stating that "if Adam and Eve didn't eat the apple, there would be no evil or wrongdoings in this world, which made news a non-existing term".[2]

Unlike newspapers at that time, it used colour printing on all pages of the newspaper and did not allow advertisements covering the complete front page. Since then, it has attracted a large readership. Other newspapers followed suit, and a few were forced to close due to intense competition from Apple Daily. Techniques used by Apple Daily to gain readership included price warring,[3] extensive use of written Cantonese,[4] at a time when most Hong Kong newspapers used written vernacular Chinese,[5] and a focus on reporting crime, celebrity news, eroticism, gambling, and drug use.[6]

The newspaper uncovered many political scandals, including a former member of the Legislative Council not reporting conflict of interest in 2000, a former Financial Secretary Antony Leung for tax evasion on a Lexus LS 430 which saved him HK$50,000 (USD $6,400), and many others, leading to the convictions or forced resignations of those individuals.

In 2000, an Apple Daily reporter was sentenced to 10 months in jail for bribing police officers for information concerning criminal cases.[7][8]

Apple Daily often criticizes the Central Government of China and pro-China governments in Hong Kong.[5] Just prior to 1 July 2003, the newspaper encouraged people to take to the street and protest against the government. On that day of protest, it prepared banners and newspaper front pages for the public to carry and protest. The 2003 protest drew 500,000 citizens (the third largest protest ever seen in Hong Kong) to the Hong Kong 1 July marches.

Since then, it has been viewed as the newspaper that helped carry the message of protest against the government. In particular, it was at the forefront of the Umbrella Movement protests in 2014, helping to rally support for the Occupy Central with Love and Peace protests and pushing back against the Chinese government's proposal for full suffrage (with all candidates vetted by the Chinese government). Editor-in-chief and largest shareholder of parent company Next Media Jimmy Lai was forced to step down in 2014 after his arrest for refusing to leave a key protest site in the central business district of Hong Kong. Ip Yut-kin, print media CEO of Next Media, succeeded him.

In March 2015, Chan Pui-man became the first female chief editor of the journal, replacing Ip Yut-kin.[9]

StyleEdit

Apple Daily was sometimes accused for introducing tabloid journalism to Hong Kong, according to The Wall Street Journal.[10] Professor Paul Lee (Chinese: 李少南) of School of Journalism and Communication, the Chinese University of Hong Kong (also Dean of the Faculty of Social Science of CUHK from 2009[11]), in the first chapter of his book New Perspectives on Hong Kong Media, described the establishment of Apple Daily had changed the habitat of Hong Kong newspapers, which he used the word Chinese: 大報小報化; literally: '"Broadsheet (large) newspaper became tabloid (small)' to describe the situation.[12] The high circulated newspaper Apple Daily, The Sun and Oriental Daily are known for its tabloid journalism as well as making main stream reporting (In Lee word: Chinese: 大小通吃).[12] According to Professor Lee, the general public criticized the Hong Kong newspapers, especially the aforementioned one, for example on breach of privacy and paparazzi (known locally as Chinese: 狗仔隊).[12] The Newspaper Society of Hong Kong had established a self-governing panel to response to the criticism, however, Apple Daily, The Sun and Oriental Daily did not join the panel.[12]

Other author, such as Wong Tin-Chi (黃天賜), Senior Lecturer of the School of Communication, Hong Kong Baptist University,[13][14] also credited Apple Daily for its success and its tabloid journalism. However, Wong also credited the newspaper on coverage of breaking news and current affairs.[15]

An article in Far Eastern Economic Review (FEER), used "lurid journalism", "saturation marketing", "willingness to offend Beijing", "racy tabloid" to describe Apple Daily as well as Next Media (now known as Next Digital), the publisher of the newspaper.[16] Next Media was owned by Jimmy Lai.[16] Columbia Journalism Review, simply used "Chinese-language tabloid" to describe the newspaper.[17] Columbia Journalism Review also credited Apple Daily for battling self-censored culture of the Hong Kong newspapers, as well as honest reporting to news and current affairs that related to China, as well as allocating a significant portion of the staff to report crime, politics and life-style respectively.[17]

Political pressuresEdit

The anti-government editorial stance has led to it suffering advertising boycotts. In 2003, several major property developers in Hong Kong ceased advertising with the journal; in 2013, three of the territory's major banks – HSBC, Hang Seng and Standard Chartered – also stopped advertising in the paper. An executive at the paper said it was due to pressure from central government's liaison office, but this was denied by the latter; the banks cited "commercial reasons".[18]

As well as advertising boycotts, the editorial stance of Apple Daily has resulted in it suffering hacking attacks on an "almost weekly basis". Increasingly sophisticated techniques (including placing infected files on Dropbox to lure journalists into downloading them) have forced them to tighten their email security software as well as, among other measures, instructing lawyers to use couriers rather than email. A 2014 analysis by security software company FireEye connected denial-of-service attacks on Apple Daily with more professional cyber attacks, saying there may be a "common quartermaster" and that China's government would be the entity most interested in these "political objectives".[19]

ColumnistsEdit

David Tang, bon vivant and founder of Shanghai Tang, writes a weekly column for Apple Daily in English, a selection which were published in book as An Apple a Week.

In September 2003, veteran columnist To Kit (Chinese: 陶傑; also known for his English pen name and real name Chip Tsao) joined the newspaper, and publishes his daily column "The Golden Adventure" (黃金冒險號) and a weekly editorial called "Sunday Rest" (星期日休息) at the newspaper.

Popular food critic, travel writer and former movie producer Chua Lam writes a regular column for the newspaper.

Popular writer/doctor Au Lok Man also writes articles for the newspaper's leisure section on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kuan, Hsin-chi (1999). Power Transfer and Electoral Politics: The First Legislative Election in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Chinese University Press. pp. 205–206.
  2. ^ 黎智英品味 挑戰台灣 (in Chinese). 21 February 2000. Archived from the original on 3 November 2004. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
  3. ^ Nyaw, Mee-Kau (1997). The Other Hong Kong Report. Chinese University Press. pp. 490–494.
  4. ^ Tam, Maria (1997). Hong Kong: The Anthropology of a Chinese Metropolis. University of Hawaii Press. p. 19.
  5. ^ a b Snow, Donald (2004). Cantonese as Written Language: The Growth of a Written Chinese Vernacular. Hong Kong University Press. pp. 166–168.
  6. ^ Lee, Chin-Chuan (1997). "Media Structure and Regime Change in Hong Kong". In Chan, Ming (ed.). The Challenge of Hong Kong's Reintegration with China. Hong Kong University Press. p. 131.
  7. ^ http://www.people.com.cn/GB/channel4/992/20000608/94367.html
  8. ^ http://the-sun.on.cc/channels/news/20030527/20030527022754_0001.html
  9. ^ http://www.ejinsight.com/20150310-meet-apple-daily-new-female-editor-in-chief/
  10. ^ "Hong Kong Investigators Raid Apple Daily; Reporter Arrested". The Wall Street Journal. 2 December 1999. The Apple Daily, which gives readers a heavy diet of sex and violence, has been attacked for bringing tabloid journalism into Hong Kong homes
  11. ^ "Professor Paul Lee appointed as full-time Dean of the Faculty of Social Science". School of Journalism and Communication (Press release). Chinese University of Hong Kong. c. 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d Lee, Paul (2015) [first edition published in 2003]. 一國兩制下的社會與媒介變遷. In Lee, Paul (ed.). 香港傳媒新世紀 [New Perspectives on Hong Kong Media] (in Chinese) (2nd ed.). The Chinese University Press. pp. 4–7 – via Google Book preview.
  13. ^ 《新聞與香港社會真相(增訂本)》 (in Chinese). The Commercial Press online book store (Sino United Publishing). Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Faculty Members". School of Communication. Hong Kong Baptist University. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  15. ^ 黃天賜 (2013). 新聞與香港社會真相 (in Chinese) (增訂本 ed.). Hong Kong: Chung Hwa Book Co. (Sino United Publishing). pp. 71–77. ISBN 978-988-8181-99-5 – via Google Book preview.
  16. ^ a b Lague, David (12 July 2001). "Taiwan — Lai's Next Move: The publisher with the Midas Touch hits new highs. But mainland China remains a dream". Far Eastern Economic Review. Hong Kong – via factiva.
  17. ^ a b Steinberger, Michael (1996). "An apple a day: Jimmy Lai's tough tabloid". Columbia Journalism Review. 34 (6) – via ProQuest.
  18. ^ "Tamed hounds". The Economist, 19 July 2014
  19. ^ "On China's fringes, cyber spies raise their game". Reuters. 30 November 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015.

External linksEdit