The Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty is an American research and educational institution, or think tank, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, (with an office in Rome) whose stated mission is "to promote a free and virtuous society characterized by individual liberty and sustained by religious principles". Its work supports free market economic policy framed within Judeo-Christian morality. It has been alternately described as conservative and libertarian.
|Motto||Connecting good intentions with sound economics|
|Type||Public policy think tank|
|Headquarters||98 E. Fulton Street, Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA|
|Robert A. Sirico, Kris Alan Mauren|
The Acton Institute was founded in 1990 in Grand Rapids, Michigan by Robert A. Sirico and Kris Alan Mauren. It is named after the English historian, politician and writer Lord Acton, who is popularly associated with the dictum "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely". Sirico and Mauren were concerned that many religious people were ignorant of economic realities, and that many economists and businessmen were insufficiently grounded in religious principles. Sirico explains the essential link between economics and religion with reference to the institute's namesake:
Acton realized that economic freedom is essential to creating an environment in which religious freedom can flourish. But he also knew that the market can function only when people behave morally. So, faith and freedom must go hand in hand. As he put it, "Liberty is the condition which makes it easy for conscience to govern".
The release in 1991 of the papal encyclical Centesimus annus buoyed the institute at a critical time. The document provided, a year after Acton's founding, established support for the institute's economic personalism and defense of capitalism. Robert Sirico said at the time that it constituted a "vindication".
In 2002, the Institute opened a Rome office, Istituto Acton, to carry out Acton's mission abroad. In 2004, the Institute was given the Templeton Freedom Award for its "extensive body of work on the moral defense of the free market". In 2012, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program at the University of Pennsylvania included Acton in its list of the top 50 think tanks in the United States.
In 2005, Mother Jones published a chart which included the Acton Institute on a list of groups that had reportedly received a donation ($155,000) from ExxonMobil. As of 2007, the Institute had received funding from the Earhart Foundation and the Bradley Foundation. The Grand Rapids Press wrote in 2013 that much of the Acton Institute's funding comes from residents of western Michigan, including John Kennedy, president and CEO of Autocam Corp., and Amway co-founder Richard DeVos.
The Acton Institute has built a network of international affiliations including Centro Interdisciplinar de Ética e Economia Personalista, Brazil, Europa Institut, Austria, Institute for the Study of Human Dignity and Economic Freedom, Zambia and Instituto Acton Argentina Organization.
Research and publicationsEdit
- Journal of Markets & Morality:
- Abraham Kuyper Translation Project:
- In 2011, the institute began a collaboration with Kuyper College to translate into English the three-volume work Common Grace (De Gemene Gratie in Dutch) of politician, journalist and Reformed theologian Abraham Kuyper. The work, written from 1901-05 while he was Prime minister of the Netherlands, addresses the advance of both Marxism and libertarianism from an ecumenical Christian viewpoint as part of an effort to build a "constructive public theology" for the Western world. The first volume of the translation, Wisdom and Wonder: Common Grace in Science and Art, was unveiled in November, 2011.
- Religion & Liberty:
- The Samaritan Guide:
- Through 2008, the institute gave an annual Samaritan Award to a "highly successful, privately funded charity whose work is direct, personal, and accountable". The Samaritan Guide was produced to encourage effective charitable giving by establishing a rating system for charities considered for the Samaritan Award.
- Acton Notes:
- The Acton PowerBlog:
Films produced by the Acton Institute include The Call of the Entrepreneur (2007) and Poverty, Inc. (2014), which won a 2014 Templeton Freedom Award from the Atlas Network. Poverty Inc. is part of the Acton Institute's PovertyCure initiative, which seeks to create solutions to poverty by "moving efforts from aid to enterprise and from paternalism to partnerships."
Besides Sirico, notable scholars associated with the institute include Anthony Bradley, Jordan Ballor, Stephen Grabill, Michael Matheson Miller, Marvin Olasky, Kevin Schmiesing, and Jonathan Witt. The institute's director of research is Samuel Gregg, author of the prize-winning book The Commercial Society. Andreas Widmer is a research fellow in entrepreneurship for the research department.
Current and former members of the institute's board of directors include Alejandro Chafuen, former president of the Atlas Network; Gaylen Byker, president emeritus of Calvin College; Sean Fieler, Equinox Partners; Leslie Graves, president of the Lucy Burns Institute; Frank Hanna III of Hanna Capital; and Robert Sirico, president of the Acton Institute.
- "Acton Institute" (PDF). Candid. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
- Andrews, Cory (2006), "Acton Institute", American Conservatism: An Encyclopedia, Wilmington, DE: ISI Books, p. 8
- "About the Acton Institute". Acton Institute. Archived from the original on 24 October 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Burke, Greg (8 September 1991). "The Market & Liberty". National Catholic Register. North Haven, CT.
- Worrall, Malika (20 December 2007). "New film promotes entrepreneurship as divine". Fortune Small Business. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- Leland, John (27 March 2005). "Did Descartes Doom Terri Schiavo?". The New York Times.
- Stammer, Larry B. (7 April 2001). "Bush Turn on Treaty Galvanizes New Green Coalition". The Los Angeles Times.
- McBrien, Father Richard P. (29 May 2005). "Pope chronicles". The Los Angeles Times.
- Gibson, David (29 April 2014). "Conservatives squawk over pope's tweet on inequality". Religion News Service.
- Gibson, David (10 September 2014). "Regensburg Redux: Was Pope Benedict XVI right about Islam?". Religion News Service.
- Henneberger, Melinda (6 June 2014). "Can you be Catholic and libertarian?". The Washington Post.
- Convissor, Kate (August 1999). "The Acton Institute: Of Morality & the Marketplace.". Grand Rapids Magazine. p. 36-37.
- Sullivan, Elizabeth (February 1993). "Rev. Robert Sirico: Inside Track." Grand Rapids Business Journal: 5-6.
- Coulter, Michael F., ed. (2007), "Acton Institute", Encyclopedia of Catholic Social Thought, Social Science, and Social Policy, 1, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, pp. 5–7
- Koshelnyk, William J. (1996). "Separation of Church and ... Capitalism". The American Voice. 1 (5). pp. 6–7.
- Bandow, Doug (26 November 1992). "Preaching liberty to the unconverted". The Washington Times. Washington, D.C.
- Harger, Jim (1 May 1991). "Free enterprise wins moral victory". The Grand Rapids Press. Grand Rapids, MI.
- Acton Institute awarded for work in economics and ethics. The Grand Rapids Press. 13 March 2004.
- "2012 Global Go To Think Tanks Report and Policy Advice" (PDF). Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania. 24 January 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2013.
- "Put a Tiger In Your Think Tank". Mother Jones. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Liberty, Economics, and the Clergy". Organization Trends. Washington, D.C.: Capital Research Center. July 1992.
- R., Mosey (2009). 2030, the coming tumult: unlimited growth on a finite planet. City: Algora Publishing. pp. 166–167. ISBN 0-87586-744-8.
- Harger, Jim (22 February 2013). "Acton Institute's financial backing has strong ties to West Michigan's wealthiest families". Grand Rapids Press. MLive. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
- "Directory SPN Members". State Policy Network. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
- "International Affiliates". Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Heather Richardson (Spring 1992). "Connecting Morals to Markets". Philanthropy. 6 (2): 4–5.
- Rosmini, Antonio (2007). The Constitution under Social Justice. Lexington Books. ISBN 0-7391-0725-9.
- "Journal of Markets & Morality". High Beam Research. Archived from the original on 6 November 2012. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Baker, Hunter (24 January 2011). "Jordan Ballor on Ecumenical Babel". Mere Comments (Touchstone Magazine). Archived from the original on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- Kopenkoskey, Paul R. (28 May 2011). "'Grace' translation under way". The Grand Rapids Press. pp. C1–C2.
- "Acton Institute and Kuyper College launch 'Common Grace,' a major Abraham Kuyper translation project" (Press release). The Acton Institute. 19 April 2011. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Christian's Library Press Launches New Kuyper Book in San Francisco and Grand Rapids" (Press release). Christian's Library Press. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Award - The Samaritan Guide". Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Olasky, Marvin (1 September 2007). "Fighting the Good Poverty Fight". WORLD Magazine. Ashville, NC.
- "Acton Notes". Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- Couretas, John (4 April 2005). "Welcome to the Acton Institute PowerBlog". Acton Institute. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Harger, Jim (13 November 2015). "Acton Institute film about poverty wins $100,000 Templeton Freedom Award". Grand Rapids Press. MLive. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- Chafuen, Alejandro (20 February 2013). "From Aid To Enterprise: How To Intelligently Cure Poverty". Forbes. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "About Anthony Bradley". Retrieved 5 April 2011.
- "Jordan Ballor". Academia. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 June 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Michael Matheson Miller". Michael Matheson Miller. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Staff Profile: Marvin Olasky Ph.D." Acton Institute. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Kevin Schmiesing". Crisis Magazine. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- "Jonathan Witt - Discovery Institute". Retrieved 30 April 2016.
- Gregg, Samuel (2006). The Commercial Society (pbk ed.). Lexington Books. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-7391-1994-5. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- "Andreas Widmer". Catholic Answers. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Our team". Acton Institute. Retrieved 25 April 2019.