Junius Ho

Junius Kwan-yiu Ho JP (Chinese: 何君堯; born 4 June 1962) is a Hong Kong lawyer and politician. He is a former president of the Law Society of Hong Kong and chairman of the Tuen Mun Rural Committee and served as an elected member of the Tuen Mun District Council from 2015 to 2019.


Junius Ho Kwan-yiu

何君堯
JuniusHo20180425 (cropped).jpg
Member of the Legislative Council
Assumed office
1 October 2016
Preceded byAlbert Chan
ConstituencyNew Territories West
Member of the Tuen Mun District Council
In office
1 January 2016 – 31 December 2019
Preceded byAlbert Ho
Succeeded byLo Chun-yu
ConstituencyLok Tsui
Personal details
Born (1962-06-04) 4 June 1962 (age 58)
Tuen Mun, Hong Kong
NationalityHong Kong Chinese
Spouse(s)Cecilia Chan
Children3
ResidenceNgau Tam Mei, New Territories
Alma materChelmer Institute of Higher Education
OccupationSolicitor
politician
Websitewww.juniusho.com

Early lifeEdit

Ho came from a family of village leaders. He grew up in the old site of Leung Tin Village (Chinese: 良田村) in Tuen Mun. He is a 32nd-generation descendant of his Hakka clan, which can be traced back to the 10th century.[1]

Ho attended Queen's College Hong Kong from 1975 to 1979, after which he went to the United Kingdom, where he enrolled at Chelmer Institute of Higher Education and obtained his bachelor of laws degree in 1984. Ho joined a post-graduate programme at the University of Hong Kong in 1984 and obtained his mandatory practising qualification, the postgraduate certificate in laws (PCLL) in 1986.[1]

Legal careerEdit

After gaining his qualifications he was admitted as a solicitor in Hong Kong in 1988 and similarly admitted in Singapore, and England and Wales in 1995 and 1997.[2][3] He is the senior partner of a law firm in Hong Kong and a principal representative of a law firm in Guangzhou. His major practice field is civil litigation, specialising in shareholders' disputes and family disputes. He was appointed a China-Appointed Attesting Officer in 2003.[4]

He became the vice-president of the Law Society of Hong Kong in June 2005 and was elected president for a one-year term in May 2011, after which he has served as a council member.[5]

In 2017, his legal qualifications in England and Wales, and Singapore was disputed, and the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) was contacted regarding this matter.[6] It was reported that the individual by the name of "Junius Kwan-Yiu Ho" does not appear to be on the SRA's records. The dispute, however, was later clarified, for a member by the name of "Kwan Yiu Ho" does appear to be on SRA's records.[2]

Honorary awardsEdit

Anglia Ruskin UniversityEdit

In 2011, Junius Ho was bestowed with an Honorary Doctor of Laws by Anglia Ruskin University, with the university describing him as an "outstanding ambassador".[7][8] After the 2019 Yuen Long attack, an online petition via Change.org was launched urging Anglia Ruskin University to reconsider the honorary award, and the university was notified after the petition reached 500 signatures on 25 July 2019. On 26 October, Lord Alton of Liverpool published a letter addressed to the vice-chancellor of Anglia Ruskin University, requesting the university to consider removing Ho's honorary doctorate, citing alleged examples of "misogyny", "extremism" and "racism".[9] On 28 October 2019, Anglia Ruskin University withdrew Ho's honorary degree following an investigation, with a statement from the university noting, "Mr Ho's conduct since he was honoured has caused increasing concern".[10][11]

China University of Political Science and LawEdit

On 6 December 2019, Ho received an honorary law doctorate at the China University of Political Science and Law for his "outstanding contribution and achievements in the legal sector".[11]

Political careerEdit

Ho first contested a Legislative Council election in 2008, running against Civic Party's Margaret Ng in the Legal functional constituency. He was defeated, receiving 1,286 votes, about 34 percent of the vote.[12]

Ho was elected as Chairman of Tuen Mun Rural Committee in 2011, ousting the long-time chairman and most powerful rural leader Lau Wong-fat, chairman of the Heung Yee Kuk. In that capacity, he became an ex officio member of the Tuen Mun District Council. He served as the rural committee chairman until 2015.[citation needed] He was a candidate in the Legislative Council election in New Territories West in September 2012, where he received 10,805 votes, about two per cent of total vote share and was not elected.[13]

Ho was appointed to Lingnan University council by Chief Executive of Hong Kong Leung Chun-ying in October 2015.[14] Students staged a protest against the appointment over fears of political interference in university governance.[15]

In the 2015 District Council elections, Junius Ho defeated Albert Ho of the Democratic Party in the latter's long-held Lok Tsui seat in a six-way contest by a narrow margin of 277 votes, as the pro-democracy votes were split between Albert Ho and Cheng Chung-tai of Civic Passion.[16] Ho ran again in the 2016 Legislative Council election for the New Territories West. During the election, Ho's supporters were allegedly involved in the withdrawal of candidacy of Liberal Party candidate Ken Chow Wing-kan. Chow claimed he had been intimidated after receiving threats made against him.[17] On the following day, Ho identified that some of the threats were made by one of his volunteers that had helped him for about one or two months; but Ho defended him by stating that the volunteer only wanted to be angry for him.[18] Ho was elected with 35,657 votes, winning the last of nine seats in the constituency.

In May 2017, pro-democracy lawyer Kevin Yam published an article urging solicitors not to vote for Junius Ho in the election for the governing council of the Law Society of Hong Kong. Ho sued for defamation but failed to be re-elected, securing only 572 of 8,148 votes, coming last.[19] In the 2019 District Council elections, Ho with 2,626 votes lost his seat to his rival Lo Chun-yu who had 1,213 more votes.[20]

Alleged conflicts of interestEdit

On 25 April 2018, it was reported that Ho's family business holds the ownership of 120,000 square feet of farmland southwest of the Fanling Golf Course. Ho had previously voted against a motion to request the government to seize the golf course for housing redevelopment, but did not declare any potential conflict of interests. Ho responded that the motion did not impact his family business and therefore reporting his interests was not required.[21] On 2 May 2018, lawmaker, Andrew Wan, filed a complaint to the legislative committee accusing Ho of failing to declare two properties that is associated to his family's company, Profit Trade Investment Ltd and other subsidiaries. One of which was an apartment located at Sham Shui Po that was allegedly sold at four times its estimated value. Wan alleged that there could potentially be a conflict of interest if related issues come up in the legislative council.[22] On 5 May 2018, Ho admitted that Profit Trade had ownership of his family assets, but maintained that the company does not involve any conflict of interest in the Legislative Council and therefore such interests need not to be disclosed.[23]

Victim of Tuen Mun knife attackEdit

On 6 November 2019, in preparation for the 2019 Hong Kong local elections, Junius Ho ran a campaign event in Tuen Mun. He was approached by a man posing as a supporter, who attacked him with a 33-centimetre-long knife that left him bleeding in the chest.[24] The attacker was shortly subdued. Ho was briefly hospitalized.[25][26][27]

Political viewsEdit

Same-sex marriageEdit

Ho has made several controversial statements regarding issues related to the LGBT community. In late April 2017, following a lawsuit on government benefits for civil workers who are in a same-sex relationship, Ho said that the legalisation of same-sex marriage in Hong Kong would lead to the acceptance of bestiality and incest.[28] Ho's remarks were criticised by other LegCo members.[28] For instance, Raymond Chan, who is an openly gay LegCo member, strongly condemned Ho's comments.[28]

In May 2017, Ho said that a ruling granting marriage benefits to a gay civil servant could lead to "chaos in society" and co-signed a petition asking the government to appeal the decision.[29] In April 2018, Ho became the only legislator to vote against the appointments of foreign judges Brenda Hale and Beverley McLachlin to the Court of Final Appeal over their support of same-sex rights, claiming the two opposed traditional family values.[30]

Tiananmen Square memorialization motionEdit

On June 2017, Junius Ho became the only pro-establishment lawmaker to vote in favour of a motion to memorialize the 4 June 1989 massacre of Tiananmen Square protestors at the Legislative Council. He expressed sympathy for the Chinese students before the People's Liberation Army crackdown.[31]

Opposition to Occupy Central with Love and PeaceEdit

Ho was a leading critic of legal scholar Benny Tai's Occupy Central with Love and Peace which suggested a full-scale occupation protest in the form of civil disobedience to press the Beijing government to make concessions on electoral reform. He set up an anti-Occupy group called "Protect Central" which he said would resist the Occupy campaign.[32] In August 2017, Ho called for the removal of Tai, who was then facing charges of inciting others to incite public nuisance, from working at the University of Hong Kong (HKU). Vice-Chancellor Peter Mathieson and council chairman Arthur Li rejected the call.

In September 2017, Ho submitted a petition urging the University of Hong Kong to investigate Tai and organised a rally calling for his removal.[33][34][35] During the rally, one of Ho's guest speakers, rural leader Tsang Shu-wo, said onstage that supporters of Hong Kong independence separatist movement ought to be "killed" (殺).  It is reported that Ho then shouted the phrase (無赦) which can mean "no amnesty" or "no mercy" into his microphone.[36] After the rally, there were many allegations made against Ho, claiming that Ho was inciting the killing of Hong Kong independence supporters. Twenty-two lawmakers from the pro-democracy camp issued a joint statement condemning Ho's remarks.[37] Other government officials have also alluded that Ho's comments was inappropriate.[38][39]

Ho accused the media for taking his words out of context,[40] and he maintained that he was expressing his contempt at the pro-independence movement.[41] When asked about the phrase in question on a radio programme, Ho explained that inciting Hong Kong's independence is a declaration of war,[42] and concluded that "to kill them without mercy means we deplore wrongdoers like our enemies."[40]

Senior Counsel Ronny Tong said that Ho may have also violated the Public Order Ordinance, which criminalises disorder in public places.[42] Later on 23 September 2017, the Commissioner of Police at the time, Stephen Lo Wai-Chung, said that Ho's remarks would be investigated.[43] On 20 April 2018, it was reported that there is insufficient proof to prosecute the lawmaker.[36]

ControversiesEdit

Alleged involvement in Yuen Long attackEdit

Prior to the 2019 Yuen Long attack, Ho was filmed reportedly supporting and congratulating a group of white-clad men.[44] When confronted about his alleged involvement in the Yuen Long Attack, Ho claimed that he was simply there greeting some of his supporters, and said it was normal because he lives in Yuen Long.[45] After the incident, Ho said that the white-clad men were only "defending their home and people".[45] On 22 July 2019 Ho's constituency shopfront in Tsuen Wan was turned into a Lennon Wall before being ransacked later in the day.[46] Ho's Tuen Mun office also attracted protests on the following day.[47]

In response to Ho's alleged involvement, over 2,300 teachers, alumni and students from Ho's alma mater Queen's College participated in a signature campaign condemning Ho. They urged LegCo members to impeach Ho, and requested Queen's College Old Boys' Association to suspend his membership.[48][47] Similarly, Lingnan University students have started a petition calling for Ho to be removed from the institution's governing council. An online petition requesting that the United States bar Ho and his family from entering the U.S. or acquiring U.S. citizenship achieved over 100,000 signatures.[47]

On 23 July 2019, Ho appeared on an RTHK televised forum alongside fellow New Territories West constituency representative Eddie Chu. Ho said he did not regret shaking hands with the attackers. He called the victims of the Yuen Long attacks "rioters" and claimed they had instigated the violence. He said the mobs were mere "Yuen Long residents" seeking to "protect their homeland". After Chu stated that protesters could not remain calm if the government continued to ignore their requests (e.g. to formally withdraw the extradition bill), Ho called Chu a "scum" who "did not deserve to be a lawmaker" while storming off stage, ending the interview.[47][49]

Later, when Ho's parents' graves were vandalized, Ho accused Chu and his supporters for the damage. In one of Ho's video postings on social media, it was reported that Ho warned Chu in Cantonese that he has two paths to choose from. One of which is "a path of being alive, (and the other) is a path of not being alive."[50] Chu dismissed the threat and stated that it was merely Ho's style of talking. Chu, however, added that it was also a way for Ho to lead his supporters into believing that he was culpable for the damage to Ho's parents' tomb.[51]

InsultsEdit

During a 2019 Legislative Council meeting, Ho made a remark directed toward fellow Legislative Council member Claudia Mo, stating that she is used to "eating foreign sausage". Mo, who is married to English journalist Philip Bowring, later told the council that the comment amounts to racism and sexual harassment.[52] Ho refused to apologise and was expelled from the meeting.[53]

Current positionsEdit

  • Advisory board member of Yan Oi Tong (1997 to present)[54]
  • Indigenous Inhabitant Representative of Leung Tin Tsuen[55]

Honours and awardsEdit

Personal lifeEdit

He owns two horses, Alex Flyer (天祿)[57] and Hong Kong Bet (青山之寶) that race at The Hong Kong Jockey Club.[58] The graves of Ho's parents were vandalized during the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, which is believed to be due to his alleged association with the Yuen Long attacks,[59][60] though the identity of the perpetrators remains unknown.[61]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ a b "SRA | Person details | Solicitors Regulation Authority". archive.vn. 2 May 2020. Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  3. ^ Law List Archived 1 August 2012 at Archive.today – The Law Society of Hong Kong
  4. ^ "Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region – Members' Biographies ::Dr Hon Junius HO Kwan-yiu, JP". Government of Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  5. ^ Council Members Archived 11 September 2012 at Archive.today – The Law Society of Hong Kong
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  23. ^ "【獨家】妻獲恒基2000萬收樓 何君堯疑漏報離岸公司:不再回應". 香港01. 2 May 2018. Archived from the original on 27 June 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
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  60. ^ 何君堯先父母墓碑遭破壞 墓碑寫粗口字句. hket. 23 July 2019. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019.(in Chinese)
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Legal offices
Preceded by
Huen Wong
President of Law Society of Hong Kong
2011–2012
Succeeded by
Dieter Yih
Political offices
Preceded by
Albert Ho
Member of Tuen Mun District Council
Representative for Lok Tsui
2016–2019
Succeeded by
Lo Chun-yu
Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Preceded by
Albert Chan
Member of Legislative Council
Representative for New Territories West
2016–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Jimmy Ng
Member of the Legislative Council
Hong Kong order of precedence
Member of the Legislative Council
Succeeded by
Ho Kai-ming
Member of the Legislative Council