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Gran Canaria Airport (IATA: LPA, ICAO: GCLP), sometimes also known as Gando Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria), is a passenger and freight airport on the island of Gran Canaria. It is an important airport within the Spanish air-transport network (owned and managed by a public enterprise, AENA), as it holds the sixth position in terms of passengers, and fifth in terms of operations and cargo transported. It is also ranks first of the Canary Islands in all three categories, although the island of Tenerife has higher passenger numbers overall between the two airports located on the island.[3]

Gran Canaria Airport

Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria
Aena Gran Canaria logo.svg
Gran Canaria International Airport R01.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesGran Canaria
LocationTelde and Ingenio, Spain
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL24 m / 78 ft
Coordinates27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667Coordinates: 27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667
WebsiteAirport-Grancanaria.Com
Map
LPA is located in Canary Islands
LPA
LPA
Location within the Canary Islands
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03L/21R 3,100 10,171 Asphalt concrete
03R/21L 3,100 10,171 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers13,573,242
Passenger change 17-18Increase3.7%
Aircraft Movements131,030
Movements change 17-18Increase10.5%
Cargo (tonnes)19,166
Cargo change 17-18Increase6.2%%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

The airport is located in the eastern part of Gran Canaria on the Bay of Gando (Bahía de Gando), 19 km (12 mi) to the south[4] of Las Palmas, and 25 km (16 mi) from the popular tourist areas in the south. In 2014 it handled over 10.3 million passengers, ranking 1st in the Canary Islands and 5th in Spain by passenger traffic.[5] Gran Canaria Airport is an important hub for passengers travelling to West Africa (Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, among others), and to the Atlantic Isles of Madeira and the Azores. It serves as base for Binter Canarias, Canaryfly, Ryanair, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Vueling. Other airlines use it as a base to operate charter flights to Cape Verde and Gambia (TUI fly Deutschland and TUI fly Nordic), but only in the winter.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1919, Frenchman Pierre George Latécoère was granted clearance from the French & Spanish governments to establish an airline route between Toulouse and Casablanca. This also included stopovers in Málaga, Alicante and Barcelona. The airport opened on 7 April 1930, after King Alfonso XIII signed a royal order announcing that the military air force installations on the Bay of Gando would become a civilian airfield. In its existence, the airport has become the largest gateway into the Canary Islands, as well as the largest in terms of passenger and cargo operations.

In 1946, the old passenger terminal opened, which took two years to build.[6] In 1948 a runway was built, which was completed and fully tarmacked in 1957.

In 1963, improvements to the airport were made. This included new parking spaces, enlargement of the terminal and the provision of a visual approach slope indicator system. In 1964, a transmission station was built. In 1966 a new control tower was completed, replacing the old control tower that was constructed in 1946.[citation needed] In 1970, work began on the current passenger terminal which opened in March 1973. During this time, a second runway was being built and this was completed in 1980.[citation needed]

On 18 February 1988, Binter Canarias announced that the airline's main base was to be established at Gran Canaria. The base opened on 26 March 1989. In October 1991, the terminal was enlarged with improved facilities so it could handle more passengers.

In December 2010, low-cost carrier Ryanair announced the opening of 3 new bases on the Canary Islands.[citation needed] In addition to Gran Canaria these include Lanzarote and Tenerife South. Ryanair presently operates 30 routes from Gran Canaria. The airport was an official alternative (emergency) landing site for the NASA Space Shuttle, before the ending of the Space Shuttle programe in July 2011.

As of 2011, there was a programme to expand the airport, extending the terminal and creating a new runway.[7] In 2015 this major renovation of Gran Canaria airport was completed. Among the improvements was increasing the number of baggage belts, 16 to 24, check-in counters from 96 to 132 and gates, up to 40. The new terminal area is now fully active, doubling the previous area. There is also a plan for the building of a new runway for the airport.

TerminalEdit

 
Gran Canaria Airport terminal

The airport has one terminal which opened in March 1973. It was later extended in October 1991 to increase passenger traffic. Despite being a building of historical interest, in 2013 the original passenger terminal building, opened in 1946, was demolished to make way for a further extension which opened in 2014. Although dramatically expanded over the years the airport remains a single terminal airport.

There are four check-in areas. Check-in Area 1 (desks 101 to 118) is in the newest part of the airport (which opened on 16 July 2014) and serves almost exclusively flights operated by CanaryFly, Air Europa and Binter Canarias (mainly inter-island flights between the Canary Islands or to Morocco). At times of very high demand check-in Area 1 may provide overflow capacity for Areas 2, 3 and 4. Check-in Area 2 (desks 201 to 234) is located in the first part of the "new" airport which opened in 1973. This area was completely refurbished in 2014 and is normally used for flights handled by Iberia plus some of those handled by Ground Force (Globalia Handling). Check-in Area 3 (desks 301 to 352) is in the second part of the "new" airport which originally opened in 1991 and is used for flights handled by Ground Force. Additionally, airline Norwegian Air Shuttle have dedicated check-in desks and self check in podiums located to the southern end of Area 3. Check-in Area 4 (desks 401 to 406) is located downstairs between the police station and the main car rental offices (Hertz, Europcar, CICAR, TopCar , Gold Car and Avis Rent a Car System) and is used exclusively by Ryanair.

There are two security filters where passengers pass from the general public areas into the departures area. At these security filters passengers and their hand luggage is scanned to ensure no prohibited items pass. The main security filter is located between Check-in Areas 2 and 3. There is a second filter located in Check-in Area 1 which is intended to serve exclusively passengers of inter island flights.

The terminal departures area is split into four zones (A, B, C, and D). Zone A is for flights to the other Canary Islands, Zones B and C are for European Union (including Spain), Switzerland, Iceland and Scandinavian flights and Zone D is for other international flights. The gates in Zone A are at ground floor level to the Northern end of the terminal. Other gates are on the first floor (the same level as the security filters into departures) those in Zone D featuring additional security to allow for the screening of international passengers.

There are two arrivals areas numbered "1" and "2" both located downstairs at ground level. Area 1 serves all arrivals of flights originating within Spain and is located to the Northern end of the airport. Some of the car rental companies have additional counters in this area as it is a considerable walk to the main car rental area. Area 2 serves all international arrivals and is located to the Southern end of the airport. As the majority of arrivals served by area 2 are for tourist flights, many bringing passengers travelling on package holidays organized by tour operators, there is a large coach park (Parking A) located immediately in front of this area. Overflow coach parking (which is required only in the Winter months) is provided at the departures level (Parking B) and is accessed from arrivals area 2 via a purpose built a pedestrian tunnel with stairs and travelators.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
Air Europa Madrid, Santiago de Compostela
Seasonal: Asturias, Málaga, Seville
Air Europa Express Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Tenerife–North[8]
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Bergamo
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar[9]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Azores Airlines Funchal, Ponta Delgada
Binter Canarias Agadir, Banjul, Casablanca, Dakar–Diass, Dakhla, El Aaiún, El Hierro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Lanzarote, La Palma, Marrakech, Nouadhibou, Nouakchott, Palma de Mallorca, Praia, Sal, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Vigo
British Airways London-Gatwick (begins 25 October 2019),[10] London–Heathrow (ends 3 November 2019)
Brussels Airlines Brussels[11]
CanaryFly Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Tenerife–North[12]
Chair Airlines Zürich
Condor Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Stuttgart
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Münster/Osnabrück[13]
Corendon Dutch Airlines Amsterdam, Maastricht/Aachen[14]
easyJet London–Gatwick
Seasonal: Bristol, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
Seasonal: Geneva
Danish Air Transport Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Aarhus, Billund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg
Edelweiss Air Zürich
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Katowice, Kraków, Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin, Wroclaw
Eurowings Berlin–Tegel,[15] Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Nuremberg, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Vienna
Evelop Airlines Seasonal charter: Almeria, Asturias, Borlänge-Dala, Porto, Sundsvall, Tampere, Trondheim, Valencia
Finnair Helsinki
Helvetic Airways Seasonal: Zürich
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Express Madrid
Seasonal: Asturias
Iberia Regional Valencia
Seasonal: Asturias, León,[16] Melilla, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Valladolid, Vigo
Jet2.com Belfast–International, Birmingham,[17] East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, London–Stansted,[18] Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen, Halmstad,[19] Helsinki, Jönköping,[19] Kalmar,[19] Norrköping, Örebro, Oulu, Tampere, Umeå, Växjö
Lauda Seasonal: Düsseldorf[20]
Luxair Luxembourg
Lufthansa Seasonal: Munich
Mauritania Airlines Nouadhibou, Nouakchott
Neos Bologna, Milan–Malpensa, Verona
Norwegian Air Shuttle Barcelona (ends 25 October 2019)[21], Billund (begins 30 October 2019),[22] Bergen, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga (ends 25 October 2019)[23], Munich, Oslo–Gardermoen, Reykjavík–Keflavík (begins 30 October 2019),[22] Sandefjord, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
Seasonal: Bodø, Cologne/Bonn, Gothenburg, Karlstad, Oulu, Rome–Fiumicino, Stavanger, Tromsø
Seasonal charter: Haugesund[24]
Novair Seasonal charter: Gothenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Dakhla, El Aaiún
Ryanair Barcelona, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld,[25] Birmingham, Bologna, Bournemouth, Bristol, Budapest,[26] Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Cork, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Frankfurt, Glasgow,[27] Glasgow–Prestwick, Hamburg, Kraków, Leeds/Bradford,[28] Liverpool, London–Stansted, Madrid, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Pisa, Santander,[29] Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Treviso, Valencia, Weeze
Seasonal: London–Luton, Porto, Sandefjord, Stockholm–Skavsta
Scandinavian Airlines Oslo–Gardermoen
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Ålesund, Bergen, Billund, Gothenburg, Haugesund, Kristiansand, Stavanger, Trondheim
SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal charter: Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius
Smartwings Prague
Smartwings Hungary Seasonal charter: Budapest
Smartwings Poland Seasonal charter: Poznań, Warsaw–Chopin
Smartwings Slovakia Seasonal charter: Bratislava, Košice
Sundair Seasonal: Kassel[30]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
Thomas Cook Airlines East Midlands, London–Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast–International, Birmingham, Bristol, Glasgow, London–Stansted (ends 22 August 2019),[31] Newcastle upon Tyne
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Charter: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen,[24] Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Aalborg, Bergen,[24] Billund, Bodø,[24] Gothenburg, Harstad/Narvik,[24] Helsinki, Jönköping, Karlstad, Kuopio, Luleå, Malmö, Örebro, Stavanger,[24] Sandefjord,[24] Tromsø,[24] Trondheim,[24] Turku, Umeå, Vaasa
Transavia Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam
Seasonal: Groningen
TUI Airways Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
Seasonal: Belfast–International, Exeter, London–Luton
Charter: Gothenburg[19]
Seasonal charter: Dublin[32]
TUI fly Belgium Brussels, Charleroi, Liège, Ostend/Bruges
TUI fly Deutschland Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Tegel,[33] Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Munich, Nuremberg,[34] Saarbrücken, Stuttgart
TUI fly Netherlands Amsterdam, Eindhoven
Seasonal: Groningen
TUI fly Nordic Charter: Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal charter: Billund, Gothenburg,[19] Helsinki, Kuopio, Malmö,[19] Oulu, Umeå, Vaasa
Volotea Nantes
Vueling A Coruña, Alicante,[35] Asturias,[36] Barcelona, Bilbao, Granada,[37] Lyon,[38] Málaga, Nantes, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Seville, Valencia[39]

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Swiftair Madrid

StatisticsEdit

Traffic figuresEdit

 
Two F-18s of the Spanish Air Force in Gando Air Base which shares space with the airport
Gran Canaria passenger totals, 2000–2018 (millions)
 
Updated: 7 January 2017.
 
Iberia Airbus A340-642 at the airport
Passengers Aircraft movements Cargo (tonnes)
2000 9,376,640 98,063 43,706
2001 9,332,132 93,291 40,860
2002 9,009,756 93,803 39,638
2003 9,181,229 99,712 40,050
2004 9,467,494 104,659 40,934
2005 9,827,157 110,748 40,389
2006 10,286,726 114,949 38,360
2007 10,354,903 114,355 37,491
2008 10,212,123 116,252 33,695
2009 9,155,665 101,557 25,994
2010 9,486,035 103,087 24,528
2011 10,538,829 111,271 23,679
2012 9,892,067 100,393 20,601
2013 9,770,253 95,483 18,781
2014 10,315,732 102,211 19,821
2015 10,627,182 100,417 18,800
2016 12,093,645 111,996 18,588
2017 13,092,117 118,554 18,045
Source: Aena Statistics[1]

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest European Routes from Gran Canaria (2017)
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1   Düsseldorf, Germany 361,207 Condor, Eurowings, Norwegian Air Shuttle, TUI fly Deutschland
2   Oslo Gardermoen, Norway 338,787 Norwegian Air Shuttle, SAS, Thomas Cook Scandinavia, TUI fly Nordic
3   London Gatwick, United Kingdom 338,496 easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways
4   Amsterdam, Netherlands 337,257 Corendon Airlines, Transavia, Vueling, TUI fly Netherlands
5   Stockholm Arlanda, Sweden 336,111 Norwegian Air Shuttle, SAS, Thomas Cook Scandinavia, TUI fly Nordic
6   Manchester,United Kingdom 333,566 easyjet, Jet2.com, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways
7   Frankfurt, Germany 261,519 Condor, Ryanair, TUI fly Deutschland
8   Copenhagen, Denmark 242,443 Norwegian Air Shuttle, SAS, Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia, TUI fly Nordic
9   Munich, Germany 233,265 Air Berlin, Condor, Norwegian Air Shuttle, TUI fly Deutschland
10   Hamburg, Germany 216,395 Condor, Germania, Norwegian Air Shuttle, TUI fly Deutschland
Busiest Domestic Routes from Gran Canaria (2017)
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1   Madrid–Barajas, Community of Madrid 1,508,599 Air Europa, Iberia, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair
2   Tenerife, Canary Islands 792,143 Air Europa Express, Binter Canarias, CanaryFly
3   Lanzarote, Canary Islands 655,838 Air Europa Express, Binter Canarias, CanaryFly
4   Fuerteventura, Canary Islands 531,226 Air Europa Express, Binter Canarias, CanaryFly
5   Barcelona, Catalonia 450,370 Norwegian Air Shuttle, Ryanair, Vueling Airlines
6   Sevilla, Andalusia 181,843 Air Europa, Ryanair, Vueling Airlines
7   Málaga, Andalusia 161,811 Air Europa, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling Airlines
8   La Palma, Canary Islands 124,684 Binter Canarias
9   Santiago de Compostela, Galicia 95,179 Air Europa, Ryanair
10   Bilbao, Basque Country 89,162 Air Europa, Vueling Airlines
Busiest African Routes from Gran Canaria (2017)
Rank City Passengers Top Carriers
1   El Aaiun, Morocco 44,814 Binter Canarias, CanaryFly
2   Nouakchott, Mauritania 26,944 Binter Canarias
3   Sal, Cape Verde 17,218 Binter Canarias
4   Casablanca, Morocco 15,213 Binter Canarias, Royal Air Maroc
5   Marrakech, Morocco 11,743 Binter Canarias, Royal Air Maroc
6   Nouadhibou, Mauritania 11,053 Mauritania Internacional Airways
7   Agadir, Morocco 10,970 Binter Canarias
8   Dakar, Senegal 9,814 Iberia, Binter Canarias
9   Banjul, Gambia 5,674 Binter Canarias
10   Dakhla, Morocco 4,623 Binter Canarias

Ground transportationEdit

The airport can be reached by several island roads from all points in the island. There are special bus service from most towns in Gran Canaria, but access by taxi is usual.

Gran Canaria's main motorway GC1 runs past the airport providing transport links to Las Palmas de Gran Canaria in the North and to the tourist resorts in the South.

Plans have existed for several years to construct a rail link connecting the airport to Las Palmas and Maspalomas. The Tren de Gran Canaria scheme, estimated to cost €1,500 million, has not been confirmed due to funding problems.[40]

Military useEdit

There is an airbase of the Spanish Air Force to the east of the runways. Beyond several hangars opposite to the passenger terminal, the Gando Air Base (Base Aérea de Gando) contains ten shelters situated on the southern end of the eastern runway. They harbor the Ala 46 with F/A-18 Hornets, CASA 212 and the Eurocopter AS 532 of SAR .[41] Ala 46 or 46 Wing, composed of 462 and 802 fighter squadron, defends the Spanish airspace around the Canary Islands. It is one of the biggest and most important air bases of the Spanish Air Force and unique by the big diversity of aeroplane that it operates.

Military activity was most intense during the mid 1970s, at the time of the crisis of decolonisation of Western Sahara and its occupation by Morocco. Military crises in Western Africa, like the 2013 Mali intervention by France, made Gando Air Base the main air platform for operations in Western Africa area by NATO. In 2006 Spain proposed Gando Air Base as headquarters for the newly created US Africa Command (AFRICOM), but the AFRICOM HQ was ultimately based in Stuttgart (Germany).

The Canary Islands Air Command (Mando Aéreo de CanariasMACAN) is based in the city of Las Palmas. Canary Islands Air Command is the only territorial general Air Command Air Force in Spain; its mission is the maintenance, preparation and command of air units located in the Canary archipelago.[42][43] Any Spanish military airplane that lands in the Canary Islands is immediately put at the disposal of the Canary Islands Air Command, who can retain it and use it as long as necessary for missions within the islands. This happens sometimes with heavy military transport, antisubmarine warfare and early warning airplanes; the islands do not have these on a permanent basis. Once the plane is released by the Canary Islands Air Command, it can leave the Canary Islands and reverts to the Air Force Commands of mainland Spain.

The deployment base of Gando Air Base is the Lanzarote Military Airfield (Aeródromo Militar de Lanzarote). Lanzarote Military Airfield has permanently its own Air Force troops platoons and the radar for the air defence (the EVA 22, which covers the Eastern Canary Islands and the maritime area up to the Sahara), but it has no permanently based military planes, using the ones from Gando.

Other facilitiesEdit

Canaryfly has its head office in Hangar L.[44] Binter Canarias also has its head office on the airport grounds.[45]

MPAIAC bombing and Tenerife disasterEdit

At 1:15 PM on 27 March 1977, a bomb planted by the Movement for the Independence and Autonomy of the Canaries Archipelago (MPAIAC) exploded in a florist's shop on the terminal concourse. Fifteen minutes of warning was given to the airport authorities,[46] who started to evacuate the building; the inside of the terminal was damaged and eight people were injured, one seriously.[47] A later telephone call claimed responsibility for the explosion and hinted that a second bomb had been planted somewhere in the terminal building; the airport was closed and searched, necessitating the diversion of several incoming flights, including a number of large aircraft on long international flights, to Los Rodeos airport (later named Tenerife North Airport) on the nearby island of Tenerife. The resulting runway congestion on the small regional airport was a factor in the subsequent disaster at Los Rodeos, when just after 5:00 p.m. two Boeing 747s originally bound for Gran Canaria collided on the Los Rodeos runway, resulting in 583 deaths, the worst aviation accident in history.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b AENA passenger statistics and aircraft movements Archived May 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Aena.es. Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  2. ^ "Spanish AIP (AENA)] [http://www.aena.es/en/gran-canaria-airport/introduction.html][http://www.aena.es/csee/ccurl/297/1/Gran%20Canaria%20Airport%202015.pdf". Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2017. External link in |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Entrada en los aeropuertos canarios según islas". Archived from the original on 13 November 2010.
  4. ^ EAD Basic Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine. Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
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  6. ^ "Page not found- Aena.es - Aena-Aeropuertos.es". 7 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  7. ^ Space Shuttle Emergency Landing Sites Archived March 31, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Globalsecurity.org (2011-07-21). Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  8. ^ "Iniciamos los vuelos interislas Canarias".
  9. ^ "Atlantic Airways - Book ticket, check your reservation, online check-in, tax-free, book hotel, rent a car". atlantic.fo. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  10. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/285197/british-airways-w19-london-gran-canaria-service-changes/?highlight=London
  11. ^ "brussels airlines Adds Canary Islands Service in W15". Airlineroute.net. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Canaryfly - Paga menos, vuela más". Canaryfly. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Flights". corendonairlines.com.
  14. ^ Liu, Jim. "Corendon Dutch adds new sectors from Maastricht from April 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  15. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Eurowings scales back Berlin expansion in 1Q18". Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim. "Iberia plans additional CRJ1000 routes from Leon in S18". Routesonline.com. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Jet2.com Adds Birmingham Routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  18. ^ "Flight Timetables - Jet2.com". jet2.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Only Flight".
  20. ^ "Laudamotion - Cheap flights - Exclusive deals". ryanair.com. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  21. ^ https://twitter.com/AeropuertoGC?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ a b Liu, Jim (20 June 2019). "Norwegian adds new Gran Canaria routes in W19". Routesonline. UBM (UK) Ltd. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  23. ^ https://twitter.com/AeropuertoGC?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Flight". Ving.no.
  25. ^ "Ryanair Expands Berlin Schoenefeld Routes from Nov 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  26. ^ Airport, Budapest. "Meleg vizű tengerpartokra repít a Ryanair Budapestről!". Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  27. ^ https://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/fr-prod-static-pdf/Suspended+Winter+Services+2017.pdf
  28. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Ryanair Expands Leeds/Bradford Service in W16". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  29. ^ https://www.europapress.es/cantabria/noticia-ryanair-conectara-santander-bolonia-partir-28-octubre-20190226193843.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ "Sundair". https://sundair.com/informations/index.php. External link in |website= (help)
  31. ^ "Book & plan".
  32. ^ "Flight Timetable". TUI Airways. 10 February 2018.
  33. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "TUIfly expands Berlin network from Nov 2017". Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  34. ^ Liu, Jim. "TUIfly S19 network additions as of 25MAR19". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  35. ^ https://www.elcomercio.es/asturias/iberia-vueling-piden-aeropuerto-asturias-horario-vuelos-20190216001908-ntvo.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  36. ^ https://www.lavozdeasturias.es/noticia/asturias/2018/12/12/vueling-enlazara-asturias-gran-canaria-partir-abril/00031544613218028927684.htm. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Vueling expands Granada operation from Dec 2017". Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  38. ^ "Vueling unirá Gran Canaria y Tenerife con Lyon con nuevas rutas en invierno". Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  39. ^ http://www.aeropuerto-valencia.es/vueling-lanza-4-nuevas-rutas-catania-gran-canaria-fuerteventura-y-lanzarote/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  40. ^ "Al tren 'solo' le faltan 1.500 millones". canarias7.es (in Spanish). 16 September 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  41. ^ Yañez and Rodriguez 2008, p. 23.
  42. ^ Orden DEF/1575/2007, de 28 de mayo, por la que se establecen las Comandancias Militares Aéreas de Aeropuerto y se fijan sus dependencias.
  43. ^ *Página del Ministerio del Aire de España Archived May 22, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ "Aviso legal." Canaryfly. Retrieved on 10 March 2019. "b) Envío por correo postal a la siguiente dirección: CANARYFLY, Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria, Hangar L, C.P. 35230, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria."
  45. ^ "Legal Notice." Binter Canarias. Retrieved on 10 March 2019. "BINTER CANARIAS S.A., hereinafter BINTER CANARIAS, with registered offices at the Airport of Gran Canaria, Telde,[...]"
  46. ^ [1] Canary Islands Separatist Says Group Planted Bomb But Did Not Cause Crash, New York Times archive, 1977
  47. ^ [2]

External linksEdit