National freeway 3
National freeway 3 (Chinese: 國道三號), also known as Formosa Freeway, is a freeway in Taiwan. It is the second north–south freeway in Taiwan, beginning in Keelung City at Jijin Interchange on the provincial highway 2 (Jijin Road) and ending in Linbian, Pingtung on the provincial highway 17.
|Maintained by Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau|
|Length||430.5 km (267.5 mi)|
|Existed||19 January 1993–present|
|North end||Prov 2 in Keelung|
|South end||Dapengwan National Scenic Area in Linbian|
|Counties||Keelung, New Taipei, Taipei,|
Taoyuan, Hsinchu, Miaoli, Taichung, Changhua, Nantou, Yunlin, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung, Pingtung
|Highway system in Taiwan
The total length of the highway is 430.5 km (267.5 mi), with 55 interchanges, 13 junctions, 11 toll stations, and 7 service areas en route. Aside from the 55 public interchanges, there are also some interchanges reserved for governmental usage.
Freeways in Taiwan are officially coded "Freeways" with their respective numbers. By this principle, national freeway 3 is coded Freeway No. 3 (國道三號) in official documents or on road signs. Besides the numeric name, on 1 November 2004 it was named the Formosa Freeway (福爾摩沙高速公路) in a naming competition; however, its old alias Second Freeway (第二高速公路 or 二高) is more popular among the road users.
This freeway is actually a bypass form. It was mostly routed through suburban and rural areas of Western Taiwan. Various expressways and east-west freeways link Freeway 3 with urban areas typically served by Freeway 1. The purpose of this freeway is to inspire the economic activities in the rural area.
The original plan was only intended to build a second freeway between Taipei and Hsinchu. The construction began in 1987. Tucheng IC - Sanying IC was opened in January 1993, followed by Zhonghe IC to Hsinchu SIC in August 1993. Extension from Hsinchu SIC to Xiangshan IC was finished in February 1996. In March 1996, Xizhi SIC - Muzha IC was opened. The final phase of the north section was Muzha IC. - Zhonghe IC, which was completed in August 1997. The extension between Xizhi SIC and Jijin IC completed in August 2000.
The construction of the freeway south of Hsinchu City began in 1993. In February 2000, Xinhua JCT. - Jiuru IC. was open for the traffic. It was followed by Douliu IC - Xinhua JCT. In November 2001, Xiangshan IC. - Zhunan IC in December 2001, Zhunan IC - Houlong IC in May 2002, Caotun IC - Douliu IC in June 2002, Zhonggang SIC - Longjing IC in October 2002, and Houlong IC - Zhonggang JCT., Kuaiguan IC - Caotun IC in January 2003. The entire project was completed in January 2004 when Longjing IC - Kuaiguan IC was opened.
On 25 April 2010, a landslide occurred on a segment near Xizhi. A large amount of dirt buried both directions of the freeway. Four cars were buried under the debris, killing four people. Bad hillside anchoring was blamed as a possible cause, as it had not been raining at the time of the collapse, and an earthquake was not registered.
Repairs to the freeway were completed on 19 June 2010 and normal traffic flow restored.
|Keelung City||Anle District||0.0||0.0||0||Jijin||Prov 2 – Keelung, Wanli|
|Qidu District||2.4||1.5||2||Madong System||Prov 62 – Ruifang, Dapu|
|New Taipei City||Xizhi||10.9||6.8||10||Xizhi System||Nat 1 – Xizhi, Wudu, Neihu|
|12.2||7.6||12||Xintai 5th Road||Prov 5 – Xizhi, Nangang|
|14.9||9.3||14||Nangang||Huandong Blvd., Nangang|
|Taipei City||Nangang||16.4||10.2||16||Nangang System||Nat 5 – Shiding, Yilan|
|16.7||10.4||16||Nanshen Rd.||Nanshen Rd.||Northbound entrance only|
|Wenshan||20.7||12.9||20||Muzha||Nat 3a – Muzha, Taipei, Shenkeng|
|25||16||Muzha Rest Stop (Northbound access only)|
|New Taipei City||Xindian||26.8||16.7||26||Xindian||Zhongxing Rd.- Xindian|
|31.1||19.3||31||Ankeng||Cty 110 – Ankeng, Xindian, Taipei|
|Zhonghe||35.8||22.2||35||Zhonghe||Prov 64 – Zhonghe, Banqiao|
|Tucheng||42.8||26.6||42||Tucheng||Prov 65 / Prov 3 – Tucheng, Banqiao|
|Sanxia||50||31||50||Sanying||Cty 110 – Sanxia, Yingge|
|Yingge||54.6||33.9||54||Yingge System||Nat 2 – Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Bade|
|Taoyuan City||Daxi||62.7||39.0||62||Daxi||Prov 66 / Prov 3 – Cihu Mausoleum, Daxi, Zhongli, Pingzhen|
|Longtan||68.4||42.5||68||Longtan||Cty 113B – Longtan|
|Hsinchu County||Guanxi||76.8||47.7||Guanxi Service Area|
|79.4||49.3||79||Guanxi||Cty 118 – Guanxi, Xinpu|
|Qionglin||90.6||56.3||90||Zhulin||Cty 120 – Zhudong, Qionglin|
|Baoshan||96.2||59.8||Baoshan Rest Area (Southbound access only)|
|98.7||61.3||98||Baoshan||Sanfeng Rd., Daya Rd.- Baoshan, Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park|
|100.5||62.4||100||Hsinchu System||Nat 1 – Hsinchu, Toufen|
|Hsinchu City||Xiangshan District||103.0||64.0||103||Jiadong||Cty 117 – Hsinchu|
|109.6||68.1||109||Xiangshan||Prov 1 / Prov 13 – Xiangshan, Toufen, Zhunan|
|Miaoli County||Zhunan||115.2||71.6||115||Xibin||Prov 61|
|119.3||74.1||119||Zhunan||Prov 1F / Prov 61 – Zhunan|
|130.9||81.3||130||Houlong||Prov 6 – Houlong, Miaoli|
|Xihu||134.3||83.5||Xihu Service Area|
|Tongxiao||144.5||89.8||144||Tongxiao||Cty 128 – Tongluo, Tongxiao|
|Yuanli||156.8||97.4||156||Yuanli||Cty 140 – Sanyi, Yuanli|
|Taichung City||Waipu||164.2||102.0||164||Waipu||Cty 132 – Waipu, Dajia|
|Qingshui||169.4||105.3||169||Zhonggang System||Nat 4 – Shengang, Qingshui|
|172.5||107.2||Qingshui Service Area|
|Shalu||176.1||109.4||176||Shalu||Prov 10 – Daya, Shalu|
|Longjing||182.7||113.5||182||Longjing||Cty 136 – Longjing, Taichung|
|Changhua County||Hemei||191.5||119.0||191||Hemei||Prov 61B / Cty 134a – Hemei, Shengang|
|Changhua||196.8||122.3||196||Changhua System||Nat 1 – Taichung, Changhua|
|202.5||125.8||202||Kuaiguan||Prov 74 / Prov 74a – Taichung, Changhua|
|Taichung City||Wuri||207.6||129.0||207||Wuri||Cty 127 – Wuri|
|Wufeng||209.3||130.1||209||Zhongtou||Prov 63 – Dali, Taichung|
|211.5||131.4||211||Wufeng||Prov 74 / Prov 3 – Wufeng|
|214.2||133.1||214||Wufeng System||Nat 6 – Guoxing, Puli|
|Nantou County||Caotun||217.5||135.1||217||Caotun||Prov 14 – Caotun, Fenyuan|
|222.7||138.4||222||Zhongxing System||Prov 76 – Yuanlin|
|224.9||139.7||224||Zhongxing||Prov 3 / Prov 14B – Nantou, Zhongxing New Village|
|Nantou||228||142||228||Nantou||Prov 3a – Nantou, Zhongliao|
|231.3||143.7||Nantou Service Area|
|Mingjian||237||147||237||Mingjian||Prov 3 – Mingjian, Jiji|
|Zhushan||243.6||151.4||243||Zhushan||Prov 3 – Zhushan, Lugu|
|Yunlin County||Douliu||260||160||260||Douliu||Prov 3 – Douliu, Linnei|
|Gukeng||269.3||167.3||269||Gukeng System||Prov 78 – Gukeng, Douliu|
|276.8||172.0||Nantou Service Area|
|Chiayi County||Dalin||279.6||173.7||279||Meishan||Cty 162 – Meishan, Dalin|
|Zhuqi||290||180||290||Zhuqi||Cty 159 / Cty 166 – Zhuqi, Minxiong, Chiayi|
|Zhongpu||297.6||184.9||297||Zhongpu||Prov 18 – Zhongpu, Chiayi|
|Shuishang||300.9||187.0||300||Shuishang System||Prov 82 – Shuishang|
|Tainan City||Baihe||311.6||193.6||311||Baihe||Cty 172 – Dongshan, Baihe|
|Dongshan||319||198||Dongshan Service Area|
|Liuying||322||200||322||Liuying||Cty 165 – City Road 110, Dongshan, Liuying|
|Liujia||329.7||204.9||329||Wushantou||City Road 116, CR 165, Guantian, Liujia|
|Guantian||334.9||208.1||334||Guantian System||Prov 84 – Guantian, Yujing, Danei|
|Shanhua||340.2||211.4||340||Shanhua||Cty 178 – Shanhua, Shanshang|
|Xinhua||346.9||215.6||346||Xinhua System||Nat 8 – Xinhua, Tainan|
|350||220||Xinhua Rest Area|
|Guanmiao||357||222||357||Guanmiao||Prov 86 / Prov 19a – Guanmiao, Guiren|
|363||226||Guanmiao Service Area|
|Kaohsiung City||Tianliao||369.5||229.6||369||Tianliao||Prov 28 – Tianliao, Alian|
|Yanchao||383||238||383||Yanchao System||Nat 10 – Cishan, Kaohsiung|
|Pingtung County||Jiuru||391.6||243.3||391||Jiuru||Prov 3 – Jiuru, Ligang, Pingtung|
|Changzhi||400.2||248.7||400||Changzhi||Prov 24 – Changzhi, Sandimen|
|Linluo||407.3||253.1||407||Linluo||Prov 1 – Linluo, Neipu, Pingtung|
|Zhutian||415.2||258.0||415||Zhutian System||Prov 88 – Zhutian, Kaohsiung|
|Kanding||421.2||261.7||415||Kanding||Kanding||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Nanzhou||424.5||263.8||424||Nanzhou||Cty 187B – Nanzhou, Xinpi|
|Linbian||430.5||267.5||430||Linbian||Prov 17 – Linbian, Donggang|
|431.5||268.1||431||Dapengwan End||Dapengwan National Scenic Area|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
Major cities that have exit along the routeEdit
Intersections with other freeways and expresswaysEdit
- Provincial Highway No. 62 at Madong JCT. in Keelung City
- Freeway No. 1 at Xizhi JCT. in New Taipei City
- Provincial Highway No. 5 at Nangang IC. in New Taipei City
- Freeway No. 5 at Nangang JCT. in Taipei City
- Freeway No. 3A at Muzha IC. in Taipei City
- Provincial Highway No. 64 at Zhonghe IC. in New Taipei City
- Freeway No. 2 at Yingge JCT. in New Taipei City
- Provincial Highway No. 66 at Daxi IC. in Taoyuan City
- Freeway No. 1 at Hsinchu JCT. in Baoshan, Hsinchu
- Provincial Highway No. 61 at Xibin IC. in Zhunan, Miaoli
- Freeway No. 4 at Zhonggang JCT. in Taichung City
- Freeway No. 1 at Changhua JCT. in Changhua City
- Provincial Highway No. 74 at Kuaiguan IC. in Changhua City
- Provincial Highway No. 63 at Zhongtou IC. in Taichung City
- Freeway No. 6 at Zhongheng JCT. in Taichung City
- Provincial Highway No. 76 at Zhongxing JCT. in Caotun, Nantou
- Provincial Highway No. 78 at Gukeng JCT. in Gukeng, Yunlin
- Provincial Highway No. 82 at Shuishang JCT. in Shuishang, Chiayi
- Provincial Highway No. 84 at Guantian JCT. in Tainan City
- Freeway No. 8 at Xinhua JCT. in Tainan City
- Provincial Highway No. 86 at Guanmiao IC. in Tainan City
- Freeway No. 10 at Yanchao JCT. in Kaohsiung City
- Provincial Highway No. 88 at Zhutian JCT. in Zhutian, Pingtung
The lanes in each direction are listed below.
- 4 lanes:
- Zhonghe IC. - Yingge JCT.
- Wufeng IC. - Nantou IC.
- 3 lanes:
- Jijin IC. - Zhonghe IC.
- Yingge JCT. - Wufeng IC.
- Nantou IC. - Jiuru IC.
- 2 lanes:
- Jiuru IC. - Linbian End
- 北二高走山 4人罹難 (in Chinese). Central News Agency. 2010-04-28.
- 國道3號3.1公里崩塌路段6月19日12時恢復主線雙向3車道通行 (in Chinese). Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. 2010-06-18.
- "Freeway No. 3 – Distances of facilities (interchanges, service areas)". Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.