Sanyi, Miaoli

Coordinates: 24°25′N 120°46′E / 24.417°N 120.767°E / 24.417; 120.767

Sanyi Township (Chinese: 三義鄉; pinyin: Sānyì Xiāng) is a rural township in southern Miaoli County, Taiwan. It is famous for its mudiao (woodcarving) industry, earning it the name the Woodcarving Kingdom of Taiwan.

Sanyi Township
三義鄉
TRA Shengsing Station Birdview.jpg
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LocationMiaoli County, Taiwan
Area
 • Total69 km2 (27 sq mi)
Population
 (July 2018)
 • Total16,345
 • Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Websitewww.sanyi.gov.tw Edit this at Wikidata (in Chinese)

GeographyEdit

Sanyi is located in the mountains of northwestern Taiwan. On its northeastern boundary is Sanjiao Mountain at 567 meters, and to the east lies Huoyan Mountain at 602 meters. As of January 2017, its population was estimated to be 16,788.[1]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The township comprises seven villages: Guangcheng, Liyutan, Longteng, Shengxing, Shuanghu, Shuangtan and Xihu.

PoliticsEdit

The township is part of Miaoli County Constituency I electoral district for Legislative Yuan.

EconomyEdit

Initially, the Sanyi area produced timber and hides. Later tung oil was extracted from the abundant tung trees and camphor from the camphor trees. Concurrently the wood carving industry developed.[2] At one point, over 80% of local families were employed in wood carving.[3] At the end of the 20th century Sanyi began developing a tourist industry.

Tourist attractionsEdit

  • Shengxing Station, completed in 1905, is the highest station (402 meters) in Taiwan built along the "Old Mountain Railway". It was built entirely of wood, using no nails, and took five years to complete. The last train stopped at the station on 23 September 1987, because the steep route of the "Old Mountain Railway" could not accommodate the newer, larger trains.[4] Nearby is a 726-meter train tunnel built in 1905. It has successfully withstood a large number of earthquakes, including the quake of 21 September 1999 (921). At the tunnel entrance are some old troop barracks where during World War II local troops were stationed to protect the railway.[4]
  • Sanyi Old Street and Mudiao
  • Sanyi Wood Sculpture Museum, opened in 1995, shows the development of local wood carving from a craft in the late 19th century to contemporary art of the 21st century.[3]
  • Huoyan Mountain Ecology Museum displays detailed information about the geological formation of Huoyan Mountain, as well as the flora and fauna of the area.
  • The Tung tree festival is held each year when the tung trees bloom in late April.
  • Liyutan Dam
  • Longteng Bridge
  • West Lake Resortopia[5]

TransportationEdit

Notable nativesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 106年一月份人口統計下載區 [January 2017 Population Statistic Downloads]. mlhr.miaoli.gov.tw (in Chinese). Miaoli County Government Household Registration Service. January 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
  2. ^ Taiwan Tourism Bureau (7 September 2019). "The Hidden Gems of Miaoli County". AmCham Taipei. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Treasures of Miaoli: The Museum of Wood Sculpture in Miaoli County" International Culture and Tourism Bureau, Miaoli County In English
  4. ^ a b "Sheng-hsing Station" CTIN Taiwan Travel Network In Chinese
  5. ^ "苗栗文化觀光旅遊網".

External linksEdit