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This page is about Daxi District of Taoyuan City. For the borough of the same name in Yilan County, see Daxi railway station

Daxi District (Chinese: 大溪區; Hanyu Pinyin: Dàxī Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Dàsi Cyu; Wade–Giles: Ta⁴-hsi¹ Chʻü¹), formerly known as Daxi Township (Chinese: 大溪鎮; Hanyu Pinyin: Dàxī Zhèn; Tongyong Pinyin: Dàsi Jhèn; Wade–Giles: Ta⁴-hsi¹ Chên⁴), is a district in eastern Taoyuan City, Taiwan. In March 2012, it was named one of the Top 10 Small Tourist Towns by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan.[1]

Daxi

大溪區

Dasi
Daxi District
DASI Old Street ,TAIWAN.jpg
Daxi District in Taoyuan City
Daxi District in Taoyuan City
Coordinates: 24°52′50.2″N 121°17′13.5″E / 24.880611°N 121.287083°E / 24.880611; 121.287083Coordinates: 24°52′50.2″N 121°17′13.5″E / 24.880611°N 121.287083°E / 24.880611; 121.287083
CountryRepublic of China
MunicipalityTaoyuan City
Government
 • MayorChen,Jia-cong
Area
 • Total40.6 sq mi (105.1 km2)
Population
 (January 2016)
 • Total93,388
Websitewww.daxi.tycg.gov.tw (in Chinese)
Daxi in 1930
Daxi District office (then Daxi Township office)
Daxi Valley

HistoryEdit

The Daxi area was occupied for several thousand years by the Atayal people. The Atayal called the local river (modern-day Dahan Creek) Takoham in their native Austronesian language. This gave rise to similar names such as Toa-kho-ham[2] (Chinese: 大嵙陷; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tōa-kho͘-hām; also 大嵙崁; Tōa-kho͘-khàm)[3] in Hokkien and Taikokan[4] in Japanese via transliteration.

Eighteenth-century Han settlement in the Taipei Basin led many Atayal families to relocate upriver, though some Atayal stayed and mingled with the newcomers. The settlement later became an important trading post in the 19th century.

In 1803, open fighting broke out between two rival factions of Han settlers in Taipei, and many refugees fled south for safety. Among the refugees was the Lin Ben Yuan Family, one of the wealthiest clans in Taiwan at the time. The clan settled in Takoham, invested its fortunes in the settlement and brought prosperity to the whole region. Due to its strategic location and the investments made by the Lin clan, Takoham became the center of trading and transportation between Taipei and the south. Goods would arrive here to be transported to Taipei via Dahan river, and many traders opened their shops in the area; some of the shops still exist today in the old town section.

When the North-South Railway that bypasses the Takoham settlement was completed in 1909, the importance of river trade declined. Takoham lost its significance in North-South transportation, and is no longer a significant trading port. On the other hand, it became famous for the production of wooden furniture. In 1920, the Japanese government renamed this area 大溪 ("big creek"), pronounced Daikei in Japanese and Dàxī in Mandarin, which was administered under Shinchiku Prefecture.

Daxi dried tofu [zh] is a popular ingredient in Taiwanese cuisine. Daxi is also home to the mausoleums of two Kuomintang leaders: the late president Chiang Kai-shek in nearby Cihu and his son Chiang Ching-kuo in Touliao.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Xinghe, Furen, Tianxin, Yixin, Yide, Yuemei, Yongfu, Kangan, Yihe, Meihua, Fuan, Fuxing, Xinfeng, Zhongxin, Ruixing, Renshan, Qiaoai, Renyi, Renhe, Renai, Renwu, Renwen, Nanxing, Yuanlin, Guangming, Ruiyuan and Sanyuan Village.

EconomyEdit

The headquarters of Kimlan Foods is located in Daxi.[5]

Tourist attractionsEdit

Local celebration FestivalEdit

TransportationEdit

BusEdit

 
Daxi Bus Station
  • Daxi Bus Station of Taoyuan Bus have most of routes to Daxi,and 5096 route from Taoyuan Station and 5098 route from Zhongli Station send every 10 to 20 minutes.
  • Taiwan Tourist Shuttle Routes have Daxi Express to Daxi [9][10]and Xiaowulai Route also passes through Daxi.[11]
  • Ropo Bus have 710 Express from Yongning Station of Taipei Metro to Daxi.

RoadEdit

Daxi is served by National Highway No. 3 and Provincial Highway No. 66.

Notable nativesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wong, Maggie Hiufu (2012-03-30). "Taiwan names its 10 top small tourist towns". CNN Go. Archived from the original on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-03-31.
  2. ^ Campbell (1896), map.
  3. ^ "Entry #40028 (大嵙崁)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ^ Davidson (1903), map.
  5. ^ "d_2.gif." Kimlan Foods. Retrieved on November 9, 2012. "No. 236, Jieshoo Road, Dasi, Taoyuan, Taiwan"
  6. ^ https://travel.tycg.gov.tw/zh-tw/event/calendardetail/2313
  7. ^ http://www.tycg.gov.tw/uploaddowndoc?file=publish/201607181405460.pdf&filedisplay=2016+July+-+Art+%26+Culture+in+Taoyuan+brochure.pdf&flag=doc
  8. ^ https://travel.tycg.gov.tw/en/event/news/2523
  9. ^ https://www.taiwantrip.com.tw/line/91?x=1&y=5
  10. ^ https://travel.tycg.gov.tw/en/event/news/2563
  11. ^ https://www.taiwantrip.com.tw/line/46?x=1&y=5

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit