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Yilan City (Mandarin Pīnyīn: Yílán Shì; Hokkien POJ: Gî-lân-chhī) is a county-administered city and the county seat of Yilan County, Taiwan. The city lies on the north side of the Lanyang River.


Yilan City
Temple in Yilan City
Temple in Yilan City
Yilan is located in Taiwan
Location in the Republic of China (Taiwan)
Coordinates: 24°45′N 121°45′E / 24.750°N 121.750°E / 24.750; 121.750Coordinates: 24°45′N 121°45′E / 24.750°N 121.750°E / 24.750; 121.750
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
CountyYilan County
 • MayorChiang Tsung-yuan (江聰淵)
 • Total29.87 km2 (11.53 sq mi)
 (July 2018)
 • Total95,905
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
WebsiteYilan City Office
Yilan City
Traditional Chinese宜蘭
Simplified Chinese宜兰



Early historyEdit

The Yilan Plain in which the city is located has historically been referred to as Kapalan (Chinese: 蛤仔難; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kap-á-lān),[1] Kapsulan (蛤仔蘭; Kap-chú-lân; also 甲子蘭), Komalan (噶瑪蘭; Kat-má-lán), etc. These names, as well as that of Yilan itself, were given to the sites by the Kavalan tribe of Taiwanese aborigines. Later arrivals included Han Chinese settlers during the Qing Dynasty in China (1802) and settlers from Okinawa during Taiwan's Japanese era (1895-1945).

Qing dynastyEdit

In 1810 under Qing dynasty rule, a formal administration office was established at Wuwei (五圍) and "Komalan Subprefecture" (噶瑪蘭廳; Kat-má-lán Thiaⁿ) was at the present day location of Yilan City. Construction of the city wall was completed a year later. After a few years once the basic infrastructure was ready, the city assumed the political, economical, cultural and educational center for the Lanyang Plain. In 1878, Komalan was a large rice production area commonly called Kapsulan, and became a district called Gilan Hsien.[2] It was one of the three new districts that constituted the new Taipeh Prefecture.

Japanese ruleEdit

According to the 1904 census, the population of Giran town was about 15,000.[3]


After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Yilan City was created in January 1946 as a county-controlled city the county seat of the newly created Yilan County and continue to become the political, economical and cultural centers of the region.[4]


Yilan City in Yilan County

Yilan City is located on Lanyang Plain with an average altitude of 7.38 meters above sea level.[5]

  • Area: 29.87 square kilometres (11.53 sq mi)[5]
  • Population: 95,907 (December 2016)[6]


Yilan City experiences a humid subtropical climate with mild winters and hot, humid summers.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Yilan City consists of 38 villages and 478 neighborhoods. Villages in Yilan City are: Baili, Beijin, Beimen, Caiyuan, Chenggong, Cian, Daxin, Fuguo, Fuxing, Jianjun, Jianye, Jiaobai, Jinshi, Kaixuan, Liming, Meizhou, Minquan, Minzu, Nanjin, Nanmen, Nanqiao, Qijie, Qizhang, Shennong, Siyuan, Taishan, Tungcun, Tungmen, Wenhua, Xiaolian, Xiaotung, Ximen, Xinmin, Xinsheng, Xintung, Yanping, Zhongshan and Zhongxing.[7]

Government institutionsEdit

Tourist attractionsEdit


Yilan City is accessible by Yilan Station of the Taiwan Railways Administration.

Sister citiesEdit


  1. ^ "Entry #40193 (蛤仔難)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  2. ^ Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present. London and New York: Macmillan. p. 211. OCLC 1887893. OL 6931635M.
  3. ^ Takekoshi (1907), p. 200.
  4. ^ "Discovery Center of YiLan - Yilan City Office". Retrieved 2014-05-25.
  5. ^ a b 認識宜蘭市 [Get to Know Yilan City]. (in Chinese). Yilan City Office. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  6. ^ 宜蘭縣宜蘭市 現住人口數按性別及年歲分 [Resident Population Figures by Gender and Age, Yilan City, Yilan County] (PDF). (in Chinese). Yilan City Household Registration Office. December 2016. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  7. ^ 各里里長 [Village leaders] (in Chinese). Yilan City Office. Retrieved 2017-02-21.


External linksEdit