Village (Taiwan)

Villages are the basic level administrative subdivisions of Taiwan, under townships, county-administered cities or districts. There are two types of villages depending on the divisions it belongs to.[1]

Name Chinese Mandarin
Administered by
Urban village Urban township, County-administered city, District, Mountain indigenous district
Rural village cūn chhun Rural township, Mountain indigenous township

Structuring and SizingEdit

The history of Village in Taiwan could date back to the Hoko system in the Japanese era, which ho () changed into village after Republic of China ruled Taiwan. The formation of village helps to divide area in considerations for transportation and city planning. The formation of village and its size depends largely on the county it is located or the population nature of the local area. In counties or districts of limited population, 100 households could form a village whereas in dense populated New Taipei, 1,000 households are necessary to form a village. In very densely populated areas, a village could comprise a population of up to 4,000 households. (Fushan Village of Kaohsiung City contains a population of 39,800) Thus the sizes of village varies widely.

The following are the statistics of villages in each administrative division in June 2018.

Region Township-level
Types of Villages
Urban Rural
Changhua County 26 589 264 325
Chiayi City 2 84 84 0
Chiayi County 18 357 89 268
Hsinchu City 3 122 122 0
Hsinchu County 13 192 96 96
Hualien County 13 177 72 105
Kaohsiung City 38 891 891 0
Keelung City 7 157 157 0
Kinmen County 6 37 24 13
Lienchiang County 4 22 0 22
Miaoli County 18 275 169 106
Nantou County 13 262 133 129
New Taipei City 29 1032 1032 0
Penghu County 6 96 34 62
Pingtung County 33 463 139 324
Taichung City 29 625 625 0
Tainan City 37 649 649 0
Taipei City 12 456 456 0
Taitung County 16 147 61 86
Taoyuan City 13 504 504 0
Yilan County 12 233 111 122
Yunlin County 20 391 164 227
Total 368 7761 5876 1885


The head of a village is usually elected by the people of the village, the duration of the authority lasts for four years before the next election occurs. According to the government, the head is subsidized with 45,000 NT per month for local transportation, stationary, postage and bill fees.

The head of a village holds responsibility to accept complaints and suggestions, initiate and hold meetings, handout certificates of various sorts, encourage bill payments and assist filling out of government documents if required.

Example of villages in TaiwanEdit

Caoling Village in Gukeng Township, Yunlin County.
Region District or Township Village
Kaohsiung City Jiaxin District
Cianjhen District
Zuoying District
Guanshan, Siaolin
New Taipei City Ruifang District Houtong
Changhua County Fuxing Township Xishi
Chiayi County Alishan Township Leye
Kinmen County Jincheng Township Zhushan
Nantou County Puli Township Taomi
Yunlin County Gukeng Township Caoling

See alsoEdit

Overview of administrative divisions of Taiwan
Republic of China
Free area[i] Mainland area
Special municipalities[G][ii] Provinces [zh][iii] Not administered
Counties[G] Cities[G][iv]
Districts[O] Mountain indigenous districts[G] Townships/cities[G][v] Districts[O]
[G] Has an administrative body with an elected leader and a legislative body with elected members
[O] Has a governmental office for managing local affairs and carrying out commissioned tasks by superior agency


  1. ^ Also known as the Taiwan area or Tai–Min area (Chinese: 臺閩地區; lit.: 'Taiwan–Fujian area')
  2. ^ In Chinese, special municipalities, cities, and county-administered cities have the word shi (Chinese: ; lit.: 'city') in their official names
  3. ^ Nominal; provincial governments have been abolished
  4. ^ Cities are sometimes called provincial cities (Chinese: 省轄市) to distinguish them from the other two types of cities.
  5. ^ In Chinese, there are two types of townships: xīang (Chinese: ) and zhèng (Chinese: ); there is little practical difference between the two
  6. ^ In Chinese, villages of xīang townships are known as tsūn (Chinese: ), those of other types are known as (Chinese: )