Open main menu

Zhonghe District (Chinese: 中和區; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghé Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhonghé Cyu, Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tiong-hô Khu), historically spelled Chung-Ho and Jhonghe, is an inner city district in an urban area in northern Taiwan (Republic of China).

Zhonghe

中和區
Zhonghe District
Zhonghe District, with Taipei 101 in the background
Zhonghe District, with Taipei 101 in the background
Location of Zhonghe in New Taipei City
Location of Zhonghe in New Taipei City
Coordinates: 24°59′50″N 121°30′15″E / 24.99722°N 121.50417°E / 24.99722; 121.50417Coordinates: 24°59′50″N 121°30′15″E / 24.99722°N 121.50417°E / 24.99722; 121.50417
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionNorthern Taiwan
Special municipalityNew Taipei City (新北市)
Area
 • Total20.294 km2 (7.836 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2016)[1]
 • Total414,356
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)
Postal code
235
Websitehttp://www.zhonghe.ntpc.gov.tw
Zhonghe District
Chinese中和區

Contents

Geography and climateEdit

Zhonghe lies just south-west of Taipei City and shares borders with Banqiao, Xindian, Tucheng and Yonghe Districts of New Taipei City, as well as Taipei City. The average annual temperature is 21.7 °C (71.1 °F) and the precipitation averages 2,111 millimetres (83.1 in) per year. Most of Zhonghe lies a few tens of meters above sea level and is heavily urbanized, with forested hillier country in the southeast. A mountainous ridge forms most of the eastern border with Xindian, which includes the highest point in Zhonghe, the 302-meter Fenglusai (Chinese: 風爐塞山; pinyin: Fēnglúsài Shān).[2]

HistoryEdit

The present-day area of Zhonghe District was originally settled by aboriginal tribes. During conflict between the colonial forces of the Dutch and the Spanish, the area is recorded by the Dutch as Chiron, from the name of one of the tribes living there.[3] This name is preserved in one of the constituent villages of the city, called Xiulang Li (秀朗里), and the bridge which connects Zhonghe to Xindian.

The area was subsequently settled by Han Chinese migrants from Fujian but remained relatively unimportant until the end of the Second World War. In 1946 the population of the area of present-day Zhonghe and Yonghe was 30,000 and it was classified as a rural township.[4]

Due to rapid population growth Yonghe was separated from Zhonghe in 1958. Subsequently, on January 1, 1979, Zhonghe was upgraded to county-controlled city status after reaching a population of 170,000.[4] On 25 December 2010, due to the changing from Taipei County to New Taipei City, Zhonghe City was changed to Zhonghe District.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Zhonghe is divided into 93 villages, which are further subdivided into lín (; 'neighbourhoods'), of which there are 2,972 in total. Some administration is shared with neighbouring Yonghe District; due to both this and their proximity, they are sometimes collectively known as Shuanghe' (雙和; 'Twin He). This is also reflected in the names of various institutions such as Shuang-Ho Hospital[5] in Zhonghe and Shuanghe Libai Church[6] in Yonghe.

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

Zhonghe is served by the Zhonghe Line of the Taipei Metro, three stations of which are located in the city: Yongan Market, Jingan and the terminal station, Nanshijiao. Scheduled to begin operation in June 2018, the Circular Line will add a further five metro stations in Zhonghe, and transform Jingan Station into an interchange station between the Circular and Zhonghe lines. Further into the future, the Wanda Line and the North-South section of the Yellow Line will eventually bring the number of MRT stations in Zhonghe to fifteen. The closest regular rail and high-speed services are from Banqiao Station in neighbouring Banqiao District.

RoadEdit

Zhonghe has an interchange on one of Taiwan's two main north-south road arteries; the National Highway 3. Also providing road links is Provincial Highway 64, an elevated expressway that cuts through the middle of the district, with several on and off-ramps in Zhonghe itself. There are two bridges over the Xindian River; Xiulang Bridge, which connects Zhonghe with Xindian, and Huazhong Bridge, reaching Taipei's Wanhua District.

EducationEdit

Zhonghe is home to the National Taiwan Library, which is located in the grounds of the 8-23 Memorial Park. It has one of the best collections in Taiwan of factual books about Taiwan in English.

There are nine elementary schools, four junior high schools, one senior high school, and three private high schools in Zhonghe. The Hwa Hsia University of Technology is also located in the city.

EconomyEdit

The offices of a number of technology companies are located in the district, including the Asia-Pacific head office of Viewsonic,[7] SpotCam,[8] a Texas Instruments research facility,[9] the head offices of Cooler Master,[10] and Micro-Star International.[11]

Cultural and religious sitesEdit

  • Hongludi Temple
  • Yuantong Temple
  • Xingnan Night Market
  • Fangliao Night Market

Burma StreetEdit

Huaxin Street (華新街), near Nanshijiao MRT Station, is home to a large proportion of Taiwan's small Burmese immigrant population. Zhonghe District is home to 40,000 Burmese Chinese (2008), making up 10% of Zhonghe's population, and constituting one of the largest communities of Burmese Chinese outside of Burma.[12] Consequently, there are numerous stores and restaurants in this area selling Burmese produce and there are also cultural events on occasion.[13]

Famous nativesEdit

International relationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 歷年人口統計 (Historical population figures) (in Chinese), Zhonghe District Government, archived from the original on August 5, 2012
  2. ^ 台北縣中和市行政區域圖 (Jhonghe, Taipei County), Ministry of the Interior, 2007, ISBN 978-986009391-9
  3. ^ 諸羅縣志 [Zhuluo County Annals] (in Chinese).
  4. ^ a b "History". Zhonghe City Government. Archived from the original on 2008-03-13. Retrieved 2008-07-18.
  5. ^ About SHH, Shuang Ho Hospital
  6. ^ 本堂簡介 [Introduction to the Church] (in Chinese), Shuanghe Libai Church
  7. ^ "Locations". Viewsonic. Archived from the original on August 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
  8. ^ "Contact SpotCam". SpotCam. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
  9. ^ "TI Worldwide Sales & Support Offices". Texas Instruments. Retrieved 2008-07-27.
  10. ^ "Contact Us". Cooler Master. Archived from the original on 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
  11. ^ "About Us". Micro-Star International. Archived from the original on August 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
  12. ^ Lu, Hsin-chun Tasaw (2008). "Festivalizing Thingyan, Negotiating Ethnicity: Burmese Chinese Migrants in Taiwan". Journal of Burma Studies. 12: 30. doi:10.1353/jbs.2008.0001.
  13. ^ "Tapping the Grapevine". American Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2008-07-16.[dead link]
  14. ^ Los Gatos Weekly-Times | Monte Sereno Sister City

External linksEdit