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List of cities proper by population

This article lists the most populous cities in the world defined according to a concept of city proper. A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognised urban status that is usually characterised by some form of local government.[1][2][3] Cities proper and their boundaries and population data may not include suburbs.[4]

World Urbanization Prospects, a UN publication, defines population of a city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority." The book continues to say that "city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives."[4] This definition does not give an accurate picture of the urban area or metropolitan area of cities. Using this strictly administrative definition, many cities will be included on this list that are smaller than their urban area. However, many Chinese cities included govern territories that extend well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural areas.[5]

Contents

Cities proper by populationEdit

Rank City Image Population Definition Total
area (km²)
Population
density (/km²)
Country
1 Shanghai   24,256,800[6] Municipality 6,340.5[7] 3,826   China
2 Beijing   21,516,000[8] Municipality 16,410.54[9] 1,311   China
3 Delhi   16,787,941[10] Union territory 1,484 11,313   India
4 Lagos   16,060,303[a] Metropolitan City 1,171.28[12] 13,712   Nigeria
5 Tianjin   15,200,000[13] Municipality 11,760[14] 1,293   China
6 Karachi   14,910,352[15] Metropolitan Corporation[16] 3,527 4,572   Pakistan
7 Istanbul   14,160,467[17] Metropolitan Municipality[18] 5,461[19] 2,593   Turkey
8 Tokyo   13,513,734[20] Metropolis 2,191[20] 6,168   Japan
9 Guangzhou   13,080,500[21] Sub-provincial City 7,434.4[22] 1,759   China
10 Mumbai   12,442,373[23] Municipal Corporation[24] 603.4 20,680   India
11 Moscow   12,380,664[25] Federal City[26][27] 2,510.12[28] 4,859   Russia
12 São Paulo   12,038,175[29] Municipality City[30] 1,521.11 7,914   Brazil
13 Lahore   11,126,285[31] City District 1,772[32] 5,673   Pakistan
14 Shenzhen   10,467,400[33] Sub-provincial City 1,991.64[34] 5,256   China
15 Jakarta   10,075,310[35] DKI Jakarta[36] 664.12 15,171   Indonesia
16 Seoul   9,995,784[37] Special City 605.21[38] 17,134   South Korea
17 Wuhan   9,785,392[39] Sub-provincial City[40] 1,327.61[41] 5,187   China
18 Kinshasa   9,735,000[42][43][full citation needed] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[44] 1,117.62[45] 8,710   Democratic Republic of the Congo
19 Cairo   9,278,441[46] Governorate[47] 3,085.1[48] 3,008   Egypt
20 Dhaka   8,906,039[49] City Corporation; 41 thanas of Dhaka city not including 5 upazilas of Dhaka district 300[50] 29,687   Bangladesh
21 Mexico City   8,874,724[51] Federal District 1,485.49[52] 5,974   Mexico
22 Lima   8,693,387[53] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[54] 2,672.3 3,253   Peru
23 London   8,673,713[55] Greater London Authority[56] 1,572.15 5,431   United Kingdom
24 New York City   8,537,673[57] City[58] 783.84 10,892   United States
25 Bengaluru   8,443,675[59] Municipal Corporation 741.00 11,876   India
26 Bangkok   8,280,925[60] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[61] 1,568.74 5,279   Thailand
27 Ho Chi Minh City   8,224,400[62] Metropolitan Municipality-Province 2,095.5[62] 3,925   Vietnam
28 Dongguan   8,220,207[63] Prefecture-level City 2,469.4 3,329   China
29 Chongqing   8,189,800[b] Central Chongqing[c]
Municipality
5,473[d] 1,496   China
30 Nanjing   8,187,828[68] Sub-provincial City 4,713.85 1,737   China
31 Tehran   8,154,051[69] City Municipality[70] 450.93[71] 18,083   Iran
32 Shenyang   8,106,171[72] Sub-provincial City 12,942 626   China
33 Bogotá   7,776,845[73] Capital District[74] 859.11[75][76] 9,052   Colombia
34 Ningbo   7,605,689[77] Sub-provincial city 9,816.23 775   China
35 Hong Kong   7,298,600[78] Special Administrative Region[79] 1,104.43[80] 6,608   China
36 Hanoi   7,232,700[62] Metropolitan Municipality-Province 3,324.5[62] 2,176   Vietnam
37 Baghdad   7,180,889[81] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[82] 4,555[83] 1,576   Iraq
38 Changsha   7,044,118[84] Prefecture-level City[85] 11,819 596   China
39 Hyderabad   6,731,790[86] Municipal Corporation 621.48[87] 10,832   India
40 Chennai   6,727,000[88] Municipal Corporation[89] 426.51[90] 15,772   India
41 Rio de Janeiro   6,498,837[91] Municipality City 1,200.27[92] 5,414   Brazil
42 Faisalabad   3,203,846[93] City District 214 14,971   Pakistan
43 Foshan   6,151,622[94][95] Prefecture-level City 2,034.62[96] 3,023   China
44 Santiago   5,743,719[97] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[98] 1,249.9 4,595   Chile
45 Riyadh   5,676,621[99] Municipality City[100] 1,233.98[101] 4,600   Saudi Arabia
46 Ahmedabad   5,570,585[102] Municipal Corporation 475 11,728   India
47 Singapore   5,535,000[103] City State 719.1[103] 7,697   Singapore
48 Shantou   5,391,028[104] Prefecture-level City 2,064.42 2,611   China
49 Saint Petersburg   5,281,579[105] Federal City 1,439[28] 3,608   Russia
50 Yangon   5,214,000[106] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[107] 598.75[108] 8,708   Myanmar
51 Abidjan   4,765,000[42] Department/City District 2,119[109] 2,249   Ivory Coast
52 Chengdu   14,427,500[110] Sub-provincial City 421[111] 11,263   China
53 Alexandria   4,616,625[112] Governorate 2,300[113][114] 2,007   Egypt
54 Kolkata   4,496,694[115] Municipal Corporation 185 24,306   India
55 Ankara   4,470,800[116] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[117] 1,910.92[118][119] 2,340   Turkey
56 Xi'an   8,705,600[120] Sub-provincial City[121] 832.17 5,369   China
57 Surat   4,462,002[23] Municipal Corporation 326.515[122] 13,666   India
58 Johannesburg   4,434,827[123] Municipality City 1,644.98 2,696   South Africa
59 Dar es Salaam   4,364,541[124] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[125] 1,631.12[126] 2,676   Tanzania
60 Suzhou   4,327,066[127] Prefecture-level City[128] 1,649.72[129] 2,623   China
61 Harbin   4,280,701[130][131] Sub-provincial City 1,718.2[132] 2,491   China
62 Giza   4,239,988[133] Governorate[134] 289.08 14,667   Egypt
63 Zhengzhou   4,122,087[135] Sub-provincial City[136] 1,015.66 4,059   China
64 Los Angeles   3,976,322[57] Municipality City[137] 1,213.85 3,276   United States
65 New Taipei City   3,954,929[138] Special Municipality 2,052.57[139] 1,927   Taiwan
66 Cape Town   3,740,026[123] Municipality City 2,444.97 1,530   South Africa
67 Yokohama   3,726,167[20] Designated City 437.49 8,517   Japan
68 Berlin   3,671,000[140] City State 891.75 4,117   Germany
69 Busan   3,590,101[141] Metropolitan City 766.12[141] 4,686   South Korea
70 Hangzhou   3,560,391[142] Sub-provincial City 728.19[142] 4,889   China
71 Xiamen   3,531,347[143] Sub-provincial City 1,699 2,078   China
72 Quanzhou   3,520,846[144] Prefecture-level City 1,062 3,315   China
73 Rawalpindi   2,098,231[145] City District 127 16,522   Pakistan
74 Jeddah   3,456,259[146] Municipality City 1,765[147] 1,958   Saudi Arabia
75 Durban   3,442,361[123] Municipality City 2,291.31 1,502   South Africa
76 Hyderabad   1,732,693[148] City District 114 15,199   Pakistan
77 Kabul   3,414,100[149] Municipality City 275 12,415   Afghanistan
78 Casablanca   3,359,818[150] Prefecture 387 8,682   Morocco
79 Hefei   3,352,076[151] Prefecture-level City[152] 838.52 3,998   China
80 Pyongyang   3,255,388[153] Direct-controlled Municipality 2,113[154] 1,541   North Korea
81 Madrid   3,207,247[155] Municipality City 605.77 5,294   Spain
82 Peshawar   1,970,042[156] Municipal Corporation 125 15,760   Pakistan
83 Ekurhuleni   3,178,470[123] Municipality City 1,975.31 1,609   South Africa
84 Nairobi   3,138,369[157] Capital District 694.9 4,829   Kenya
85 Zhongshan   3,121,275[158] Prefecture-level City 1,783.67 1,750   China
86 Pune   3,115,431[102] Municipal Corporation 450.69 6,913   India
87 Addis Ababa   3,103,673[159] Metropolitan Municipality-Province[160] 526.99 5,889   Ethiopia
88 Jaipur   3,073,350[102] Municipal Corporation 485 6,337   India
89 Buenos Aires   3,054,300[161] Federal District 203 15,046   Argentina
90 Brasília   3,039,444[162] Distrito Federal[163] 5,801.93 524   Brazil
91 Wenzhou   3,039,439[164] Prefecture-level City[165] 1,187.88 2,559   China

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Metropolitan Lagos consists 16 out of Lagos State's 20 LGA, which excludes: Badagry, Epe, Ibeju-Lekki and Ikorodu.[11]
  2. ^ Sum of the 2014 population estimates for the "urban-function core district" and "urban-function extended district" of Chongqing, which were 3,677,600 and 4,512,200 respectively.[64] See also the next note.
  3. ^ The nine districts of Yuzhong, Jiangbei, Shapingba, Jiulongpo, Nan'an, Dadukou, Banan, Yubei and Beibei together comprise the area commonly referred to as Central Chongqing (重庆主城区). The first six districts make up the "urban-function core district" (都市功能核心区) and the last three comprise the "urban-function extended district" (都市功能拓展区) defined by the Chongqing municipal government.[65][66][67]
  4. ^ Sum of the areas of the "urban-function core district" and "urban-function extended district" of Chongqing.[65] See also the previous note.

ReferencesEdit

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  4. ^ a b World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. ISBN 92-1-151396-0. 
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  12. ^ The surface of the Metropolitan Lagos is 1171 square kilometres, but 171 square kilometres is water (lagoon).
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  18. ^ The city, considered capital of Istanbul Province, is administered by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (IMM), which oversees the thirty-nine districts of the city-province (thirty-six urban districts and three rural districts).
  19. ^ Sources have provided conflicting figures on the area of Istanbul. The most authoritative source on this figure ought to be the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (MMI), but the English version of its website suggests a few figures for this area. One page states that "Each MM is sub-divided into District Municipalities ("DM") of which there are 27 in Istanbul" [emphasis added] with a total area of 1,538.9 square kilometers (594.2 sq mi).[73] However, the Municipal History page appears to be the most explicit and most updated, saying that in 2004, "Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality's jurisdiction was enlarged to cover all the area within the provincial limits". It also states a 2008 law merged the Eminönü district into the Fatih district (a point that is not reflected in the previous source) and increased the number of districts in Istanbul to thirty-nine.[74] That total area, as corroborated on the Turkish version of the MMI website,[75] and a recently updated Jurisdiction page on the English site[76] is 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi)..
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  24. ^ Mumbai City consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district (Island City) and Mumbai Suburban district (Western Suburban and Eastern Suburban), grouped into 24 wards, under the administration of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The remaining area belongs to Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the BMC.
  25. ^ "RUSSIA: Moscow". 
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  27. ^ The federal city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs, which are in turn subdivided into districts (raions).
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  30. ^ Administratively, the Municipality of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures, each in turn divided into 96 districts. Locally, districts may contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros). The city of São Paulo recognizes ten geographical areas used to reference locations in the city.
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  36. ^ "INDONESIA: Administrative Division". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
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  40. ^ The sub-provincial city of Wuhan has direct jurisdiction over 13 districts (eight urban/five rural). The city proper (urban) based on the districts of Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang and Qingshan considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Hongshan, Dongxihu.
  41. ^ Wuhan Statistical Yearbook 2010 Archived 5 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine. p. 15
  42. ^ a b "Demographia World Urban Areas (2014)" (PDF). Demographia. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  43. ^ "Evenements: "Avec une population de 9,5 millions, Kinshasa est la troisième plus grande ville sur le continent africain, de taille égale à Johannesburg. Le Kinois (habitants de Kinshasa) sont connus pour leur sens de l'humour, leur musique et leur amour pour la danse."(2013)". Ville de Kinshasa. 
  44. ^ The province of Kinshasa is divided into twenty-four districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Kinshasa. But the districts (communes) of Maluku and Nsele (N'Sele) are rural and not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Kinshasa is generally considered to be formed by twenty-two "communes".
  45. ^ According to the Constitution of Democratic Republic of the Congo, the province of Kinshasa covers 9965.21 km2. Maluku and N'Sele (total area 8847.59 km2) are entirely rural, with a very very low density.
  46. ^ "Egypt". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  47. ^ In April 2011, Prime Minister Essam Sharaf abolished the Helwan Governorate and reincorporated its territory into the Cairo Governorate. The total area of the governorate is 3085.1 square kilometers, the city area is 453 square kilometers, but the Egyptian government considered the Cairo Governorate is that a whole city and all statistics relate to the "governorate".
  48. ^ "EGYPT: Cairo". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  49. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/bangladesh-dhaka.php.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
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  56. ^ The 33 local authorities are the 32 London borough councils and the City of London Corporation.
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  58. ^ New York City is composed of five boroughs: Manhattan, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island
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  61. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
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  65. ^ a b "Position of Five Function Districts in Chongqing". Chongqing Municipal Government. 22 September 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
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  74. ^ The Capital District of Bogotá is divided into twenty districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Bogotá.
  75. ^ "Límites". Bogota Government Corporation. 
  76. ^ The district of Sumapaz is completely rural (no city services) and is not part of the city proper. The area was an important pilgrimage arheoligic site for the Muisca indigenous peoples in pre-Columbian times and for visiting the Sumapaz National Park. The district of Sumapaz represents 0.1% of the population (48% "area") of Bogotá Municipality.
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  78. ^ "Hong Kong Statistics". Census and Statistics Department. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  79. ^ The only legally defined city in Hong Kong is the City of Victoria but it serves almost no administrative function.
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  81. ^ "Demographic Statistics of Iraq (2009)". Central Statistical Government of Iraq. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  82. ^ The province of Baghdad is divided into nine district, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad. The districts are distributed into 89 Neighborhood Councils.
  83. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district – province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
  84. ^ Hunan Statistical Bureau (2011-5-13): Hunan Major data communique of National Census 2010
  85. ^ Based on the following districts: Furong, Tianxin, Yuelu, Kaifu, Yuhua; see Administration
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  97. ^ "Chile – Santiago (Census 2012)". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
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  100. ^ Riyadh is divided into 15 branch municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter. Each branch municipality in turn contains several districts, amounting to over 130 in total, though some districts are divided between more than one branch municipality. The branch municipalities are Al-Shemaysi, Irqah, Al-Ma'athar, Al-Olayya, Al-Aziziyya, Al-Malaz, Al-Selayy, Nemar, Al-Neseem, Al-Shifa, Al-'Urayja, Al-Bat'ha, Al-Ha'ir, Al-Rawdha, and Al-Shimal ("the North").
  101. ^ Arriyadh Development Authority (Investment_Arriyadh_2013)
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  135. ^ Sub-provincial City (Census 2010)
  136. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Zhōngyuán, Èrqī, Guǎnchéng Huízú, Jīnshuǐ and Huìjì
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  152. ^ The prefecture-level city of Hefei administers 9 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 1 County-city and 4 counties. The city proper based on the districts of Luyang, Yaohai, Shushan and Baohe considered "core districts".
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  160. ^ "based on the districts of Akaki Kaliti-Sub City, Nefas Silk-Lafto-Sub City, Kolfe Keraniyo-Sub City, Gulele-Sub City, Lideta-Sub City, Kirkos-Sub City, Arada-Sub City, Addis Ketema-Sub City, Yeka-Sub City, Bole-Sub City considered "districts"". 
  161. ^ "Argentina: Provinces and Agglomerations". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  162. ^ "1Estimativas populacionais para os municípios e para as Unidades da Federação brasileiros em 01.07.2017". Baidu. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  163. ^ Based on the following districts: Lucheng, Longwan, Ouhai; see Administration
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  165. ^ Based on the following districts: Lucheng, Longwan, Ouhai; see Administration

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit