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List of cities proper by population

A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognised urban status that is usually characterised by some form of local government.[1][2][3] In some cases, cities proper may not include suburbs or even parts of the urban core whereas in other cases the boundaries may include non-contiguous urban settlements or even rural areas.[4]

World Urbanization Prospects, a UN publication, defines the population of a city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority." The book continues to say that "city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives."[4] The UN also employs two alternative definitions of cities that use arbitrarily defined boundaries (urban area and metropolitan area) since no single definition for a city can be applied to compare every settlement. Using the administrative definition, many cities will be smaller than their urban area. In contrast, many Chinese cities govern territories that extend well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural areas.[5]

Cities proper by populationEdit

Rank City Image Population Definition Total
area (km²)
Population
density (/km²)
Country
1 Chongqing   [6]30,165,500 Municipality [7]82,403 366   China
2 Shanghai   [8]24,183,300 Municipality [9]6,340.5 3,814   China
3 Beijing   [10]21,707,000 Municipality [7]16,411 1,267   China
4 Istanbul   [11]15,029,231 Metropolitan municipality [12]5,196 2,893   Turkey
5 Karachi   [13]14,910,352 City[14] 3,780 3,944   Pakistan
6 Dhaka   [15]14,399,000 Capital city [16]337.54 42,659   Bangladesh
7 Tokyo   [17]13,515,271 Capital city [17]626.99 21,556   Japan
8 Moscow   [18]13,200,000 Federal city[19][20] [21]2,511 5,257   Russia
9 Guangzhou   [22]13,081,000 City (sub-provincial) [22]7,434 1,760   China
10 Shenzhen   [23]12,528,300 City (sub-provincial) [24]1,992 6,889   China
11 Mumbai   [citation needed]12,442,373 City[25] [26]603 20,634   India
12 São Paulo   [27]12,038,000 Municipality[28] 1,081.05 11,199   Brazil
13 Kinshasa   [29][30]11,462,000 City province[31] [32]473.73 24,195   Democratic Republic of the Congo
14 Tianjin   [22]11,249,000 Municipality [33]11,920 944   China
15 Lahore   [13]11,126,000 Metropolitan area [29]1,772 6,279   Pakistan
16 Delhi   [citation needed]6,787,941 Capital city 1,484 23,893   India
17 Jakarta   [34]10,624,000 Special capital region[35] 661.50 16,060   Indonesia
18 Dongguan   [36]10,615,000 City 2,460 4,315   China
19 Seoul   [37]9,806,000 Special city [38]605.25 16,202   South Korea
20 Foshan   [39][40]9,279,000 City [41]3,797 2,444   China
21 Chengdu   [22]9,012,000 City (sub-provincial) [22]14,312 630   China
22 Lima   [42]8,894,000 Capital city[43] 2,672 3,329   Peru
23 Mexico City   [44]8,918,653 Capital city [45]607.22 14,616   Mexico
24 London   [46]8,825,001 Capital city[47] 1,572 5,614   United Kingdom
25 Tehran   [48]8,694,000 Capital city[49] [50]574.13 15,143   Iran
26 Bangalore   [citation needed]8,443,675 City 709 11,909   India
27 New York   [51]8,398,748 City[52] 786.30 10,681   United States
28 Shenyang   [53]8,106,171 City (sub-provincial) 12,980 625   China
29 Wuhan   [54]8,035,000 City (sub-provincial)[55] [56]8,494 946   China
30 Bogotá   [57]7,963,000 Capital District[58] [59][60]428.26 18,594   Colombia
31 Ningbo   [61]7,605,689 City (sub-provincial) 9,816.23 775   China
32 Cairo   [62]7,601,018 City[63] [64]302.56 25,582   Egypt
33 Ho Chi Minh City   [65]7,431,000 City [65]453.60 16,382   Vietnam
34 Hong Kong   [66]7,298,600 Special administrative region[67] [68]1,104.43 6,608   China
35 Nanjing   [69]7,260,000 City (sub-provincial) 6,582 1,103   China
36 Hanoi   [65]7,232,700 Metropolitan municipality-province [65]3,324.5 2,176   Vietnam
37 Changsha   [70]7,044,118 City[71] 11,819 596   China
38 Hangzhou   [72]7,035,000 City (sub-provincial) [72]850.83 8,268   China
39 Hyderabad   [73]6,993,262 City [74]651.75 11,494   India
40 Baghdad   [75]6,793,000 Metropolis[76] [77]424.53 16,001   Iraq
41 Chennai   [78]6,727,000 Municipal corporation[79] [80]426.51 15,772   India
42 Riyadh   [81]6,694,000 City[82] [83]410.97 16,288   Saudi Arabia
43 Rio de Janeiro   [84]6,520,000 Municipality [85]751.44 8,677   Brazil
44 Xi'an   [86]6,220,000 City (sub-provincial)[87] 10,135 614   China
45 Suzhou   [88]5,983,000 City[89] [90]8,488 705   China
46 Bangkok   [91]5,782,000 Special administrative area[92] 764.73 7,561   Thailand
47 Singapore   [93]5,607,000 City [93]602.75 9,302   Singapore
48 Ahmedabad   [94]5,570,585 City 351.21 15,861   India
49 Santiago   [95]5,561,000 City[96] 595.49 9,339   Chile
50 Shantou   [97]5,391,028 City 2,064.42 2,611   China
51 Saint Petersburg   [98]5,351,000 City [99]1,439 3,719   Russia
52 Harbin   [100][101]5,299,000 City (sub-provincial) [102]614.31 8,626   China
53 Dar es Salaam   [103]5,257,000 City[104] [105]330.52 15,905   Tanzania
54 Yangon   [29]5,214,000 Metropolitan municipality-province[106] [107]598.75 8,708   Myanmar
55 Johannesburg   [108]4,949,000 Metropolitan municipality 432.84 11,434   South Africa
56 Abidjan   [29]4,765,000 Department/city district [109]2,119 2,249   Ivory Coast
57 Alexandria   [110]4,616,625 Governorate [111][112]2,300 2,007   Egypt
58 Kolkata   [113]4,496,694 Municipal corporation 185 24,306   India
59 Ankara   [114]4,470,800 Metropolitan municipality-province[115] [116][117]1,910.92 2,340   Turkey
60 Surat   [citation needed]4,467,797 Municipal Corporation 336 13,297   India
61 Giza   [118]4,239,988 Governorate[119] 289.08 14,667   Egypt
62 Zhengzhou   [120]4,122,087 City (sub-provincial)[121] 1,015.66 4,059   China
63 Los Angeles   [122]3,976,322 Municipality city[123] 1,213.85 3,276   United States
64 New Taipei City   [124]3,954,929 Special municipality [125]2,052.57 1,927   Taiwan
65 Cape Town   [108]3,740,026 Metropolitan municipality 2,444.97 1,530   South Africa
66 Yokohama   [17]3,726,167 Designated city 437.49 8,517   Japan
67 Berlin   [126]3,671,000 City state 891.75 4,117   Germany
68 Busan   [127]3,590,000 Metropolitan city [127]347.49 10,331   South Korea
69 Xiamen   [128]3,531,347 City (sub-provincial) 1,699 2,078   China
70 Jeddah   [129]3,456,259 City [130]1,765 1,958   Saudi Arabia
71 Durban   [108]3,442,361 Metropolitan municipality 2,291.31 1,502   South Africa
72 Kabul   [131]3,414,100 Municipality city 275 12,415   Afghanistan
73 Casablanca   [132]3,359,818 Prefecture 230 14,608   Morocco
74 Hefei   [133]3,352,076 City[134] 838.52 3,998   China
75 Pyongyang   [135]3,255,388 Direct-controlled municipality [136]2,113 1,541   North Korea
76 Madrid   [137]3,207,247 Municipality city 605.77 5,294   Spain
77 Faisalabad   [13]3,203,846 City district 214 14,971   Pakistan
78 Ekurhuleni   [108]3,178,470 Metropolitan municipality 1,975.31 1,609   South Africa
79 Nairobi   [138]3,138,369 Capital district 694.9 4,829   Kenya
80 Zhongshan   [139]3,121,275 City 1,783.67 1,750   China
81 Pune   [94]3,115,431 Municipal corporation 450.69 6,913   India
82 Addis Ababa   [140]3,103,673 Metropolitan municipality-province[141] 526.99 5,889   Ethiopia
83 Jaipur   [94]3,073,350 Municipal corporation 485 6,337   India
84 Buenos Aires   [142]3,054,300 Federal district 203 15,046   Argentina
85 Wenzhou   [143]3,039,439 City[144] 1,187.88 2,559   China
86 Incheon   [145]3,002,645 Metropolitan city 328.55 9,139   South Korea

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics". Millenniumindicators.un.org. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  3. ^ Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57. United Nations. 2008. p. 2; 756. ISBN 92-1-051099-2.
  4. ^ a b World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. ISBN 92-1-151396-0.
  5. ^ Alexander, Ruth (29 January 2012). "The world's biggest cities: How do you measure them?". BBC News. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  6. ^ 2015年重庆常住人口3016.55万人 继续保持增长态势 [2016年重庆常住人口3670万人 继续保持增长态势] (in Chinese). Chongqing News. 28 January 2016. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Doing Business in China – Survey". Ministry of Commerce – People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  8. ^ "2017年上海市国民经济运行情况 (Shanghai's National Economy in 2017)".
  9. ^ "Land Area". Basic Facts. Shanghai Municipal People's Government. Retrieved 19 July 2011.
  10. ^ "Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics and NBS Survey Office in Beijing". Beijing Bureau of Statistics. 25 January 2018. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  11. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2017". Turkish Statistical Institute. 1 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  12. ^ http://citypopulation.de/
  13. ^ a b c Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. "Population of Major Cities - Census 2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Town/District Maps". Urban Habitat.
  15. ^ "Dhaka (Bangladesh): City Districts and Subdistricts".
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  18. ^ "RUSSIA: Moscow".
  19. ^ "Территориальное устройство". Moscow City Government. Archived from the original on 8 January 2013.
  20. ^ The federal city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs, which are in turn subdivided into districts (raions).
  21. ^ "Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Federal Registration, Cadastre&Cartography Service. Russia Landuse National Report 2008, p.187-188 (in Russian)" (PDF). Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  22. ^ a b c d e http://citypopulation.de/China-UA.html
  23. ^ 2017年深圳经济有质量稳定发展 [In 2017, Shenzhen economy will have stable quality and development] (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  24. ^ "Shenzhen General Info". Shenzhen Government Online. Archived from the original on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  25. ^ Mumbai City consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district (Island City) and Mumbai Suburban district (Western Suburban and Eastern Suburban), grouped into 24 wards, under the administration of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The remaining area belongs to Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the BMC.
  26. ^ "City Profile of Greater Mumbai" (PDF). Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  27. ^ "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2016" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  28. ^ Administratively, the Municipality of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures, each in turn divided into 96 districts. Locally, districts may contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros). The city of São Paulo recognizes ten geographical areas used to reference locations in the city.
  29. ^ a b c d "Demographia World Urban Areas (2014)" (PDF). Demographia. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  30. ^ "Evenements: "Avec une population de 9,5 millions, Kinshasa est la troisième plus grande ville sur le continent africain, de taille égale à Johannesburg. Le Kinois (habitants de Kinshasa) sont connus pour leur sens de l'humour, leur musique et leur amour pour la danse."(2013)". Ville de Kinshasa. Archived from the original on 27 October 2001. Retrieved 27 October 2001.
  31. ^ The province of Kinshasa is divided into twenty-four districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Kinshasa. But the districts (communes) of Maluku and Nsele (N'Sele) are rural and not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Kinshasa is generally considered to be formed by twenty-two "communes".
  32. ^ According to the Constitution of Democratic Republic of the Congo, the province of Kinshasa covers 9965.21 km2. Maluku and N'Sele (total area 8847.59 km2) are entirely rural, with a very very low density.
  33. ^ "CHINA: Administrative Division of Tianjin (天津市)".
  34. ^ "Statistik Daerah Provinsi DKI Jakarta 2017". BPS Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  35. ^ "INDONESIA: Administrative Division". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  36. ^ "China – Guangdong Province (2010)". GeoHive. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  37. ^ 2016년 5월 행정자치부 주민등록 인구통계 Archived 3 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ "Seoul Statistics (Land Area)". Seoul Metropolitan Government.
  39. ^ "佛山2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报[1]". City of Foshan. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  40. ^ Districts of Changcheng, Nanhai, Shunde; see Foshan#Administration
  41. ^ "About Foshan". City of Foshan. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  42. ^ "PERU: Lima population". La Republica.
  43. ^ The province of Lima is divided into forty three "districts of Lima" which are administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima.
  44. ^ "MEXICO: Mexico City (2014)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  45. ^ Consejo Nacional de Población, México; Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México 2005 Archived 2 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 26 November 2010.
  46. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  47. ^ The 33 local authorities are the 32 London borough councils and the City of London Corporation.
  48. ^ "IRAN: Tehran City (Census 2016-09-24)". CITY POPULATION.DE. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  49. ^ "TEHRAN: Administrative Districts". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  50. ^ "About Teheran". Tehran Municipality. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  51. ^ Roberts, Sam (18 April 2019). "Is New York City's 'Remarkable Growth Story' Ending?". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  52. ^ New York City is composed of five boroughs: Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.
  53. ^ "2010年沈阳市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报(Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China". National Bureau of Statistics of China.
  54. ^ "武汉市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报--湖北省统计局 (Main Data from Wuhan 2010 Census)". Hubei Provincial Statistics Bureau. 9 August 2011. Archived from the original on 8 May 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  55. ^ The sub-provincial city of Wuhan has direct jurisdiction over 13 districts (eight urban/five rural). The city proper (urban) based on the districts of Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang and Qingshan considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Hongshan, Dongxihu.
  56. ^ Wuhan Statistical Yearbook 2010 Archived 5 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine p. 15
  57. ^ "Estimaciones y proyecciones de hogares y viviendas". DANE (2014). Archived from the original on 2 February 2016.
  58. ^ The Capital District of Bogotá is divided into twenty districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Bogotá.
  59. ^ "Límites". Bogota Government Corporation.
  60. ^ The district of Sumapaz is completely rural (no city services) and is not part of the city proper. The area was an important pilgrimage arheoligic site for the Muisca indigenous peoples in pre-Columbian times and for visiting the Sumapaz National Park. The district of Sumapaz represents 0.1% of the population (48% "area") of Bogotá Municipality.
  61. ^ "Ningbo 2011 population report issued". Ningbo Municipal People's Government. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
  62. ^ "Egypt". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  63. ^ In April 2011, Prime Minister Essam Sharaf abolished the Helwan Governorate and reincorporated its territory into the Cairo Governorate. The total area of the governorate is 3085.1 square kilometers, the city area is 453 square kilometers, but the Egyptian government considered the Cairo Governorate is that a whole city and all statistics relate to the "governorate".
  64. ^ "EGYPT: Cairo". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  65. ^ a b c d Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014 Archived 6 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  66. ^ "Hong Kong Statistics". Census and Statistics Department. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  67. ^ The only legally defined city in Hong Kong is the City of Victoria but it serves almost no administrative function.
  68. ^ "Hong Kong Geographic" (PDF). The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  69. ^ "Census (2014)". Nanjing Municipal Bureru Statistucs. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  70. ^ Hunan Statistical Bureau (2011-5-13): Hunan Major data communique of National Census 2010 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  71. ^ Based on the following districts: Furong, Tianxin, Yuelu, Kaifu, Yuhua; see Administration
  72. ^ a b 杭州市 2010年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Hangzhou Municipal Statistic Bureau. 24 February 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  73. ^ "Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh, India) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts - City Population". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  74. ^ "Greater Hyderabad Municipal corporation 2010". GHMC. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  75. ^ "Demographic Statistics of Iraq (2009)". Central Statistical Government of Iraq. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  76. ^ The province of Baghdad is divided into nine district, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad. The districts are distributed into 89 Neighborhood Councils.
  77. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district – province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
  78. ^ "Chennai: India Smart Cities Challenge". Official website of Smart Cities Challenge, India. Retrieved 19 July 2016.[permanent dead link]
  79. ^ Chennai city is governed by the Chennai Corporation, dividing into three regions – fifteen districts: North (Tiruvottiyur, Manali, Madhavaram, Tondiarpet and Royapuram), South (Valasaravakkam, Alandur, Adyar, Perungudi and Sholinganallur) and Central (Thiru-Vi-Ka Nagar, Ambattur, Anna Nagar, Teynampet and Kodambakkam), which covers 200 wards. Of the total land area, reserved forests cover 2.71 km2 and is concentrated in and around the Guindy National Park region, one of the few national parks in the world located within a city.
  80. ^ "Expanded Chennai Corporationto be divided into 3 regions". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  81. ^ "Composition of Population (2012)" (PDF). Arriyadh Development Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 August 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  82. ^ Riyadh is divided into 15 branch municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter. Each branch municipality in turn contains several districts, amounting to over 130 in total, though some districts are divided between more than one branch municipality. The branch municipalities are Al-Shemaysi, Irqah, Al-Ma'athar, Al-Olayya, Al-Aziziyya, Al-Malaz, Al-Selayy, Nemar, Al-Neseem, Al-Shifa, Al-'Urayja, Al-Bat'ha, Al-Ha'ir, Al-Rawdha, and Al-Shimal ("the North").
  83. ^ Arriyadh Development Authority (Investment_Arriyadh_2013)
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  85. ^ "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (2013)". Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  86. ^ "西安市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报". www.xatj.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  87. ^ The sub-provincial city of Xi'an has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts (区 qu) and 4 counties (县 xian). The city proper based on the districts of Xīnchéng, Bēilín and Liánhú considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Bàqiáo, Wèiyāng and Yàntǎ.
  88. ^ "Suzhou (Statistics 2013)" (PDF). Sztjj.gov.cn. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  89. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Gūsū, Wúzhōng, Sūzhōu Gōngyèyuán (Industrial Park), Xiàngchéng and Sūzhōu Gāo Xīnjìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū (New District)
  90. ^ Sztjj.gov.cn
  91. ^ "Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010". Statistic tables, NSO website. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  92. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
  93. ^ a b "Population & Land Area (Mid-Year Estimates)". Statistics Singapore. Archived from the original on 29 November 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
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  95. ^ "Chile – Santiago (Census 2012)". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  96. ^ The province of Santiago is divided into thirty-two districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Santiago. But the district of Lo Barnechea is rural (mountains) and is not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Santiago is generally considered to be formed by thirty-one districts (Province of Santiago), the district of Puente Alto (Province of Cordillera), and the district of San Bernardo (Province of Maipo).
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  98. ^ Rosstat. Оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2017 г. (in Russian)
  99. ^ "Government of Saint Petersburg - Petersburg in numbers (in Russian)". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
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  101. ^ All city proper districts except Sōngběi; namely Dàolǐ, Nángǎng, Dàowài, Píngfáng, Xiāngfang; see Harbin#Administrative divisions
  102. ^ "中国年鉴信息网--中国规模最大、实力最强的研究报告提供商!". Harbin Yearbook. China Yearbook. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
  103. ^ Pinda, Mizengo Peter. "Welcome to the 2012 Tanzania Population and Housing Census WebPage". Census General Report (pdf); available by clicking “Population Distribution by Administrative Units”. National Bureau of Statistics of Tanzania. Archived from the original on 5 January 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  104. ^ Dar es Salaam is divided into five districts, governed as municipal councils, and so all of the city's suburbs or wards are affiliated with them.
  105. ^ "TANZANIA:Administrative Division". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  106. ^ Yangon is administered by the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). The city proper is divided into four districts: Western District, Eastern District, Southern District and Northern District. The districts combined have a total of 33 townships.
  107. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  108. ^ a b c d "Census (2011)". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  109. ^ "Presentation". District Autonome D'Abidjan. Archived from the original on 21 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  110. ^ "Estimated Population by Governorate". CAPMAS. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013.
  111. ^ "Egypt: Administrative Units". GeoHive. Archived from the original on 16 January 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  112. ^ The city of Alexandria has an area of approximately 400 square kilometres. Egyptian officials provides information at governorate level. In the case of "city proper" provides information at intervals of many years. It is impossible to assess the population (official) reported in the city proper area.
  113. ^ "Kolkata (West Bengal, India) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts - City Population". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  114. ^ "Turkey: Ankara City". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  115. ^ The province of Ankara is divided into twenty five districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara. The city proper (urban area) of Ankara is generally considered to be formed by eight districts (Sincan, Yenimahalle, Etimesgut, Keçiören, Pursaklar, Altındağ, Mamak, Çankaya). Here, Gölbaşı district is excluded, because it is rural.
  116. ^ Yenimahalle district, whose area is not given by citypopulation.de, covers 274 km2
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