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List of cities proper by population

A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognised urban status that is usually characterised by some form of local government.[1][2][3] In some cases, cities proper may not include suburbs or even parts of the urban core whereas in other cases the boundaries may include non-contiguous urban settlements or even rural areas.[4]

World Urbanization Prospects, a UN publication, defines population of a city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority." The book continues to say that "city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives."[4] The UN also employs two alternative definitions of cities that use arbitrarily defined boundaries (urban area and metropolitan area) since no single definition for a city can be applied to compare every settlement. Using the administrative definition, many cities will be included on this list that are smaller than their urban area. However, many Chinese cities included govern territories that extend well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural areas.[5]

Contents

Cities proper by populationEdit

Rank City Image Population Definition Total
area (km²)
Population
density (/km²)
Country
1 Chongqing   30,165,500[6] Municipality 82,403[7] 366   China
2 Shanghai   24,183,300[8] Municipality 6,340.5[9] 3,814   China
3 Beijing   21,707,000[10] Municipality 16,411[7] 1,267   China
4 Istanbul   15,029,231[11] Metropolitan municipality 620.29[12] 24,231   Turkey
5 Karachi   14,910,352[13] City[14] 3,780 3,944   Pakistan
6 Dhaka   14,399,000[15] Capital city 337.54[16] 42,659   Bangladesh
7 Tokyo   13,515,271[17] Capital city 626.99[17] 21,556   Japan
8 Moscow   13,200,000[18] Federal city[19][20] 2,511[21] 5,256   Russia
9 Guangzhou   13,081,000[22] City (sub-provincial) 7,434[22] 1,760   China
10 Shenzhen   12,528,300[23] City (sub-provincial) 1,992[24] 6,889   China
11 Mumbai   12,442,373[25] City[26] 437.71[27] 28,426   India
12 São Paulo   12,038,000[28] Municipality[29] 1,081.05 11,199   Brazil
13 Kinshasa   11,462,000[30][31] City province[32] 473.73[33] 24,195   Democratic Republic of the Congo
14 Tianjin   11,249,000[22] Municipality 11,920[34] 944   China
15 Lahore   11,126,000[13] Metropolitan area 502.55[30] 22,139   Pakistan
16 Delhi   11,034,555[35] City 461.83 23,893   India
17 Jakarta   10,624,000[36] Special capital region[37] 661.50 16,060   Indonesia
18 Dongguan   10,615,000[38] City 2,460 4,315   China
19 Seoul   9,806,000[39] Special city 605.25[40] 16,202   South Korea
20 Foshan   9,279,000[41][42] City 3,797[43] 2,444   China
21 Chengdu   9,012,000[22] City (sub-provincial) 14,312[22] 630   China
22 Lima   8,894,000[44] Capital city[45] 2,672 3,329   Peru
23 Mexico City   8,875,000[46] Capital city 607.22[47] 14,616   Mexico
24 London   8,825,001[48] Capital city[49] 1,572 5,614   United Kingdom
25 Tehran   8,694,000[50] Capital city[51] 574.13[52] 15,143   Iran
26 New York   8,622,698 City[53] 786.30 10,966   United States
27 Bangalore   8,443,675[54] City 709 11,909   India
28 Shenyang   8,106,171[55] City (sub-provincial) 12,980 625   China
29 Wuhan   8,035,000[56] City (sub-provincial)[57] 8,494[58] 946   China
30 Bogotá   7,963,000[59] Capital District[60] 428.26[61][62] 18,594   Colombia
31 Ningbo   7,605,689[63] City (sub-provincial) 9,816.23 775   China
32 Cairo   7,601,018[64] City[65] 302.56[66] 25,582   Egypt
33 Ho Chi Minh City   7,431,000[67] City 453.60[67] 16,382   Vietnam
34 Hong Kong   7,298,600[68] Special administrative region[69] 1,104.43[70] 6,608   China
35 Nanjing   7,260,000[71] City (sub-provincial) 6,582 1,103   China
36 Hanoi   7,232,700[67] Metropolitan municipality-province 3,324.5[67] 2,176   Vietnam
37 Changsha   7,044,118[72] City[73] 11,819 596   China
38 Hangzhou   7,035,000[74] City (sub-provincial) 850.83[74] 8,268   China
39 Hyderabad   6,993,262[75] City 651.75[76] 11,494   India
40 Baghdad   6,793,000[77] Metropolis[78] 424.53[79] 16,001   Iraq
41 Chennai   6,727,000[80] Municipal corporation[81] 426.51[82] 15,772   India
42 Riyadh   6,694,000[83] City[84] 410.97[85] 16,288   Saudi Arabia
43 Rio de Janeiro   6,520,000[86] Municipality 751.44[87] 8,677   Brazil
44 Xi'an   6,220,000[88] City (sub-provincial)[89] 10,135 614   China
45 Suzhou   5,983,000[90] City[91] 8,488[92] 705   China
46 Bangkok   5,782,000[93] Special administrative area[94] 764.73 7,561   Thailand
47 Singapore   5,607,000[95] City 602.75[95] 9,302   Singapore
48 Ahmedabad   5,570,585[96] City 351.21 15,861   India
49 Santiago   5,561,000[97] City[98] 595.49 9,339   Chile
50 Shantou   5,391,028[99] City 2,064.42 2,611   China
51 Saint Petersburg   5,351,000[100] City 1,439[101] 3,719   Russia
52 Harbin   5,299,000[102][103] City (sub-provincial) 614.31[104] 8,626   China
53 Dar es Salaam   5,257,000[105] City[106] 330.52[107] 15,905   Tanzania
54 Yangon   5,214,000[30] Metropolitan municipality-province[108] 598.75[109] 8,708   Myanmar
55 Johannesburg   4,949,000[110] Metropolitan municipality 432.84 11,434   South Africa
56 Abidjan   4,765,000[30] Department/city district 2,119[111] 2,249   Ivory Coast
57 Alexandria   4,616,625[112] Governorate 2,300[113][114] 2,007   Egypt
58 Kolkata   4,496,694[115] Municipal corporation 185 24,306   India
59 Ankara   4,470,800[116] Metropolitan municipality-province[117] 1,910.92[118][119] 2,340   Turkey
60 Surat   4,467,797[120] Municipal Corporation 336 13,297   India
61 Rome Capital   4,353,738[121] Metropolitan City 5,363 812   Italy
62 Giza   4,239,988[122] Governorate[123] 289.08 14,667   Egypt
63 Zhengzhou   4,122,087[124] City (sub-provincial)[125] 1,015.66 4,059   China
64 Los Angeles   3,976,322[126] Municipality city[127] 1,213.85 3,276   United States
65 New Taipei City   3,954,929[128] Special municipality 2,052.57[129] 1,927   Taiwan
66 Cape Town   3,740,026[110] Metropolitan municipality 2,444.97 1,530   South Africa
67 Yokohama   3,726,167[17] Designated city 437.49 8,517   Japan
68 Berlin   3,671,000[130] City state 891.75 4,117   Germany
69 Busan   3,590,000[131] Metropolitan city 347.49[131] 10,331   South Korea
70 Xiamen   3,531,347[132] City (sub-provincial) 1,699 2,078   China
71 Jeddah   3,456,259[133] City 1,765[134] 1,958   Saudi Arabia
72 Durban   3,442,361[110] Metropolitan municipality 2,291.31 1,502   South Africa
73 Kabul   3,414,100[135] Municipality city 275 12,415   Afghanistan
74 Casablanca   3,359,818[136] Prefecture 230 14,608   Morocco
75 Hefei   3,352,076[137] City[138] 838.52 3,998   China
76 Pyongyang   3,255,388[139] Direct-controlled municipality 2,113[140] 1,541   North Korea
77 Madrid   3,207,247[141] Municipality city 605.77 5,294   Spain
78 Faisalabad   3,203,846[13] City district 214 14,971   Pakistan
79 Ekurhuleni   3,178,470[110] Metropolitan municipality 1,975.31 1,609   South Africa
80 Nairobi   3,138,369[142] Capital district 694.9 4,829   Kenya
81 Zhongshan   3,121,275[143] City 1,783.67 1,750   China
82 Pune   3,115,431[96] Municipal corporation 450.69 6,913   India
83 Addis Ababa   3,103,673[144] Metropolitan municipality-province[145] 526.99 5,889   Ethiopia
84 Jaipur   3,073,350[96] Municipal corporation 485 6,337   India
85 Buenos Aires   3,054,300[146] Federal district 203 15,046   Argentina
86 Wenzhou   3,039,439[147] City[148] 1,187.88 2,559   China
87 Incheon   3,002,645[149] Metropolitan city 328.55 9,139   South Korea

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics". Millenniumindicators.un.org. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  3. ^ Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57. United Nations. 2008. p. 2; 756. ISBN 92-1-051099-2.
  4. ^ a b World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. ISBN 92-1-151396-0.
  5. ^ Alexander, Ruth (29 January 2012). "The world's biggest cities: How do you measure them?". BBC News. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  6. ^ 2015年重庆常住人口3016.55万人 继续保持增长态势 [2016年重庆常住人口3670万人 继续保持增长态势] (in Chinese). Chongqing News. 28 January 2016. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Doing Business in China – Survey". Ministry of Commerce – People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
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  10. ^ "Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics and NBS Survey Office in Beijing". Beijing Bureau of Statistics. 25 January 2018. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2018.
  11. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2017". Turkish Statistical Institute. 1 February 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
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  13. ^ a b c Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. "Population of Major Cities - Census 2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-29.
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  15. ^ "Dhaka (Bangladesh): City Districts and Subdistricts".
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  18. ^ "RUSSIA: Moscow".
  19. ^ "Территориальное устройство". Moscow City Government. Archived from the original on 8 January 2013.
  20. ^ The federal city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs, which are in turn subdivided into districts (raions).
  21. ^ "Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. Federal Registration, Cadastre&Cartography Service. Russia Landuse National Report 2008, p.187-188 (in Russian)" (PDF). Retrieved 5 October 2014.
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  25. ^ https://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/365-mumbai.html
  26. ^ Mumbai City consists of two distinct regions: Mumbai City district (Island City) and Mumbai Suburban district (Western Suburban and Eastern Suburban), grouped into 24 wards, under the administration of Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC). The remaining area belongs to Defence, Mumbai Port Trust, Atomic Energy Commission and Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the BMC.
  27. ^ "City Profile of Greater Mumbai" (PDF). Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  28. ^ "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2016" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  29. ^ Administratively, the Municipality of São Paulo is divided into 31 subprefectures, each in turn divided into 96 districts. Locally, districts may contain one or more neighborhoods (bairros). The city of São Paulo recognizes ten geographical areas used to reference locations in the city.
  30. ^ a b c d "Demographia World Urban Areas (2014)" (PDF). Demographia. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  31. ^ "Evenements: "Avec une population de 9,5 millions, Kinshasa est la troisième plus grande ville sur le continent africain, de taille égale à Johannesburg. Le Kinois (habitants de Kinshasa) sont connus pour leur sens de l'humour, leur musique et leur amour pour la danse."(2013)". Ville de Kinshasa. Archived from the original on 27 October 2001. Retrieved 27 October 2001.
  32. ^ The province of Kinshasa is divided into twenty-four districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Kinshasa. But the districts (communes) of Maluku and Nsele (N'Sele) are rural and not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Kinshasa is generally considered to be formed by twenty-two "communes".
  33. ^ According to the Constitution of Democratic Republic of the Congo, the province of Kinshasa covers 9965.21 km2. Maluku and N'Sele (total area 8847.59 km2) are entirely rural, with a very very low density.
  34. ^ "CHINA: Administrative Division of Tianjin (天津市)".
  35. ^ https://www.census2011.co.in/census/metropolitan/50-delhi.html
  36. ^ "Statistik Daerah Provinsi DKI Jakarta 2017". BPS Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Statistics Indonesia. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
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  39. ^ 2016년 5월 행정자치부 주민등록 인구통계 Archived 3 March 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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  41. ^ "佛山2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报[1]". City of Foshan. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  42. ^ Districts of Changcheng, Nanhai, Shunde; see Foshan#Administration
  43. ^ "About Foshan". City of Foshan. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  44. ^ "PERU: Lima population". La Republica.
  45. ^ The province of Lima is divided into forty three "districts of Lima" which are administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima.
  46. ^ "MEXICO: Mexico City (2014)". CityPopulation.De. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  47. ^ Consejo Nacional de Población, México; Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México 2005 Archived 2 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 26 November 2010.
  48. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  49. ^ The 33 local authorities are the 32 London borough councils and the City of London Corporation.
  50. ^ "IRAN: Tehran City (Census 2016-09-24)". CITY POPULATION.DE. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  51. ^ "TEHRAN: Administrative Districts". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  52. ^ "About Teheran". Tehran Municipality. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  53. ^ New York City is composed of five boroughs: Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island.
  54. ^ https://www.census2011.co.in/census/city/448-bangalore.html
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  57. ^ The sub-provincial city of Wuhan has direct jurisdiction over 13 districts (eight urban/five rural). The city proper (urban) based on the districts of Jiang'an, Jianghan, Qiaokou, Hanyang, Wuchang and Qingshan considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Hongshan, Dongxihu.
  58. ^ Wuhan Statistical Yearbook 2010 Archived 5 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine p. 15
  59. ^ "Estimaciones y proyecciones de hogares y viviendas". DANE (2014). Archived from the original on 2 February 2016.
  60. ^ The Capital District of Bogotá is divided into twenty districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Bogotá.
  61. ^ "Límites". Bogota Government Corporation.
  62. ^ The district of Sumapaz is completely rural (no city services) and is not part of the city proper. The area was an important pilgrimage arheoligic site for the Muisca indigenous peoples in pre-Columbian times and for visiting the Sumapaz National Park. The district of Sumapaz represents 0.1% of the population (48% "area") of Bogotá Municipality.
  63. ^ "Ningbo 2011 population report issued". Ningbo Municipal People's Government. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
  64. ^ "Egypt". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  65. ^ In April 2011, Prime Minister Essam Sharaf abolished the Helwan Governorate and reincorporated its territory into the Cairo Governorate. The total area of the governorate is 3085.1 square kilometers, the city area is 453 square kilometers, but the Egyptian government considered the Cairo Governorate is that a whole city and all statistics relate to the "governorate".
  66. ^ "EGYPT: Cairo". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  67. ^ a b c d Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014 Archived 6 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  68. ^ "Hong Kong Statistics". Census and Statistics Department. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  69. ^ The only legally defined city in Hong Kong is the City of Victoria but it serves almost no administrative function.
  70. ^ "Hong Kong Geographic" (PDF). The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  71. ^ "Census (2014)". Nanjing Municipal Bureru Statistucs. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  72. ^ Hunan Statistical Bureau (2011-5-13): Hunan Major data communique of National Census 2010 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  73. ^ Based on the following districts: Furong, Tianxin, Yuelu, Kaifu, Yuhua; see Administration
  74. ^ a b 杭州市 2010年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). Hangzhou Municipal Statistic Bureau. 24 February 2011. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  75. ^ "Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh, India) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts - City Population". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  76. ^ "Greater Hyderabad Municipal corporation 2010". GHMC. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  77. ^ "Demographic Statistics of Iraq (2009)". Central Statistical Government of Iraq. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  78. ^ The province of Baghdad is divided into nine district, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad. The districts are distributed into 89 Neighborhood Councils.
  79. ^ There are many disputes about Baghdad city (urban) area. The city of Baghdad has the special status of provincial. The demographic information reported to the city proper are non-existent or are the estimates, projections inconclusive. The Metropolitan Municipality of Baghdad is a city "federal district – province". Is similar to the case of Cairo Governorate.
  80. ^ "Chennai: India Smart Cities Challenge". Official website of Smart Cities Challenge, India. Retrieved 2016-07-19.[permanent dead link]
  81. ^ Chennai city is governed by the Chennai Corporation, dividing into three regions – fifteen districts: North (Tiruvottiyur, Manali, Madhavaram, Tondiarpet and Royapuram), South (Valasaravakkam, Alandur, Adyar, Perungudi and Sholinganallur) and Central (Thiru-Vi-Ka Nagar, Ambattur, Anna Nagar, Teynampet and Kodambakkam), which covers 200 wards. Of the total land area, reserved forests cover 2.71 km2 and is concentrated in and around the Guindy National Park region, one of the few national parks in the world located within a city.
  82. ^ "Expanded Chennai Corporationto be divided into 3 regions". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  83. ^ "Composition of Population (2012)" (PDF). Arriyadh Development Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 August 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  84. ^ Riyadh is divided into 15 branch municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter. Each branch municipality in turn contains several districts, amounting to over 130 in total, though some districts are divided between more than one branch municipality. The branch municipalities are Al-Shemaysi, Irqah, Al-Ma'athar, Al-Olayya, Al-Aziziyya, Al-Malaz, Al-Selayy, Nemar, Al-Neseem, Al-Shifa, Al-'Urayja, Al-Bat'ha, Al-Ha'ir, Al-Rawdha, and Al-Shimal ("the North").
  85. ^ Arriyadh Development Authority (Investment_Arriyadh_2013)
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  89. ^ The sub-provincial city of Xi'an has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts (区 qu) and 4 counties (县 xian). The city proper based on the districts of Xīnchéng, Bēilín and Liánhú considered "core districts" + Inner suburbs (districts): Bàqiáo, Wèiyāng and Yàntǎ.
  90. ^ "Suzhou (Statistics 2013)" (PDF). Sztjj.gov.cn. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  91. ^ The city proper based on the districts of Gūsū, Wúzhōng, Sūzhōu Gōngyèyuán (Industrial Park), Xiàngchéng and Sūzhōu Gāo Xīnjìshù Chǎnyè Kāifāqū (New District)
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  94. ^ Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes wrongly called amphoe อำเภอ as in the other provinces, derived from Pali khetta, cognate to Sanskrit kṣetra), which are further subdivided into 169 khwaeng แขวง, roughly equivalent to tambon ตำบล in the other provinces.
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  97. ^ "Chile – Santiago (Census 2012)". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  98. ^ The province of Santiago is divided into thirty-two districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Santiago. But the district of Lo Barnechea is rural (mountains) and is not part of the city proper. The city proper (urban area) of Santiago is generally considered to be formed by thirty-one districts (Province of Santiago), the district of Puente Alto (Province of Cordillera), and the district of San Bernardo (Province of Maipo).
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  103. ^ All city proper districts except Sōngběi; namely Dàolǐ, Nángǎng, Dàowài, Píngfáng, Xiāngfang; see Harbin#Administrative divisions
  104. ^ "中国年鉴信息网--中国规模最大、实力最强的研究报告提供商!". Harbin Yearbook. China Yearbook. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
  105. ^ Pinda, Mizengo Peter. "Welcome to the 2012 Tanzania Population and Housing Census WebPage". Census General Report (pdf); available by clicking “Population Distribution by Administrative Units”. National Bureau of Statistics of Tanzania. Archived from the original on 5 January 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  106. ^ Dar es Salaam is divided into five districts, governed as municipal councils, and so all of the city's suburbs or wards are affiliated with them.
  107. ^ "TANZANIA:Administrative Division". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  108. ^ Yangon is administered by the Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC). The city proper is divided into four districts: Western District, Eastern District, Southern District and Northern District. The districts combined have a total of 33 townships.
  109. ^ Third Regional EST Forum, Presentation of Myanmar. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  110. ^ a b c d "Census (2011)". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 23 March 2014.
  111. ^ "Presentation". District Autonome D'Abidjan. Archived from the original on 21 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  112. ^ "Estimated Population by Governorate". CAPMAS. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013.
  113. ^ "Egypt: Administrative Units". GeoHive. Archived from the original on 16 January 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  114. ^ The city of Alexandria has an area of approximately 400 square kilometres. Egyptian officials provides information at governorate level. In the case of "city proper" provides information at intervals of many years. It is impossible to assess the population (official) reported in the city proper area.
  115. ^ "Kolkata (West Bengal, India) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts - City Population". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  116. ^ "Turkey: Ankara City". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  117. ^ The province of Ankara is divided into twenty five districts, administered by the Metropolitan Municipality of Ankara. The city proper (urban area) of Ankara is generally considered to be formed by eight districts (Sincan, Yenimahalle, Etimesgut, Keçiören, Pursaklar, Altındağ, Mamak, Çankaya). Here, Gölbaşı district is excluded, because it is rural.
  118. ^ Yenimahalle district, whose area is not given by citypopulation.de, covers 274 km2
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