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List of cities by sunshine duration

The following is a list of cities by sunshine duration. Sunshine duration is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation, which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period.

Sunshine duration is usually expressed in hours per year, or in (average) hours per day. The first measure indicates the general sunniness of a location compared with other places, while the latter allows for comparison of sunshine in various seasons in the same location.[1] Another often-used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration and daylight duration in the observed period.

An important use of sunshine duration data is to characterize the climate of sites, especially of health resorts. This also takes into account the psychological effect of strong solar light on human well-being. It is often used to promote tourist destinations.[1]

Contents

AfricaEdit

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Africa
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Ivory Coast Gagnoa 183.0 180.0 196.0 188.0 181.0 118.0 97.0 80.0 110.0 155.0 171.0 164.0 1,823.0 [2]
Ivory Coast Bouaké 242.0 224.0 219.0 194.0 208.0 145.0 104.0 82.0 115.0 170.0 191.0 198.0 2,092.0 [3]
Ivory Coast Abidjan 223.0 223.0 239.0 214.0 205.0 128.0 137.0 125.0 139.0 215.0 224.0 224.0 2,296.0 [4]
Ivory Coast Odienné 242.0 220.2 217.3 214.7 248.8 221.8 183.5 174.5 185.4 235.8 252.0 242.6 2,638.6 [5]
Ivory Coast Ferké 279.0 249.0 253.0 229.0 251.0 221.0 183.0 151.0 173.0 245.0 261.0 262.0 2,757.0 [6]
Benin Cotonou 213.9 210.0 223.2 219.0 213.9 141.0 136.4 148.8 165.0 207.7 243.0 223.2 2,345.2 [7]
Benin Parakou 261.0 243.0 252.0 230.0 239.0 193.0 133.0 104.0 129.0 217.0 252.0 248.0 2,501.0 [8]
Benin Kandi 279.0 257.6 260.4 255.0 272.8 252.0 223.2 195.3 213.0 275.9 282.0 279.0 3,045.2 [9]
Togo Lomé 217.5 214.0 227.9 201.9 208.6 146.0 141.6 148.8 152.5 205.5 234.0 235.6 2,333.9 [10]
Togo Mango 285.0 254.0 270.0 241.0 261.0 219.0 168.0 131.0 161.0 273.0 284.0 279.0 2,826.0 [11]
Ghana Accra 217.0 226.0 217.0 210.0 217.0 150.0 155.0 155.0 180.0 217.0 240.0 248.0 2,432.0 [12]
Ghana Tamale 265.6 235.7 249.6 229.0 248.0 212.0 171.5 139.0 161.0 260.9 283.0 263.5 2,718.7 [13]
Ghana Kumasi 186.6 187.2 205.4 204.0 204.7 146.3 101.2 77.0 106.2 161.4 193.8 178.0 1,951.8 [14]
Cameroon Garoua 275.0 252.6 260.1 245.4 256.7 224.4 194.0 187.2 204.5 261.5 279.2 286.5 2,927.1 [15]
Cameroon N'Gaoundéré 286.4 258.7 235.4 195.5 195.4 165.7 128.0 127.8 139.0 184.0 264.1 291.4 2,471.4 [16]
Cameroon Douala 184.0 179.0 170.0 174.0 169.0 107.0 55.0 46.0 79.0 120.0 160.0 175.0 1,618.0 [17]
Cameroon Yaoundé 177.0 172.0 149.0 153.0 158.0 112.0 85.0 83.0 97.0 120.0 159.0 179.0 1,644.0 [18]
Gabon Libreville 175.2 176.8 176.9 176.8 159.5 130.6 119.2 90.4 95.9 112.9 134.6 167.8 1,716.6 [19]
Gabon Port-Gentil 150.4 160.8 154.5 151.5 147.8 156.3 163.1 135.3 125.7 116.1 115.1 147.2 1,723.8 [20]
Nigeria Lagos 164.3 169.5 173.6 180.0 176.7 114.0 99.2 108.5 114.0 167.4 186.0 192.2 1,845.4 [21]
Nigeria Makurdi 236.0 226.0 223.0 216.0 223.0 177.0 143.0 118.0 144.0 198.0 228.0 248.0 2,380.0 [22]
Nigeria Jos 307.0 274.0 260.0 220.0 208.0 201.0 151.0 127.0 171.0 242.0 294.0 313.0 2,768.0 [22]
Nigeria Kano 275.0 255.0 267.0 252.0 273.0 261.0 233.0 186.0 237.0 295.0 297.0 285.0 3,114.0 [22]
Nigeria Sokoto 279.0 269.0 282.0 255.0 279.0 282.0 229.0 208.0 243.0 307.0 297.0 288.0 3,238.0 [22]
Sudan Port Sudan 214.0 230.0 282.0 312.0 338.0 309.0 307.0 298.0 300.0 307.0 249.0 236.0 3,382.0 [23]
Sudan Khartoum 341.0 311.0 310.0 330.0 300.0 300.0 279.0 279.0 300.0 310.0 330.0 341.0 3,737.1 [24]
Eritrea Asmara 304.7 289.1 300.7 300.5 298.5 271.5 217.9 220.1 260.4 301.0 292.5 299.1 3,361.0 [25]
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 287.0 263.0 264.0 256.0 277.0 264.0 240.0 223.0 217.0 273.0 288.0 284.0 3,136.0 [26]
Burkina Faso Ouahigouya 291.0 267.0 280.0 268.0 284.0 272.0 258.0 253.0 261.0 280.0 288.0 280.0 3,282.0 [27]
Niger Niamey 297.6 263.2 269.7 252.0 279.0 267.0 257.3 235.6 235.6 282.6 282.0 279.0 3,203.2 [28]
Chad N'Djamena 297.6 277.2 282.1 273.0 285.2 258.0 213.9 201.5 228.0 285.2 300.0 303.8 3,205.5 [29]
Chad Abéché 316.2 291.2 300.7 300.0 313.1 300.0 254.2 226.3 261.0 306.9 312.0 319.3 3,500.9 [30]
Gambia Banjul 279.0 282.0 310.0 300.0 310.0 270.0 186.0 186.0 180.0 248.0 240.0 279.0 3,070.0 [31]
Senegal Dakar 253.0 249.0 303.0 301.0 299.0 259.0 233.0 204.0 219.0 254.0 256.0 249.0 3,078.0 [32]
Senegal Thiès 267.0 260.0 325.0 332.0 324.0 276.0 226.0 188.0 221.0 267.0 271.0 257.0 3,214.0 [33]
Somalia Mogadishu 268.0 251.0 282.0 260.0 273.0 218.0 226.0 253.0 265.0 267.0 261.0 259.0 3,082.0 [34]
Somalia Buloburde 290.0 283.0 293.0 249.0 287.0 261.0 216.0 238.0 262.0 230.0 246.0 268.0 3,124.0 [35]
Djibouti Djibouti City 254.0 249.0 279.0 279.0 310.0 237.0 236.0 276.0 282.0 310.0 291.0 276.0 3,279.0 [36]
Mali Ségou 292.0 276.0 292.0 263.0 274.0 266.0 254.0 223.0 242.0 283.0 287.0 287.0 3,239.0 [37]
Mali Timbuktu 283.0 288.0 297.0 283.0 306.0 284.0 294.0 281.0 279.0 291.0 287.0 276.0 3,447.0 [38]
Mali Bamako 277.4 253.0 268.1 230.4 242.6 233.6 216.6 218.3 221.7 253.7 270.7 268.9 2,954.1 [39]
Algeria Algiers 149.0 165.0 202.0 258.0 319.0 318.0 350.0 319.0 237.0 229.0 165.0 136.0 2,847.0 [40]
Algeria Tamanrasset 297.6 275.5 322.4 327.0 328.6 306.0 356.5 331.7 288.0 310.0 285.0 272.8 3,686.0 [41]
Tunisia Tunis 145.7 165.3 198.4 225.0 282.1 309.0 356.5 328.6 258.0 217.0 174.0 148.8 2,808.4 [42]
Tunisia Gabes 220.1 215.6 251.1 267.0 313.1 321.0 372.0 353.4 279.0 260.4 228.0 210.8 3,291.5 [43]
Morocco Rabat 179.8 183.6 232.5 255.0 291.4 288.0 316.2 306.9 261.0 235.6 189.0 179.8 2,918.8 [44]
Morocco Marrakech 220.1 211.8 248.0 255.0 288.3 315.0 334.8 316.2 264.0 244.9 213.0 220.1 3,131.2 [45]
Morocco Ouarzazate 251.8 244.9 297.2 315.2 332.7 335.0 317.7 293.2 266.4 271.3 242.9 248.1 3,416.4 [46]
Egypt Cairo 229.4 234.9 279.0 306.0 331.7 363.0 372.0 356.5 318.0 294.5 246.0 210.8 3,541.8 [47]
Egypt Alexandria 217.0 226.2 279.0 318.0 337.9 357.0 372.0 368.9 333.0 306.9 246.0 207.7 3,579.5 [47]
Egypt Helwan 235.6 246.5 291.4 318.0 353.4 384.0 390.6 375.1 333.0 303.8 258.0 235.6 3,725.0 [47]
Libya Tripoli 206.0 214.0 237.0 250.0 315.0 312.0 376.0 352.0 271.0 244.0 212.0 198.0 3,187.0 [48]
Libya Benghazi 179.8 192.0 232.5 252.0 319.3 327.0 381.3 365.8 288.0 251.1 213.0 167.4 3,169.2 [49]
Kenya Mombasa 269.7 257.1 269.7 225.0 204.6 207.0 210.8 244.9 246.0 272.8 264.0 260.4 2,932.0 [50]
Kenya Nairobi 288.3 266.0 266.6 204.0 189.1 159.0 130.2 127.1 180.0 226.3 198.0 257.3 2,491.9 [51]
Kenya Garissa 251.1 235.2 263.5 273.0 282.1 255.0 254.2 257.3 270.0 279.0 252.0 241.8 3,114.2 [52]
Kenya Lodwar 319.0 280.0 282.0 279.0 307.0 297.0 279.0 310.0 321.0 316.0 282.0 310.0 3,582.0 [35]
Angola Luanda 219.0 208.0 213.0 199.0 233.0 223.0 175.0 150.0 145.0 164.0 199.0 212.0 2,341.0 [22]
South Sudan Juba 288.3 237.8 220.1 195.0 241.8 225.0 182.9 213.9 225.0 235.6 237.0 251.1 2,753.5 [47]
South Sudan Wau 300.7 269.7 260.4 228.0 254.2 237.0 176.7 192.2 210.0 229.4 267.0 303.8 2,929.1 [47]
Tanzania Dar-es-Salaam 251.0 241.0 217.0 156.0 192.0 231.0 251.0 242.0 243.0 254.0 270.0 287.0 2,815.0 [22]
Tanzania Zanzibar 251.0 243.0 213.0 180.0 210.0 220.0 235.0 253.0 254.0 270.0 250.0 259.0 2,838.0 [53]
Tanzania Tabora 216.0 218.0 219.0 227.0 283.0 303.0 310.0 297.0 312.0 301.0 240.0 217.0 3,143.0 [53]
Tanzania Dodoma 241.8 217.5 241.8 240.0 279.0 294.0 341.0 297.6 300.0 310.0 303.0 269.7 3,335.4 [54]
Ethiopia Mekelle 294.2 276.7 279.9 277.2 303.2 230.1 165.5 166.5 248.7 291.1 292.8 303.5 3,129.4 [55]
Ethiopia Addis Abeba 269.7 246.5 248.0 213.0 217.0 156.0 68.2 83.7 138.0 266.6 267.0 266.6 2,440.3 [47]
Congo Brazaville 168.0 152.0 194.0 185.0 188.0 153.0 127.0 149.0 145.0 150.0 157.0 147.0 1,915.0 [56]
Congo Pointe-Noire 157.0 156.0 164.0 160.0 150.0 132.0 119.0 106.0 70.0 93.0 123.0 144.0 1,574.0 [57]
Congo Dolisie 153.0 164.0 159.0 152.0 151.0 136.0 119.0 105.0 91.0 116.0 128.0 133.0 1,607.0 [58]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 124.0 140.0 155.0 150.0 155.0 120.0 124.0 155.0 120.0 155.0 150.0 124.0 1,672.0 [59]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Lubumbashi 129.0 120.0 174.0 234.0 291.0 295.0 315.0 318.0 294.0 282.0 194.0 132.0 2,778.0 [22]
Mauritania Nouadhibou 271.0 248.0 300.0 295.0 315.0 303.0 275.0 281.0 261.0 260.0 257.0 264.0 3,332.0 [60]
Mauritania Nouakchott 267.0 250.0 302.0 311.0 320.0 284.0 271.0 265.0 266.0 263.0 268.0 267.0 3,333.0 [61]
South Africa Pretoria 261.0 235.0 254.0 246.6 283.0 271.0 289.0 296.0 284.0 275.0 254.0 272.0 3,220.0 [62]
South Africa Cape Town 337.9 297.4 292.9 233.5 205.3 175.4 193.1 212.1 224.7 277.7 309.8 334.2 3,094.0 [63]
South Africa Johannesburg 250.1 224.8 238.8 236.9 276.0 266.9 283.9 284.1 280.8 269.5 248.7 263.9 3,124.4 [64]
South Africa Bloemfontein 296.3 247.9 258.6 250.2 266.0 249.9 272.6 285.9 278.0 290.9 296.5 319.5 3,312.3 [65]
South Africa Upington 352.9 298.7 297.5 283.5 290.5 270.3 289.8 307.3 300.2 328.9 345.2 367.0 3,731.8 [66]
South Africa Durban 184.0 178.8 201.6 206.4 223.6 224.9 230.4 217.0 173.3 169.4 166.1 189.9 2,365.4 [67]
Botswana Maun 245.0 207.0 257.0 282.0 310.0 300.0 313.0 332.0 315.0 291.0 264.0 214.0 3,330.0 [22]
Botswana Gaborone 280.6 261.5 264.4 260.5 284.2 260.0 292.4 313.6 308.4 295.4 265.5 285.2 3,371.0 [68]
Botswana Ghanzi 295.0 280.0 313.0 282.0 316.0 306.0 316.0 319.0 305.0 279.0 300.0 267.0 3,579.0 [22]
Zambia Ndola 151.9 142.8 192.2 243.0 279.0 276.0 297.6 297.6 279.0 269.7 207.0 158.1 2,793.9 [69]
Zambia Lusaka 176.7 168.0 220.1 246.0 275.9 270.0 294.5 303.8 291.0 272.8 234.0 182.9 2,935.7 [70]
Zambia Livingstone 213.9 196.0 251.1 273.0 303.8 288.0 310.0 319.3 297.0 279.0 228.0 207.7 3,166.8 [71]
Zimbabwe Harare 217.0 190.4 232.5 249.0 269.7 264.0 279.0 300.7 294.0 285.2 231.0 198.4 3,010.9 [72]
Zimbabwe Bulawayo 244.9 212.8 251.1 252.0 279.0 267.0 288.3 300.7 288.0 272.8 237.0 226.3 3,119.9 [73]
Malawi Karonga 176.7 170.8 207.7 222.0 254.2 264.0 285.2 306.9 306.0 319.3 273.0 213.9 2,999.7 [74]
Malawi Blantyre 198.4 182.0 217.0 237.0 260.4 237.0 232.3 260.4 270.0 275.9 228.0 198.4 2,797.0 [75]
Malawi Mzuzu 145.7 142.1 164.3 171.0 217.0 219.0 238.5 275.9 288.0 300.7 252.0 176.7 2,590.9 [76]
Madagascar Fianarantsoa 191.1 171.0 175.4 184.8 186.0 165.9 163.5 191.1 220.5 230.4 208.0 190.1 2,277.8 [77]
Madagascar Toamasina 224.7 198.2 191.0 196.9 192.1 162.5 162.8 184.6 209.7 232.7 236.0 219.2 2,410.4 [78]
Madagascar Antananarivo 210.5 178.0 199.1 220.5 228.8 206.1 213.9 235.0 249.5 251.0 232.7 201.1 2,626.2 [79]
Madagascar Antsiranana 189.2 170.0 214.9 256.4 284.8 256.5 273.1 283.6 293.3 306.8 281.5 228.9 3,039.0 [80]
Madagascar Mahajanga 209.0 184.9 244.8 269.9 294.9 282.9 291.5 303.1 307.0 319.7 288.2 227.3 3,223.2 [81]
Madagascar Toliara 305.0 285.0 296.0 302.0 306.0 277.0 291.0 298.0 307.0 324.0 313.0 306.0 3,610.0 [22]
Mozambique Maputo 248.0 226.0 248.0 240.0 248.0 240.0 248.0 248.0 248.0 217.0 210.0 217.0 2,838.0 [82]
Central African Republic Bangui 217.0 196.0 186.0 180.0 186.0 180.0 124.0 124.0 150.0 155.0 180.0 217.0 2,095.0 [83]
Central African Republic Birao 289.6 275.0 270.6 248.1 255.7 216.9 190.7 186.5 210.0 267.2 290.3 297.4 2,998.0 [84]
Uganda Kampala 238.0 193.0 189.0 195.0 187.0 189.0 139.0 168.0 157.0 172.0 178.0 205.0 2,210.0 [53]
Uganda Kampala 238.0 193.0 189.0 195.0 187.0 189.0 139.0 168.0 157.0 172.0 178.0 205.0 2,210.0 [53]
Uganda Entebbe 233.0 204.0 205.0 180.0 192.0 186.0 198.0 195.0 195.0 201.0 198.0 211.0 2,398.0 [22]
Burundi Bujumbura 167.4 158.2 176.7 165.0 210.8 255.0 272.8 251.1 213.0 189.1 150.0 164.3 2,373.4 [85]
Guinea Conakry 223.0 224.0 251.0 222.0 208.0 153.0 109.0 87.0 135.0 189.0 207.0 214.0 2,222.0 [86]
Guinea Kankan 262.0 236.0 249.0 220.0 234.0 216.0 169.0 159.0 191.0 221.0 241.0 260.0 2,658.0 [87]
Guinea-Bissau Bissau 248.0 226.0 279.0 270.0 248.0 210.0 186.0 155.0 180.0 217.0 240.0 248.0 2,707.0 [88]
Equatorial Guinea Bata 201.5 192.1 173.6 177.0 189.1 147.0 142.6 142.6 114.0 114.7 141.0 186.0 1,921.2 [89]
Equatorial Guinea Malabo 148.8 152.5 108.5 120.0 117.8 69.0 46.5 58.9 48.0 68.2 99.0 139.5 1,176.7 [90]
Egypt Marsa Alam 279.0 283.0 310.0 330.0 372.0 390.0 403.0 372.0 330.0 310.0 300.0 279.0 3,958.0  ?
Egypt Kharga 287.8 274.4 297.8 307.2 336.8 361.6 359.9 364.9 321.1 313.0 289.7 276.6 3790.8  ?
Egypt Dakhla Oasis 294.5 279.7 316.2 315.0 356.5 366.0 384.4 375.1 336.0 328.6 300.0 291.4 3943.4  ?
Namibia Keetmanshoop 353 300 312 306 304 287 305 323 319 343 348 348 3870  ?
Namibia Windhoek 288 254 282 273 310 309 326 341 321 319 297 285 3605  ?

AsiaEdit

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Asia
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Afghanistan Kabul 177.2 178.6 204.5 232.5 310.3 353.4 356.8 339.7 303.9 282.6 253.2 182.4 3,175.1  ?
Azerbaijan Baku 89.9 89.0 124.0 195.0 257.3 294.0 313.1 282.1 222.0 145.7 93.0 102.3 2,207.4  ?
Bangladesh Dhaka 279 226 217 180 155 90 62 62 90 186 240 279 2,066  ?
China Beijing 194.1 194.7 231.8 251.9 283.4 261.4 212.4 220.9 232.1 222.1 185.3 180.7 2,670.8  ?
China Chongqing 27.3 34.1 67.4 98.0 108.5 109.7 180.1 196.0 102.4 62.5 43.1 25.8 1,054.9  ?
China Lhasa 250.9 226.7 246.1 248.9 276.6 257.3 227.4 219.6 229.0 281.7 267.4 258.6 2,990.2 [91]
China Shanghai 114.3 119.9 128.5 148.5 169.8 130.9 190.8 185.7 167.5 161.4 131.1 127.4 1,775.8  ?
China Ürümqi 101.6 128.8 180.5 248.0 283.3 282.7 298.7 301.0 262.6 224.4 127.4 84.3 2,523.3 [92]
Hong Kong Hong Kong 143.0 94.2 90.8 101.7 140.4 146.1 212.0 188.9 172.3 193.9 180.1 172.2 1,835.6  ?
India Delhi 214.6 216.1 239.1 261.0 263.1 196.5 165.9 177.0 219.0 269.3 247.2 215.8 2,684.6 [93]
India Kolkata 203.9 201.2 225.8 235.4 227.1 123.1 93.1 104.9 116.2 182.6 190.8 203.4 2,107.5 [94]
India Mumbai 269.5 257.6 274.3 283.7 296.2 148.6 73.4 75.9 165.1 240.2 245.8 253.2 2,583.5 [95]
Indonesia Jakarta 189.1 180.8 238.7 255.0 260.4 255.0 282.1 294.5 300.7 279.0 231.0 217.0 2,983.3 [96]
Iraq Baghdad 192.2 203.3 244.9 255.0 300.7 348.0 347.2 353.4 315.0 272.8 213.0 195.3 3,240.8  ?
Iran Tehran 177 185 220 219 285 330 338 341 303 248 198 152 2,996  ?
Israel Tel Aviv 192.2 200.1 235.6 270.0 328.6 357.0 368.9 356.5 300.0 279.0 234.0 189.1 3,311.0  ?
Japan Sapporo 92.5 104.0 146.6 176.5 198.4 187.8 164.9 171.0 160.5 152.3 100.0 85.9 1,740.4 [97]
Japan Tokyo 184.5 165.8 163.1 176.9 167.8 125.4 146.4 169.0 120.9 131.0 147.9 178.0 1,876.7  ?
Kazakhstan Almaty 118 119 147 194 241 280 306 294 245 184 127 101 2,356 [98]
Kazakhstan Astana 103 147 192 238 301 336 336 294 230 136 100 94 2,507 [99]
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 179.1 204.8 265.2 262.5 299.3 269.0 249.3 258.3 245.7 227.5 177.4 156.4 2,791.5 [100]
South Korea Seoul 160.3 163.3 189.0 205.0 213.0 182.0 120.0 152.5 176.2 198.8 153.2 152.6 2,065.9  ?
Oman Muscat 268.6 244.8 278.3 292.5 347.4 325.7 277.7 278.6 303.9 316.9 291.9 267.0 3,493.3 [101]
Pakistan Karachi 270.7 249.4 271.6 277.4 299.1 231.8 155.0 147.7 218.8 283.5 273.3 272.0 2,950.3  ?
Pakistan Lahore 218.8 215.0 245.8 276.6 308.3 269.0 227.5 234.9 265.6 290.0 259.6 222.9 3,034.0  ?
Philippines Manila 176.7 197.8 225.8 258.0 222.7 162.0 132.8 132.8 132.0 157.6 153.0 151.9 2,103.1  ?
Russia Dikson 0.0 22.6 127.1 237.0 189.1 141.0 223.2 139.5 60.0 24.8 0.0 0.0 1,164.3 [102]
Russia Irkutsk 93 149 207 223 266 264 243 218 182 152 93 62 2,142 [103]
Russia Omsk 68 125 184 235 284 319 321 248 180 105 71 61 2,201 [104]
Russia Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
105.4 115.8 176.7 192.0 192.2 192.0 170.5 176.7 177.0 158.1 123.0 93.0 1,872.4 [105]
Russia Vladivostok 178 184 216 192 199 130 122 149 197 205 168 156 2,096 [106]
Russia Yakutsk 18.6 98.0 232.5 273.0 303.8 333.0 347.2 272.8 174.0 105.4 60.0 9.3 2,227.6 [107]
Saudi Arabia Abha 266.6 265.6 294.5 282.0 288.3 276.0 232.5 238.7 273.0 291.4 273.0 266.6 3,248.2 [108]
Saudi Arabia Riyadh 212.4 226.6 219.8 242.3 287.7 328.2 332.1 309.2 271.6 311.4 269.2 214.3 3,224.8 [109]
Singapore Singapore 172.4 183.2 192.7 173.6 179.8 177.7 187.9 180.6 156.2 155.2 129.6 133.5 2,022.4  ?
Taiwan Taipei 80.6 71.3 89.6 92.6 113.7 121.7 179.0 188.9 153.7 124.0 99.4 90.7 1,405.2  ?
Thailand Bangkok 272.8 251.4 269.7 258.0 217.0 177.0 170.5 161.2 156.0 198.4 234.0 263.5 2,629.5  ?
Turkey Ankara 77.5 98.9 161.2 189.0 260.4 306.0 350.3 328.6 276.0 198.4 132.0 71.3 2,449.6  ?
United Arab
Emirates
Dubai 254.2 229.6 254.2 294.0 344.1 342.0 322.4 316.2 309.0 303.8 285.0 254.2 3,508.7  ?
Uzbekistan Tashkent 117.8 127.1 164.3 216.0 303.8 363.0 384.4 365.8 300.0 226.3 150.0 105.4 2,823.9 [110]
Vietnam Hanoi 68.2 45.2 43.4 81.0 164.3 156.0 182.9 164.3 162.0 164.3 126.0 108.5 1,466.1  ?

EuropeEdit

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Europe
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Austria Vienna 66 106 128 183 239 228 260 251 168 139 66 51 1,884 [111]
Belgium Brussels 59 77 114 159 191 188 201 190 143 113 66 45 1,546 [112]
Bulgaria Sofia 88 114 160 182 230 258 302 288 220 164 106 66 2,177 [113]
Croatia Zagreb 59 96 140 175 234 244 281 256 187 131 66 45 1,913 [114]
Czech Republic Prague 50 72 125 168 214 218 226 212 161 121 54 47 1,668 [115]
Denmark Copenhagen 45 67 110 168 217 218 202 193 133 90 55 42 1,539 [116]
Faroe Islands Tórshavn 14 36 71 106 124 125 111 98 80 49 20 6 840 [117]
Finland Helsinki 38 70 138 194 284 297 291 238 150 93 36 29 1,858 [118]
France Marseille 150 156 215 245 293 326 366 327 254 205 156 143 2,836 [119]
France Paris 63 79 129 166 194 202 212 212 168 118 68 51 1,662 [120]
Germany Berlin 47 74 121 159 220 222 217 211 156 112 51 37 1,626 [121]
Germany Frankfurt 50 80 121 178 211 219 233 219 156 103 51 41 1,662 [121]
Greece Athens 158 168 189 225 304 360 384 360 252 198 144 105 2,848 [122]
Hungary Budapest 62 93 137 177 234 250 271 255 187 141 69 52 1,988 [123]
Iceland Reykjavik 20 60 109 164 201 174 168 155 120 93 41 22 1,326 [124]
Ireland Dublin 59 75 109 160 195 179 164 157 129 103 71 53 1,453 [125]
Italy Milan 59 96 152 177 211 243 285 251 186 130 66 59 1,915 [126]
Italy Rome 121 133 167 201 264 285 332 298 237 195 129 112 2,473 [127]
Malta Malta 169 178 227 254 310 337 377 352 270 224 195 161 3,054 [128]
Netherlands Amsterdam 63 88 126 183 222 206 217 197 139 109 62 51 1,662 [129]
Norway Oslo 40 76 126 178 220 250 246 216 144 86 51 35 1,668 [130]
Poland Warsaw 43 59 115 150 211 237 226 214 153 99 39 25 1,571 [131]
Portugal Lisbon 143 157 208 234 291 303 353 344 261 214 156 143 2,806 [132]
Romania Bucharest 71 85 140 186 245 267 288 282 225 177 87 62 2,115 [133]
Russia Moscow 37 65 142 213 274 299 323 242 171 88 33 14 1,731 [134]
Russia Sochi 96 107 146 162 220 258 279 282 225 195 120 87 2,178 [135]
Serbia Belgrade 72 102 153 188 242 261 291 274 204 163 97 65 2,112 [136]
Spain Barcelona 158 171 206 239 258 287 293 264 229 196 153 137 2,591 [137]
Spain Madrid 148 157 214 231 272 310 359 335 261 198 157 124 2,769 [137]
Sweden Gothenburg 48 75 151 201 274 286 285 245 178 108 47 29 1,922 [138]
Sweden Stockholm 40 72 135 185 276 292 260 221 154 99 54 33 1,821 [139]
Switzerland Zurich 48 77 125 159 186 204 230 208 151 93 50 35 1,566 [140]
Turkey Istanbul 71 88 133 180 251 300 322 295 243 164 102 68 2,218 [141]
Ukraine Kiev 31 57 124 180 279 270 310 248 210 155 60 31 1,955 [142]
United Kingdom Edinburgh 54 79 115 145 188 166 172 162 129 101 71 46 1,427 [143]
United Kingdom London 62 78 115 169 199 204 212 205 149 117 73 52 1,633 [144]

North and Central AmericaEdit

Sunshine hours for selected cities in North America and Central America
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Canada Calgary 119.5 144.6 177.2 220.2 249.4 269.9 314.1 284.0 207.0 175.4 121.1 114.0 2,396.3 [145]
Canada Churchill 79.7 117.7 177.8 198.2 197.0 243.0 281.7 225.9 112.0 58.1 55.3 53.1 1,799.5 [146]
Canada Edmonton 100.8 121.7 176.3 244.2 279.9 285.9 307.5 282.3 192.7 170.8 98.4 84.5 2,344.8 [147]
Canada Iqaluit 32.4 94.0 172.2 216.5 180.5 200.2 236.8 156.8 87.9 51.4 35.6 12.6 1,476.8 [148]
Canada Montreal 101.0 128.0 164.0 178.0 229.0 240.0 272.0 246.0 182.0 144.0 84.0 84.0 2,051.0 [149]
Canada Toronto 85.9 111.3 161.0 180.0 227.7 259.6 279.6 245.6 194.4 154.3 88.9 78.1 2,066.4 [150]
Canada Vancouver 60.1 91.0 134.8 185.0 222.5 226.9 289.8 277.1 212.8 120.7 60.4 56.5 1,937.6 [151]
Canada Whitehorse 43.8 105.5 163.2 238.5 251.1 266.7 247.6 226.5 132.7 84.9 39.8 26.8 1,827.1 [152]
Canada Winnipeg 114.7 133.9 181.9 241.4 285.3 276.3 308.3 281.4 189.0 147.4 93.9 99.5 2,352.9 [153]
Honduras La Ceiba 170.5 192.1 217.0 234.0 213.9 192.0 201.5 217.0 174.0 151.9 144.0 151.9 2,259.8 [154]
Mexico La Paz 200 234 271 292 332 322 287 258 257 272 233 190 3,148 [155]
Mexico Mexico City 240 234 268 232 225 183 176 176 157 194 232 236 2,555 [156]
Mexico Monterrey 142 154 195 193 192 206 249 242 200 170 163 133 2,239 [157]
Mexico Villahermosa 168 185 252 215 278 217 252 245 167 150 170 144 2,443 [158]
Nicaragua Managua 263.5 254.2 291.4 276.0 229.4 186.0 151.9 195.3 210.0 223.2 231.0 248.0 2,759.9 [159]
Panama Panama City 228.9 245.2 183.9 173.1 108.5 116.3 106.1 118.1 99.2 103.9 139.8 120.5 1,743.5 [160]
El Salvador San Salvador 301 277 294 243 220 174 239 257 180 211 267 294 2,957 [161]
Saint Pierre
and Miquelon
Saint-Pierre 49.6 70.2 115.5 131.9 165.8 172.6 164.8 173.5 156.1 119.0 63.0 45.4 1,427.3 [162]
United States Albuquerque 234.2 225.3 270.2 304.6 347.4 359.3 335.0 314.2 286.7 281.4 233.8 223.3 3,415.4  ?
United States Anchorage 82.9 120.5 195.8 235.3 288.7 274.7 250.1 203.9 159.8 117.1 80.6 51.8 2,061.2  ?
United States Atlanta 164.0 171.7 220.5 261.2 288.6 284.8 273.8 258.6 227.5 238.5 185.1 164.0 2,738.3  ?
United States Austin 163.8 169.3 205.9 205.8 227.1 285.5 317.2 297.9 233.8 215.6 168.3 153.5 2,643.7  ?
United States Baltimore 155.4 164.0 215.0 230.7 254.5 277.3 290.1 264.4 221.8 205.5 158.5 144.5 2,581.7  ?
United States Boise 109.3 151.9 238.6 281.4 335.5 351.6 399.8 358.8 303.6 238.1 119.6 105.2 2,993.4  ?
United States Boston 163.4 168.4 213.7 227.2 267.3 286.5 300.9 277.3 237.1 206.3 143.2 142.3 2,633.6  ?
United States Charlotte 173.3 180.3 234.8 269.6 292.1 289.2 290.0 272.9 241.4 230.5 178.4 168.5 2,821.0  ?
United States Chicago 135.8 136.2 187.0 215.3 281.9 311.4 318.4 283.0 226.6 193.2 113.3 106.3 2,508.4  ?
United States Cleveland 101.0 122.3 167.0 216.0 263.6 294.6 307.2 262.2 219.0 169.5 89.8 67.8 2,280.0  ?
United States Columbus 110.6 126.3 162.0 201.8 243.4 258.1 260.9 235.9 212.0 183.1 104.2 84.3 2,182.6  ?
United States Dallas 183.5 178.3 227.7 236.0 258.4 297.8 332.4 304.5 246.2 228.1 183.8 173.0 2,849.7  ?
United States Denver 215.3 211.1 255.6 276.2 290.0 315.3 325.0 306.4 272.3 249.2 194.3 195.9 3,106.6  ?
United States Detroit 119.9 138.3 184.9 217.0 275.9 301.8 317.0 283.5 227.6 176.0 106.3 87.7 2,435.9  ?
United States El Paso 254.5 263.0 326.0 348.0 384.7 384.1 360.2 335.4 304.1 298.6 257.6 246.3 3,762.5  ?
United States Fresno 141.5 196.9 286.2 335.5 398.9 412.2 428.2 399.6 345.9 302.3 189.9 127.1 3,564.2  ?
United States Honolulu 213.5 212.7 259.2 251.8 280.6 286.1 306.2 303.1 278.8 244.0 200.4 199.5 3,035.9  ?
United States Houston 143.4 155.0 192.5 209.8 249.2 281.3 293.9 270.5 236.5 228.8 168.3 148.7 2,577.9  ?
United States Indianapolis 132.1 145.7 178.3 214.8 264.7 287.2 295.2 273.7 232.6 196.6 117.1 102.4 2,440.4  ?
United States Jacksonville 189.4 193.8 257.9 286.4 303.9 283.6 282.0 262.4 228.2 214.6 193.9 183.6 2,879.7  ?
United States Kansas City 183.7 174.3 223.9 257.8 285.0 305.5 329.3 293.9 240.5 213.6 155.3 147.1 2,809.9  ?
United States Las Vegas 245.2 246.7 314.6 346.1 388.1 401.7 390.9 368.5 337.1 304.4 246.0 236.0 3,825.3  ?
United States Los Angeles 225.3 222.5 267.0 303.5 276.2 275.8 364.1 349.5 278.5 255.1 217.3 219.4 3,254.2  ?
United States Louisville 140.5 148.9 188.6 221.1 263.4 288.9 293.6 272.6 234.3 208.5 135.7 118.3 2,514.4  ?
United States Memphis 166.6 173.8 215.3 254.6 301.5 320.6 326.9 307.0 251.2 245.9 173.0 151.9 2,888.3  ?
United States Miami 219.8 216.9 277.2 293.8 301.3 288.7 308.7 288.3 262.2 260.2 220.8 216.1 3,154.0  ?
United States Milwaukee 140.2 151.5 185.4 213.5 275.5 304.5 321.1 281.2 215.1 178.0 112.8 104.8 2,483.6  ?
United States Minneapolis 156.7 178.3 217.5 242.1 295.2 321.9 350.5 307.2 233.2 181.0 112.8 114.3 2,710.7  ?
United States Nashville 139.6 145.2 191.3 231.5 261.8 277.7 279.0 262.1 226.4 216.8 148.1 130.6 2,510.1  ?
United States New Orleans 153.0 161.5 219.4 251.9 278.9 274.3 257.1 251.9 228.7 242.6 171.8 157.8 2,648.9  ?
United States New York City 162.7 163.1 212.5 225.6 256.6 257.3 268.2 268.2 219.3 211.2 151.0 139.0 2,534.7  ?
United States Oklahoma
City
200.8 189.7 244.2 271.3 295.2 326.1 356.6 329.3 263.7 245.1 186.5 180.9 3,089.4  ?
United States Omaha 167.8 157.6 206.4 230.1 277.1 314.0 332.5 296.3 245.5 217.5 148.0 134.1 2,726.9  ?
United States Philadelphia 155.7 154.7 202.8 217.0 245.1 271.2 275.6 260.1 219.3 204.5 154.7 137.7 2,498.4  ?
United States Phoenix 256.0 257.2 318.4 353.6 401.0 407.8 378.5 360.8 328.6 308.9 256.0 244.8 3,871.6  ?
United States Pittsburgh 93.9 108.5 155.4 182.8 217.4 242.2 254.9 228.4 196.7 167.3 99.4 74.4 2,021.3  ?
United States Portland (OR) 85.6 116.4 191.1 221.1 276.1 290.2 331.9 298.1 235.7 151.7 79.3 63.7 2,340.9  ?
United States Raleigh 163.8 173.1 228.9 250.7 258.4 267.7 259.5 239.6 217.6 215.4 174.0 157.6 2,606.3  ?
United States Richmond (VA) 172.5 179.7 233.3 261.6 288.0 306.4 301.4 278.9 237.9 222.8 183.5 163.0 2,829.0  ?
United States Sacramento 145.5 201.3 278.0 329.6 406.3 419.5 440.2 406.9 347.8 296.7 194.9 141.1 3,607.8  ?
United States Salt Lake City 127.4 163.1 241.9 269.1 321.7 360.5 380.5 352.5 301.1 248.1 150.4 113.1 3,029.4  ?
United States San Antonio 159.4 169.7 215.5 209.7 221.8 275.9 308.8 293.9 234.9 218.0 171.9 149.7 2,629.2  ?
United States San Diego 239.3 227.4 261.0 276.2 250.5 242.4 304.7 295.0 253.3 243.4 230.1 231.3 3,054.6  ?
United States San Francisco 185.9 207.7 269.1 309.3 325.1 311.4 313.3 287.4 271.4 247.1 173.4 160.6 3,061.7  ?
United States Seattle 69.8 108.8 178.4 207.3 253.7 268.4 312.0 281.4 221.7 142.6 72.7 52.9 2,169.7  ?
United States St. Louis 161.2 158.3 198.3 223.5 266.5 291.9 308.9 269.8 236.1 208.4 140.9 129.9 2,593.7  ?
United States Tampa 199.9 202.7 267.5 299.1 314.5 277.8 265.3 249.5 223.0 233.9 201.7 191.6 2,926.5  ?
United States Tucson 259.9 258.2 320.7 357.2 400.8 396.9 342.7 335.6 316.4 307.4 264.4 245.8 3,806.0  ?
United States Tulsa 175.8 171.7 219.6 244.4 266.7 294.8 334.7 305.3 232.5 218.6 161.1 160.8 2,786.0  ?
United States Virginia Beach 171.5 175.2 229.3 252.8 271.7 280.1 278.3 260.4 231.4 208.3 175.7 160.4 2,695.1  ?
United States Washington,
D.C.
144.6 151.8 204.0 228.2 260.5 283.2 280.5 263.1 225.0 203.6 150.2 133.0 2,527.7  ?
United States Wichita 190.9 186.4 230.4 257.8 289.8 305.0 342.1 309.2 245.6 226.3 170.2 168.7 2,922.4  ?
United States Yuma 268.4 270.8 335.5 365.5 407.4 415.4 392.6 375.6 341.7 319.6 270.1 252.7 4,015.3 [163]

South AmericaEdit

Sunshine hours for selected cities in South America
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Argentina Buenos Aires 350.8 320.2 284.5 242.9 218.2 170.1 150.3 182.5 227.6 253.8 280.7 320.0 3001.6  ?
Argentina Ushuaia 180.2 150.4 124.9 92.7 78.0 50.3 35.0 58.3 87.6 113.0 140.0 170.8 1281.2  ?
Brazil São Paulo 280.0 250.3 204.7 182.1 158.4 110.5 90.2 102.4 127.5 183.2 230.2 270.6 2190  ?
Brazil São Joaquim 140.0 128.5 110.1 90.0 70.5 50.2 30.1 58.5 72.8 93.5 100.0 120.9 1065.1  ?
Peru Arequipa 223.2 189.3 244.9 294.0 288.3 291.0 291.4 310.0 297.0 303.8 309.0 291.4 3333.3  ?
Peru Lima 179.1 169.0 139.2 184.0 116.4 50.6 28.6 32.3 37.3 65.3 89.0 139.2 1230  ?

OceaniaEdit

Sunshine hours for selected cities in Oceania
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Australia Adelaide 325.5 285.3 266.6 219.0 167.4 138.0 148.8 186.0 204.0 257.3 273.0 294.5 2,765.4  ?
Australia Brisbane 263.5 223.2 232.5 234.0 235.6 198.0 238.7 266.6 270.0 275.9 270.0 265.4 2,968.4  ?
Australia Canberra 294.5 254.3 251.1 219.0 186.0 156.0 179.8 217.0 231.0 266.6 267.0 291.4 2,813.7  ?
Australia Darwin 176.7 162.4 210.8 261.0 297.6 297.0 313.1 319.3 297.0 291.4 252.0 213.9 3,092.2  ?
Australia Hobart 248.0 206.2 198.4 159.0 130.2 117.0 136.4 155.0 177.0 201.5 207.0 229.4 2,165.1  ?
Australia Melbourne 266.6 228.8 223.2 186.0 142.6 120.0 136.4 164.3 183.0 223.2 225.0 263.5 2,362.6  ?
Australia Perth 356.5 314.9 295.5 246.0 211.7 180.6 188.4 219.8 232.4 299.8 320.4 359.4 3,229.5  ?
Australia Sydney 235.6 202.4 213.9 207.0 195.3 177.0 204.6 244.9 237.0 244.9 228.0 244.9 2,635.5  ?
New Zealand Auckland 228.8 194.9 189.2 157.3 139.8 110.3 128.1 142.9 148.6 178.1 188.1 197.2 2,003.1  ?
New Zealand Christchurch 224.4 190.5 177.4 155.6 133.3 117.7 124.8 149.0 166.6 201.3 215.3 214.3 2,070.2  ?
New Zealand Wellington 240.3 205.0 194.7 153.8 126.0 102.3 111.4 137.2 163.2 191.1 210.8 222.9 2,058.7  ?

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