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Dikson (Russian: Ди́ксон, IPA: [dʲiksən]) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is a port on the Kara Sea, located on a headland at the mouth of the Yenisei Gulf (the Yenisei River estuary), on Russia's Arctic Ocean coast. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 676.[1]

Dikson

Диксон
Flag of Dikson
Flag
Coat of arms of Dikson
Coat of arms
Location of Dikson
Dikson is located in Russia
Dikson
Dikson
Location of Dikson
Dikson is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Dikson
Dikson
Dikson (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Coordinates: 73°30′N 80°31′E / 73.500°N 80.517°E / 73.500; 80.517Coordinates: 73°30′N 80°31′E / 73.500°N 80.517°E / 73.500; 80.517
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai
Administrative districtTaymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
Founded1915
Elevation
26 m (85 ft)
Population
 • Total676
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[2])
Postal code(s)[3]
647340
Dialing code(s)+7 39152
OKTMO ID04653155051
Websitedikson-taimyr.ru

Contents

LocationEdit

 
1965 Soviet Union stamp commemorating the 50 year anniversary of the Arctic settlement of Dikson

Dikson is the northernmost port in Russia, one of the northernmost settlements in the world, and the northernmost settlement on the Asian continent. It is located so far north that one may experience complete darkness with no civil twilight from the 8th of December to the 5th of January. In most major settlements north of the Arctic Circle, there is still substantial twilight during the polar night at midday. It is also one of the most isolated settlements in the world.

Dikson's inhabitants informally call their settlement a "Capital of the Arctic", a name taken from a popular Soviet song.

The urban-type settlement of Dikson, as well as Dikson Island, were named after Swedish Arctic pioneer Baron Oscar Dickson. Dickson, along with Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Sibiryakov, was the patron of a number of early Arctic expeditions, including Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld's Russian Arctic explorations.

PopulationEdit

Demographic evolution
1989[4] 2002[5] 2005 2007 2008 2010[1]
4,449 1,198 883 742 690 676

Unlike the rest of Russia, children under the age of 12 make up 20% of the population. In the rest of Russia, this number is 15%.[6]

ClimateEdit

Located in northern Eurasia and above the Arctic Circle, Dikson has a tundra climate (Köppen: ET) where the arborea vegetation is unknown. Yet for a polar climate it is relatively moderate, similar to coastal Antarctica. Its climate is like a semiarid (below 350 mm) but covered with ice and snow. Pitch precipitation is in dry form. Usually in these climates the warmest month has most of the days with temperature below 10 ° C, however in some occasions the city can have fresh summers instead of cold, with temperatures between 15 to 18 ° C. For most of the year the temperatures are below freezing which results in long and rigorous winters. Liquid precipitation is concentrated in the summer, late spring and early fall. Temperatures have already risen to 26 ° C but there is no record of temperatures below -50 ° C as in much lower latitudes due to marine moderation.[7][8] The place is known for the most pronounced climate changes. Where the highest temperatures in the Arctic have been recorded, correlated with the melting of the permafrost and the melting of the sea.[9] It too is known as the place of the fastest warming since the records of the last decades.[10]

Climate data for Dikson
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.8
(35.2)
10.4
(50.7)
22.4
(72.3)
26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
17.0
(62.6)
8.1
(46.6)
1.9
(35.4)
0.3
(32.5)
26.9
(80.4)
Average high °C (°F) −22.5
(−8.5)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−13.4
(7.9)
−5.5
(22.1)
1.9
(35.4)
7.2
(45.0)
7.2
(45.0)
2.9
(37.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.9
(−11.0)
−25
(−13)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−17.2
(1.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
0.1
(32.2)
3.9
(39.0)
5
(41)
1.7
(35.1)
−8.4
(16.9)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
Average low °C (°F) −29.4
(−20.9)
−29.3
(−20.7)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−10.6
(12.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.1
(35.8)
3.0
(37.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
−11.1
(12.0)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
Record low °C (°F) −46.2
(−51.2)
−48.1
(−54.6)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−17.3
(0.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
−3.6
(25.5)
−12.0
(10.4)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−46.6
(−51.9)
−48.1
(−54.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 37.4
(1.47)
27.5
(1.08)
23.3
(0.92)
18.6
(0.73)
19.8
(0.78)
29.6
(1.17)
38.9
(1.53)
43.0
(1.69)
43.3
(1.70)
30.4
(1.20)
22.8
(0.90)
31.3
(1.23)
365.9
(14.4)
Average rainy days 0 0 0 1 2 13 20 21 17 5 0.2 0 79.2
Average snowy days 21 19 19 19 24 16 4 3 15 27 23 20 210
Average relative humidity (%) 84 83 84 84 87 90 89 89 88 87 86 84 86
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0.0 22.6 127.1 237.0 189.1 141.0 223.2 139.5 60.0 24.8 0.0 0.0 1,164.3
Source #1: Погода и Климат[11]
Source #2: HKO[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  2. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  4. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  6. ^ Barents Observer. "The dogs protect us from polar bears".
  7. ^ "Dikson, Russia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  8. ^ "The Typical Weather Anywhere on Earth - Weather Spark". weatherspark.com. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  9. ^ "This place on Russia's Arctic coast has most dramatic climate change". The Independent Barents Observer. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  10. ^ Staalesen, Atle; Observer, The Independent Barents (October 3, 2018). "Arctic coastal town of Dikson is fastest-warming place in Russia". Eye on the Arctic. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  11. ^ Погода и Климат – Климат Острова Диксон (in Russian). Retrieved October 3, 2009.
  12. ^ "Climatological Information for Dikson, Russia". Retrieved August 31, 2011.