Bouaké

Bouaké (or Bwake) is the second-largest city in Ivory Coast, with a population of 536,189 (2014 census). It is the seat of three levels of subdivisionVallée du Bandama District, Gbêkê Region, and Bouaké Department. The city is located in the central part of Ivory Coast about 50 kilometres (31 mi) northeast of Lake Kossou, the country's largest lake. It is approximately 350 kilometres (220 mi) north of Abidjan on the Abidjan-Niger Railway and about 100 kilometres (62 mi) northeast of Yamoussoukro, the capital of the country.

Bouaké

Bwake
Bouaké
Bouaké
Bouaké is located in Ivory Coast
Bouaké
Bouaké
Location within Ivory Coast
Coordinates: 7°41′N 5°1′W / 7.683°N 5.017°W / 7.683; -5.017
Country Ivory Coast
DistrictVallée du Bandama
RegionGbêkê
DepartmentBouaké
Founded1899
Area
 • City, sub-prefecture, and commune71.788 km2 (27.718 sq mi)
Elevation
312 m (1,024 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • City, sub-prefecture, and commune570,833
 • Density8,000/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1.5 million
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Websitemairiebke.e-monsite.com

NameEdit

For the name of the city Bouaké, there are two possible origins:

  • The corruption of the chief name Kwa Gbéké that made the foundations of the city of Bouaké.
  • The name Bouaké coming from two Baoulé words: "Boua" which means sheep and "Ké" which means dry. Thus meaning the place in which sheeps are dried as they would have seen Jola drying sheep skins when they arrived in Bouaké.

DemographicsEdit

Year Population
1921 3,600
1945 22 000
1960 60,000
1970 120,000
1975C 175,000
1988C 329,850
1998C 461,618
2014C 542,000

HistoryEdit

In the 1800s a group related to the Akan, the Assabou and Baoulé settled in the vicinity of where Bouaké was, initially the village was named Gbèkèkro, so named after the leader of the Baoulé, Gossan Kwa Gbeke and kro meaning town or settlement of.

Bouaké was established as a French military post in 1899 and has been an administrative center since 1914.[2]

French and United Nations peacekeepers currently reside in the city as part of an enforced ceasefire between the rebel-held north and the government-held south. After the attempt to overthrow the president Laurent Gbagbo had failed, the rebel forces FN (forces nouvelles) led by Guillaume Soro made Bouaké their center of control. Subsequently, Bouaké University, opened in 1996, was closed down in September 2002. Financed by Unesco, the university reopened in April, 2005.

On 4 November 2004, governmental forces used Sukhoi-25s to raid the city as an opening movement towards "territorial liberation", according to Captain Jean-Noël Abbey of the Côte d'Ivoire army. Korhogo, 225 kilometres (140 miles) north of Bouaké, was also targeted. In 2014, the population of the sub-prefecture of Bouaké-SP was 71,949.[3] In 2014, the population of the sub-prefecture of Bouaké-SP was 71,949.[3]

ClimateEdit

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies Bouaké's climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).[4] The city features a lengthy wet season spanning the months of March through October, and a shorter harmattan-influenced dry season that covers the remaining 4 months. Despite the lengthy wet season, Bouaké does not see the level of rainfall experienced in Abidjan. Bouaké on average sees roughly 1,100 millimetres (43 in) of precipitation annually.

Climate data for Bouaké
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
33.5
(92.3)
33.8
(92.8)
32.7
(90.9)
31.0
(87.8)
29.9
(85.8)
27.8
(82.0)
27.7
(81.9)
28.5
(83.3)
30.1
(86.2)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
30.9
(87.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
27.8
(82.0)
27.8
(82.0)
27.0
(80.6)
26.1
(79.0)
25.0
(77.0)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
25.0
(77.0)
25.7
(78.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.7
(78.3)
Average low °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
21.1
(70.0)
21.3
(70.3)
21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
21.3
(70.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.5
(0.49)
40.0
(1.57)
83.8
(3.30)
126.4
(4.98)
123.7
(4.87)
147.2
(5.80)
117.5
(4.63)
128.0
(5.04)
168.1
(6.62)
107.9
(4.25)
30.2
(1.19)
14.6
(0.57)
1,099.9
(43.30)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 226.5 206.6 201.4 194.2 202.3 129.7 97.7 90.6 122.8 174.0 184.7 188.0 2,018.5
Source 1: NOAA[5]
Source 2: Climate Charts (latitude: 07°44'N; longitude: 005°04'W; elevation: 376m)[6]

EconomyEdit

Tobacco products, building materials, and textiles are produced, and cotton sisal and rice are processed. Gold, mercury, and manganese are found nearby. The overall economy was shaken during the near decade long rebel rule that started in 2002. Many companies either shut down or relocated to Abidjan, Ivory Coast's coastal economic hub. These events resulted in the 60% reduction in formal employment. For example, the city's biggest textile mill, the Gonfreville Establishment, saw an employment decrease of 1200 workers, an 80% reduction. Economic recovery was slow until the early 2010s. After the State took back control of Bouake after the 2010-2011 election, the economy moved into a state of reconstruction. Roads were repaved after years of neglect, which allowed the transportation of goods to become an easier task. Cash crops such as cotton and cashews started to be transported in higher quantities to be processed in Bouake. Singapore-based Olam opened a cashew processing plant in Bouake in 2012, which accounts for nearly 2400 jobs. The agribusiness as a whole is beginning to turn to its original state before the rebel conflict. Additionally, banks have opened new branches and supermarkets have returned to normal operation. The government is stimulating this regrowth through policies, such as price floors, and projects to increase trade, including the construction of a highway to connect Bouake to the nation's capital, Yamoussoukro.

TransportsEdit

The city has the Bouaké Airport located north-west of the city with a 3,300 metres (10,800 ft) runway.

Located on the line of the railway which connects Abidjan to Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso, the city has the Railway Station Bouaké operated by Sitarail.

The roads that connect Bouaké are the A3 and the A8 going clockwise from the north the A3 connects Katiola and with Korhogo on the A12 eastwards with further destinations in Burkina Faso and Mali. Eastwards the A10 starts in Bouaké and connects to Ghana and to Bondoukou via the A1 northwards and Abengourou southwards. The A8 connects to Abengourou northwards on the A1 and Abidjan southwards. A3 Southbound connects to the political capital Yamoussoukro and the economic capital Abidjan. A8 westbound goes to Beoumi and Lake Kossou continuing to Man and Danané with further destinations in Liberia and Guinea.

EducationEdit

The Université Alassane Ouattara was founded in 1992.

Primary Schools
Public
  • École primaire Publique Zone1

Secondary Schools
Public

  • Lycée classique
  • Lycée technique
  • lycée Djibo Sounkalo (ex lycée Municipal)
  • Lycée moderne Belleville

Semi-Public

  • Lycée St Michel d'Anyama

Private

Public Colleges

  • College de jeunes filles
  • Collège Moderne TSF
  • College moderne de Nimbo (ex COB)
  • College G. Koko (ex CEG KOKO)

Private Colleges

  • Collège Marie Thérèse Yamousso
  • Collège Martin Luther King
  • Collège Moderne Saint Jacques
  • Collège Victor Hugo
  • Collège Ruth Fidèle
  • Collège Ouezzin Coulibaly
  • Collège Renaissance
  • Collège Moderne N'Takpe
  • Collège Saint-Viateur
  • Collège international chrétien
  • Collège Adventiste

Places of worshipEdit

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques.[7] There are also Christian churches and temples : Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bouaké (Catholic Church), United Methodist Church Ivory Coast (World Methodist Council), Union of Missionary Baptist Churches in Ivory Coast (Baptist World Alliance), Assemblies of God.

AdministrationEdit

List of mayors of Bouaké since 1960
Date elected Name Party
1960 Djibo Sounkalo PDCI-RDA
1980 Konan Blédou PDCI-RDA
1985 Konan Blédou PDCI-RDA
1990 Konan Antoine PDCI-RDA
1995 Konan Konan Denis PDCI-RDA
2000 Fanny Ibrahima RDR

SubdivisionsEdit

The city itself is a sub-prefectures of Bouaké Department; the surrounding suburbs that are outside of the city limits are also organised into a sub-prefecture known as "Bouaké-SP". Bouaké is also a commune.

The subdivision of the city is as follows

North East:- Dougouba, Liberté, Kodiakoffikro, Attienkro, Dar-es-salam 2 and 3, Camp Militaire, Belleville 1 and 2, Sokoura, IDESSA, Kanakro

North West:- Koko, Lycée Municipal, Zone industrielle, Tièrèkro, Gonfreville, Niankoukro, Aéroport, Konankankro, Allokokro, Mamianou, Kamounoukro, Dar-es-salam 1, Tolla Kouadiokro, Beaufort

South East:- Nimbo, Air France 1 2 and 3, N'Gouatanoukro, Kennedy

South West:- N'Gattakro, Ahougnanssou, Broukro 1 and 2, Houphouët-ville, N'Dakro

Center:- Commerce

SportEdit

The local stadium of Bouaké is the Stade Bouaké also known as the Stadium of Peace, it was constructed in 1984 for the 1984 Africa Cup of Nations, it will be one of the host stadiums for the 2023 Africa Cup of Nations and renovation on the stadium started in 2020 in preparation for the event. The stadium capacity before renovation was 35,000, this will increase to 40,000 for the event

The local team is called Bouaké FC and plays in the Stade Bouaké

People that have represented the Ivorian national football team that were born in Bouaké are the Brothers Kolo Touré and Yaya Toure, Abdul Razak (footballer) and Lassina Diabaté

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Bouaké is twinned with:[8]

VillagesEdit

The 130 villages of the sub-prefecture of Bouaké-SP and their population in 2014 are:[3]

  1. Abou Angankro (173)
  2. Adissakassou (271)
  3. Adjagbli-Koffikro (119)
  4. Affouékro (730)
  5. Agbangnassou (978)
  6. Agoua-Agankro (231)
  7. Agoua-Kongokro (567)
  8. Ahodji (829)
  9. Akanzakro (1 932)
  10. Akoumouadjekro (97)
  11. Akpessé (136)
  12. Akpla Assoumankro (729)
  13. Alloko-Yaokro (123)
  14. Allomabo (589)
  15. Amanikro (73)
  16. Andokro (204)
  17. Ando-Sakassou (147)
  18. Angamblé-Konankro (250)
  19. Angankro (313)
  20. Anko-Prikro (246)
  21. Assémonblakro (253)
  22. Assengoukan (347)
  23. Assengoukpli (893)
  24. Assoumayaokro (331)
  25. Attienkonankro (403)
  26. Bendè-Kouassikro (2 061)
  27. Boblénou (517)
  28. Djamalabo (304)
  29. Djétouankro (361)
  30. Djongonou (643)
  31. Douakankro (493)
  32. Fari-Oko (1 173)
  33. Godokro (367)
  34. Iki (514)
  35. Kahankro-Prepressou (1 386)
  36. Kaloukro (512)
  37. Kékré-Kouakoukro (517)
  38. Klosrambo (164)
  39. Koblékro (421)
  40. Kokangbakro (298)
  41. Kokoflétékro (365)
  42. Kokokro (178)
  43. Kolongonouan (1 013)
  44. Kongodékro (1 929)
  45. Kongouèkro (381)
  46. Kouadio-Miankro (506)
  47. Kouakou-Yobouékro (348)
  48. Kouakro (516)
  49. Kouamekro (332)
  50. Kouassiblékro (1 538)
  51. Kpangbambo (1 831)
  52. Kpokanhankro (386)
  53. Kpoti-Takikro (543)
  54. Lamgbassou (719)
  55. Lokanou (142)
  56. Lomibo (348)
  57. Mamian (526)
  58. Manikro (759)
  59. Mébo (1 317)
  60. Minankro (115)
  61. N'dakro (501)
  62. N'drikro (262)
  63. N'zuéfoufouénouan (360)
  64. Pitiessi (822)
  65. Sessénouan (968)
  66. Sézénou (411)
  67. Suibonou (512)
  68. Taligbessou (189)
  69. Tanou-Sakassou (820)
  70. Totimbo (415)
  71. Totokro (357)
  72. Tromabo (287)
  73. Yapo Kouakoukro (501)
  74. Yeboué Kouadiokro (936)
  75. Abokro (214)
  76. Adiékakankro (336)
  77. Afounvasou (842)
  78. Ahoussi-Takikro (271)
  79. Akafou Kouadikro (61)
  80. Akakro (604)
  81. Akpatoukro (358)
  82. Akrou Kouadiokro (204)
  83. Akwaba (411)
  84. Allakro (574)
  85. Allomanou (916)
  86. Amanikro-Prepressou (215)
  87. Assan Kouadiokro (226)
  88. Assandrè (1 215)
  89. Assandrékro (103)
  90. Assouman-Diékro (664)
  91. Bamoro Baoule (834)
  92. Bamoro-Gare (819)
  93. Besséri-Takikro (719)
  94. Djigbe (1 021)
  95. Groubouekro (93)
  96. Kangare (569)
  97. Kanoukro (671)
  98. Karo-Gblobo (896)
  99. Koffi Konankro (119)
  100. Konankro-Mizron (1 288)
  101. Konan-N'guessankro (194)
  102. Kondounou (365)
  103. Kouabo (627)
  104. Kouakou-Miankro (253)
  105. Kouakro-Mizron (981)
  106. Kouame-Assékro (189)
  107. Lama-Amanikro (518)
  108. Lattéman-Koffikro (348)
  109. Mahounou (295)
  110. M'brakro-Dranouan (358)
  111. M'brakro-Prepressou (666)
  112. M'brenzué (1 192)
  113. M'malan-Kouassikro (558)
  114. N'dènou (267)
  115. N'doua-Kouamékro (230)
  116. N'gatta-Sakassou (1 012)
  117. N'guessankro (509)
  118. Niamoutiekro (251)
  119. N'valikro (308)
  120. Oko-N'dranouan (1 004)
  121. Pokoukro (318)
  122. Sibirikro (364)
  123. Sokolo (519)
  124. Sottikro (366)
  125. Tchimou-Assékro (1 123)
  126. Tiéplé (957)
  127. Toungbakro (189)
  128. Toungbossou (189)
  129. Yangakro (522)
  130. Yebouekro (676)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bouake, Ivory Coast Population". populationstat.com. Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  2. ^ Britannica, Bouaké, britannica.com, USA, accessed on 7 July 2019
  3. ^ a b c "RGPH 2014, Répertoire des localités, Région Gbêkê" (PDF). ins.ci. Retrieved 5 August 2019.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Climate: Bouaké - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  5. ^ "Bouaké–Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Bouake - Aero, Ivory Coast: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  7. ^ J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘'Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices'’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 811-812
  8. ^ "Villes amies de Bouaké" [Twin towns with Bouaké] (in French). mairiebke.e-monsite.com. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  9. ^ "Lista municipiilor înfrățite din România" [List of municipality twinnings in Romania] (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 13 August 2011.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 7°41′N 5°1′W / 7.683°N 5.017°W / 7.683; -5.017