Entebbe is a city in Central Uganda. On a Lake Victoria peninsula, approximately 37 kilometres (23 mi) southwest of the Ugandan capital, Kampala, it was once the seat of government for the Protectorate of Uganda prior to independence, in 1962. Entebbe is the location of Entebbe International Airport, Uganda's largest commercial and military airport, best known for the dramatic rescue of 100 hostages kidnapped by the resistance group of the PFLP-EO and Revolutionary Cells (RZ) organizations. Entebbe is also the location of State House, the official office and residence of the President of Uganda.
|• Mayor||Vincent Kayanja|
|• Total||21.7 sq mi (56.2 km2)|
|• Water||8 sq mi (20 km2)|
|Elevation||3,870 ft (1,180 m)|
The word came from Luganda language e ntebe which means 'seat' / 'chair'. Entebbe was the seat of the colonial governor in the early 1900s, when the country was a British protectorate, and is now the location of the official office and residence of the President of Uganda, hence the name. Entebbe is the seat of power in the country.
Entebbe sits on the northern shores of Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake. The town is situated in Wakiso District, approximately 44 kilometres (27 mi) south of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. The municipality is located on a peninsula into Lake Victoria, covering a total area of 56.2 square kilometres (21.7 sq mi), out of which 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi) is water. The coordinates of Entebbe are:0°03'00.0"N, 32°27'36.0"E (Latitude:0.0500; Longitude:32.4600). Neighborhoods within Entebbe Municipality include Bugonga, Katabi, Nakiwogo, Nsamizi, Kitooro, Lunnyo and Lugonjo.
During the 2002 national census, Entebbe's population was estimated at about 55,100 people. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population of the town at 76,500. In 2011, UBOS estimated the population of Entebbe at approximately 79,700. On 27 August 2014, the national population census put Entebbe's population at 69,958.
"Entebbe", in the local Luganda language, means a "seat" and was probably named that because it was the place where a Baganda chief sat to adjudicate legal cases. It first became a British colonial administrative and commercial centre in 1893 when Sir Gerald Portal, a colonial Commissioner, used it as a base. Port Bell went on to become Kampala's harbour. Although no ships dock there now, there is still a jetty, which was used by Lake Victoria ferries.
Entebbe International Airport, the main international airport of Uganda, has been the site of some well known events below, making it famous in Europe and abroad. It was from this airport that Queen Elizabeth II departed Africa to return to England in 1952 when she learned of her father's death and that she had become Queen. Entebbe airport was the scene of a hostage situation and a rescue operation ending on 4 July 1976, when soldiers from the Sayeret Matkal, Paratroopers Brigade and Golani Brigade units of the Israeli army freed over 100 hostages following a hijacking by a group of Palestinian and German militia.
The city of Entebbe also hosted final resolution talks to end the M23 rebellion.
Biomedical research hubEdit
Entebbe is home to the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI), a government organization which provides space to conduct research to the International Aids Vaccine Initiative HIV vaccine program, UK Medical Research Centre Laboratories (MRC), US Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and National Institutes of Health (NIH) . Most research performed at UVRI is infectious disease- oriented and focuses on HIV, tuberculosis, malaria and helminth infections .
- The extensive National Botanical Gardens, laid out in 1898, are located in Entebbe.
- Entebbe is the home of the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI)
- Entebbe is the location of the Uganda Wildlife Education Centre (UWEC) The Centre also serves as the national zoo. The entrance to the Centre is located near the jetty. Foreign visitors have noted the seeming incongruity of wild monkeys sitting in the trees over the Centre's paths.
- Entebbe is the location of Nkumba University, one of the more than thirty licensed institutions of tertiary education in Uganda.
- State House, the official residence of the President of Uganda, is located in Entebbe.
- Entebbe is also home to the historical site in Kigungu where the first catholic missionaries Brother Amans and Father Mon Maple Lourdel landed to establish the catholic faith in Uganda.
- Entebbe is home of the oldest golf course in East Africa called Entebbe Golf Club, which was established in 1900. Entebbe Golf Club is surrounded by the Uganda Wildlife Education Centre, (formerly Entebbe Zoo), on its south side.
Government and infrastructureEdit
The head office of the Ugandan Civil Aviation Authority is on the property of Entebbe International Airport. The Uganda Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries maintains its headquarters in Entebbe.
The Special Forces Command, a specialized unit of the Uganda People's Defence Forces, responsible for the security of the president of Uganda, his immediate family, constitutional monarchs, state guests and vital national assets, including the national oil fields, maintains its headquarters in Entebbe.
Other points of interestEdit
Other points of interest within the city limits or close to its edges include the offices of Entebbe City Council and several branches of foreign and indigenous commercial banks. The supermarket chain, Shoprite, maintains a branch in Entebbe. In 2014, the American fast-food chain KFC opened a franchise in the town.
Entebbe experiences tropical rainforest climate (Af) according to the Köppen climate classification as the city has no real dry season throughout the year. The driest season is January with precipitation total 65 millimetres (2.6 in), while the wettest season is April with precipitation total 256 millimetres (10.1 in). The temperature is moderated by the altitude. The hottest month is February with average temperature 22.8 °C (73.0 °F), while the coolest month is July with average temperature 20.6 °C (69.1 °F).
|Climate data for Entebbe, Uganda (1961–1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||31.3
|Average high °C (°F)||26.3
|Average low °C (°F)||18.0
|Record low °C (°F)||13.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||86.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||7.3||7.3||13.1||16.8||16.2||9.4||6.9||6.3||7.1||10.7||13.6||10.2||124.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||76||76||77||79||79||78||77||78||76||75||76||76||77|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||234||204||205||181||191||187||197||194||194||205||202||214||2,408|
|Source #1: World Meteorological Organization|
|Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes and humidity), Danish Meteorological Institute (sun, 1931–1960)|
- UBOS (27 August 2014). "The Population of The Regions of the Republic of Uganda And All Cities And Towns of More Than 15,000 Inhabitants". Citypopulation.de Quoting Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS). Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- Ssebuyira, Martin (26 May 2011). "New Entebbe Mayor Faces Sh600 Million Debt Hurdle". Daily Monitor via AllAfrica.com. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- Ampurire, Paul (22 May 2019). "Cabinet Approves Phased Creation Of Nine New Cities Beginning 2020". Kampala: SoftPower Uganda. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- Uganda Radio Network (21 May 2019). "Cabinet approves creation of nine cities". Daily Monitor Quoting Uganda Radio Network. Kampala. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
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- Entebbe population statistics
- "NIH International Center for Excellence in Research". Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
- "Research on Endemic, Neglected, Emerging and Re-emerging infections (ENERI), MRC/UVRI". MRC/UVRI. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
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- Uganda Ministry of Agriculture (2019). "Uganda Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries: Contact Details". Entebbe: Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (Uganda). Retrieved 15 June 2019.
- Global Security (18 May 2016). "About the Special Forces Command (SFC)". Washington DC: GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
- Uganda Business News (8 September 2017). "Shoprite to open a fourth store at Victoria Mall". Kampala: Uganda Business News. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
- Ogwal, Lawrence (31 July 2014). "KFC Opens New Branch At Victoria Mall In Entebbe". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "World Weather Information Service – Entebbe". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Klimatafel von Entebbe (Flugh.) / Uganda" (PDF). Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- "STATIONSNUMMER 63705" (PDF). Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)