Astara, Azerbaijan

Astara (Talysh: Ostoro) is a city in and the capital of the Astara District of Azerbaijan. Astara is a short walk across the border from Astara, Iran.

Astara
Talysh: Ostoro
Astara City Boulevard at the shore of Caspian Sea
Astara City Boulevard at the shore of Caspian Sea
Astara is located in Azerbaijan
Astara
Astara
Coordinates: 38°27′22″N 48°52′43″E / 38.45611°N 48.87861°E / 38.45611; 48.87861Coordinates: 38°27′22″N 48°52′43″E / 38.45611°N 48.87861°E / 38.45611; 48.87861
Country Azerbaijan
DistrictAstara
Elevation
−22 m (−72 ft)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total16,130[1]
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Area code(s)+994 195

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Astara has a borderline humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa) and a hot-summer mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa) since only two summer months have precipitation levels below the 40 mm threshold. Astara has cool, wet winters and very warm, partially dry/highly humid summers. The maximum annual precipitation is one of the highest in Azerbaijan.

Climate data for Astara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
26.1
(79.0)
28.8
(83.8)
29.0
(84.2)
33.4
(92.1)
38.0
(100.4)
38.0
(100.4)
40.0
(104.0)
40.0
(104.0)
31.3
(88.3)
28.7
(83.7)
25.7
(78.3)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
8.8
(47.8)
10.6
(51.1)
15.6
(60.1)
21.2
(70.2)
25.8
(78.4)
29.5
(85.1)
29.0
(84.2)
25.1
(77.2)
19.6
(67.3)
14.6
(58.3)
10.7
(51.3)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.2
(37.8)
5.5
(41.9)
9.5
(49.1)
14.5
(58.1)
18.0
(64.4)
21.1
(70.0)
21.1
(70.0)
18.2
(64.8)
13.7
(56.7)
8.8
(47.8)
4.7
(40.5)
12.0
(53.6)
Record low °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−13
(9)
−6.1
(21.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
6.0
(42.8)
11.1
(52.0)
10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−15
(5)
−15
(5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.3)
89
(3.5)
99
(3.9)
54
(2.1)
56
(2.2)
35
(1.4)
34
(1.3)
64
(2.5)
190
(7.5)
288
(11.3)
167
(6.6)
103
(4.1)
1,264
(49.7)
Source: climatebase.ru[2]

AttractionsEdit

Caspian SeaEdit

The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. It is an endorheic basin (a basin without outflows) located between Europe and Asia, to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the broad steppe of Central Asia. The sea has a surface area of 371,000 km2 (143,200 sq mi) (excluding the detached lagoon of Garabogazköl) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (18,800 cu mi). It has a salinity of approximately 1.2% (12 g/l), about a third of the salinity of most seawater.

Astara TV TowerEdit

As the demand for television broadcasting and telecommunication rises during the early 1980s, the Astara TV Tower was built. The television tower was uniquely designed, as its pinnacle is guyed to a horizontal cross-like steel structure.[1][3]

EconomyEdit

Located next to the Iranian border, Astara attracts numerous visitors from Iran, going to Azerbaijan to purchase goods and services that may not be as readily available in Iran.[4]

TransportEdit

Astara is currently served by a broad gauge railway only headed north. A standard gauge connection to the Iranian railway network along the shore of the Caspian Sea is planned. This break of gauge station is likely to be equipped with bogie exchange and SUW 2000 variable gauge axle track gauge changing facility.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

  • Kazim Azimov (born 1951) Azerbaijani historian of philosophy, culture, sociologist, Orientalist

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Astara TV Tower - SkyscraperPage Forum". Forum.skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  2. ^ "Climatebase". Retrieved June 9, 2012.
  3. ^ picture
  4. ^ The Tijuana of the Caspian: At the border between Azerbaijan and Iran, everything’s for sale: sex, booze, tattoos—and maybe some revolutionary fervor. By Peter Savodnik, December 2009, ATLANTIC MAGAZINE

ReferencesEdit