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Kankan (MandingoKánkàn) is the largest city in Guinea in land area, and the third largest in population, with a population of 193,830 people as of 2014.[1] The city is located in eastern Guinea about 345 miles east of the state capital Conakry.

Kankan
Downtown Kankan
Downtown Kankan
Kankan is located in Guinea
Kankan
Kankan
Coordinates: 10°23′N 9°18′W / 10.383°N 9.300°W / 10.383; -9.300
CountryFlag of Guinea.svg Guinea
RegionKankan Region
PrefectureKankan Prefecture
Population
 (2014)
 • Total193,830

The city is the capital and largest town of the Kankan Prefecture and of the Kankan Region. The population is largely from the Mande ethnic group.

GeographyEdit

The city is located on the Milo River, a tributary of the Niger River.

HistoryEdit

Kankan was founded by the Soninke people in the 18th century, after which it became an important trading centre, particularly for kola nuts, and the capital of the Baté Empire.[2] The population of the city is predominantly from the Mandinka ethnic group and their language is widely spoken throughout the city.

The French explorer René Caillié spent a month in Kankan in 1827 on his journey from Boké, in present-day Guinea, to Djenné and Timbuktu in Mali. He arrived with a caravan transporting kola nuts. He described the visit in his book Travels through Central Africa to Timbuctoo. The town had a population of 6,000 inhabitants and was an important commercial centre with a market held three times a week. Instead of having a surrounding mud wall, the town was defended by quickset hedges. The chief of the town refused Caillié permission to travel along the river to the north as the town of Kankan was fighting for control of the Bouré gold producing area around Siguiri and the Tinkisso River. Instead Caillié left the town heading east in the direction of Minignan in the Ivory Coast.[3][4]

The town was conquered by Samory Touré in 1881 and occupied by the French in 1891.

In 1904, the city is chosen as the final destination during the construction of the Conakry railway in Kankan.

ClimateEdit

Kankan has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Kankan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 36.5
(97.7)
38.1
(100.6)
38.9
(102.0)
38.8
(101.8)
37.1
(98.8)
33.2
(91.8)
32.2
(90.0)
31.7
(89.1)
32.7
(90.9)
33.9
(93.0)
34.7
(94.5)
35.2
(95.4)
35.3
(95.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
26.3
(79.3)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
28.3
(82.9)
26.4
(79.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
25.5
(77.9)
26.4
(79.5)
27.0
(80.6)
23.8
(74.8)
26.5
(79.7)
Average low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
13.3
(55.9)
17.0
(62.6)
20.2
(68.4)
19.6
(67.3)
18.8
(65.8)
18.9
(66.0)
18.8
(65.8)
18.9
(66.0)
19.0
(66.2)
13.9
(57.0)
11.0
(51.8)
16.7
(62.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
24
(0.9)
67
(2.6)
134
(5.3)
204
(8.0)
262
(10.3)
322
(12.7)
304
(12.0)
131
(5.2)
20
(0.8)
1.2
(0.05)
1,472.2
(57.96)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1 1 3 6 11 15 19 22 21 13 3 1 116
Average relative humidity (%) 38 35 38 49 63 73 77 79 77 75 57 46 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 262 236 249 220 234 216 169 159 191 221 241 260 2,658
Source: NOAA[5]

EducationEdit

The Julius Nyerere University of Kankan was founded in 1964.

Places of worshipEdit

Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. There are also Christian churches and temples : Roman Catholic Diocese of Kankan (Catholic Church), Église Protestante Évangélique de Guinée (Christian and Missionary Alliance), Assemblies of God. [6]

TransportsEdit

It is home to the Kankan Airport and a river port. Kankan is the terminus of the lightduty narrow gauge railway from Conakry (traffic suspended since 1993). The N1 highway connects the city with Nzerekore in the south.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Guinea". Institut National de la Statistique, Guinea, accessed via Geohive. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  2. ^ Britannica, Kankan, britannica.com, USA, accessed on June 23, 2019
  3. ^ Caillié, René (1830). Travels through Central Africa to Timbuctoo; and across the Great Desert, to Morocco, performed in the years 1824-1828 (Volume 1). London: Colburn & Bentley. pp. 254–286.
  4. ^ Quella-Villéger, Alain (2012). René Caillié, l'Africain : une vie d'explorateur, 1799-1838 (in French). Anglet, France: Aubéron. pp. 71–75. ISBN 978-2-84498-137-0.
  5. ^ "Kankan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  6. ^ J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 1279

Coordinates: 10°23′N 9°18′W / 10.383°N 9.300°W / 10.383; -9.300