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List of Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites and Special Natural Monuments

To protect Japan's cultural heritage, the country's government selects through the Agency for Cultural Affairs important items and designates them as Cultural Properties under the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties. Designated items are classified in a number of categories, one of which is Monuments (記念物, kinenbutsu). This category includes historic locations such as shell mounds, ancient tombs, sites of palaces, sites of forts or castles, monumental dwelling houses and other sites of high historical or scientific value; gardens, bridges, gorges, mountains, and other places of great scenic beauty; and natural features such as animals, plants, and geological or mineral formations of high scientific value.[1][2]

The government further designates "significant" monuments classifying them in three categories: Historic Sites (史跡, shiseki), Places of Scenic Beauty (名勝, meishō), and Natural Monuments (天然記念物, tennen kinenbutsu). Items of particularly high significance receive higher classifications: Special Historic Sites (特別史跡, tokubetsu shiseki), Special Places of Scenic Beauty (特別名勝, tokubetsu meishō), and Special Natural Monuments (特別天然記念物, tokubetsu tennen kinenbutsu) respectively. As of November 17, 2017 there are 1,027 Natural Monuments, 1805 Historic Sites, 410 Places of Scenic Beauty, 75 Special Natural Monuments, 36 Special Places of Scenic Beauty and 62 Special Historic Sites.[3]

Since a single item can fall under more than one of these categories, the total number of sites is less than the sum of designations.

Contents

CriteriaEdit

The Agency for Cultural Affairs designates monuments based on a number of criteria. A monument can be designated based on more than one of these criteria:[4]

Places of Scenic Beauty and Special Places of Scenic BeautyEdit

  1. Parks and gardens
  2. Bridges and embankments
  3. Flowering trees, flowering grass, autumn colors, green trees and other places of dense growth
  4. Places inhabited by birds and wild animals, fish/insects and others
  5. Rocks, caves
  6. Ravines, gorges, waterfalls, mountain streams, abysses
  7. Lakes, marshes, wetlands, floating islands, springs
  8. Sand dunes, spits, seasides, islands
  9. Volcanoes, onsen
  10. Mountains, hills, plateaus, plains, rivers
  11. Viewpoints

Historic Sites and Special Historic SitesEdit

  1. Shell mounds, settlement ruins, kofun, other historic ruins of this type
  2. Ruins of fortified towns, castles, government administration offices, old battlefields and other historic ruins related to politics or government
  3. Remains of shrines and temples, former compound grounds and other historic ruins related to religion
  4. Schools, research institutions, cultural facilities and other historic ruins related to education, learning or culture
  5. Medical care and welfare facilities, life related institution, other society and life related historic ruins
  6. Transport and communication facilities, forest conservation and flood control facilities, manufacture facilities and other historic sites related to finance or manufacture activities
  7. Graves and stone monuments with inscriptions
  8. Former residences, gardens, ponds and other areas of particular historical significance
  9. Ruins related to foreign countries or foreigners

Natural Monuments and Special Natural MonumentsEdit

  1. Animals
    1. Well-known animals peculiar to Japan and their habitat
    2. Animals which are not peculiar to Japan, but need to be preserved as well-known characteristic Japanese animals, and their habitat
    3. Animals or animal groups peculiar to Japan within their natural environment
    4. Domestic animals peculiar to Japan
    5. Well-known imported animals presently in a wild state, with the exception of domestic animals; their habitat
    6. Particularly valuable animal specimen
  2. Plants, vegetation
    1. Old trees of historic interest, gigantic trees, old trees, deformed trees, cultivated pulpwood, roadside trees, shrine forests
    2. Representative primeval forests, rare forest flora
    3. Representative alpine plants, special clusters of plants on rock ground
    4. Representative clusters of waste land plants
    5. Representative examples of coastal and sand ground vegetation
    6. Representative examples of areas of peat forming plants
    7. Clusters of plants growing in caves or grottoes
    8. Rare water plants in garden ponds, onsen, lakes, marshes, streams, sea, etc.; algae, moss, microbes, etc.
    9. Remarkable occurrence of epiphytic plants on rocks, trees or shrubs
    10. Remarkable plant growth on marginal land
    11. Remarkable growth in the wild of crop plants
    12. Wild habitat of rare or near extinct plants
  3. Geological and mineralogical features
    1. Rocks, mineral and fossil producing sites
    2. Conformable and unconformable strata
    3. Fold and thrust strata
    4. Geological features caused by the work of living creatures
    5. Phenomena related to earthquake dislocation and landmass motion
    6. Caves, grottoes
    7. Examples of rock organization
    8. Onsen and their sediments
    9. Erosion and weathering related phenomena
    10. Fumaroles and other items related to volcanic activity
    11. Ice and frost related phenomena
    12. Particularly precious rock, mineral and fossil specimen
  4. Representative territories rich in natural monuments to be protected (Natural Protected Areas)

UsageEdit

The table's columns (except for Remarks and Photo) are sortable pressing the arrows symbols. The following gives an overview of what is included in the table and how the sorting works.

  • Name: name of the monument as registered in the Database of Cultural Properties
  • Special Place of Scenic Beauty: criteria under which the monument has been designated or "-" if it is not a Special Place of Scenic Beauty
  • Special Historic Site: criteria under which the monument has been designated or "-" if it is not a Special Historic Site
  • Special Natural Monument: criteria under which the monument has been designated or "-" if it is not a Special Natural Monument
  • Remarks: general remarks
  • Location: "town-name prefecture-name" and geo coordinates of the monument if applicable
  • sorts as "prefecture-name town-name"
  • Photo: picture of the monument

Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites, Special Natural MonumentsEdit

Name Special Place of Scenic Beauty Special Historic Site Special Natural Monument Remarks Location Photo
Mōtsū-ji garden (毛越寺庭園, mōtsūji teien)[5] 1
Iwate HiraizumiHiraizumi, Iwate
38°59′16.31″N 141°6′28.98″E / 38.9878639°N 141.1080500°E / 38.9878639; 141.1080500
 
Matsushima (松島) 8, 11
One of the Three Views of Japan Miyagi variousShiogama, Shichigahama, Rifu, Matsushima, Higashimatsushima, Miyagi
38°21′59.13″N 141°4′27.87″E / 38.3664250°N 141.0744083°E / 38.3664250; 141.0744083
 
Hamarikyu Gardens (旧浜離宮庭園, kyū hamarikyū teien)[6] 1 2,8
Tokyo TokyoTokyo
35°39′35.3″N 139°45′46.5″E / 35.659806°N 139.762917°E / 35.659806; 139.762917
 
Koishikawa Kōrakuen Garden (小石川後楽園, koishikawa kōrakuen)[7] 1 8
Tokyo TokyoTokyo
35°42′19.63″N 139°44′57.37″E / 35.7054528°N 139.7492694°E / 35.7054528; 139.7492694
 
Rikugi-en (六義園)[8] 1
Tokyo TokyoTokyo
35°43′58.66″N 139°44′47.48″E / 35.7329611°N 139.7465222°E / 35.7329611; 139.7465222
 
Kurobe Gorge with Sarutobi Gorge and Mount Okukane (黒部峡谷 附 猿飛ならびに奥鐘山, kurobekyōkoku tsuketari sarutobi narabini okukaneyama) 6
4 Toyama variousTateyama, Kurobe, Toyama
36°37′23.18″N 137°41′11.4″E / 36.6231056°N 137.686500°E / 36.6231056; 137.686500
 
Kenroku-en (兼六園)[9] 1
One of the Three Great Gardens of Japan Ishikawa KanazawaKanazawa, Ishikawa
36°33′43.5″N 136°39′44.99″E / 36.562083°N 136.6624972°E / 36.562083; 136.6624972
 
Ichijōdani Asakura Family Gardens (一乗谷朝倉氏庭園, Ichijōdani Asakura-shi teien) 1
The ruins at the same site are a Special Historic Site. Fukui FukuiFukui, Fukui
35°59′57.95″N 136°17′43.52″E / 35.9994306°N 136.2954222°E / 35.9994306; 136.2954222
 
Mitake Shōsenkyō Gorge (御嶽昇仙峡, mitake shōsenkyō)[10] 5, 6
Yamanashi variousKōfu and Kai, Yamanashi
35°44′41.64″N 138°33′59.29″E / 35.7449000°N 138.5664694°E / 35.7449000; 138.5664694
 
Kamikōchi (上高地)[11] 6
4 Nagano MatsumotoMatsumoto, Nagano
36°14′24.93″N 137°37′27.07″E / 36.2402583°N 137.6241861°E / 36.2402583; 137.6241861
 
Konchiin Garden (金地院庭園, konchiin teien) 1
Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°0′38.29″N 135°47′24.02″E / 35.0106361°N 135.7900056°E / 35.0106361; 135.7900056
 
Jishō-ji (Ginkaku-ji) Garden (慈照寺(銀閣寺)庭園, jishō-ji (ginkaku-ji) teien)[12] 1 8
Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°1′35.78″N 135°47′54.31″E / 35.0266056°N 135.7984194°E / 35.0266056; 135.7984194
 
Rokuon-ji (Kinkaku-ji) Garden (鹿苑寺(金閣寺)庭園, rokuon-ji (kinkaku-ji) teien)[13] 1 8
Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°2′21.38″N 135°43′43.33″E / 35.0392722°N 135.7287028°E / 35.0392722; 135.7287028
 
Jōruri-ji Garden (浄瑠璃寺庭園, jōruri-ji teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto KizugawaKizugawa, Kyoto
34°42′56.16″N 135°52′22.8″E / 34.7156000°N 135.873000°E / 34.7156000; 135.873000
 
Saihō-ji Garden (西芳寺庭園, saihō-ji teien)[14] 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
34°59′32.5″N 135°41′3.81″E / 34.992361°N 135.6843917°E / 34.992361; 135.6843917
 
Daisen-in Shoin Garden (大仙院書院庭園, daisenin shoin teien)[15] 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°2′40.66″N 135°44′45.01″E / 35.0446278°N 135.7458361°E / 35.0446278; 135.7458361
 
Daitoku-ji Hōjō Garden (大徳寺方丈庭園, daitokuji hōjō teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°2′40.66″N 135°44′45.01″E / 35.0446278°N 135.7458361°E / 35.0446278; 135.7458361
 
Daigo-ji Sanbō-in Garden (醍醐寺三宝院庭園, daigoji sanbōin teien)[16] 1 8
Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
34°57′6.78″N 135°49′10.2″E / 34.9518833°N 135.819500°E / 34.9518833; 135.819500
Amanohashidate (天橋立)[17] 3, 8, 11
One of the Three Views of Japan Kyoto MiyazuMiyazu, Kyoto
35°34′12.02″N 135°11′30.59″E / 35.5700056°N 135.1918306°E / 35.5700056; 135.1918306
 
Tenryū-ji Garden (天龍寺庭園, tenryū-ji teien)[18] 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°0′56.68″N 135°40′23.53″E / 35.0157444°N 135.6732028°E / 35.0157444; 135.6732028
 
Nijō Castle Ninomaru Palace Gardens (二条城二之丸庭園, nijōjō ninomaru teien)[19] 1
Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°0′48.27″N 135°44′57.22″E / 35.0134083°N 135.7492278°E / 35.0134083; 135.7492278
 
Hōkongō-in Seijo no taki waterfall and Mount Goisan (法金剛院青女滝 附 五位山, hōkongōin seijo no taki tsuketari goisan) 1, 10
Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°1′11.77″N 135°42′59.03″E / 35.0199361°N 135.7163972°E / 35.0199361; 135.7163972
 
Hongan-ji Ōshoin Garden (本願寺大書院庭園, honganji ōshoin teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit: 8) Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
34°59′27.37″N 135°45′4.47″E / 34.9909361°N 135.7512417°E / 34.9909361; 135.7512417
Ryōan-ji Hōjō Garden (龍安寺方丈庭園, ryōanji hōjō teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit: 8) Kyoto KyotoKyoto, Kyoto
35°2′3.81″N 135°43′5.42″E / 35.0343917°N 135.7181722°E / 35.0343917; 135.7181722
 
Garden at the Eastern Heijō Palace (平城宮東院庭園, Heijō-kyū tōin teien)[20] 1
Reconstruction of an 8th-century Imperial Palace Garden with ponds and pebble shore Nara NaraNara, Nara
34°41′28″N 135°47′44″E / 34.69111°N 135.79556°E / 34.69111; 135.79556
 
Heijō-kyō Sakyō Sanjō Nibō Palace Garden (平城京左京三条二坊宮跡庭園, heijōkyō sakyō sanjō nibō miyaato teien)[21] 1 2, 8
The ruins at the same site are a Special Historic Site. Nara NaraNara, Nara
34°41′1.45″N 135°48′8.44″E / 34.6837361°N 135.8023444°E / 34.6837361; 135.8023444
Okayama Kōraku-en (岡山後楽園, okayama kōrakuen)[22] 1
One of the Three Great Gardens of Japan Okayama OkayamaOkayama, Okayama
34°40′3.94″N 133°56′7.78″E / 34.6677611°N 133.9354944°E / 34.6677611; 133.9354944
 
Itsukushima (厳島)[23] 8 2,3
Includes one of the Three Views of Japan Hiroshima HatsukaichiHatsukaichi, Hiroshima
34°17′1.99″N 132°19′5.9″E / 34.2838861°N 132.318306°E / 34.2838861; 132.318306
 
Sandan-kyō ravine (三段峡, sandan-kyō) 3,5,6
Hiroshima AkiotaAkiōta, Hiroshima
34°37′28.85″N 132°11′8.97″E / 34.6246806°N 132.1858250°E / 34.6246806; 132.1858250
 
Ritsurin Garden (栗林公園, ritsurin kōen)[24] 1
Kagawa TakamatsuTakamatsu, Kagawa
34°19′39.2″N 134°2′35.76″E / 34.327556°N 134.0432667°E / 34.327556; 134.0432667
 
Nijinomatsubara (虹の松原)[25] 3,9
Saga KaratsuKaratsu, Saga
33°26′35.99″N 130°0′34.37″E / 33.4433306°N 130.0095472°E / 33.4433306; 130.0095472
 
Mount Unzen (雲仙岳, unzendake) 1, 3, 9, 10
Nagasaki ShimabaraShimabara, Nagasaki
32°45′37.54″N 130°17′31.25″E / 32.7604278°N 130.2920139°E / 32.7604278; 130.2920139
 
Shikinaen Garden (識名園, shikinaen) 1
Okinawa NahaNaha, Okinawa
26°12′14.1″N 127°42′55.32″E / 26.203917°N 127.7153667°E / 26.203917; 127.7153667
 
Lake Towada and Oirase Mountain Stream (十和田湖および奥入瀬渓流, towadako oyobi oirasekeiryū) 6, 7
Also a Natural Monument (4) various variousTowadako, Aomori and Kosaka, Akita
40°28′23.05″N 140°52′39.67″E / 40.4730694°N 140.8776861°E / 40.4730694; 140.8776861
 

 

Dorohacchō Gorge (瀞八丁, dorohacchō) 5,6
Also a Natural Monument (3.1) various variousKumanogawa, Wakayama, Kiwa, Mie and Totsukawa, Nara
33°52′23.24″N 135°51′27.43″E / 33.8731222°N 135.8576194°E / 33.8731222; 135.8576194
 
Mount Fuji (富士山, fujisan) 10
various variousYamanashi, Shizuoka
35°21′28.8″N 138°43′51.6″E / 35.358000°N 138.731000°E / 35.358000; 138.731000
 
Goryōkaku site (五稜郭跡, goryōkakuato)[26]
2
Star fort of the Republic of Ezo Hokkaido HakodateHakodate, Hokkaidō
41°47′49.8″N 140°45′24.3″E / 41.797167°N 140.756750°E / 41.797167; 140.756750
 
Sannai-Maruyama site (三内丸山遺跡, sannai maruyama iseki)[27]
1
Jōmon period archaeological site Aomori AomoriAomori, Aomori
40°48′40.24″N 140°41′44.3″E / 40.8111778°N 140.695639°E / 40.8111778; 140.695639
 
Chūson-ji compound (中尊寺境内, chūsonji keidai)[28]
3
Iwate HiraizumiHiraizumi, Iwate
39°0′6.68″N 141°6′0.46″E / 39.0018556°N 141.1001278°E / 39.0018556; 141.1001278
 
Muryōkōin site (無量光院跡, muryōkōinato)
3
Iwate HiraizumiHiraizumi, Iwate
38°59′36.08″N 141°6′56.81″E / 38.9933556°N 141.1157806°E / 38.9933556; 141.1157806
 
Site of a Chinjusha attached to the Mōtsū-ji compound (毛越寺境内 附 鎮守社跡, mōtsūji keidai tsuketari chinjushaato)[29]
3
Iwate HiraizumiHiraizumi, Iwate
38°59′13.89″N 141°6′27.26″E / 38.9871917°N 141.1075722°E / 38.9871917; 141.1075722
Site of a temple attached to the site of the Taga Castle (多賀城跡 附 寺跡, tagajōato tsuketari teraato)[30][31]
2, 3
Miyagi TagajoTagajō, Miyagi
38°17′57.54″N 140°59′52.41″E / 38.2993167°N 140.9978917°E / 38.2993167; 140.9978917
 
Ōyu Stone Circle (大湯環状列石, ōyu kanjō resseki)[32]
1
Akita KazunoKazuno, Akita
40°16′16.96″N 140°48′15.06″E / 40.2713778°N 140.8041833°E / 40.2713778; 140.8041833
 
Former Kōdōkan School (旧弘道館, kyūkōdōkan)[33]
4
Former school of the Mito Clan, founded in 1841 by Tokugawa Nariaki Ibaraki MitoMito, Ibaraki
36°22′31.54″N 140°28′38.27″E / 36.3754278°N 140.4772972°E / 36.3754278; 140.4772972
 
Hitachi Kokubun-ji site (常陸国分寺跡, hitachi kokubunjiato)[34]
3
Ibaraki IshiokaIshioka, Ibaraki
36°11′48.17″N 140°16′25.38″E / 36.1967139°N 140.2737167°E / 36.1967139; 140.2737167
Hitachi Kokubun Nunnery site (常陸国分尼寺跡, hitachi kokubun nijiato)[35]
3
Ibaraki IshiokaIshioka, Ibaraki
36°12′6.18″N 140°16′3.25″E / 36.2017167°N 140.2675694°E / 36.2017167; 140.2675694
Ōya Magaibutsu (大谷磨崖仏, ōya magaibutsu)
3
Stone reliefs of Buddhist deities in a cave Tochigi UtsunomiyaUtsunomiya, Tochigi
36°35′46.35″N 139°49′16.94″E / 36.5962083°N 139.8213722°E / 36.5962083; 139.8213722
Cedar Avenue of Nikkō and attached donation monuments (日光杉並木街道 附 並木寄進碑, nikkō suginamiki kaidō tsuketari namiki kishinhi)[36][37]
6 2.1 Three roads totalling 37 km (23 mi) Tochigi NikkoNikkō, Imaichi and Kanuma, Tochigi
36°35′46.35″N 139°49′16.94″E / 36.5962083°N 139.8213722°E / 36.5962083; 139.8213722
 

 

Kanaizawa Stele (金井沢碑, kanaizawahi)[38]
3, 7
110 cm (43 in) high stone stele from 726 Gunma TakasakiTakasaki, Gunma
36°17′8.37″N 139°0′58.21″E / 36.2856583°N 139.0161694°E / 36.2856583; 139.0161694
 
Yamanoue stele and kofun (山上碑及び古墳, yamanouehi oyobi kofun)[39]
1, 7
Gunma TakasakiTakasaki, Gunma
36°16′37.48″N 139°1′40.09″E / 36.2770778°N 139.0278028°E / 36.2770778; 139.0278028
 
Tago Stele (多胡碑, tagohi)[40]
2, 7
Gunma TakasakiTakasaki, Gunma
36°15′54.1″N 138°59′46.67″E / 36.265028°N 138.9962972°E / 36.265028; 138.9962972
 
Edo Castle site (江戸城跡, edojōato)
2
Tokyo TokyoTokyo
35°41′8.93″N 139°45′23.95″E / 35.6858139°N 139.7566528°E / 35.6858139; 139.7566528
 
Kasori Shell Mound (加曽利貝塚, Kasori Kaizuka)[41]
1
Mid to late Jōmon period shell mound. Largest shell heap in Japan. Chiba Chiba Wakaba-kuWakaba Ward, Chiba, Chiba, Chiba
35°37′24″N 140°9′53″E / 35.62333°N 140.16472°E / 35.62333; 140.16472
 
Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins (一乗谷朝倉氏遺跡, Ichijōdani Asakura-shi iseki)[42]
2, 3, 6, 7, 8
The gardens at the same site are a Special Place of Scenic Beauty. Fukui FukuiFukui, Fukui
35°59′57.95″N 136°17′43.52″E / 35.9994306°N 136.2954222°E / 35.9994306; 136.2954222
 
Togari Ishi Stone Age ruins (尖石石器時代遺跡, togariishi sekkijidai iseki)
1
Jōmon period archaeological site Nagano ChinoChino, Nagano
36°0′46.32″N 138°13′55.04″E / 36.0128667°N 138.2319556°E / 36.0128667; 138.2319556
Tōtomi Kokubun-ji site (遠江国分寺跡, tōtomi kokubunjiato)[43]
3
Shizuoka IwataIwata, Shizuoka
34°43′10.45″N 137°51′5.75″E / 34.7195694°N 137.8515972°E / 34.7195694; 137.8515972
Arai Barrier site (新居関跡, arainosekiato)[44][45]
6
Set up by Tokugawa Ieyasu Shizuoka AraiArai, Shizuoka
34°41′40.99″N 137°33′40.82″E / 34.6947194°N 137.5613389°E / 34.6947194; 137.5613389
 
Toro archaeological site (登呂遺跡, toro iseki)[46]
1
Late Yayoi archaeological site Shizuoka ShizuokaShizuoka, Shizuoka
34°57′22.26″N 138°24′29.74″E / 34.9561833°N 138.4082611°E / 34.9561833; 138.4082611
 
Nagoya Castle site (名古屋城跡, nagoyajōato)
2
Aichi NagoyaNagoya, Aichi
35°11′5.8″N 136°53′58.77″E / 35.184944°N 136.8996583°E / 35.184944; 136.8996583
 
Former residence of Motoori Norinaga (本居宣長旧宅 同 宅跡, Motoori Norinaga kyūtaku dōtakuato)[47]
8
Mie MatsusakaMatsusaka, Mie
34°34′30.9″N 136°31′32.94″E / 34.575250°N 136.5258167°E / 34.575250; 136.5258167
 
Azuchi Castle site (安土城跡, azuchijōato)
2
Shiga variousAzuchi and Higashiōmi, Shiga
35°9′21.25″N 136°8′21.79″E / 35.1559028°N 136.1393861°E / 35.1559028; 136.1393861
 
Hikone Castle site (彦根城跡, hikonejōato)
2
Shiga HikoneHikone, Shiga
35°16′35.87″N 136°15′9.02″E / 35.2766306°N 136.2525056°E / 35.2766306; 136.2525056
 
Osaka Castle site (大坂城跡, osakajōato)
2
Osaka OsakaOsaka, Osaka
34°41′14.3″N 135°31′35.04″E / 34.687306°N 135.5264000°E / 34.687306; 135.5264000
 
Kudara-dera site (百済寺, kuderaderaato)
3
Osaka HirakataHirakata, Osaka
34°48′55.29″N 135°39′39.15″E / 34.8153583°N 135.6608750°E / 34.8153583; 135.6608750
 
Himeji Castle site (姫路城跡, himejijōato)[48]
2
Hyogo HimejiHimeji, Hyōgo
34°50′18.85″N 134°41′34.97″E / 34.8385694°N 134.6930472°E / 34.8385694; 134.6930472
 
Kitora Tomb (キトラ古墳, kitora kofun)[49]
1
Nara AsukaAsuka, Nara
34°27′5.25″N 135°48′18.49″E / 34.4514583°N 135.8051361°E / 34.4514583; 135.8051361
 
Takamatsuzuka Tomb (高松塚古墳, takamatsuzuka kofun)[50]
1
Nara AsukaAsuka, Nara
34°27′43.94″N 135°48′23.2″E / 34.4622056°N 135.806444°E / 34.4622056; 135.806444
 
Yama-dera site (山田寺跡, yamadaderaato)[51]
3
Nara SakuraiSakurai, Nara
34°29′4.02″N 135°49′48.09″E / 34.4844500°N 135.8300250°E / 34.4844500; 135.8300250
 
Ishibutai Kofun (石舞台古墳)[52]
1
Nara AsukaAsuka, Nara
34°28′0.15″N 135°49′33.88″E / 34.4667083°N 135.8260778°E / 34.4667083; 135.8260778
 
Suyama Kofun (巣山古墳)[53]
1
Nara KoryoKōryō, Nara
34°33′23.06″N 135°44′27.63″E / 34.5564056°N 135.7410083°E / 34.5564056; 135.7410083
 
Fujiwara Palace site (藤原宮跡, fujiwara kyūseki)[54]
2
Palace of the Fujiwara capital Nara KashiharaKashihara, Nara
34°30′8.71″N 135°48′26.44″E / 34.5024194°N 135.8073444°E / 34.5024194; 135.8073444
 
Monjuin Nishi Kofun (文殊院西古墳)[55]
1
Nara SakuraiSakurai, Nara
34°30′13.55″N 135°50′33.21″E / 34.5037639°N 135.8425583°E / 34.5037639; 135.8425583
 
Heijō Palace site (平城宮跡, heijō kyūseki)[56]
2
Palace of the Heijō capital; the gardens at the same site are a Special Place of Scenic Beauty Nara NaraNara, Nara
34°41′28.46″N 135°47′42.02″E / 34.6912389°N 135.7950056°E / 34.6912389; 135.7950056
 
Moto Yakushi-ji site (本薬師寺跡, motoyakushijiato)[57]
3
Yakushi-ji of the Fujiwara capital Nara KashiharaKashihara, Nara
34°29′33.88″N 135°48′0.95″E / 34.4927444°N 135.8002639°E / 34.4927444; 135.8002639
Iwase Senzuka Kofun Group (岩橋千塚古墳群, iwase senzuka kofungun)[58]
1
Wakayama WakayamaWakayama, Wakayama
34°13′33.08″N 135°13′38.9″E / 34.2258556°N 135.227472°E / 34.2258556; 135.227472
 
Sai no Ohai-ji site (斎尾廃寺跡, sainoohaijiato)
3
Tottori TohakuTōhaku, Tottori
35°28′53.65″N 133°42′41.13″E / 35.4815694°N 133.7114250°E / 35.4815694; 133.7114250
Former Shizutani School with Camelia mound, stone gate, site of the residence of Tsuda Nagatada and tea house (旧閑谷学校 附 椿山石門津田永忠宅跡および黄葉亭, kyūshizutanigakkō tsuketari tsubakiyama sekimon tsudanagatadatakuato oyobi kōyōtei)[59][60]
4
Okayama BizenBizen, Okayama
34°47′46.77″N 134°13′10.23″E / 34.7963250°N 134.2195083°E / 34.7963250; 134.2195083
 

 

 

 

Renjuku Fourmer Chazan Kan house (廉塾ならびに菅茶山旧宅, renjuku narabini kansazankyūtaku)[61][62]
4, 8
Chazan Kan (1748–1827) was a Confucian scholar. Hiroshima FukuyamaFukuyama, Hiroshima
34°32′41.26″N 133°23′4.1″E / 34.5447944°N 133.384472°E / 34.5447944; 133.384472
Sanuki Kokubun-ji site (讃岐国分寺跡, sanuki kokubunjiato)[63]
3
Temple 80 of the Shikoku pilgrimage Kagawa HiraizumiTakamatsu, Kagawa
34°18′13.18″N 133°56′39.65″E / 34.3036611°N 133.9443472°E / 34.3036611; 133.9443472
 
Ōzuka Kofun (王塚古墳)[64]
1
Fukuoka KeisenKeisen, Fukuoka
33°35′19.47″N 130°39′49.84″E / 33.5887417°N 130.6638444°E / 33.5887417; 130.6638444
 
Mizuki site (水城跡, mizukiato)
2
Low embankment built in 664 by the Dazaifu (大宰府), the imperial office governing Kyūshū, against an invasion from Tang Dynasty China and Korea Fukuoka variousDazaifu, Kasuga and Ōnojō, Fukuoka
33°31′2.41″N 130°29′28.42″E / 33.5173361°N 130.4912278°E / 33.5173361; 130.4912278
 
Dazaifu site (大宰府跡, dazaifuato)[65]
2
Ruins of the governmental office with jurisdiction over Kyūshū Fukuoka DazaifuDazaifu, Fukuoka
33°30′52.43″N 130°30′54.55″E / 33.5145639°N 130.5151528°E / 33.5145639; 130.5151528
 
Ōnojō Castle Ruins (大野城跡, ōnojōato)[66]
2, 3
Asuka period castle Fukuoka variousDazaifu, Umi and Ōnojō, Fukuoka
33°31′16.9″N 130°30′54.01″E / 33.521361°N 130.5150028°E / 33.521361; 130.5150028
 
Yoshinogari site (吉野ヶ里遺跡, yoshinogari iseki)[67]
1
Yayoi period archaeological site Saga YoshinogariYoshinogari, Saga
33°19′25.18″N 130°23′6.43″E / 33.3236611°N 130.3851194°E / 33.3236611; 130.3851194
 
Nagoya Castle ruined foundations (名護屋城跡並陣跡, nagoyajōato narabini jinato)[68]
2
Saga variousChinzei, Yobuko and Genkai, Saga
33°31′48.65″N 129°52′9.75″E / 33.5301806°N 129.8693750°E / 33.5301806; 129.8693750
 
Kaneda Castle site (金田城跡, kanedajōato)[69]
2
Asuka period mountain castle Nagasaki TsushimaTsushima, Nagasaki
34°16′6.07″N 129°18′49.69″E / 34.2683528°N 129.3138028°E / 34.2683528; 129.3138028
Haru no Tsuji Site (原の辻遺跡, haru no tsujii seki)[70]
1
Nagasaki IkiIki, Nagasaki
33°45′48.68″N 129°44′55.04″E / 33.7635222°N 129.7486222°E / 33.7635222; 129.7486222
Kumamoto Castle site (熊本城跡, kumamotojōato)
2
Kumamoto KumamotoKumamoto, Kumamoto
32°48′20.55″N 130°42′21.21″E / 32.8057083°N 130.7058917°E / 32.8057083; 130.7058917
 
Usuki Stone Buddhas with five-storied stone pagoda and two gorintō with inscriptions from 1170 and 1172 (臼杵磨崖仏  附 日吉塔、嘉応二年在銘五輪塔  承安二年在銘五輪塔, usuki magaibutsu tsuketari hiyoshitō kaōninenzaimei gorintō jōanninenzaimei gorintō)[71][72]
3
Oita UsukiUsuki, Ōita
33°5′26.18″N 131°45′47.04″E / 33.0906056°N 131.7630667°E / 33.0906056; 131.7630667
 
Saitobaru Burial Mounds (西都原古墳群, saitobaru kofun-guni)[73]
1
Miyazaki SaitoSaito, Miyazaki
32°7′14.95″N 131°23′17.84″E / 32.1208194°N 131.3882889°E / 32.1208194; 131.3882889
 
Kii Castle site (基肄(椽)城跡, kiijōato)[74]
2
variou variousChikushino, Fukuoka and Kiyama, Saga
33°26′39.34″N 130°30′36.09″E / 33.4442611°N 130.5100250°E / 33.4442611; 130.5100250
 
Mount Apoi alpine plant community (アポイ岳高山植物群落, apoidake kōzanshokubutsu gunraku)
2.3 Hokkaido SamaniSamani, Hokkaidō
42°6′25.35″N 143°1′41.89″E / 42.1070417°N 143.0283028°E / 42.1070417; 143.0283028
Marimo of Lake Akan (阿寒湖のマリモ, akanko no marimo)
2.12, 2.8 Hokkaido AkanAkan, Hokkaidō
43°27′1.54″N 144°5′57.93″E / 43.4504278°N 144.0994250°E / 43.4504278; 144.0994250
 
Showashinzan (昭和新山)
3.10 Hokkaido SobetsuSōbetsu, Hokkaidō
42°32′37.17″N 140°51′51.77″E / 42.5436583°N 140.8643806°E / 42.5436583; 140.8643806
 
Daisetsuzan (大雪山)
4 Hokkaido variousKamikawa, Higashikawa, Biei and Shintoku, Hokkaidō
43°40′58.87″N 142°53′55.78″E / 43.6830194°N 142.8988278°E / 43.6830194; 142.8988278
 
Nopporo Forest Park (野幌原始林, nopporo genshirin)
2.2 Hokkaido KitahiroshimaKitahiroshima, Hokkaidō
43°3′12.46″N 141°30′3.09″E / 43.0534611°N 141.5008583°E / 43.0534611; 141.5008583
 
Swans on Kominato beach and their wintering place (小湊のハクチョウおよびその渡来地, kominato no hakuchō oyobi sono toraichi)
1.2 Whooper swans Aomori HiranaiHiranai, Aomori
40°56′14.09″N 140°58′23.88″E / 40.9372472°N 140.9733000°E / 40.9372472; 140.9733000
 
Getō Onsen Tufa (夏油温泉の石灰華, getō onsen no sekkaika)
3.8 Iwate KitakamiKitakami, Iwate
39°12′36.64″N 140°52′55.74″E / 39.2101778°N 140.8821500°E / 39.2101778; 140.8821500
Nesori petrified wood (根反の大珪化木, nesori no daikeikaboku)
3.1 15–20 million years old Iwate IchinoheIchinohe, Iwate
40°11′24.78″N 141°20′4.42″E / 40.1902167°N 141.3345611°E / 40.1902167; 141.3345611
Yakehashiri lava flow (焼走り熔岩流, yakehashiri yōganryū)
3.5, 3.10 Iwate NishineNishine, Iwate
39°52′30.82″N 141°2′51.16″E / 39.8752278°N 141.0475444°E / 39.8752278; 141.0475444
 
Mount Hayachine and Yakushidake alpine zone, forest vegetation (早池峰山および薬師岳の高山帯・森林植物群落, hayachinesan oyobi yakushidake no kōzantai shinrin shokubutsugunraku)
2.3 Iwate variousHanamaki, Tōno and Kawai, Iwate
39°31′53.71″N 141°28′26.53″E / 39.5315861°N 141.4740361°E / 39.5315861; 141.4740361
onikōbe no megama oyobi ogama kanketsu onsen (鬼首の雌釜および雄釜間歇温泉)
3.8 Miyagi OsakiŌsaki, Miyagi
38°48′0.19″N 140°38′52.81″E / 38.8000528°N 140.6480028°E / 38.8000528; 140.6480028
Tamagawa Hot Spring hokutolite (玉川温泉の北投石, tamagawa onsen no hokutōseki)
3.1, 3.8 Hokutolite is a type of radioactive baryte. Akita SembokuSemboku, Akita
39°57′42.57″N 140°43′42.18″E / 39.9618250°N 140.7283833°E / 39.9618250; 140.7283833
 
Mount Haguro cedar avenue (羽黒山のスギ並木, hagursan no suginamiki)
2.1 Yamagata TsuruokaTsuruoka, Yamagata
38°42′13.91″N 139°58′13.33″E / 38.7038639°N 139.9703694°E / 38.7038639; 139.9703694
 
Large zelkova tree of Higashine (東根の大ケヤキ, higashine no ōkeyaki)
2.1 More than 1000 years old, and perimeter larger than 12 (m), largest zelkova tree in Japan Yamagata HigashineHigashine, Yamagata
38°26′31.16″N 140°24′6.28″E / 38.4419889°N 140.4017444°E / 38.4419889; 140.4017444
Natural habitat Pinguicula ramosa (コウシンソウ自生地, higashine no ōkeyaki)
2.12 A species of butterwort endemic to Nikkō National Park Tochigi NikkoNikkō, Tochigi
36°40′27.13″N 139°21′42.9″E / 36.6742028°N 139.361917°E / 36.6742028; 139.361917
 
Mount Asama lava tree mold (浅間山熔岩樹型, asamayama yōganjukei)
3.2, 3.7, 3.10 Gunma TsumagoiTsumagoi, Gunma
36°26′53.57″N 138°30′56.25″E / 36.4482139°N 138.5156250°E / 36.4482139; 138.5156250
Wisteria at Ushijima (牛島のフジ, ushijima no fuji)
2.1 Saitama KasukabeKasukabe, Saitama
35°59′5.83″N 139°46′24.07″E / 35.9849528°N 139.7733528°E / 35.9849528; 139.7733528
Kagami-iwa rock at Mount Mitake (御獄の鏡岩, mitake no kagamiiwa)
3.1, 3.5 Saitama KamikawaKamikawa, Saitama
36°10′45.91″N 139°4′14.18″E / 36.1794194°N 139.0706056°E / 36.1794194; 139.0706056
Tajimagahara Primula sieboldii primrose habitat (田島ヶ原サクラソウ自生地, tajimagahara sakurasō jiseichi)
2.4 Saitama SaitamaSaitama, Saitama
35°50′17.41″N 139°36′56.66″E / 35.8381694°N 139.6157389°E / 35.8381694; 139.6157389
 
Tai-no-ura sea bream habitat (鯛の浦タイ生息地, tai no ura tai seisokuchi)[75]
1.3 Chiba KamogawaKamogawa, Chiba
35°7′5.98″N 140°11′28.67″E / 35.1183278°N 140.1912972°E / 35.1183278; 140.1912972
 
Ōshima cherry tree (大島のサクラ株, ōshima no sakurakabu)
2.1 Single tree, 7.9 m (26 ft) circumference; species is native to Ōshima and Izu Peninsula Tokyo OshimaŌshima, Tokyo
34°45′49.01″N 139°26′3.07″E / 34.7636139°N 139.4341861°E / 34.7636139; 139.4341861
 
Firefly squid sea surface group (ホタルイカ群遊海面, hotaruika-gun yūkaimen)
1.3 Toyama variousToyama and Uozu, Toyama
36°46′36.01″N 137°20′40.69″E / 36.7766694°N 137.3446361°E / 36.7766694; 137.3446361
 
Uozu buried forest (魚津埋没林, uozu maibutsurin)
3.1, 3.5 Tree trunks of a cedar forest partially buried about 2000 years ago; largest has a circumference of c. 12 m (39 ft) Toyama Uozu ShakadoShakadō, Uozu, Toyama
36°49′31.5″N 137°24′23.53″E / 36.825417°N 137.4065361°E / 36.825417; 137.4065361
 
Yakushidake cirque group (薬師岳の圏谷群, yakushidake no kenkokugun)
3.11 Toyama ToyamaToyama, Toyama
36°28′5.64″N 137°32′38.48″E / 36.4682333°N 137.5440222°E / 36.4682333; 137.5440222
 
Sinter cones (岩間の噴泉塔群, iwama no funsentōgun)
3.8 Ishikawa HakusanHakusan, Ishikawa
36°13′39.32″N 136°46′11.69″E / 36.2275889°N 136.7699139°E / 36.2275889; 136.7699139
Narusawa lava tree mold (鳴沢熔岩樹型, narusawayōganjukei)
3.6, 3.10 Yamanashi NarusawaNarusawa, Yamanashi
35°25′34.06″N 138°42′3.05″E / 35.4261278°N 138.7008472°E / 35.4261278; 138.7008472
 
Shirahone Onsen stalagmite and spherical limestones (白骨温泉の噴湯丘と球状石灰石, shirahone onsen no funtōkyū to kyūjōsekkaiseki)
3.8 Nagano MatsumotoMatsumoto, Nagano
36°8′51.72″N 137°37′28.85″E / 36.1477000°N 137.6246806°E / 36.1477000; 137.6246806
Neodani Fault (根尾谷断層, neodani dansō)
3.5 Gifu MotosuMotosu, Gifu
35°37′1.62″N 136°37′14.98″E / 35.6171167°N 136.6208278°E / 35.6171167; 136.6208278
 
Itoshiro cedar (石徹白のスギ, itoshiro no sugi)
2.1 Circumference 14 m (46 ft) Gifu GujoGujō, Gifu
36°0′5.83″N 136°46′18.49″E / 36.0016194°N 136.7718028°E / 36.0016194; 136.7718028
 
Kariyado gebazakura (狩宿の下馬ザクラ, kariyado no gebazakura)
2.1 Oldest tree of the mountain sakura, crown 21.81 m (71.6 ft) (EW) and 16.33 m (53.6 ft) (NS) Shizuoka FujinomiyaFujinomiya, Shizuoka
35°18′6.92″N 138°35′19.59″E / 35.3019222°N 138.5887750°E / 35.3019222; 138.5887750
Wakutama pond (湧玉池, wakutama no ike)
3.10 Shizuoka FujinomiyaFujinomiya, Shizuoka
35°13′38.07″N 138°36′41.14″E / 35.2272417°N 138.6114278°E / 35.2272417; 138.6114278
 
Nagaoka fireflies and their habitat (長岡のゲンジボタルおよびその発生地, nagaoka no genjibotaru oyobi sono hassei)
1.2 Shiga MaibaraMaibara, Shiga
35°21′22.54″N 136°22′4.84″E / 35.3562611°N 136.3680111°E / 35.3562611; 136.3680111
Kasugayama Primeval Forest (春日山原始林, kasugayama genshirin)
2.2 Part of the World Heritage Site "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara" Nara NaraNara, Nara
34°40′56.19″N 135°51′46.13″E / 34.6822750°N 135.8628139°E / 34.6822750; 135.8628139
 
Daisen agarwood single species forest (大山のダイセンキャラボク純林, daisen no daisenkyaraboku junrin)
2.2 Tottori DaisenDaisen, Tottori
35°29′0.95″N 133°30′28.51″E / 35.4835972°N 133.5079194°E / 35.4835972; 133.5079194
Daikon Island lava tubes (大根島の熔岩隧道, daikonjima no yōganzuidō)
3.6, 3.10 Shimane MatsueMatsue, Shimane
35°29′42.59″N 133°10′34.42″E / 35.4951639°N 133.1762278°E / 35.4951639; 133.1762278
Akiyoshi plateau (秋吉台, akiyoshidai)
3.1, 3.3, 3.6, 3.9 Karst topography Yamaguchi MineMine, Yamaguchi
34°14′11.14″N 131°17′26.05″E / 34.2364278°N 131.2905694°E / 34.2364278; 131.2905694
 
Akiyoshi cave (秋芳洞, akiyoshidō)
3.6, 3.9 At 8.7 km (5.4 mi) second longest cave in Japan Yamaguchi MineMine, Yamaguchi
34°13′40.17″N 131°18′12.32″E / 34.2278250°N 131.3034222°E / 34.2278250; 131.3034222
 
Cranes at Yashiro and their wintering place (八代のツルおよびその渡来地, yashiro no tsuru oyobi sono toraichi)
1.2 Hooded cranes Yamaguchi variousShūnan and Kudamatsu, Yamaguchi
34°5′56.19″N 131°56′49.83″E / 34.0989417°N 131.9471750°E / 34.0989417; 131.9471750
Giant camphor tree in Kamo (加茂の大クス, kamo no ōkusu)
2.1 Tokushima HigashimiyoshiHigashimiyoshi, Tokushima
34°2′27.39″N 133°55′54.92″E / 34.0409417°N 133.9319222°E / 34.0409417; 133.9319222
Chinese juniper at Hōshō-in (宝生院のシンパク, hōshōin no shinpaku)
2.1 23 m (75 ft) high, 15 m (49 ft) circumference at ground level Kagawa TonoshoTonoshō, Kagawa
34°29′36.11″N 134°11′49.86″E / 34.4933639°N 134.1971833°E / 34.4933639; 134.1971833
Yakama potholes (八釜の甌穴群, yakama no ōketsugun)
3.9 Ehime KumakogenKumakōgen, Ehime
33°42′13.6″N 132°57′38.39″E / 33.703778°N 132.9606639°E / 33.703778; 132.9606639
Common jay at Kōchi and its habitat (高知市のミカドアゲハおよびその生息地, kōchishi no mikadoageha oyobi sono seisokuchi)
1.2 Kochi KochiKōchi, Kōchi
33°33′13.06″N 133°32′24.07″E / 33.5536278°N 133.5400194°E / 33.5536278; 133.5400194
 
Giant cedars at Sugi (杉の大スギ, sugi no ōsugi)
2.1 Two stems, each about 16 m (52 ft) circumference Kochi OtoyoŌtoyo, Kōchi
33°45′20.17″N 133°39′47.01″E / 33.7556028°N 133.6630583°E / 33.7556028; 133.6630583
Japanese Box primeval forest at Mount Kosho (古処山ツゲ原始林, koshosan tsuge genshirin)
2.1 Fukuoka variousAsakura and Kama, Fukuoka
33°28′54.67″N 130°43′29.8″E / 33.4818528°N 130.724944°E / 33.4818528; 130.724944
 
Camphor tree primeval forest at Mount Tachibana (立花山クスノキ原始林, tachibanayama kusunoki genshirin)
2.2, 2.10 Fukuoka variousShingū and Hisayama, Fukuoka
33°40′45.67″N 130°28′6.23″E / 33.6793528°N 130.4683972°E / 33.6793528; 130.4683972
 
Mucuna sempervirens at Aira (相良のアイラトビカズラ, aira no airatobikazura)
2.1, 2.12 Kumamoto KikukaKikuka, Kumamoto
33°3′51.16″N 130°46′5.53″E / 33.0642111°N 130.7682028°E / 33.0642111; 130.7682028
Aoshima subtropical plant communities (青島亜熱帯性植物群落, aoshima anettai seishokubutsugunraku)
2.2 Miyazaki MiyazakiAoshima, Miyazaki, Miyazaki
31°48′18.69″N 131°28′32.7″E / 31.8051917°N 131.475750°E / 31.8051917; 131.475750
 
Sago palm natural habitat at Cape Toi (都井岬ソテツ自生地, toimisaki sotetsu jiseichi)
2.10 Miyazaki KushimaKushima, Miyazaki
31°21′54.78″N 131°20′24.03″E / 31.3652167°N 131.3400083°E / 31.3652167; 131.3400083
 
Mitrastema at Uchiumi (内海のヤッコソウ発生地, uchiumi no yakkosō hasseichi)
2.12 Mitrastema yamamotoi Miyazaki MiyazakiMiyazaki, Miyazaki
31°44′28.97″N 131°28′3.81″E / 31.7413806°N 131.4677250°E / 31.7413806; 131.4677250
Yakushima primeval cedar forest (屋久島スギ原始林, yakushima sugi genshirin)
2.2 Includes with the Jōmon Sugi, the oldest specimen of Cryptomeria japonica Kagoshima YakushimaYakushima, Kagoshima
30°19′40.23″N 130°31′23.06″E / 30.3278417°N 130.5230722°E / 30.3278417; 130.5230722
 
Kamō camphor tree (蒲生のクス, kamō no kesu)
2.1 Height: 30 m (98 ft), circumference: 24 m (79 ft) Kagoshima KamoKamō, Kagoshima
31°45′44.38″N 130°34′11.77″E / 31.7623278°N 130.5699361°E / 31.7623278; 130.5699361
 
Origin of Kandelia obovata at Kiire (喜入のリュウキュウコウガイ産地, kiire no ryūkyōkōgai sanchi)
2.10 Kagoshima KagoshimaKagoshima, Kagoshima
31°22′29.34″N 130°32′49.26″E / 31.3748167°N 130.5470167°E / 31.3748167; 130.5470167
 
Natural habitat of the sago palm in Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県のソテツ自生地, kagoshimaken no sotetsu jiseichi)
2.10 Kagoshima variousYamagawa, Bonotsu, Sata and Uchinoura, Kagoshima
31°21′13.09″N 130°42′15.64″E / 31.3536361°N 130.7043444°E / 31.3536361; 130.7043444
 
Cranes in Kagoshima Prefecture and their wintering place (鹿児島県のツルおよびその渡来地, kagoshimaken no tsuru oyobi sono toraichi)
1.2 Hooded cranes Kagoshima IzumiIzumi, Kagoshima
32°6′9.52″N 130°16′25.75″E / 32.1026444°N 130.2738194°E / 32.1026444; 130.2738194
 
Birōjima subtropical plant communities (枇榔島亜熱帯性植物群落, birōjima anettai seishokubutsugunraku)
2.2, 2.10 Kagoshima ShibushiShibushi, Kagoshima
31°25′45.3″N 131°7′1.89″E / 31.429250°N 131.1171917°E / 31.429250; 131.1171917
 
Shirouma mountain range alpine plant zone (白馬連山高山植物帯, shiroumarenzan kōzanshokubutsutai)
2.3 various variousAsahi and Kurobe in Toyama; Hakuba in Nagano; Itoigawa in Niigata
36°38′56.9″N 137°44′55.73″E / 36.649139°N 137.7488139°E / 36.649139; 137.7488139
 
Ozegahara (尾瀬, oze)
4 various variousYunotani, Niigata; Katashina, Gunma; Hinoemata, Fukushima
36°56′33.93″N 139°13′59.41″E / 36.9427583°N 139.2331694°E / 36.9427583; 139.2331694
 
Short-tailed albatross (アホウドリ, ahōdori)
1.2 various variousOgasawara Islands (Tokyo) and Okinawa  
Amami rabbit (アマミノクロウサギ, amami no kuro usagi)
1.1 Kagoshima variousTokunoshima and Amami Ōshima, Kagoshima  
Iriomote cat (イリオモテヤマネコ, iriomote yamaneko)
1.1 Endemic to one island (Iriomote) Okinawa IriomoteIriomote, Okinawa  
Japanese giant salamander (オオサンショウウオ, ōsanshōuo)
1.2 At up to 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) length, the second largest salamander in the world[76] various Iriomote11 prefectures, among others: Gifu, Mie, Hyōgo, Hiroshima, Shimane, Tottori, Ōita  
Japanese serow (カモシカ, kamoshika)
1.1 found on all main Japanese islands except for Hokkaidō various various29 prefectures including Aomori  
Otter (カワウソ, kawauso)
1.2 various variousvarious  
Crested serpent-eagle (カンムリワシ, kanmuriwashi)
1.1 Okinawa variousOkinawa  
Oriental stork (コウノトリ, kō no tori)
1.2 various variousHyōgo and Fukui  
Red-crowned crane (タンチョウ, tanchō)
1.2 Hokkaido variousHokkaidō  
Crested ibis (トキ, toki)
1.2 various variousNiigata and Ishikawa  
Okinawa woodpecker (ノグチゲラ, noguchigera)
1.1 Endemic to Okinawa Island Okinawa Okinawa IslandOkinawa Island, Okinawa  
Bonin white-eye (メグロ, meguro)
1.1 Endemic to the Bonin Islands Tokyo Bonin IslandsBonin Islands, Tokyo
Rock ptarmigan (ライチョウ, raichō)
1.2 various variousToyama, Nagano, Niigata, Yamanashi, Shizuoka, Gifu  
Long-tailed fowl of Tosa (土佐のオナガドリ, tosa no onagadori)
1.4 Kochi NankokuNankoku, Kōchi

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit