Hama-rikyū Gardens

  (Redirected from Hamarikyu Gardens)

Hama-rikyū Gardens (浜離宮恩賜庭園, Hama-rikyū Onshi Teien) is a public park in Chūō ward, Tokyo, Japan. Located at the mouth of the Sumida River, it was opened to the public on April 1, 1946. A landscaped garden of 250,216 m² includes Shio-iri Pond, and the park is surrounded by a seawater moat filled by Tokyo Bay. It was remodeled as a public park on the site of a villa belonging to the ruling Tokugawa family in the 17th century.

Hama-rikyū Gardens
Hamarikyu Gardens (浜離宮恩賜庭園, Hama-rikyū Onshi Teien)
Hamarikyu Garden as seen from Shiodome.jpg
Hama-rikyū Gardens seen from Shiodome
TypeUrban park
LocationChūō, Tokyo, Japan
Coordinates35°39′36″N 139°45′43″E / 35.660°N 139.762°E / 35.660; 139.762Coordinates: 35°39′36″N 139°45′43″E / 35.660°N 139.762°E / 35.660; 139.762
Area250,215.72 square metres (61.82965 acres)
CreatedApril 1, 1946
in 1863, photo by Felice Beato
(2015)

At the centre of Shio-iri Pond is a teahouse, reached by three bridges, where visitors can enjoy refreshments, such as matcha and Japanese sweets, in the tea-ceremony style.[1] The park includes a peony garden, a plum tree grove and fields with flowers for every season. Japanese falconry and aikido are demonstrated at New Year.

HistoryEdit

In 1654, Tokugawa Tsunashige, the younger brother of Shōgun Tokugawa Iemitsu and daimyō of Kōfu Domain, received permission to reclaim land from Edo Bay, upon which he built a villa and garden. The property was inherited by his son, Tokugawa Ienobu, who later became 6th Tokugawa shōgun. Succeeding generations of shōgun used the location as a secondary residence, and from the time of Tokugawa Ienari through Tokugawa Ieyoshi, it was a place where the shōgun could indulge in falconry. In 1729, an elephant which had been received by the shōgun as a present from Annam was kept on the grounds for 12 years. During the Bakumatsu period, the site was turned over to the Tokugawa Navy as a training ground. In 1867, the shogunate erected a western-style stone building as a place for foreign diplomats to stay when visiting Edo.

After the Meiji restoration, the site was proclaimed the "Hama Palace" (浜離宮, Hama-rikyū) by Emperor Meiji, and continued to be used as a state guest house until the construction of the Rokumeikan. In 1879, Emperor Meiji received Crown Prince Frederick of Germany at the Hama-rikyū. Later that year, former United States President Ulysses Grant stayed for a month at the Hama-rikyū during his extended visit to Japan.[2] The state guest house was demolished in 1889. The gardens burned during the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake and again in March 1945 during the Tokyo air raid. In November 1945, the Hama-rikyū was transferred from the Imperial Household Agency to Tokyo Metropolis and was opened as a public garden in April 1946. In 1952, it was designated as a Special National Historic Site and also as a Special Place of Scenic Beauty.[3]

AccessEdit

Visitors can access the park via either of the two northern gates or via the Tokyo Cruise Ship (water bus) on a 35-minute ride from Asakusa.

Main Exit
Middle Exit
Water Bus

The water bus ticket includes admission to the park.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hamarikyu Gardens". Meet The Cities.
  2. ^ Keene, Donald (2002). Emperor of Japan. Columbia University Press. ISBN 023112340X.
  3. ^ "旧浜離宮庭園" [kyu-Hama-rikyu] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs.

External linksEdit