Kazuno, Akita

Kazuno (鹿角市, Kazuno-shi) is a city located in Akita Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 30.715, and a population density of 43 persons per km² in 12.970 households.[1] The total area of the city is 707.52 square kilometres (273.17 square miles).

Kazuno
鹿角市
Hanawa Bayashi
Hanawa Bayashi
Flag of Kazuno
Official seal of Kazuno
Location of Kazuno in Akita Prefecture
Location of Kazuno in Akita Prefecture
Kazuno is located in Japan
Kazuno
Kazuno
 
Coordinates: 40°12′56.8″N 140°47′18.16″E / 40.215778°N 140.7883778°E / 40.215778; 140.7883778Coordinates: 40°12′56.8″N 140°47′18.16″E / 40.215778°N 140.7883778°E / 40.215778; 140.7883778
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureAkita
Government
 • -MayorAtsushi Seki (since July 2021)
Area
 • Total707.52 km2 (273.17 sq mi)
Population
 (April 1, 2019)
 • Total30,715
 • Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0186-30-1111
Address4-1 Arata, Hanawa, Kazuno-shi, Akita-ken 018-5292
ClimateDfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdRooster
FlowerSakura
TreeRowan
Hachimantai Ōnuma in Kazuno

GeographyEdit

Kazuno is located in a valley in the mountains of far northeastern Akita Prefecture, with the Ōu Mountains and Iwate Prefecture on the east. Much of the city is within the borders of the Towada-Hachimantai National Park. Much of the city area is covered in forest. Due to its inland location, the city is noted for its heavy snowfall in winter. It is also known for the wild deer.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Kazuno has declined over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 59,593—    
1970 50,346−15.5%
1980 45,615−9.4%
1990 42,407−7.0%
2000 39,144−7.7%
2010 34,473−11.9%
2020 29,088−15.6%

ClimateEdit

Kazuno has a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters with heavy snowfalls. The average annual temperature in Kazuno is 9.5 °C (49.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,454.1 mm (57.25 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.8 °C (73.0 °F), and lowest in January, at around −2.9 °C (26.8 °F).[3]

Climate data for Kazuno, Akita[4] (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.1
(52.0)
15.8
(60.4)
18.8
(65.8)
29.5
(85.1)
32.3
(90.1)
33.5
(92.3)
37.0
(98.6)
36.9
(98.4)
34.4
(93.9)
27.3
(81.1)
22.4
(72.3)
17.3
(63.1)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.8
(42.4)
13.6
(56.5)
19.9
(67.8)
23.8
(74.8)
26.8
(80.2)
28.1
(82.6)
24.0
(75.2)
17.4
(63.3)
10.1
(50.2)
3.0
(37.4)
14.6
(58.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.0
(33.8)
7.4
(45.3)
13.8
(56.8)
18.3
(64.9)
21.9
(71.4)
22.8
(73.0)
18.3
(64.9)
11.4
(52.5)
5.0
(41.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.5
(49.1)
Average low °C (°F) −7.1
(19.2)
−6.9
(19.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
1.6
(34.9)
8.0
(46.4)
13.4
(56.1)
17.9
(64.2)
18.5
(65.3)
13.6
(56.5)
6.3
(43.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.1
(24.6)
4.9
(40.7)
Record low °C (°F) −22.4
(−8.3)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−16.8
(1.8)
−9.9
(14.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.2
(37.8)
8.1
(46.6)
8.6
(47.5)
1.4
(34.5)
−2.9
(26.8)
−11.4
(11.5)
−16.6
(2.1)
−22.4
(−8.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 79.4
(3.13)
68.7
(2.70)
84.1
(3.31)
89.2
(3.51)
93.1
(3.67)
108.3
(4.26)
200.6
(7.90)
190.4
(7.50)
149.3
(5.88)
138.8
(5.46)
136.0
(5.35)
116.3
(4.58)
1,454.1
(57.25)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 182
(72)
150
(59)
100
(39)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
13
(5.1)
132
(52)
579
(228)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 17.8 15.9 14.8 13.0 12.0 10.1 12.3 11.4 12.1 13.9 16.9 19.1 169.3
Average snowy days (≥ 3 cm) 20.9 17.8 13.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.6 14.1 67.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.2 72.0 118.5 158.4 185.3 174.0 147.0 168.2 146.7 132.9 87.6 52.8 1,495.6
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][5]
Climate data for Yuze Onsen, Kazuno (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.1
(52.0)
15.2
(59.4)
19.2
(66.6)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
33.4
(92.1)
36.0
(96.8)
35.6
(96.1)
33.8
(92.8)
27.3
(81.1)
22.8
(73.0)
15.8
(60.4)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
1.5
(34.7)
5.6
(42.1)
13.4
(56.1)
20.0
(68.0)
23.6
(74.5)
26.5
(79.7)
27.6
(81.7)
23.3
(73.9)
16.8
(62.2)
9.7
(49.5)
2.7
(36.9)
14.3
(57.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.1
(34.0)
7.0
(44.6)
13.4
(56.1)
17.6
(63.7)
21.4
(70.5)
22.3
(72.1)
17.8
(64.0)
11.2
(52.2)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.3
(48.8)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.8
(27.0)
1.7
(35.1)
7.5
(45.5)
12.8
(55.0)
17.5
(63.5)
18.3
(64.9)
13.7
(56.7)
6.8
(44.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
5.2
(41.4)
Record low °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−17.2
(1.0)
−15.7
(3.7)
−9.8
(14.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
3.2
(37.8)
7.8
(46.0)
8.1
(46.6)
1.6
(34.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
−9.5
(14.9)
−15.1
(4.8)
−18.7
(−1.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 89.1
(3.51)
77.5
(3.05)
93.0
(3.66)
87.2
(3.43)
98.1
(3.86)
112.6
(4.43)
188.4
(7.42)
175.8
(6.92)
165.9
(6.53)
143.1
(5.63)
139.7
(5.50)
125.1
(4.93)
1,509
(59.41)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 18.6 16.5 16.2 13.2 12.0 10.8 12.8 12.4 13.1 14.6 17.1 19.6 176.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 27.1 45.9 92.8 155.3 190.8 157.2 127.3 149.3 130.5 116.8 73.3 39.8 1,305.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[6][7]
Climate data for Hachimantai, Kazuno (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
14.0
(57.2)
16.4
(61.5)
26.4
(79.5)
29.7
(85.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.1
(89.8)
32.8
(91.0)
30.8
(87.4)
25.3
(77.5)
20.2
(68.4)
14.3
(57.7)
32.8
(91.0)
Average high °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
2.8
(37.0)
9.6
(49.3)
17.1
(62.8)
20.9
(69.6)
23.8
(74.8)
25.0
(77.0)
20.8
(69.4)
14.5
(58.1)
7.4
(45.3)
0.7
(33.3)
11.6
(52.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.8
(40.6)
11.2
(52.2)
15.5
(59.9)
19.3
(66.7)
20.1
(68.2)
15.8
(60.4)
9.5
(49.1)
3.4
(38.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
7.3
(45.1)
Average low °C (°F) −7.8
(18.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
−4.8
(23.4)
0.4
(32.7)
5.8
(42.4)
10.5
(50.9)
15.4
(59.7)
16.1
(61.0)
11.6
(52.9)
5.1
(41.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
3.3
(37.9)
Record low °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−17.0
(1.4)
−14.8
(5.4)
−9.0
(15.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
0.8
(33.4)
4.9
(40.8)
7.1
(44.8)
0.2
(32.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
−9.6
(14.7)
−14.2
(6.4)
−17.0
(1.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 169.0
(6.65)
133.5
(5.26)
146.1
(5.75)
128.9
(5.07)
123.2
(4.85)
129.5
(5.10)
230.4
(9.07)
230.9
(9.09)
200.9
(7.91)
211.8
(8.34)
229.4
(9.03)
221.8
(8.73)
2,155.4
(84.86)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 23.4 20.0 18.8 14.2 13.1 11.1 13.4 13.1 13.9 16.0 19.7 22.9 199.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 19.6 38.7 88.9 162.6 202.1 178.7 138.1 159.3 134.4 120.5 68.4 27.3 1,338.4
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[8][9]

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Kazuno was settled in prehistoric times, and contains major Jōmon period archaeological sites and numerous burial mounds from the Kofun period. The area was part of ancient Mutsu Province and was ruled by the Nambu clan of Morioka Domain during the Edo period. After the start of the Meiji period, the area became briefly part of Rikuchū Province before being transferred to Akita Prefecture in 1871. It was organized as part of Kazuno District, Akita Prefecture in 1878 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.

The city of Kazuno was founded on April 1, 1972 by the merger of the towns of Hanawa, Towada, and Osarizawa and the village of Hachimantai.

GovernmentEdit

 
Kazuno City Hall

Kazuno has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. The city contributes two members to the Akita Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Akita District 2 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Kazuno is based on agriculture, forestry and seasonal tourism.

EducationEdit

Kazuno has nine public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government and two public high schools operated by the Akita Prefectural Board of Education. Akita Prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  East Japan Railway Company - Hanawa Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

 
Former Osarizawa Mine

International relationsEdit

Kazuno is twinned with:

Noted people from KazunoEdit

MediaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kazuno city official home page(in Japanese)
  2. ^ Kazuno population statistics
  3. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  4. ^ 鹿角観測地点は1991年7月18日までは毛馬内観測地点のデータ
  5. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  6. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  7. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  8. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  9. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 29, 2022.
  10. ^ "Dainichido Bugaku". UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage. UNESCO. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  11. ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External linksEdit