Towada (十和田市 Towada-shi) is a city located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 28 February 2017[update], the city had an estimated population of 62,870, and a population density of 86.7 persons per km² in 27,399 households. The total area is 725.65 square kilometres (280.18 sq mi).
Oirase Valley in Towada
Location of Towada in Aomori Prefecture
|• Mayor||Hisashi Oyamada (since January 2009)|
|• Total||725.65 km2 (280.18 sq mi)|
(February 28, 2017)
|• Density||86.7/km2 (225/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Japanese Red Pine|
|Address||6-1 Nishi Jūniban-chō, Towada-shi, Aomori-ken 034-8615|
Towada is located in the foothills of the Hakkōda Mountains and encompasses the Aomori portion of Lake Towada. The Oirase River passes through the town. The city has a cold humid climate characterized by cool summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Towada is 9.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1233 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around -2.3 °C. Part of the city is within the limits of the Towada-Hachimantai National Park.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Towada peaked at around the year 2000, and has been in decline thereafter.
The area around present-day Towada was formerly a wasteland known as Sanbongihara (三本木原), which became the location of a colonization and land reclamation project initiated by the Nambu clan of Morioka Domain from 1855. The project was headed by Nitobe Tsutō, the grandfather of Inazō Nitobe. The project was continued by the Meiji government, and the area was designated a ranch area for breeding cavalry horses by the Imperial Japanese Army in 1885. The inclement climate of the area was considered ideal for breeding horses that would be suitable for use in the cold climate areas of Manchuria and Siberia. The village of Sanbongi was established with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On September 1, 1910, Sanbongi was designated a town. It was elevated to the status of a city on February 1, 1955. In October 1956, it changed its name to “Towada”.
The economy of Towada is based largely on agriculture.
Colleges and universitiesEdit
- Kitasato University - Towada Campus (School of Veterinary Medicine)
Towada has four public high schools operated by the Aomori Prefectural Board of Education
- Sanbongi High School
- Sanbongi Agriculture High School
- Towada Technical High School
- Towada Nishi High School
Elementary schools and middle schoolsEdit
There are 17 public elementary schools and 9 public middle schools in Towada operated by the municipal government, and one middle school operated by the prefectural government.
Towada currently has no passenger railway service. The Towada Kankō Electric Railway Line connecting Towada with Misawa had five stations within the city. It was discontinued in 2012 and replaced by a bus service.