Sakurai (桜井市, Sakurai-shi) is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of March 31, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 58,386, and 24,629 households. The population density is 590 persons per km², and the total area is 98.92 km².
|• Mayor||Akira Hasegawa|
|• Total||98.92 km2 (38.19 sq mi)|
(March 31, 2017)
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Flower||Prunus jamasakura|
|Address||432-1 Ōaza Ōdono|
|Website||City of Sakurai|
Sakurai was briefly the capital of Japan during the reign of Emperor Yūryaku. The life of the Imperial court was centered at Hatsuse no Asakura Palace where the emperor lived in 457–479. Other emperors also built palaces in the area, including
- Iware no Mikakuri Palace, 480–484 in reign of Emperor Seinei
- Nimiki Palace, 499–506 in reign of Emperor Buretsu
- Iware no Tamaho Palace, 526–532 in reign of Emperor Keitai
- Hinokuma no Iorino Palace, 535-539 in reign of Emperor Senka
- Osata no Sakitama Palace or Osada no Miya, 572–585 in reign of Emperor Bidatsu
The modern city was founded on September 1, 1956.
Sakurai is home to Ōmiwa Shrine, traditionally considered one of the oldest Shinto shrines in Japan dedicated to the god of sake. Sake dealers across Japan often hang a wooden sugi ball, made at Ōmiwa Shrine, as a talisman to the god of sake. It was featured in Yukio Mishima's novel Runaway Horses.
- West Japan Railway Company
- Kintetsu Railway
- "Official website of Sakurai city" (in Japanese). Japan: Sakurai City. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "面積および地勢" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: Sakurai City. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- Ponsonby-Fane. (1915). The Imperial Family of Japan, p. 13.
- Koch, W. (1904). Japan; Geschichte nach japanischen Quellen und ethnographische Skizzen. Mit einem Stammbaum des Kaisers von Japan, p. 13.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 14; excerpt, "Mikaguri Palace"
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 15.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 16.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 17.
- Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 262-263; excerpt, "... palace was Osada no Miya of Iware in the province of Yamato."
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 18.
Media related to Sakurai, Nara at Wikimedia Commons
- Sakurai City official website (in Japanese) at the Library of Congress Web Archives (archived 2002-09-14)
- Sakurai City official website (in English)
- Geographic data related to Sakurai, Nara at OpenStreetMap